Difference between pages "Welcome" and "Install/Overview"

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{{Slideshow}}
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{{InstallPart|an initial overview of the installation process as well as LiveCD download and boot instructions.}}
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[http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=funtoo '''Funtoo Linux'''] is a Linux-based operating system that is a variant of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentoo_Linux Gentoo Linux], led by [[User:Drobbins|Daniel Robbins]] (the creator and former Chief Architect of Gentoo) who serves as benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) of the project. ''Funtoo Linux is optimized for the best possible performance, supporting Intel Core i7, AMD FX Processors, and others.''  [[Subarches|See what we support.]] See [[#Distinctives|Distinctives]], below, for more information about what makes us special.
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== Installation Overview ==
  
'''Other Funtoo Projects include''':
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This is a basic overview of the Funtoo installation process:
*  '''[[Keychain]]''', an SSH/GPG agent front-end.
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* '''[[Metro]]''', automated Funtoo build engine.
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* '''[[Linux_Fundamentals,_Part_1|Learn Linux]]'''! [[Awk_by_Example,_Part_1|Awk]], [[Bash_by_Example,_Part_1|Bash]], [[Sed_by_Example,_Part_1|Sed]]  and more.
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# [[#Live CD|Download and boot the live CD of your choice]].
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# [[#Prepare Hard Disk|Prepare your disk]].
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# [[#Creating filesystems|Create]] and [[#Mounting filesystems|mount]] filesystems.
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# [[#Installing the Stage 3 tarball|Install the Funtoo stage tarball]] of your choice.
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# [[#Chroot into Funtoo|Chroot into your new system]].
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# [[#Downloading the Portage tree|Download the Portage tree]].
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# [[#Configuring your system|Configure your system]] and [[#Configuring your network|network]].
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# [[#Configuring and installing the Linux kernel|Install a kernel]].
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# [[#Installing a Bootloader|Install a bootloader]].
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# [[#Finishing Steps|Complete final steps]].
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# [[#Restart your system|Reboot and enjoy]].
  
'''Ebuild pages recently updated:''' {{#ask: [[Category:Ebuilds]]
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=== Live CD ===
| order=descending
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| sort=Modification date
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| format=list
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| limit=10
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| searchlabel=
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}} [[Ebuilds|more...]]
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'''Want to submit a screenshot? [http://forums.funtoo.org/index.php?/topic/180-screenshots/ See here.]'''
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Funtoo doesn't provide an "official" Funtoo Live CD. We recommend using the Gentoo-based [http://www.sysresccd.org/ System Rescue CD] as it contains lots of tools and utilities and supports both 32-bit and 64-bit systems. Download it here:
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{{Announce|[[Support Funtoo]] and help us grow! '''Donate $15 per month and get a free SSD-based [[Funtoo Hosting|Funtoo Virtual Container]].'''}}
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=== News ===
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{{NewsList|3}}
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[[News|View More News...]]
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=== Expand the wiki! ===
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* Download from '''[http://build.funtoo.org/distfiles/sysresccd/systemrescuecd-x86-4.5.0.iso osuosl.org]'''
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* Download from '''[http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/funtoo/distfiles/sysresccd/systemrescuecd-x86-4.5.0.iso funtoo.org]'''
  
The [[:Help:Funtoo_Editing_Guidelines | How to 'wiki']] will help get you started on wiki editing. Have a look at [[Requested-Documents]] and [[:Category:Needs_Updates | pages that need to be updated.]]
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{{Note|If using an older version of System Rescue CD, '''be sure to select the <code>rescue64</code> kernel at the boot menu if you are installing a 64-bit system'''. By default, System Rescue CD used to boot in 32-bit mode though the latest version attempts to automatically detect 64-bit processors.}}
  
See [[:Category:Ebuilds|Ebuilds]] for a list of all ebuild pages, and [[Adding an Ebuild to the Wiki]] for information on how to add one.
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==== Network Access ====
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=== Distinctives ===
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Funtoo Linux is a meta-distribution, which means it is built (fully automatically) with the functionality and optimizations that ''you'' want, not what some distro maintainer thought was best for you. Packages are installed directly from source code, thanks to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portage_(software) Portage ports system], inspired by the FreeBSD ports system, written in Python and with full advanced package management functionality.
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Once you have booted System Rescue CD, see if you have Internet access. Internet access is required for installing Funtoo Linux:
  
''Benefits for desktops'': leaner, optimized, faster system. ''Additional benefits for servers'': enable only what you actually need to reduce attack surface, thus improving security.
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<console>
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# ##i##ping www.google.com
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PING www.google.com (216.58.217.36) 56(84) bytes of data.
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64 bytes from den03s10-in-f4.1e100.net (216.58.217.36): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=30.1 ms
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</console>
  
We use [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Git_(software) Git] for all our development, and we also use Git to deliver our ports tree to you.
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If the ping is successful (you see <code>64 bytes</code> messages as above,) then your Network is set up. Hit Control-C to stop the ping.  
  
