Difference between revisions of "Subarches"

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{{:Install/Header}}
 
 
= Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures =
 
= Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures =
 
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This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called ''subarches'',) designed for quick and easy reference. While this information is available in other places, such as Wikipedia, it often takes some time to study and cross-reference the various articles to get a good understanding of each type of sub-architecture, and this information generally isn't all collected neatly in one place. That is the purpose of this page. When possible, links to more detailed Wikipedia pages are provided. You are encouraged to help maintain this page as well as the Wikipedia articles referenced here.
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This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called ''subarches'') designed for quick and easy reference. Funtoo Linux provides optimized installation images for all sub-architectures listed below. See the [[Funtoo Linux Installation|Funtoo Linux Installation Guide]] to install Funtoo Linux.
  
== 64-bit Suport (Generic) ==
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{{Note|The cpuid application can be used to help identify your processor and its microarchitecture.
 
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=== generic_64 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2
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</console>
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The '''generic_64''' subarch is designed to support 64-bit PC-compatible CPUs, such as the [[Wikipedia:AMD_K8|AMD K8-series processors]], which were introduced in late 2003. They were notable as the first processors that supported the [[Wikipedia:X86-64|AMD64 (also called X86-64) 64-bit instruction set]] for PC-compatible systems, which was introduced as a backwards-compatible 64-bit alternative to Intel's IA-64 architecture. Intel followed suit and also began supporting this 64-bit instruction set, which they called "[[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]", by releasing X86-64 64-bit compatible CPUs from mid-2004 onwards (See [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64_implementations|Intel 64 implementations]].)
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AMD desktop 64-bit CPUs include the Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX, Athlon 64 X2, Athlon X2, Turion 64, Turion 64 X2 and Sempron series processors. AMD server processors were released under the Opteron brand and have codenames SledgeHammer, Venus, Troy, Athens, Denmark, Italy, Egypt, Santa Ana and Santa Rosa. All Opterons released through late 2006 were based on the K8 microarchitecture with original X86-64 instructions.
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== 64-bit AMD Processors ==
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=== amd64-k10 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=amdfam10 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-k10''' subarch provides support for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|AMD Family 10h processors]], which were released in late 2007 as a successor to the AMD K8 series processors.
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Desktop amd64-k10 CPUs include [[Wikipedia:AMD Phenom|AMD Phenom]], [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Phenom_II_Models|AMD Phenom II]] and [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Athlon_II_Models|AMD Athlon II]]. Server CPUs include Opterons with codenames Budapest, Barcelona, Suzuka, Shanghai, Istanbul, Lisbon, and Magny-Cours. A full listing of amd64-k10 Opteron models [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_Opteron_microprocessors#K10_based_Opterons|can be found here]].
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=== amd64-bulldozer ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=bdver1 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-bulldozer''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Bulldozer (microarchitecture)|AMD bulldozer microarchitecture]] CPUs, which were released from late 2011 through the first quarter of 2012 as a replacement for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|K10 microarchitecture]] CPUs.
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Bulldozer desktop CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+ socket]] and server CPUs use the  [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34 socket]].
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Desktop bulldozer CPUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_FX_microprocessors#.22Zambezi.22_.2832_nm_SOI.29|Zambezi FX-series CPUs]]. Server bulldozer CPUs include Opterons with codenames Zurich (Opteron 3200-series), Valencia (Opteron 4200-series) and Interlagos (Opteron 6200 series). A complete list of Opteron models [[Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opteron#Opteron_.2832_nm_SOI.29-_First_Generation_Bulldozer_Microarchitecture|can be found here.]].
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=== amd64-piledriver ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=bdver2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-piledriver''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Piledriver (microarchitecture)|AMD Piledriver microarchitecture]] produced by AMD from mid-2012 through 2015, which is the successor to the [[Wikipedia:Bulldozer (microarchitecture)|AMD bulldozer microarchitecture]].
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Piledriver CPUs and APUs are available that use the [[Wikipedia:FM2 Socket|FM2 socket]]. Desktop Piledriver CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+ socket]]. Server Piledriver CPUs use a variety of sockets, including [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+]], [[Wikipedia:Socket_C32|C32]] and [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34]].
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Desktop piledriver CPU and APUs include FX-series with codename Vishera (FX-8350, FX-8370),  [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#Virgo:_.22Trinity.22_.282012.2C_32_nm.29|A-series with codename Trinity]] (A6-5400K, A10-5800K) and [[Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#.22Richland.22_.282013.2C_32_nm.29_2|A-series with codename Richland]].
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Server piledriver CPUs include Opterons with codenames Delhi (Opteron 3300-series, [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+]]), Seoul (Opteron 4300-series, [[Wikipedia:Socket_C32|C32]])  and Abu Dhabi (Opteron 6300-series, [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34]]). A full listing of Opteron models [[Wikipedia:Opteron#Opteron_.2832_nm_SOI.29_-_Piledriver_Microarchitecture|is available here]].
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Piledriver adds several new instructions over bulldozer, so AMD bulldozer systems cannot run amd64-piledriver-optimized stages. However, this subarch is  instruction-compatible with its successor, the, so amd64-piledriver stages can run on amd64-steamroller systems, and vice versa.
