Difference between pages "Funtoo Hosting" and "Install/Stage3/pt-br"

(Difference between pages)
(Created page with "== Getting Started == Once you have signed up for Funtoo Monthly support, contact me (drobbins@funtoo.org) and request a virtual container. You'll need to send me two things: ...")
(Tag: visualeditor)
 
(Instalndo o Stage 3 tarball)
 
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== Getting Started ==
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=== Instalndo o Stage 3 tarball ===
Once you have signed up for Funtoo Monthly support, contact me (drobbins@funtoo.org) and request a virtual container. You'll need to send me two things:
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# The hostname you'd like for your container. It will be ''something''.host.funtoo.org.
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# Attach your SSH public key. I will use this to grant you root access to your container.
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== Generating SSH Keys ==
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Depois de criar os  filesystems, o próximo passo é baixar o Stage 3 tarball inicial. O Stage 3 é um sistema pré-compiled utilizado como um ponto inicial para instalar o Funtoo Linux. Carregue um dos seguintes URLs em outra janela do navegador:
To generate an SSH key pair, do this as the user that you'll be using to log in to your container:  
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$ ssh-keygen -t rsa
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{{MirrorList}}
  
If you specify a passphrase when prompted, your local private key (~/.ssh/id_rsa) will be encrypted, and ssh will prompt you for this passphrase prior to connecting. If you don't specify a passphrase, then you won't need to enter anything to connect but it you need to be extra careful that you don't allow others to access your private key.  
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Agora, vamos navegar pelos diretórios nos mirrors para encontrar o build apropriado do  Funtoo Linux para você.
  
The file you will need to send me is ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub or ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub. This is the public key... it's safe to send over email since all I or anyone else can use it for is to grant you access to a system using your private key. Just don't send your private key to me.
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==== Qual Build? ====
  
== Policies ==
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'''Se não estiver certo, escolha <code>funtoo-current</code>.'''
The VPS is for '''your personal use'''. No reselling.
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There is currently no Web panel - these servers will be set up using my own automated tool and you will be provided with ssh access. I can periodically reload VPS images as needed.
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Funtoo Linux possui vários 'builds' diferentes, ou variantes. Here is a list of the various builds that are available, and what their distinctive features are:
  
This service is offered as a thank-you gift to Funtoo Linux supporters as long as sufficient capacity is available, with no warranty for uptime or anything else.
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{{TableStart}}
 +
<tr><th class="info">Build</th><th class="info">Description</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td><code>funtoo-current</code></td><td>The most commonly-selected build of Funtoo Linux. Receives rapid updates and preferred by desktop users.</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td><code>funtoo-current-hardened</code></td><td>Same package set as <code>funtoo-current</code>, but with a hardened, exploit-resistant toolchain.</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td><code>funtoo-stable</code></td><td>Emphasizes less-frequent package updates and trusted, reliable versions of packages over the latest versions.</td></tr>
 +
{{TableEnd}}
  
There are no refunds.  
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If you want to read more about this, have a look at [[Funtoo_Linux#What_are_the_differences_between_.27stable.27.2C_.27current.27_and_.27experimental.27_.3F|Differences between stable, current and experimental]].
  
While I host several production sites on this infrastructure, you assume all risk for hosting your production services on your VPS.
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==== What Architecture?  ====
  
I will make a best-effort-only attempt to provide support via IRC and email, and do not offer 24/7 support for your VPS.  
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'''If you're not sure, pick <code>x86-64bit</code>, or possibly <code>pure64</code> for server systems.'''
  
'''US-Legal activities only. No spam will be tolerated.'''
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For PC-compatible systems, the following choices are available:
  
These VPS systems are intended for funtoo enthusiasts only. I am providing (particularly in the higher-level plans) generous default resource limits with the understanding that the VPS will be used for general Funtoo use and server stuff.  
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{{TableStart}}
 +
<tr><th class="info">Architecture</th><th class="info">Description</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td><code>x86-64bit</code></td><td>For modern 64-bit processors. Uses new 64-bit instructions and address space. Maintains 32-bit compatibility with multilib.</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td><code>pure64</code></td><td>For modern 64-bit processors but with no support for 32-bit compatibility.</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td><code>x86-32bit</code></td><td>For older 32-bit systems such as Athlon XP, Pentium 4, or earlier Atom.</td></tr>
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{{TableEnd}}
  
Compiling with -j(NUM-CPUS+1) is encouraged (this is Funtoo, after all -- I want you to enjoy fast compiles :), but it's not okay to continually max CPU, IO, or network utilization. '''So, no folding@home, massive file sharing, etc. '''
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==== Your SubArch ====
  
I am currently not supporting IPv6 but will look into adding such support if there is enough interest.  
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Inside <code>/funtoo-current/x86-64bit/</code> on one of our mirrors, you'll see a bunch of directories for various ''subarches'' of Funtoo Linux. Subarches are builds of Funtoo Linux that are designed to run on a particular type of CPU, to offer the best possible performance. They also take advantage of the instruction sets available for each CPU.  
  