In contrast to Gentoo Linux, we offer a number of innovations, including our extensive use of git, [[Funtoo 1.0 Profile|our profile system]], [[Package:Boot-Update|boot-update]] boot management tool, our incredibly flexible [[Funtoo Linux Networking|template-based networking scripts]], [[Metro Quick Start Tutorial|Metro]] distribution build system, support of Debian, RHEL and other kernels, [[Creating_Python-related_Ebuilds|enhanced Python support]], Portage mini-manifests, user-centric distribution model, and a large number of community infrastructure improvements.
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If you need to set up a WiFi connection for Internet access, then this needs to be done using the System Rescue CD graphical environment. Run <code>startx</code> to start a graphical session:
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=== Getting Started ===
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'''[[Funtoo Linux Installation|Install Funtoo Linux]]''' and get involved in our user community. Get to know fellow users on our '''[http://forums.funtoo.org forums]'''. Funtoo Linux has a very active [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IRC IRC] community on [http://freenode.net Freenode] (in the <code>#funtoo</code> channel) and you are encouraged to hang out with us.
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<console>
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# ##i##startx
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</console>
  
'''[[Reporting Bugs|We welcome bug reports and suggestions]]'''.  Please report bugs to our '''[http://bugs.funtoo.org bug tracker]'''. We take all bugs seriously, and all work performed is tracked on our bug tracker, for purposes of transparency.
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Then, use the NetworkManager applet (icon in lower right) to connect to a WiFi network of your choice. Next, open a terminal inside your graphical environment, and you should be able to use the terminal to complete the rest of the steps.
  
'''{{CreateAccount}}''', which allows you to log in to the wiki, [http://forums.funtoo.org forums] and [https://bugs.funtoo.org bug tracker]. See the [[Funtoo Authentication FAQ|Auth FAQ]] for more info about account creation.
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==== Remote Install ====
  
'''See our [[Funtoo Linux FAQ|FAQ]] for answers to common questions.'''
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Alternatively, you can log into System Rescue CD over the network via SSH to perform the install from another computer, and this may be more convenient way to install Funtoo Linux.
  
Other resources include [http://larrythecow.org larrythecow.org], the Gentoo blog aggregator, [http://kernel-seeds.org kernel-seeds.org], and [http://git.funtoo.org git.funtoo.org], our cgit repository browser.
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If you'd like to complete the install remotely, here's how. First, you will need to ensure that System Rescue CD has a functioning network connection. Then, you will need to set a root password for System Rescue CD:
</div></div></div>
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__NOTITLE__
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<console>
__NOEDITSECTION__
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# ##i##passwd
{{#subobject:|slideIndex=0|slideCaption=
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New password: ##i##********
<h4>h3nnn4n</h4>
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Retype new password: ##i##********
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passwd: password updated successfully
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#
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</console>
  
Awesome WM / Conky / screenfetch
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Once you have typed in a password, you will now need to determine the IP address of System Rescue CD, and then you can use <code>ssh</code> to connect to it. To determine the IP address currently being used by System Rescue CD, type <code>ifconfig</code>:
|slideImage=File:H3nnn4n.jpg}}
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=1|slideCaption=
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<h4>Help us document the Gentoo Ecosystem!</h4>
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From Enoch to Gentoo to Funtoo to ChromeOS, and beyond...
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|slideImage=File:Ecosystem-snapshot.jpg|slideLink=Gentoo Ecosystem}}
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=2|slideCaption=
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<h4>brushdemon</h4>
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OpenBox / screenfetch
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<console>
|slideImage=File:brushdemon.jpg}}
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# ##i##ifconfig
{{#subobject:|slideIndex=3|slideCaption=
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</console>
<h4>drobbins</h4>
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[[GNOME First Steps|GNOME 3.14]]  / [[Funtoo_Linux_FAQ#Do_you_support_systemd.3F|without systemd]] / Badgers optional
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One of the interfaces should have an IP address (listed as <code>inet addr:</code>) from your LAN. You can then connect remotely, from another system on your LAN, to System Rescue CD, and perform steps from the comfort of an existing OS. On your remote system, type the following, replacing <code>1.2.3.4</code> with the IP address of System Rescue CD. Connecting from an existing Linux or MacOS system would look something like this:
|slideImage=File:gnome3122.jpg|slideLink=GNOME First Steps}}
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=4|slideCaption=
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<console>
<h4>spectromas</h4>
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(remote system) $ ##i##ssh root@1.2.3.4
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Password: ##i##**********
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</console>
  