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=== amd64-steamroller ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=bdver3 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-steamroller''' subarch supports the  [[Wikipedia:Steamroller (microarchitecture)|AMD steamroller microarchitecture]], produced from early 2014. It is the successor to the [[Wikipedia:Piledriver (microarchitecture)|AMD Piledriver microarchitecture]].
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Steamroller APUs are available that use the [[Wikipedia:FM2+ Socket|FM2+ socket]] and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FP3|FP3 socket]] (mobile.)
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Desktop steamroller APUs include the [[Wikipedia:AMD_Accelerated_Processing_Unit#Steamroller_architecture_.282014.29:_Kaveri|A-Series with codename Kaveri]], such as the quad-core AMD A10-7850K APU. Steamroller APUs are also available in mobile versions. Server steamroller APUs will include the Berlin APUs, which are expected to be released some time in 2015.
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Amd64-steamroller subarches are instruction-compatible with amd64-piledriver, but add new instructions over amd64-bulldozer.
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=== amd64-jaguar ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=btver2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-jaguar''' (also called AMD Family 16h) subarch supports the  [[Wikipedia:Jaguar (microarchitecture)|AMD jaguar microarchitecture]], which is targeted at low-power devices, including notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers. It is perhaps most well-known for being the microarchitecture used for the [[Wikipedia:Playstation 4|Playstation 4]] and [[Wikipedia:Xbox One|Xbox One]], which each use custom 8-core Jaguar APUs.
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Socketed Jaguar APUs use the [[Wikipedia:AM1 Socket|AM1 socket]], and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FT3|FT3 socket]] for mobile devices. G-series [[Wikipedia:System_on_a_chip|"system on a chip" (SoC)]] APUs are available for non-socketed devices such as tablets and embedded system boards.
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Desktop Jaguar APUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#.22Kabini.22.2C_.22Temash.22_.282013.2C_28_nm.29|Kabini A-series APUs and Temash E-series APUs]], such as the Athlon 5150 and 5350 APUs, and Sempron 2650 and 3850.
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Amd64-jaguar subarches use the MOVBE instruction which is not available on amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver or amd64-steamroller. They are thus not instruction-compatible with any of these subarches.
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== 64-bit Intel Processors ==
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=== core2_64 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=core2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3
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</console>
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The '''core2_64''' subarch supports 64-bit-capable [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core_2|Intel Core 2 Processors]], which includes ''some'' processors of the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Core]] and all processors of the [[Wikipedia:Penryn_(microarchitecture)|Penryn]] microarchitecture. All "Core 2" branded processors are 64-bit-capable. These processors were introduced in July of 2006 and were phased out in July of 2011, in favor of  [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem-based]] processors.
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For a full list of 64-bit capable Core 2 processors, [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Legacy%20Intel%C2%AE%20Core%E2%84%A22%20Processor&InstructionSet=64-bit see this link].
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The 64-bit capable ''Core 2''-branded CPUs include: "Conroe"/"Allendale" (dual-core for desktops), "Merom" (dual-core for laptops), "Merom-L" (single-core for laptops), "Kentsfield" (quad-core for desktops), and the updated variants named "Wolfdale" (dual-core for desktops), "Penryn" (dual-core for laptops),  and "Yorkfield" (quad-core for desktops). (Note: ''For the server and workstation "Woodcrest", "Tigerton", "Harpertown" and "Dunnington" CPUs see the [[Wikipedia:Xeon|Xeon]] brand''.)
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=== corei7 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=corei7 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 sse4
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</console>
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Beginning in November 2008, Intel launched the first Core i7 processor, codenamed [[Wikipedia:Bloomfield_(microprocessor)|Bloomfield]], based on the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]] microarchitecture. With this launch, they also added to and modified the conventions of the [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core|Intel Core]] branding scheme. '''(Not to be confused with the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Intel Core microarchitecture]]. The only 64-bit capable, Core microarchitecture based, processors were sold under the Core2 brand. See [[Subarches#core2_64|core2_64]].)'''. This new naming scheme distinguishes between grades of processors rather than microarchitectures or design. Therefore, the '''corei7''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]], [[Wikipedia:Westmere_(microarchitecture)|Westmere]], [[Wikipedia:Sandy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Sandy Bridge]],  [[Wikipedia:Ivy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Ivy Bridge]], and [[Wikipedia:Haswell_(microarchitecture)|Haswell]] microarchitectures under the follow brand names:
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* Intel Core i3 (entry-level consumer)
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* Intel Core i5 (mainstream consumer)
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* Intel Corei7 (high-end consumer/business)
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* Intel Xeon (business server/workstation)
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=== atom_64 ===
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<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe -mno-movbe
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sudo emerge cpuid; cpuid | tail -n 1
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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</console>}}
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3
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</console>
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The Intel Atom Processor is the common name for Intel's  [[Wikipedia:Bonnell_(microarchitecture)|Bonnell microarchitecture]],  which represents a partial revival of the principles used in earlier Intel designs such as P5 and the i486, with the sole purpose of enhancing the performance per watt ratio.  Successor to the [[Wikipedia:Stealey_(microprocessor)|Intel A100 series (Stealey)]], which was derived from the [[Wikipedia:Pentium_M|Pentium M]], the Intel Atom has been produced since 2008. Targeted at low-power devices, Atom processors can be found in a wide range of notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers.
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== ARM ==
  
