Installing a Logger
In case you ever need to view important system messages, it is a wise idea to install a system logger. System loggers create a log in ‘’/var/log’’ Several different loggers exist. Listed below are some of the more commonly used loggers: metalog syslog-ng
Installation and adding to runlevel
To install a logger, run the following command:
# emerge --ask metalog These are the packages that would be merged, in order: Calculating dependencies... done! [ebuild N ] app-admin/metalog-3-r1 USE="unicode" 353 kB Total: 1 package (1 new), Size of downloads: 353 kB '''Would you like to merge these packages?''' [Yes/No] # yes
After installing the logger, we have to add its initialization script to RC’s default runlevel. The default runlevel, defined at /etc/runlevels/default, contains symbolic links to all system initialization scripts that are run by default. To add the logger to the runlevel and then start the logger, run the following:
# rc-update add metalog default # rc * Starting metalog ...
Stopping the service
If, for whatever reason, you need to stop a service manually, you can run its initialization script directly from /etc/init.d:
# /etc/init.d/metalog stop * Stopping metalog ...