[[Package:Awesome_(Window_Manager)|Awesome WM]]
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{{Note|If you'd like to connect remotely from an existing Microsoft Windows system, you'll need to download an SSH client for Windows, such as [http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/ PuTTY].}}
|slideImage=File:awesome.jpg|slideLink=Package:Awesome (Window Manager)}}
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{{#seo:
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After you've logged in via SSH, you're now connected remotely to System Rescue CD and can perform the installation steps.
|title=Funtoo Linux
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|keywords=funtoo,linux,gentoo,Daniel Robbins
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|description=Funtoo Linux is a Gentoo-based OS that uses a git-based Portage tree. Run by Daniel Robbins, creator of Gentoo.
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}}
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Revision as of 09:50, February 6, 2015


Note

This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions which covers: an initial overview of the installation process as well as LiveCD download and boot instructions.. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.


Installation Overview

This is a basic overview of the Funtoo installation process:

  1. Download and boot the live CD of your choice.
  2. Prepare your disk.
  3. Create and mount filesystems.
  4. Install the Funtoo stage tarball of your choice.
  5. Chroot into your new system.
  6. Download the Portage tree.
  7. Configure your system and network.
  8. Install a kernel.
  9. Install a bootloader.
  10. Complete final steps.
  11. Reboot and enjoy.

Live CD

Funtoo doesn't provide an "official" Funtoo Live CD. We recommend using the Gentoo-based System Rescue CD as it contains lots of tools and utilities and supports both 32-bit and 64-bit systems. Download it here:

Note

If using an older version of System Rescue CD, be sure to select the rescue64 kernel at the boot menu if you are installing a 64-bit system. By default, System Rescue CD used to boot in 32-bit mode though the latest version attempts to automatically detect 64-bit processors.

Network Access

Once you have booted System Rescue CD, see if you have Internet access. Internet access is required for installing Funtoo Linux:

# ping www.google.com
PING www.google.com (216.58.217.36) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from den03s10-in-f4.1e100.net (216.58.217.36): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=30.1 ms

If the ping is successful (you see 64 bytes messages as above,) then your Network is set up. Hit Control-C to stop the ping.

If you need to set up a WiFi connection for Internet access, then this needs to be done using the System Rescue CD graphical environment. Run startx to start a graphical session:

# startx

Then, use the NetworkManager applet (icon in lower right) to connect to a WiFi network of your choice. Next, open a terminal inside your graphical environment, and you should be able to use the terminal to complete the rest of the steps.

Remote Install

Alternatively, you can log into System Rescue CD over the network via SSH to perform the install from another computer, and this may be more convenient way to install Funtoo Linux.

If you'd like to complete the install remotely, here's how. First, you will need to ensure that System Rescue CD has a functioning network connection. Then, you will need to set a root password for System Rescue CD:

# passwd
New password: ********
Retype new password: ********
passwd: password updated successfully
#

Once you have typed in a password, you will now need to determine the IP address of System Rescue CD, and then you can use ssh to connect to it. To determine the IP address currently being used by System Rescue CD, type ifconfig:

# ifconfig

One of the interfaces should have an IP address (listed as inet addr:) from your LAN. You can then connect remotely, from another system on your LAN, to System Rescue CD, and perform steps from the comfort of an existing OS. On your remote system, type the following, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address of System Rescue CD. Connecting from an existing Linux or MacOS system would look something like this:

(remote system) $ ssh root@1.2.3.4
Password: **********
Note

If you'd like to connect remotely from an existing Microsoft Windows system, you'll need to download an SSH client for Windows, such as PuTTY.

After you've logged in via SSH, you're now connected remotely to System Rescue CD and can perform the installation steps.