The '''atom_64''' sub-architecture supports 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs.  The first 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs were the Intel Atom 230 and 330, released in late 2008. However, Intel also continued to produce new 32-bit Atom Processors after this date. For example, the Atom N2xx series Atom Diamondville models cannot support 64-bit operation, while the 2xx and 3xx Diamondville, Pineview, Cedarview and Centerton can. A full list of 64-bit capable Intel Atom Processors [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Intel%C2%AE%20Atom%E2%84%A2%20Processor&InstructionSet=64-bit can be seen here.]
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{{TableStart}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">32-bit ARM Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::32-bit ARM Processors]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
{{TableEnd}}
  
{{Important|For 64-bit support to be functional, a 64-bit capable Atom Processor must be paired ''with a processor, chipset, and BIOS'' that all support [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]. If not all hardware supports 64-bit, then you must use the '''atom_32''' subarch instead.}}
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== PC-Compatible ==
  
{{:Install/Footer}}
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{{TableStart}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">64-bit AMD Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::64-bit AMD Processors]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">64-bit Intel Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::64-bit Intel Processors]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">64-bit PC-Compatible (Generic) Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::64-bit Processors (PC-Compatible, Generic)]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">32-bit AMD Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::32-bit AMD Processors]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">32-bit Intel Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::32-bit Intel Processors]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
<tr><th class="warn" colspan="3">32-bit PC-Compatible (Generic) Processors</th></tr>
 +
{{#ask:[[CPU Family::32-bit Processors (PC-Compatible, Generic)]]
 +
|?#
 +
|?Subarch
 +
|?CFLAGS
 +
|?Description
 +
|format=template
 +
|link=none
 +
|headers=hide
 +
|searchlabel=... further results
 +
|sep=,
 +
|template=SubarchList
 +
}}
 +
{{TableEnd}}

Latest revision as of 23:06, December 20, 2014

Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures

This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called subarches) designed for quick and easy reference. Funtoo Linux provides optimized installation images for all sub-architectures listed below. See the Funtoo Linux Installation Guide to install Funtoo Linux.

