Difference between revisions of "Subarches"

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= Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures =
 
= Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures =
 
__NOTITLE__
 
__NOTITLE__
This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called ''subarches'',) designed for quick and easy reference. While this information is available in other places, such as Wikipedia, it often takes some time to study and cross-reference the various articles to get a good understanding of each type of sub-architecture, and this information generally isn't all collected neatly in one place. That is the purpose of this page. When possible, links to more detailed Wikipedia pages are provided. You are encouraged to help maintain this page as well as the Wikipedia articles referenced here.
+
This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called ''subarches'') designed for quick and easy reference. Funtoo Linux provides optimized installation images for all sub-architectures listed below. See the [[Funtoo Linux Installation|Funtoo Linux Installation Guide]] to install Funtoo Linux.
  
== 64-bit Suport (Generic) ==
+
{{Note|Editors: While this information is available in other places, such as Wikipedia, it often takes some time to study and cross-reference the various articles to get a good understanding of each type of sub-architecture, and this information generally isn't all collected neatly in one place. When possible, links to more detailed Wikipedia pages are provided. You are encouraged to help maintain this page as well as the Wikipedia articles referenced here.}}
  
=== generic_64 ===
+
The cpuid application can be used to help identify your processor and it's microarchitecture.
 
<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe
+
sudo emerge cpuid; cpuid | tail -n 1
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
+
USE: mmx sse sse2
+
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
The '''generic_64''' subarch is designed to support 64-bit PC-compatible CPUs, such as the [[Wikipedia:AMD_K8|AMD K8-series processors]], which were introduced in late 2003. They were notable as the first processors that supported the [[Wikipedia:X86-64|AMD64 (also called X86-64) 64-bit instruction set]] for PC-compatible systems, which was introduced as a backwards-compatible 64-bit alternative to Intel's IA-64 architecture. Intel followed suit and also began supporting this 64-bit instruction set, which they called "[[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]", by releasing X86-64 64-bit compatible CPUs from mid-2004 onwards (See [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64_implementations|Intel 64 implementations]].)
 
  
AMD desktop 64-bit CPUs include the Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX, Athlon 64 X2, Athlon X2, Turion 64, Turion 64 X2 and Sempron series processors. AMD server processors were released under the Opteron brand and have codenames SledgeHammer, Venus, Troy, Athens, Denmark, Italy, Egypt, Santa Ana and Santa Rosa. All Opterons released through late 2006 were based on the K8 microarchitecture with original X86-64 instructions.
 
  
 
== 64-bit AMD Processors ==
 
== 64-bit AMD Processors ==
  
=== amd64-k10 ===
+
=== amd64-steamroller ===
 
<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -march=amdfam10 -O2 -pipe
+
CFLAGS: -march=bdver3 -O2 -pipe
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 3dnow 3dnowext
+
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
The '''amd64-k10''' subarch provides support for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|AMD Family 10h processors]], which were released in late 2007 as a successor to the AMD K8 series processors.
+
The '''amd64-steamroller''' sub-architecture (subarch) supports the [[Wikipedia:Steamroller (microarchitecture)|AMD steamroller microarchitecture]], produced from early 2014. It is the successor to the [[Wikipedia:Piledriver (microarchitecture)|AMD Piledriver microarchitecture]].
 +
Steamroller APUs are available that use the [[Wikipedia:FM2+ Socket|FM2+ socket]] and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FP3|FP3 socket]] (mobile.)
  
Desktop amd64-k10 CPUs include [[Wikipedia:AMD Phenom|AMD Phenom]], [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Phenom_II_Models|AMD Phenom II]] and [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Athlon_II_Models|AMD Athlon II]]. Server CPUs include Opterons with codenames Budapest, Barcelona, Suzuka, Shanghai, Istanbul, Lisbon, and Magny-Cours. A full listing of amd64-k10 Opteron models [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_Opteron_microprocessors#K10_based_Opterons|can be found here]].
+
Desktop steamroller APUs include the [[Wikipedia:AMD_Accelerated_Processing_Unit#Steamroller_architecture_.282014.29:_Kaveri|A-Series with codename Kaveri]], such as the quad-core AMD A10-7850K APU. Steamroller APUs are also available in mobile versions. Server steamroller APUs will include the Berlin APUs, which are expected to be released some time in 2015.
  
