Difference between pages "Atom 64" and "Install/ru/Overview"

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{{Subarch
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<noinclude>
|CPU Family=64-bit Intel Processors
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{{InstallPart|начальный обзор процесса установки, включая скачивние LiveCD и инструкцию по загрузке.}}
|subarch=atom_64
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</noinclude>
|CHOST=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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== Обзор Установки ==
|CFLAGS=-O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe
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|USE=mmx sse sse2 sse3
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|CPU Features=low-power
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|Description=The atom_64 sub-architecture supports 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs.
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}}
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The Intel Atom Processor is the common name for Intel's  [[Wikipedia:Bonnell_(microarchitecture)|Bonnell microarchitecture]],  which represents a partial revival of the principles used in earlier Intel designs such as P5 and the i486, with the sole purpose of enhancing the performance per watt ratio.  Successor to the [[Wikipedia:Stealey_(microprocessor)|Intel A100 series (Stealey)]], which was derived from the [[Wikipedia:Pentium_M|Pentium M]], the Intel Atom has been produced since 2008. Targeted at low-power devices, Atom processors can be found in a wide range of notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers.
+
  
The '''atom_64''' sub-architecture supports 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs.  The first 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs were the Intel Atom 230 and 330, released in late 2008. However, Intel also continued to produce new 32-bit Atom Processors after this date. For example, the Atom N2xx series Atom Diamondville models cannot support 64-bit operation, while the 2xx and 3xx Diamondville, Pineview, Cedarview and Centerton can. A full list of 64-bit capable Intel Atom Processors [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Intel%C2%AE%20Atom%E2%84%A2%20Processor&InstructionSet=64-bit can be seen here.]
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Общий обзор по установке Funtoo:
  
{{Important|For 64-bit support to be functional, a 64-bit capable Atom Processor must be paired ''with a processor, chipset, and BIOS'' that all support [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]. If not all hardware supports 64-bit, then you must use the '''atom_32''' subarch instead.}}
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# [[#Live CD|Скачивание и загрузка живого диска]].
 +
# [[#Подготовка жесткого диска|Подготовка диска]].
 +
# [[#Создание файловой системы|Создание]] и [[#Монтирование файловых систем|монтирование]] файловых систем.
 +
# [[#Установка архива Stage 3|Установка  архива Funtoo stage]] по Вашему выбору.
 +
# [[#Изменение корневого каталога в Funtoo|Изменение корневого каталога в новую систему]].
 +
# [[#Скачивание дерева Portage |Скачивние дерева Portage]].
 +
# [[#Настройка Вашей системы|Настройка вашей системы]] и [[#Настройка сети|сети]].
 +
# [[#Конфигурация и установка ядра Линукс|Установка ядра]].
 +
# [[#Установка загрузчика|Установка загрузчика]].
 +
# [[#Заключительные Шаги|Заключительные шаги]].
 +
# [[#Перегрузка системы|Перегрузка системы]].
 +
 
 +
=== Загрузочный Диск ===
 +
 
 +
Funtoo не предоставляет оффициального загрузочного диска Funtoo Live CD. Мы рекомендуем основанный на Gentoo- [http://www.sysresccd.org/ System Rescue CD]. Он содержит множество полезных программ и утилит и поддерживает 32-битные и 64-битные системы соответственно. Скачайте диск по следующей ссылке:
 +
 
 +
http://www.sysresccd.org/Download
 +
 
 +
{{Note|Если Вы используете старую версию System Rescue CD, '''убедитесь, что Вы выбрали <code>rescue64</code> ядро в меню загрузки, если Вы устанавливаете 64-битную систему'''. По-умолчанию, System Rescue CD ранее загружался в 32-битном режиме, хотя последние версии пытаются автоматически распознать 64-битные процессоры.}}
 +
 
 +
==== Доступ к интернету ====
 +
 
 +
Once you have booted System Rescue CD, see if you have Internet access. Internet access is required for installing Funtoo Linux:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##ping www.google.com
 +
PING www.google.com (216.58.217.36) 56(84) bytes of data.
 +
64 bytes from den03s10-in-f4.1e100.net (216.58.217.36): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=30.1 ms
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
If the ping is successful (you see <code>64 bytes</code> messages as above,) then your Network is set up. Hit Control-C to stop the ping.
 +
 
 +
If you need to set up a WiFi connection for Internet access, then this needs to be done using the System Rescue CD graphical environment. Run <code>startx</code> to start a graphical session:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##startx
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
Then, use the NetworkManager applet (icon in lower right) to connect to a WiFi network of your choice. Next, open a terminal inside your graphical environment, and you should be able to use the terminal to complete the rest of the steps.
 +
 