Note

The cpuid application can be used to help identify your processor and its microarchitecture.

sudo emerge cpuid; cpuid | tail -n 1

ARM

32-bit ARM Processors
armv7a_hardfpThis subarch supports the ARMv7-A architecture with hardware floating point. Supports Cortex-A5 (with hardware FPU), Cortex-A7, A8, A9, A12, A15, A17, and Qualcomm Krait and other ARMv7-A CPUs.-O2 -pipe -march=armv7-a -mfpu=vfpv3-d16 -mfloat-abi=hard
armv5teThis subarch supports the ARMv5 architecture with vector extensions, which is compatible with Pogoplug, SheevaPlug, TonidoPlug, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBoard, CuBox, PandaBoard, and TrimSlice.-O2 -pipe -march=armv5te
armv6j_hardfpThis subarch supports the ARM11 series processors, including compatible CPUs such as the Broadcom BCM2835 (Raspberry Pi).-O2 -pipe -march=armv6j -mfpu=vfp -mfloat-abi=hard

PC-Compatible

64-bit AMD Processors
amd64-bulldozerThe amd64-bulldozer subarch supports the AMD bulldozer microarchitecture CPUs, which were released from late 2011 through the first quarter of 2012 as a replacement for the K10 microarchitecture CPUs.-march=bdver1 -O2 -pipe
amd64-jaguarAMD jaguar microarchitecture debuted in mid-2013 and is targeted at low-power devices, including notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers. It is perhaps most well-known for being the microarchitecture used for the Playstation 4 and Xbox One,-march=btver2 -O2 -pipe
amd64-k10The amd64-k10 subarch provides support for the AMD Family 10h processors, which were released in late 2007 as a successor to the AMD K8 series processors.-march=amdfam10 -O2 -pipe
amd64-piledriverThe amd64-piledriver subarch supports the AMD Piledriver microarchitecture produced by AMD from mid-2012 through 2015, which is the successor to the AMD bulldozer microarchitecture.-march=bdver2 -O2 -pipe
amd64-steamrollerThe amd64-steamroller subarch supports the AMD steamroller microarchitecture, produced from early 2014. It is the successor to the AMD Piledriver microarchitecture.-march=bdver3 -O2 -pipe
64-bit Intel Processors
atom_64The atom_64 sub-architecture supports 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs.-O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe
core2-64The core2_64 subarch supports 64-bit-capable processors based on the Core microarchitecture and all processors of the Penryn microarchitecture. This includes all Intel Core 2 branded processors, some Celeron, some Pentium and some Xeon branded processors.-march=core2 -O2 -pipe
corei7The corei7 subarch supports the Nehalem, Westmere, Sandy_Bridge, Ivy Bridge, and Haswel microarchitecture-based Intel Pentium/Celeron, Intel Core i3, i5, i7 and Xeon Processors.-march=corei7 -O2 -pipe
intel64-haswellThe intel64-haswell subarch specifically supports processors based on Intel's Haswell microarchitecture. Haswell desktop processors are branded as 4th Generation Intel Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 Processors.-march=core-avx2 -O2 -pipe
64-bit PC-Compatible (Generic) Processors
generic_64The generic_64 subarch is designed to support 64-bit PC-compatible CPUs, such as the AMD K8-series processors, which were introduced in late 2003.-mtune=generic -O2 -pipe
32-bit AMD Processors
athlon-xpThis subarch supports 32-bit AMD Athlon XP processors.-O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=athlon-xp -pipe
32-bit Intel Processors
atom_32This subarch supports 32-bit Intel Atom processors.-O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe
pentium4This subarch supports 32-bit Intel Pentium 4 processors.-O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=pentium4 -pipe
32-bit PC-Compatible (Generic) Processors
generic_32This subarch supports generic 32-bit PC-compatible processors.-mtune=generic -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -pipe
i686This subarch supports P6-class (Intel Pentium Pro instruction set) processors.-O2 -march=i686 -mtune=generic -pipe