=== amd64-bulldozer ===
+
Amd64-steamroller subarches are instruction-compatible with amd64-piledriver, but add new instructions over amd64-bulldozer.
 +
 
 +
=== amd64-jaguar ===
 +
{{Note|This is a specialized low-power/mobile processor.}}
 
<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -march=bdver1 -O2 -pipe
+
CFLAGS: -march=btver2 -O2 -pipe
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
 
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
The '''amd64-bulldozer''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Bulldozer (microarchitecture)|AMD bulldozer microarchitecture]] CPUs, which were released from late 2011 through the first quarter of 2012 as a replacement for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|K10 microarchitecture]] CPUs.
+
The '''amd64-jaguar''' (also called AMD Family 16h) subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Jaguar (microarchitecture)|AMD jaguar microarchitecture]], which is targeted at low-power devices, including notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers. It is perhaps most well-known for being the microarchitecture used for the [[Wikipedia:Playstation 4|Playstation 4]] and [[Wikipedia:Xbox One|Xbox One]], which each use custom 8-core Jaguar APUs.
Bulldozer desktop CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+ socket]] and server CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34 socket]].
+
Socketed Jaguar APUs use the [[Wikipedia:AM1 Socket|AM1 socket]], and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FT3|FT3 socket]] for mobile devices. G-series [[Wikipedia:System_on_a_chip|"system on a chip" (SoC)]] APUs are available for non-socketed devices such as tablets and embedded system boards.
  
Desktop bulldozer CPUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_FX_microprocessors#.22Zambezi.22_.2832_nm_SOI.29|Zambezi FX-series CPUs]]. Server bulldozer CPUs include Opterons with codenames Zurich (Opteron 3200-series), Valencia (Opteron 4200-series) and Interlagos (Opteron 6200 series). A complete list of Opteron models [[Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opteron#Opteron_.2832_nm_SOI.29-_First_Generation_Bulldozer_Microarchitecture|can be found here.]].
+
Desktop Jaguar APUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#.22Kabini.22.2C_.22Temash.22_.282013.2C_28_nm.29|Kabini A-series APUs and Temash E-series APUs]], such as the Athlon 5150 and 5350 APUs, and Sempron 2650 and 3850.
 +
 
 +
Amd64-jaguar subarches use the MOVBE instruction which is not available on amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver or amd64-steamroller. They are thus not instruction-compatible with any of these subarches.
  
 
=== amd64-piledriver ===
 
=== amd64-piledriver ===
Line 58: Line 60:
 
Piledriver adds several new instructions over bulldozer, so AMD bulldozer systems cannot run amd64-piledriver-optimized stages. However, this subarch is  instruction-compatible with its successor, the, so amd64-piledriver stages can run on amd64-steamroller systems, and vice versa.
 
Piledriver adds several new instructions over bulldozer, so AMD bulldozer systems cannot run amd64-piledriver-optimized stages. However, this subarch is  instruction-compatible with its successor, the, so amd64-piledriver stages can run on amd64-steamroller systems, and vice versa.
  
=== amd64-steamroller ===
+
=== amd64-bulldozer ===
 
<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -march=bdver3 -O2 -pipe
+
CFLAGS: -march=bdver1 -O2 -pipe
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
 
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
The '''amd64-steamroller''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Steamroller (microarchitecture)|AMD steamroller microarchitecture]], produced from early 2014. It is the successor to the [[Wikipedia:Piledriver (microarchitecture)|AMD Piledriver microarchitecture]].
+
The '''amd64-bulldozer''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Bulldozer (microarchitecture)|AMD bulldozer microarchitecture]] CPUs, which were released from late 2011 through the first quarter of 2012 as a replacement for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|K10 microarchitecture]] CPUs.
Steamroller APUs are available that use the [[Wikipedia:FM2+ Socket|FM2+ socket]] and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FP3|FP3 socket]] (mobile.)
+
Bulldozer desktop CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+ socket]] and server CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34 socket]].
  