'''You are responsible for backups. '''
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If you are using an AMD-based CPU, download a stage3 from <code>generic_64</code>, <code>amd64-k8</code>, <code>amd64-k10</code>, <code>amd64-bulldozer</code>, <code>amd64-piledriver</code>, <code>amd64-steamroller</code> or <code>amd64-jaguar</code>.  See [[Subarches#64-bit AMD Processors|our list of 64-bit AMD subarches]] for help figuring out which one is best for you.
  
I reserve the right to change plans and pricing in the future.
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If you are using an Intel-based CPU, download a stage3 from <code>generic_64</code>, <code>atom_64</code>, <code>core2_64</code> or <code>corei7</code>. Note that <code>corei7</code> is ideal for any modern Intel processor, including Core i3 and Core i5, and many Xeons.  [[Subarches#64-bit Intel Processors|our list of 64-bit Intel subarches]] for help figuring out which one is best for you.
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 +
If you are using a 32-bit CPU, download a stage3 from <code>generic_32</code>, <code>i686</code>, <code>core2_32</code>, <code>atom_32</code> or <code>athlon-xp</code>.
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 +
==== Setting the Date ====
 +
 
 +
{{fancyimportant|If your system's date and time are too far off (typically by months or years,) then it may prevent Portage from properly downloading source tarballs. This is because some of our sources are downloaded via HTTPS, which use SSL certificates and are marked with an activation and expiration date. However, if you system time is relatively close to correct, you can probably skip this step for now.}}
 +
 
 +
Now is a good time to verify the date and time are correctly set to UTC. Use the <code>date</code> command to verify the date and time:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##date
 +
Fri Jul 15 19:47:18 UTC 2011
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
If the date and/or time need to be corrected, do so using <code>date MMDDhhmmYYYY</code>, keeping in mind <code>hhmm</code> are in 24-hour format. The example below changes the date and time to "July 16th, 2011 @ 8:00PM" UTC:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##date 071620002011
 +
Fri Jul 16 20:00:00 UTC 2011
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
Uma vez que você tenha definido o sistema de horário (system clock), é uma boa ideia copiar o horário para o sistema de horas do seu hardware (hardware clock), assim ele persiste nos reboots:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##hwclock --systohc
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
==== Baixe o Stage3 ====
 +
Uma vez que você está no root filesystem do seu Funtoo Linux, utilize <code>wget</code> para baixar o Stage 3 tarball que você escolheu utilizar como base para o seu novo sistema Funtoo Linux. Ele deve se salvo no direorio <code>/mnt/funtoo</code> como a seguir:
 +
 
 +
<console># ##i##cd /mnt/funtoo
 +
# ##i##wget http://build.funtoo.org/funtoo-current/x86-64bit/generic_64/stage3-latest.tar.xz
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
Note que sistemas 64-bit pode rodar stages 32-bit ou 64-bit, mas o sistema 32-bit podem somente rodar stages de 32-bit. Certifique-se de selecionar um Stage 3 que é apropriado para o seu CPU (processador). Se não estiver certo, é uma aposta segura escolher o stage <code>generic_64</code> ou <code>generic_32</code>. Consulte a página de [[Download]] para mais informações.
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 +
Uma vez o stage for baixado, extraia os conteúdos com o seguinte comand, substituindo o nome nome real pelo seu stage 3 tarball:
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##tar xpf stage3-latest.tar.xz
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</console>
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 +
{{important|é muito importante utilizar <code>tar's</code> "<code>'''p'''</code>" option when extracting the Stage 3 tarball - it tells <code>tar</code> to ''preserve'' any permissions and ownership that exist within the archive. Without this option, your Funtoo Linux filesystem permissions will be incorrect.}}

Revision as of 18:49, December 13, 2014

Instalndo o Stage 3 tarball

Depois de criar os filesystems, o próximo passo é baixar o Stage 3 tarball inicial. O Stage 3 é um sistema pré-compiled utilizado como um ponto inicial para instalar o Funtoo Linux. Carregue um dos seguintes URLs em outra janela do navegador:

Agora, vamos navegar pelos diretórios nos mirrors para encontrar o build apropriado do Funtoo Linux para você.