 +
==== Remote Install ====
 +
 
 +
Alternatively, you can log into System Rescue CD over the network via SSH to perform the install from another computer, and this may be more convenient way to install Funtoo Linux.
 +
 
 +
If you'd like to complete the install remotely, here's how. First, you will need to ensure that System Rescue CD has a functioning network connection. Then, you will need to set a root password for System Rescue CD:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##passwd
 +
New password: ##i##********
 +
Retype new password: ##i##********
 +
passwd: password updated successfully
 +
#
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
Once you have typed in a password, you will now need to determine the IP address of System Rescue CD, and then you can use <code>ssh</code> to connect to it. To determine the IP address currently being used by System Rescue CD, type <code>ifconfig</code>:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##ifconfig
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
One of the interfaces should have an IP address (listed as <code>inet addr:</code>) from your LAN. You can then connect remotely, from another system on your LAN, to System Rescue CD, and perform steps from the comfort of an existing OS. On your remote system, type the following, replacing <code>1.2.3.4</code> with the IP address of System Rescue CD. Connecting from an existing Linux or MacOS system would look something like this:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
(remote system) $ ##i##ssh root@1.2.3.4
 +
Password: ##i##**********
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
{{Note|If you'd like to connect remotely from an existing Microsoft Windows system, you'll need to download an SSH client for Windows, such as [http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/ PuTTY].}}
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After you've logged in via SSH, you're now connected remotely to System Rescue CD and can perform the installation steps.

Revision as of 16:05, December 29, 2014


Note

This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions which covers: начальный обзор процесса установки, включая скачивние LiveCD и инструкцию по загрузке.. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.


Обзор Установки

Общий обзор по установке Funtoo:

  1. Скачивание и загрузка живого диска.
  2. Подготовка диска.
  3. Создание и монтирование файловых систем.
  4. Установка архива Funtoo stage по Вашему выбору.
  5. Изменение корневого каталога в новую систему.
  6. Скачивние дерева Portage.
  7. Настройка вашей системы и сети.
  8. Установка ядра.
  9. Установка загрузчика.
  10. Заключительные шаги.
  11. Перегрузка системы.

Загрузочный Диск

Funtoo не предоставляет оффициального загрузочного диска Funtoo Live CD. Мы рекомендуем основанный на Gentoo- System Rescue CD. Он содержит множество полезных программ и утилит и поддерживает 32-битные и 64-битные системы соответственно. Скачайте диск по следующей ссылке:

http://www.sysresccd.org/Download

Note

Если Вы используете старую версию System Rescue CD, убедитесь, что Вы выбрали rescue64 ядро в меню загрузки, если Вы устанавливаете 64-битную систему. По-умолчанию, System Rescue CD ранее загружался в 32-битном режиме, хотя последние версии пытаются автоматически распознать 64-битные процессоры.

Доступ к интернету

Once you have booted System Rescue CD, see if you have Internet access. Internet access is required for installing Funtoo Linux:

# ping www.google.com
PING www.google.com (216.58.217.36) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from den03s10-in-f4.1e100.net (216.58.217.36): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=30.1 ms

If the ping is successful (you see 64 bytes messages as above,) then your Network is set up. Hit Control-C to stop the ping.

If you need to set up a WiFi connection for Internet access, then this needs to be done using the System Rescue CD graphical environment. Run startx to start a graphical session:

# startx

Then, use the NetworkManager applet (icon in lower right) to connect to a WiFi network of your choice. Next, open a terminal inside your graphical environment, and you should be able to use the terminal to complete the rest of the steps.

Remote Install

Alternatively, you can log into System Rescue CD over the network via SSH to perform the install from another computer, and this may be more convenient way to install Funtoo Linux.

If you'd like to complete the install remotely, here's how. First, you will need to ensure that System Rescue CD has a functioning network connection. Then, you will need to set a root password for System Rescue CD:

# passwd
New password: ********
Retype new password: ********
passwd: password updated successfully
#

Once you have typed in a password, you will now need to determine the IP address of System Rescue CD, and then you can use ssh to connect to it. To determine the IP address currently being used by System Rescue CD, type ifconfig:

# ifconfig

One of the interfaces should have an IP address (listed as inet addr:) from your LAN. You can then connect remotely, from another system on your LAN, to System Rescue CD, and perform steps from the comfort of an existing OS. On your remote system, type the following, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address of System Rescue CD. Connecting from an existing Linux or MacOS system would look something like this:

(remote system) $ ssh root@1.2.3.4
Password: **********
Note

If you'd like to connect remotely from an existing Microsoft Windows system, you'll need to download an SSH client for Windows, such as PuTTY.

After you've logged in via SSH, you're now connected remotely to System Rescue CD and can perform the installation steps.