Desktop steamroller APUs include the [[Wikipedia:AMD_Accelerated_Processing_Unit#Steamroller_architecture_.282014.29:_Kaveri|A-Series with codename Kaveri]], such as the quad-core AMD A10-7850K APU. Steamroller APUs are also available in mobile versions. Server steamroller APUs will include the Berlin APUs, which are expected to be released some time in 2015.
+
Desktop bulldozer CPUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_FX_microprocessors#.22Zambezi.22_.2832_nm_SOI.29|Zambezi FX-series CPUs]]. Server bulldozer CPUs include Opterons with codenames Zurich (Opteron 3200-series), Valencia (Opteron 4200-series) and Interlagos (Opteron 6200 series). A complete list of Opteron models [[Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opteron#Opteron_.2832_nm_SOI.29-_First_Generation_Bulldozer_Microarchitecture|can be found here.]].
  
Amd64-steamroller subarches are instruction-compatible with amd64-piledriver, but add new instructions over amd64-bulldozer.
+
=== amd64-k10 ===
 
+
=== amd64-jaguar ===
+
 
<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -march=btver2 -O2 -pipe
+
CFLAGS: -march=amdfam10 -O2 -pipe
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
+
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 3dnow 3dnowext
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
The '''amd64-jaguar''' (also called AMD Family 16h) subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Jaguar (microarchitecture)|AMD jaguar microarchitecture]], which is targeted at low-power devices, including notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers. It is perhaps most well-known for being the microarchitecture used for the [[Wikipedia:Playstation 4|Playstation 4]] and [[Wikipedia:Xbox One|Xbox One]], which each use custom 8-core Jaguar APUs.
+
The '''amd64-k10''' subarch provides support for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|AMD Family 10h processors]], which were released in late 2007 as a successor to the AMD K8 series processors.
Socketed Jaguar APUs use the [[Wikipedia:AM1 Socket|AM1 socket]], and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FT3|FT3 socket]] for mobile devices. G-series [[Wikipedia:System_on_a_chip|"system on a chip" (SoC)]] APUs are available for non-socketed devices such as tablets and embedded system boards.
+
  
Desktop Jaguar APUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#.22Kabini.22.2C_.22Temash.22_.282013.2C_28_nm.29|Kabini A-series APUs and Temash E-series APUs]], such as the Athlon 5150 and 5350 APUs, and Sempron 2650 and 3850.
+
Desktop amd64-k10 CPUs include [[Wikipedia:AMD Phenom|AMD Phenom]], [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Phenom_II_Models|AMD Phenom II]] and [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Athlon_II_Models|AMD Athlon II]]. Server CPUs include Opterons with codenames Budapest, Barcelona, Suzuka, Shanghai, Istanbul, Lisbon, and Magny-Cours. A full listing of amd64-k10 Opteron models [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_Opteron_microprocessors#K10_based_Opterons|can be found here]].
  
Amd64-jaguar subarches use the MOVBE instruction which is not available on amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver or amd64-steamroller. They are thus not instruction-compatible with any of these subarches.
+
== 64-bit Intel Processors ==
  
== 64-bit Intel Processors ==
+
=== intel64-haswell ===
=== core2_64 ===
+
 
<console>
 
<console>
CFLAGS: -march=core2 -O2 -pipe
+
CFLAGS: -march=core-avx2 -O2 -pipe
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3
+
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 sse4
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
The '''core2_64''' subarch supports 64-bit-capable [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core_2|Intel Core 2 Processors]], which includes ''some'' processors of the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Core]] and all processors of the [[Wikipedia:Penryn_(microarchitecture)|Penryn]] microarchitecture. All "Core 2" branded processors are 64-bit-capable. These processors were introduced in July of 2006 and were phased out in July of 2011, in favor of  [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem-based]] processors.
+
The '''intel64-haswell''' subarch specifically supports processors based on Intel's [[Wikipedia:Haswell_(microarchitecture)|Haswell microarchitecture]]. Haswell desktop processors are branded as 4th Generation Intel Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 Processors. Many of the released processors are APUs, containing integrated Intel graphics support. Haswell Xeon processors include the Xeon E5 v3 Family.  
  