Qual Build?

Se não estiver certo, escolha funtoo-current.

Funtoo Linux possui vários 'builds' diferentes, ou variantes. Here is a list of the various builds that are available, and what their distinctive features are:

BuildDescription
funtoo-currentThe most commonly-selected build of Funtoo Linux. Receives rapid updates and preferred by desktop users.
funtoo-current-hardenedSame package set as funtoo-current, but with a hardened, exploit-resistant toolchain.
funtoo-stableEmphasizes less-frequent package updates and trusted, reliable versions of packages over the latest versions.

If you want to read more about this, have a look at Differences between stable, current and experimental.

What Architecture?

If you're not sure, pick x86-64bit, or possibly pure64 for server systems.

For PC-compatible systems, the following choices are available:

ArchitectureDescription
x86-64bitFor modern 64-bit processors. Uses new 64-bit instructions and address space. Maintains 32-bit compatibility with multilib.
pure64For modern 64-bit processors but with no support for 32-bit compatibility.
x86-32bitFor older 32-bit systems such as Athlon XP, Pentium 4, or earlier Atom.

Your SubArch

Inside /funtoo-current/x86-64bit/ on one of our mirrors, you'll see a bunch of directories for various subarches of Funtoo Linux. Subarches are builds of Funtoo Linux that are designed to run on a particular type of CPU, to offer the best possible performance. They also take advantage of the instruction sets available for each CPU.

If you are using an AMD-based CPU, download a stage3 from generic_64, amd64-k8, amd64-k10, amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver, amd64-steamroller or amd64-jaguar. See our list of 64-bit AMD subarches for help figuring out which one is best for you.

If you are using an Intel-based CPU, download a stage3 from generic_64, atom_64, core2_64 or corei7. Note that corei7 is ideal for any modern Intel processor, including Core i3 and Core i5, and many Xeons. our list of 64-bit Intel subarches for help figuring out which one is best for you.

If you are using a 32-bit CPU, download a stage3 from generic_32, i686, core2_32, atom_32 or athlon-xp.

Setting the Date

Important

If your system's date and time are too far off (typically by months or years,) then it may prevent Portage from properly downloading source tarballs. This is because some of our sources are downloaded via HTTPS, which use SSL certificates and are marked with an activation and expiration date. However, if you system time is relatively close to correct, you can probably skip this step for now.

Now is a good time to verify the date and time are correctly set to UTC. Use the date command to verify the date and time:

# date
Fri Jul 15 19:47:18 UTC 2011

If the date and/or time need to be corrected, do so using date MMDDhhmmYYYY, keeping in mind hhmm are in 24-hour format. The example below changes the date and time to "July 16th, 2011 @ 8:00PM" UTC:

# date 071620002011
Fri Jul 16 20:00:00 UTC 2011

Uma vez que você tenha definido o sistema de horário (system clock), é uma boa ideia copiar o horário para o sistema de horas do seu hardware (hardware clock), assim ele persiste nos reboots:

# hwclock --systohc

Baixe o Stage3

Uma vez que você está no root filesystem do seu Funtoo Linux, utilize wget para baixar o Stage 3 tarball que você escolheu utilizar como base para o seu novo sistema Funtoo Linux. Ele deve se salvo no direorio /mnt/funtoo como a seguir:

# cd /mnt/funtoo
# wget http://build.funtoo.org/funtoo-current/x86-64bit/generic_64/stage3-latest.tar.xz

Note que sistemas 64-bit pode rodar stages 32-bit ou 64-bit, mas o sistema 32-bit podem somente rodar stages de 32-bit. Certifique-se de selecionar um Stage 3 que é apropriado para o seu CPU (processador). Se não estiver certo, é uma aposta segura escolher o stage generic_64 ou generic_32. Consulte a página de Download para mais informações.

Uma vez o stage for baixado, extraia os conteúdos com o seguinte comand, substituindo o nome nome real pelo seu stage 3 tarball:

# tar xpf stage3-latest.tar.xz

Important

é muito importante utilizar tar's "p" option when extracting the Stage 3 tarball - it tells tar to preserve any permissions and ownership that exist within the archive. Without this option, your Funtoo Linux filesystem permissions will be incorrect.