Difference between pages "Video" and "Translations:Funtoo Profiles/3/pt-br"

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m (Selecting a Video Driver)
 
 
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The purpose of this page is to give you streamlined steps for setting up your video hardware for X, and desktop environments such as GNOME.
 
 
{{Important|Editors: OK, I've decided to change the plans for this page. This is going to be a page similar to [[Subarches]]. The idea is to help people to identify their hardware and guide them toward the correct driver for their chipset. The focus will be primarily on defining the types of hardware that are supported, what products they appear in, and how to know if you have this hardware, and also give people good general overview of options available to them (free vs. proprietary, etc.) Other important topics that apply to all drivers, like <code>eselect opengl</code> should be covered as well. This will then serve as the meta-page for Video support, with individual ebuild pages holding the details for each driver.}}
 
 
== Video Driver Installation and Setup ==
 
 
Individual driver pages cover specific setup steps for each driver. The general process is as follows:
 
 
# Define <code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> variable in <code>/etc/make.conf</code> to refer to the name of the driver that you wish to use. Special names, rather than ebuild package names are used. For example, <code>fglrx</code> is used to refer to {{package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}}.
 
# Update your system using <code>emerge</code>, if X is already installed, or <code>emerge xorg-x11</code>. Your <code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> settings will result in your selected drivers being installed.
 
# Configure X to use these drivers. This often involves running <code>X -configure</code> or using a supplied tool to produce an initial X configuration like <code>aticonfig --initial</code>.
 
# If necessary (this is typically done automatically for you,) run <code>eselect opengl</code> and <code>eselect opencl</code> to set the working OpenGL and OpenCL implementation.
 
 
== Selecting a Video Driver ==
 
 
First determine which video card you have and which driver it requires.
 
 
<console>###i## lspci -nn | grep -i vga</console>
 
 
 
Once hardware is determined use the following sections to add or edit the <code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> global variable in <code>/etc/[[make.conf]]</code>.  See the specific driver pages for more granular details including kernel configurations, frame buffer settings, and X configuration.
 
 
 
{{TableStart}}
 
{{TableStart}}
<tr class="warn"><th>Package Name</th><th>License</th><th>Developed by</th><th><code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> setting</th></tr>
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{{2ColHead|Tipo de Sub-Profile |Descrição}}
<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>radeon, radeonsi</code></td></tr>
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{{2Col|{{c|arch}}|Tipicamente {{c|x86-32bit}} ou {{c|x86-64bit}}, isso define o suporte ao tipo de processador do sistema. É definido quando o stage é construído e não pode ser mudado.}}
<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}}</td><td>Proprietary</td><td>AMD</td><td><code>fglrx</code></td></tr>
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{{2Col|{{c|build}}|Define se seu sistema é {{c|current}}, {{c|stable}} ou {{c|experimental}}. Sistema {{c|current}} tem mais pacotes novos desmascarados que sistemas {{c|stable}}. É definido quando o stage é construído e normalmente não é alterado.}}
<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-intel}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>[http://www.intel.com Intel]</td><td><code>intel</code></td></tr>
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{{2Col|{{c|subarch}}|Define a otimização para CPU do sistema. É definido na construção do stage3, mas pode ser alterado depois, se necessário. Esteja certo da compatibilidade com seu CPU.}}
<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveau}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>nouveau</code></td></tr>
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{{2Col|{{c|flavor}}|Define o tipo geral do sistema que pode ser {{c|server}} ou {{c|desktop}}, e irá definir USE flags apropriadas para cada situação.}}
<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers}}</td><td>Proprietary</td><td>[http://www.nvidia.com NVIDIA]</td><td><code>nvidia</code></td></tr>
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{{2Col|{{c|mix-ins}}|Define várias configurações opcionais que podem ser de seu interesse.}}
<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-vesa}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>vesa</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-vga}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>vga</code></td></tr>
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{{TableEnd}}
 
{{TableEnd}}
 
An overview of each driver follows:
 
 
=== AMD/ATI ===
 
 
Users can choose between free ({{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati}}) and proprietary ({{Package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}}) video drivers.  {{Package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}} supports a variety AMD products, including Radeon R9, R7, R5 and HD 5000 Series through HD 8000 Series. Also supported are AMD A-Series APUs and Mobile Radeon HD chipsets. The free {{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati}} has an official [http://xorg.freedesktop.org/wiki/RadeonFeature/ hardware and feature compatibility matrix]. The free drivers are recommended as the proprietary drivers are not currently maintained very well by AMD.
 
Users of AMD Southern & Sea Islands (HD7750 and above) should enable radeonsi for better performance and functionality.
 
 
=== Intel ===
 
 
The Intel video driver ({{package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-intel}} supports [[Wikipedia:Intel_GMA|Intel GMA]] and [[Wikipedia:Intel_HD_and_Iris_Graphics|Intel HD]] graphics processors, which are found in laptops and desktop systems.
 
 
=== NVIDIA ===
 
 
Users can choose between {{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveau}} and proprietary {{package|x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers}} video drivers released by NVIDIA. The proprietary drivers have a reputation for quality, although they are often not updated to work with the latest versions of X or the Linux kernel.
 
 
== Managing Installed Drivers ==
 
 
=== OpenGL/OpenCL ===
 

Latest revision as of 15:50, August 18, 2015

Tipo de Sub-Profile Descrição
archTipicamente x86-32bit ou x86-64bit, isso define o suporte ao tipo de processador do sistema. É definido quando o stage é construído e não pode ser mudado.
buildDefine se seu sistema é current, stable ou experimental. Sistema current tem mais pacotes novos desmascarados que sistemas stable. É definido quando o stage é construído e normalmente não é alterado.
subarchDefine a otimização para CPU do sistema. É definido na construção do stage3, mas pode ser alterado depois, se necessário. Esteja certo da compatibilidade com seu CPU.
flavorDefine o tipo geral do sistema que pode ser server ou desktop, e irá definir USE flags apropriadas para cada situação.
mix-insDefine várias configurações opcionais que podem ser de seu interesse.