For a full list of 64-bit capable Core 2 processors, [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Legacy%20Intel%C2%AE%20Core%E2%84%A22%20Processor&InstructionSet=64-bit see this link].
+
One of the new instruction sets with this subarch is '''AVX2''' (Advanced Vector Extensions 2), also known as ''Haswell New Instructions'', introduced June of 2013, as an expansion of the AVX instruction.  
  
The 64-bit capable ''Core 2''-branded CPUs include: "Conroe"/"Allendale" (dual-core for desktops), "Merom" (dual-core for laptops), "Merom-L" (single-core for laptops), "Kentsfield" (quad-core for desktops), and the updated variants named "Wolfdale" (dual-core for desktops), "Penryn" (dual-core for laptops),  and "Yorkfield" (quad-core for desktops). (Note: ''For the server and workstation "Woodcrest", "Tigerton", "Harpertown" and "Dunnington" CPUs see the [[Wikipedia:Xeon|Xeon]] brand''.)
+
Intel AVX instructions require operating system support and have been in the Linux kernel since 2.6.30. Additionally, they require slightly more power to execute. When executing these instructions, the processor may run at less than the marked frequency to maintain thermal design power (TDP) limits. For more information about these instructions, see [http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/white-papers/performance-xeon-e5-v3-advanced-vector-extensions-paper.pdf this link].
  
 
=== corei7 ===
 
=== corei7 ===
Line 107: Line 105:
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
Beginning in November 2008, Intel launched the first Core i7 processor, codenamed [[Wikipedia:Bloomfield_(microprocessor)|Bloomfield]], based on the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]] microarchitecture. With this launch, they also added to and modified the conventions of the [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core|Intel Core]] branding scheme. '''(Not to be confused with the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Intel Core microarchitecture]]. The only 64-bit capable, Core microarchitecture based, processors were sold under the Core2 brand. See [[Subarches#core2_64|core2_64]].)'''. This new naming scheme distinguishes between grades of processors rather than microarchitectures or design. Therefore, the '''corei7''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]], [[Wikipedia:Westmere_(microarchitecture)|Westmere]], [[Wikipedia:Sandy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Sandy Bridge]],  [[Wikipedia:Ivy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Ivy Bridge]], and [[Wikipedia:Haswell_(microarchitecture)|Haswell]] microarchitectures under the follow brand names:
+
Beginning in November 2008, Intel launched the first Core i7 processor, codenamed [[Wikipedia:Bloomfield_(microprocessor)|Bloomfield]], based on the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]] microarchitecture. With this launch, they also added to and modified the conventions used in their [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core|Intel Core]] branding scheme. '''(Not to be confused with the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Intel Core microarchitecture]]. See [[Subarches#core2_64|core2_64]].)'''. This new naming scheme distinguishes between grades of processors rather than microarchitectures or design. Therefore, the '''corei7''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]], [[Wikipedia:Westmere_(microarchitecture)|Westmere]], [[Wikipedia:Sandy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Sandy Bridge]],  [[Wikipedia:Ivy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Ivy Bridge]], and [[Wikipedia:Haswell_(microarchitecture)|Haswell]] microarchitectures under the follow brand names:
  
 +
* Intel Pentium/Celeron (low-level consumer)
 
* Intel Core i3 (entry-level consumer)
 
* Intel Core i3 (entry-level consumer)
 
* Intel Core i5 (mainstream consumer)
 
* Intel Core i5 (mainstream consumer)
 
* Intel Corei7 (high-end consumer/business)
 
* Intel Corei7 (high-end consumer/business)
 
* Intel Xeon (business server/workstation)
 
