What is Java? What purpose does it serve?
"Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!" (ttp://www.java.com/en/download/faq/whatis_java.xml Oracle page on Java])
Editing your make.conf
To tell portage that we would like java pulled in the next time it is updated, we need to do the following:
# nano /etc/portage/make.conf
Running that command should present you with a file containing something similar to this:
In the file, if it does not exist, create a line like the following:
Press Ctrl+X , then y, then enter to write the changes to the file.
To install java, run the following command:
# emerge --ask --update --newuse --deep @world These are the packages that would be merged, in order: Calculating dependencies... done! [ebuild N ] dev-java/java-config-wrapper-0.16 8 kB [ebuild N ] sys-apps/baselayout-java-0.1.0 71 kB [ebuild N ] dev-java/java-config-2.2.0-r1000:2 PYTHON_ABIS="2.7 3.3 -2.6 -3.1 -3.2 (-3.4)" 51 kB [ebuild N ] app-admin/eselect-java-0.1.0 71 kB [ebuild N ] dev-java/icedtea-bin-184.108.40.206:7 USE="X alsa cups -cjk -doc -examples -nsplugin -source" 47,781 kB [ebuild N ] virtual/jdk-1.7.0:1.7 0 kB [ebuild N ] virtual/jre-1.7.0:1.7 0 kB Would you like to merge these packages? [Yes/No] yes
Testing to see if it emerged
To check that java installed on your system, run the following command:
If you get something like this, you are ready to use java!:
java version "1.7.0_21"OpenJDK Runtime Environment (IcedTea 2.3.9) (Gentoo build 1.7.0_21-b02)OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.7-b01, mixed mode)
Using the java command
Overview of the command
The java command can be run like so:
- java [options] class [argument ...]
- java [options] -jar file.jar [argument ...]
List of [options]
- -X : Display information about non-standard options and exit.
- -Xint : Operate in interpreted-only mode. Compilation to native code is disabled, and all bytecodes are executed by the interpreter. The performance benefits offered by the Java HotSpot VMs' adaptive compiler will not be present in this mode.
- -Xbatch : Disable background compilation.
- -Xcheck:jni : Perform additional checks for Java Native Interface functions.
- -Xfuture : Perform strict class-file format checks. Developers are encouraged to use this flag when developing new code because the stricter checks will become the default in future releases of the Java application handler.
- -Xnoclassgc : Disable class garbage collection.
- -Xincgc : Enable the incremental garbage collector. The incremental garbage collector, which is off by default, will reduce the occasional long garbage-collection pauses during execution.
- -Xloggc:file : Report on each garbage collection event, as with -verbose:gc, but log this data to file.
- -Xmsn : Specifiy the initial size, in bytes, of the memory allocation pool. This value must be a multiple of 1024 greater than 1MB.
- -Xmxn : Specify the maximum size, in bytes, of the memory allocation pool. This value must be a multiple of 1024 greater than 2MB.
- -Xprof : Profiles the running program, and sends profiling data to standard output.
- -Xrs : Reduces the usage of operating-system signals by the Java virtual machine (Jvm).
- -Xssn : Sets the thread stack size.
- -XX:AllocationPrefetchStyle=n : Sets the style of prefetch used during allocation. Default=2.
- -XX:+AggressiveOpts : Enables aggressive optimization.
- -XX:+|-DisableAttachMechanism : This option specifies which tools are allowed to attach to the Jvm. By default, this feature is not enabled.
- -XXLargePageSizeInBytes=n : Specifies the maximum size for large pages.
- -MaxGCPauseMillis=n : Sets a target for the maximum garbage collection pause time.
- -XX:ParallelGCThreads=n : Sets the number of GC threads in the parallel collectors.
- -XX:+PrintCompilation : Prints verbose output from the HotSpot dynamic runtime compiler.
- -XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+PrintGCTimeStamps : Prints garbage collection output along with time stamps.
- -XX:SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPermMB=0 : This flag enables the aggressive processing of software references.
Everything from the "List of [options]" section was taken from the java man page. To look at this man page, type man java at the command line.