* Intel Xeon (business server/workstation)
 +
<br>
 +
See the following links for a list of supported [[Wikipedia:Celeron|Celeron]], [[Wikipedia:Pentium|Pentium]], [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Nehalem_microarchitecture_based|Nehalem]], [[Wikipedia:Westmere_(microarchitecture)|Westmere]], [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Sandy_Bridge_microarchitecture_based|Sandy Bridge]],  [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Ivy_Bridge_microarchitecture_based|Ivy Bridge]], and [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Haswell_microarchitecture_based|Haswell]] processors.
 +
 +
=== core2_64 ===
 +
<console>
 +
CFLAGS: -march=core2 -O2 -pipe
 +
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 +
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3
 +
</console>
 +
 +
The '''core2_64''' subarch supports [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#64-bit_Core_microarchitecture_based|64-bit-capable processors]] based on the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Core microarchitecture]] and all processors of the [[Wikipedia:Penryn_(microarchitecture)|Penryn microarchitecture]]. This includes all [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core_2|Intel Core 2]] branded processors, [[Wikipedia:Celeron#Core-based_Celerons|some Celeron]], [[Wikipedia:Pentium#Core_microarchitecture_based|some Pentium]] and [[Wikipedia:Xeon#Core-based_Xeon|some Xeon]] branded processors. These processors were introduced in July of 2006 and were phased out in July of 2011, in favor of  [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem-based]] processors.
 +
 +
See the following links for a list of supported [[Wikipedia:Celeron#Core-based_Celerons|Celeron]], [[Wikipedia:Pentium#Core_microarchitecture_based|Pentium]], [[Wikipedia:Xeon#Core-based_Xeon|Xeon]] and all  [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Legacy%20Intel%C2%AE%20Core%E2%84%A22%20Processor Core 2] processors.
  
 
=== atom_64 ===
 
=== atom_64 ===
 +
 +
{{Note|This is a specialized low-power/mobile processor.}}
 +
 
<console>
 
<console>
 
CFLAGS: -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe -mno-movbe
 
CFLAGS: -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe -mno-movbe
Line 126: Line 141:
  
 
{{Important|For 64-bit support to be functional, a 64-bit capable Atom Processor must be paired ''with a processor, chipset, and BIOS'' that all support [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]. If not all hardware supports 64-bit, then you must use the '''atom_32''' subarch instead.}}
 
{{Important|For 64-bit support to be functional, a 64-bit capable Atom Processor must be paired ''with a processor, chipset, and BIOS'' that all support [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]. If not all hardware supports 64-bit, then you must use the '''atom_32''' subarch instead.}}
 +
 +
== 64-bit Suport (Generic) ==
 +
 +
=== generic_64 ===
 +
<console>
 +
CFLAGS: -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe
 +
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
 +
USE: mmx sse sse2
 +
</console>
 +
 +
The '''generic_64''' subarch is designed to support 64-bit PC-compatible CPUs, such as the [[Wikipedia:AMD_K8|AMD K8-series processors]], which were introduced in late 2003. They were notable as the first processors that supported the [[Wikipedia:X86-64|AMD64 (also called X86-64) 64-bit instruction set]] for PC-compatible systems, which was introduced as a backwards-compatible 64-bit alternative to Intel's IA-64 architecture. Intel followed suit and also began supporting this 64-bit instruction set, which they called "[[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]", by releasing X86-64 64-bit compatible CPUs from mid-2004 onwards (See [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64_implementations|Intel 64 implementations]].)
 +
 +
AMD desktop 64-bit CPUs include the Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX, Athlon 64 X2, Athlon X2, Turion 64, Turion 64 X2 and Sempron series processors. AMD server processors were released under the Opteron brand and have codenames SledgeHammer, Venus, Troy, Athens, Denmark, Italy, Egypt, Santa Ana and Santa Rosa. All Opterons released through late 2006 were based on the K8 microarchitecture with original X86-64 instructions.
  
 
{{:Install/Footer}}
 
{{:Install/Footer}}

Latest revision as of 13:29, November 22, 2014

Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures

This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called subarches) designed for quick and easy reference. Funtoo Linux provides optimized installation images for all sub-architectures listed below. See the Funtoo Linux Installation Guide to install Funtoo Linux.

Note

Editors: While this information is available in other places, such as Wikipedia, it often takes some time to study and cross-reference the various articles to get a good understanding of each type of sub-architecture, and this information generally isn't all collected neatly in one place. When possible, links to more detailed Wikipedia pages are provided. You are encouraged to help maintain this page as well as the Wikipedia articles referenced here.

The cpuid application can be used to help identify your processor and it's microarchitecture.

sudo emerge cpuid; cpuid | tail -n 1


64-bit AMD Processors

amd64-steamroller

CFLAGS: -march=bdver3 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext

The amd64-steamroller sub-architecture (subarch) supports the AMD steamroller microarchitecture, produced from early 2014. It is the successor to the AMD Piledriver microarchitecture. Steamroller APUs are available that use the FM2+ socket and FP3 socket (mobile.)

Desktop steamroller APUs include the A-Series with codename Kaveri, such as the quad-core AMD A10-7850K APU. Steamroller APUs are also available in mobile versions. Server steamroller APUs will include the Berlin APUs, which are expected to be released some time in 2015.

Amd64-steamroller subarches are instruction-compatible with amd64-piledriver, but add new instructions over amd64-bulldozer.

amd64-jaguar

Note

This is a specialized low-power/mobile processor.

CFLAGS: -march=btver2 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext

The amd64-jaguar (also called AMD Family 16h) subarch supports the AMD jaguar microarchitecture, which is targeted at low-power devices, including notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers. It is perhaps most well-known for being the microarchitecture used for the Playstation 4 and Xbox One, which each use custom 8-core Jaguar APUs. Socketed Jaguar APUs use the AM1 socket, and FT3 socket for mobile devices. G-series "system on a chip" (SoC) APUs are available for non-socketed devices such as tablets and embedded system boards.

Desktop Jaguar APUs include the Kabini A-series APUs and Temash E-series APUs, such as the Athlon 5150 and 5350 APUs, and Sempron 2650 and 3850.

Amd64-jaguar subarches use the MOVBE instruction which is not available on amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver or amd64-steamroller. They are thus not instruction-compatible with any of these subarches.

amd64-piledriver

CFLAGS: -march=bdver2 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext

The amd64-piledriver subarch supports the AMD Piledriver microarchitecture produced by AMD from mid-2012 through 2015, which is the successor to the AMD bulldozer microarchitecture. Piledriver CPUs and APUs are available that use the FM2 socket. Desktop Piledriver CPUs use the AM3+ socket. Server Piledriver CPUs use a variety of sockets, including AM3+, C32 and G34.

Desktop piledriver CPU and APUs include FX-series with codename Vishera (FX-8350, FX-8370), A-series with codename Trinity (A6-5400K, A10-5800K) and A-series with codename Richland.

Server piledriver CPUs include Opterons with codenames Delhi (Opteron 3300-series, AM3+), Seoul (Opteron 4300-series, C32) and Abu Dhabi (Opteron 6300-series, G34). A full listing of Opteron models is available here.

Piledriver adds several new instructions over bulldozer, so AMD bulldozer systems cannot run amd64-piledriver-optimized stages. However, this subarch is instruction-compatible with its successor, the, so amd64-piledriver stages can run on amd64-steamroller systems, and vice versa.

amd64-bulldozer

CFLAGS: -march=bdver1 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext

The amd64-bulldozer subarch supports the AMD bulldozer microarchitecture CPUs, which were released from late 2011 through the first quarter of 2012 as a replacement for the K10 microarchitecture CPUs. Bulldozer desktop CPUs use the AM3+ socket and server CPUs use the G34 socket.

Desktop bulldozer CPUs include the Zambezi FX-series CPUs. Server bulldozer CPUs include Opterons with codenames Zurich (Opteron 3200-series), Valencia (Opteron 4200-series) and Interlagos (Opteron 6200 series). A complete list of Opteron models can be found here..

amd64-k10

CFLAGS: -march=amdfam10 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 3dnow 3dnowext

The amd64-k10 subarch provides support for the AMD Family 10h processors, which were released in late 2007 as a successor to the AMD K8 series processors.

Desktop amd64-k10 CPUs include AMD Phenom, AMD Phenom II and AMD Athlon II. Server CPUs include Opterons with codenames Budapest, Barcelona, Suzuka, Shanghai, Istanbul, Lisbon, and Magny-Cours. A full listing of amd64-k10 Opteron models can be found here.

64-bit Intel Processors

intel64-haswell

CFLAGS: -march=core-avx2 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 sse4

The intel64-haswell subarch specifically supports processors based on Intel's Haswell microarchitecture. Haswell desktop processors are branded as 4th Generation Intel Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 Processors. Many of the released processors are APUs, containing integrated Intel graphics support. Haswell Xeon processors include the Xeon E5 v3 Family.

One of the new instruction sets with this subarch is AVX2 (Advanced Vector Extensions 2), also known as Haswell New Instructions, introduced June of 2013, as an expansion of the AVX instruction.

Intel AVX instructions require operating system support and have been in the Linux kernel since 2.6.30. Additionally, they require slightly more power to execute. When executing these instructions, the processor may run at less than the marked frequency to maintain thermal design power (TDP) limits. For more information about these instructions, see this link.

corei7

CFLAGS: -march=corei7 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 sse4

Beginning in November 2008, Intel launched the first Core i7 processor, codenamed Bloomfield, based on the Nehalem microarchitecture. With this launch, they also added to and modified the conventions used in their Intel Core branding scheme. (Not to be confused with the Intel Core microarchitecture. See core2_64.). This new naming scheme distinguishes between grades of processors rather than microarchitectures or design. Therefore, the corei7 subarch supports the Nehalem, Westmere, Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge, and Haswell microarchitectures under the follow brand names:

  • Intel Pentium/Celeron (low-level consumer)
  • Intel Core i3 (entry-level consumer)
  • Intel Core i5 (mainstream consumer)
  • Intel Corei7 (high-end consumer/business)
  • Intel Xeon (business server/workstation)


See the following links for a list of supported Celeron, Pentium, Nehalem, Westmere, Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge, and Haswell processors.

core2_64

CFLAGS: -march=core2 -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3

The core2_64 subarch supports 64-bit-capable processors based on the Core microarchitecture and all processors of the Penryn microarchitecture. This includes all Intel Core 2 branded processors, some Celeron, some Pentium and some Xeon branded processors. These processors were introduced in July of 2006 and were phased out in July of 2011, in favor of Nehalem-based processors.

See the following links for a list of supported Celeron, Pentium, Xeon and all Core 2 processors.

atom_64

Note

This is a specialized low-power/mobile processor.

CFLAGS: -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe -mno-movbe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3

The Intel Atom Processor is the common name for Intel's Bonnell microarchitecture, which represents a partial revival of the principles used in earlier Intel designs such as P5 and the i486, with the sole purpose of enhancing the performance per watt ratio. Successor to the Intel A100 series (Stealey), which was derived from the Pentium M, the Intel Atom has been produced since 2008. Targeted at low-power devices, Atom processors can be found in a wide range of notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers.

The atom_64 sub-architecture supports 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs. The first 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs were the Intel Atom 230 and 330, released in late 2008. However, Intel also continued to produce new 32-bit Atom Processors after this date. For example, the Atom N2xx series Atom Diamondville models cannot support 64-bit operation, while the 2xx and 3xx Diamondville, Pineview, Cedarview and Centerton can. A full list of 64-bit capable Intel Atom Processors can be seen here.

Important

For 64-bit support to be functional, a 64-bit capable Atom Processor must be paired with a processor, chipset, and BIOS that all support Intel 64. If not all hardware supports 64-bit, then you must use the atom_32 subarch instead.

64-bit Suport (Generic)

generic_64

CFLAGS: -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
USE: mmx sse sse2

The generic_64 subarch is designed to support 64-bit PC-compatible CPUs, such as the AMD K8-series processors, which were introduced in late 2003. They were notable as the first processors that supported the AMD64 (also called X86-64) 64-bit instruction set for PC-compatible systems, which was introduced as a backwards-compatible 64-bit alternative to Intel's IA-64 architecture. Intel followed suit and also began supporting this 64-bit instruction set, which they called "Intel 64", by releasing X86-64 64-bit compatible CPUs from mid-2004 onwards (See Intel 64 implementations.)

AMD desktop 64-bit CPUs include the Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX, Athlon 64 X2, Athlon X2, Turion 64, Turion 64 X2 and Sempron series processors. AMD server processors were released under the Opteron brand and have codenames SledgeHammer, Venus, Troy, Athens, Denmark, Italy, Egypt, Santa Ana and Santa Rosa. All Opterons released through late 2006 were based on the K8 microarchitecture with original X86-64 instructions.