Difference between pages "Video" and "Install/Overview"

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m (Selecting a Video Driver)
 
 
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The purpose of this page is to give you streamlined steps for setting up your video hardware for X, and desktop environments such as GNOME.
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<noinclude>
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{{InstallPart|an initial overview of the installation process as well as LiveCD download and boot instructions.}}
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</noinclude>
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== Installation Overview ==
  
{{Important|Editors: OK, I've decided to change the plans for this page. This is going to be a page similar to [[Subarches]]. The idea is to help people to identify their hardware and guide them toward the correct driver for their chipset. The focus will be primarily on defining the types of hardware that are supported, what products they appear in, and how to know if you have this hardware, and also give people good general overview of options available to them (free vs. proprietary, etc.) Other important topics that apply to all drivers, like <code>eselect opengl</code> should be covered as well. This will then serve as the meta-page for Video support, with individual ebuild pages holding the details for each driver.}}
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This is a basic overview of the Funtoo installation process:
  
== Video Driver Installation and Setup ==
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# [[#Live CD|Download and boot the live CD of your choice]].
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# [[#Prepare Hard Disk|Prepare your disk]].
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# [[#Creating filesystems|Create]] and [[#Mounting filesystems|mount]] filesystems.
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# [[#Installing the Stage 3 tarball|Install the Funtoo stage tarball]] of your choice.
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# [[#Chroot into Funtoo|Chroot into your new system]].
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# [[#Downloading the Portage tree|Download the Portage tree]].
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# [[#Configuring your system|Configure your system]] and [[#Configuring your network|network]].
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# [[#Configuring and installing the Linux kernel|Install a kernel]].
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# [[#Installing a Bootloader|Install a bootloader]].
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# [[#Finishing Steps|Complete final steps]].
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# [[#Restart your system|Reboot and enjoy]].
  
Individual driver pages cover specific setup steps for each driver. The general process is as follows:
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=== Live CD ===
  
# Define <code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> variable in <code>/etc/make.conf</code> to refer to the name of the driver that you wish to use. Special names, rather than ebuild package names are used. For example, <code>fglrx</code> is used to refer to {{package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}}.
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Funtoo doesn't provide an "official" Funtoo Live CD. We recommend using the Gentoo-based [http://www.sysresccd.org/ System Rescue CD] as it contains lots of tools and utilities and supports both 32-bit and 64-bit systems. Download it here:
# Update your system using <code>emerge</code>, if X is already installed, or <code>emerge xorg-x11</code>. Your <code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> settings will result in your selected drivers being installed.
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# Configure X to use these drivers. This often involves running <code>X -configure</code> or using a supplied tool to produce an initial X configuration like <code>aticonfig --initial</code>.
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# If necessary (this is typically done automatically for you,) run <code>eselect opengl</code> and <code>eselect opencl</code> to set the working OpenGL and OpenCL implementation.
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== Selecting a Video Driver ==
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* Download from '''[http://build.funtoo.org/distfiles/sysresccd/systemrescuecd-x86-4.5.0.iso osuosl.org]'''
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* Download from '''[http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/funtoo/distfiles/sysresccd/systemrescuecd-x86-4.5.0.iso funtoo.org]'''
  
First determine which video card you have and which driver it requires.
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{{Note|If using an older version of System Rescue CD, '''be sure to select the <code>rescue64</code> kernel at the boot menu if you are installing a 64-bit system'''. By default, System Rescue CD used to boot in 32-bit mode though the latest version attempts to automatically detect 64-bit processors.}}
  
<console>###i## lspci -nn | grep -i vga</console>
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==== Network Access ====
  
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Once you have booted System Rescue CD, see if you have Internet access. Internet access is required for installing Funtoo Linux:
  
Once hardware is determined use the following sections to add or edit the <code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> global variable in <code>/etc/[[make.conf]]</code>.  See the specific driver pages for more granular details including kernel configurations, frame buffer settings, and X configuration.
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<console>
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# ##i##ping www.google.com
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PING www.google.com (216.58.217.36) 56(84) bytes of data.
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64 bytes from den03s10-in-f4.1e100.net (216.58.217.36): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=30.1 ms
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</console>
  
{{TableStart}}
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If the ping is successful (you see <code>64 bytes</code> messages as above,) then your Network is set up. Hit Control-C to stop the ping.  
<tr class="warn"><th>Package Name</th><th>License</th><th>Developed by</th><th><code>VIDEO_CARDS</code> setting</th></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>radeon, radeonsi</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}}</td><td>Proprietary</td><td>AMD</td><td><code>fglrx</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-intel}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>[http://www.intel.com Intel]</td><td><code>intel</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveau}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>nouveau</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers}}</td><td>Proprietary</td><td>[http://www.nvidia.com NVIDIA]</td><td><code>nvidia</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-vesa}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>vesa</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>{{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-vga}}</td><td>'''Open Source'''</td><td>Community</td><td><code>vga</code></td></tr>
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{{TableEnd}}
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An overview of each driver follows:
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If you need to set up a WiFi connection for Internet access, then this needs to be done using the System Rescue CD graphical environment. Run <code>startx</code> to start a graphical session:
  
=== AMD/ATI ===
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<console>
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# ##i##startx
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</console>
  
Users can choose between free ({{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati}}) and proprietary ({{Package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}}) video drivers. {{Package|x11-drivers/ati-drivers}} supports a variety AMD products, including Radeon R9, R7, R5 and HD 5000 Series through HD 8000 Series. Also supported are AMD A-Series APUs and Mobile Radeon HD chipsets. The free {{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-ati}} has an official [http://xorg.freedesktop.org/wiki/RadeonFeature/ hardware and feature compatibility matrix]. The free drivers are recommended as the proprietary drivers are not currently maintained very well by AMD.
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Then, use the NetworkManager applet (icon in lower right) to connect to a WiFi network of your choice. Next, open a terminal inside your graphical environment, and you should be able to use the terminal to complete the rest of the steps.
Users of AMD Southern & Sea Islands (HD7750 and above) should enable radeonsi for better performance and functionality.
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=== Intel ===
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==== Remote Install ====
  
The Intel video driver ({{package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-intel}} supports [[Wikipedia:Intel_GMA|Intel GMA]] and [[Wikipedia:Intel_HD_and_Iris_Graphics|Intel HD]] graphics processors, which are found in laptops and desktop systems.
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Alternatively, you can log into System Rescue CD over the network via SSH to perform the install from another computer, and this may be more convenient way to install Funtoo Linux.
  
=== NVIDIA ===
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If you'd like to complete the install remotely, here's how. First, you will need to ensure that System Rescue CD has a functioning network connection. Then, you will need to set a root password for System Rescue CD:
  
Users can choose between {{Package|x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveau}} and proprietary {{package|x11-drivers/nvidia-drivers}} video drivers released by NVIDIA. The proprietary drivers have a reputation for quality, although they are often not updated to work with the latest versions of X or the Linux kernel.
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<console>
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# ##i##passwd
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New password: ##i##********
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Retype new password: ##i##********
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passwd: password updated successfully
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#
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</console>
  
== Managing Installed Drivers ==
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Once you have typed in a password, you will now need to determine the IP address of System Rescue CD, and then you can use <code>ssh</code> to connect to it. To determine the IP address currently being used by System Rescue CD, type <code>ifconfig</code>:
  
=== OpenGL/OpenCL ===
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<console>
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# ##i##ifconfig
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</console>
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One of the interfaces should have an IP address (listed as <code>inet addr:</code>) from your LAN. You can then connect remotely, from another system on your LAN, to System Rescue CD, and perform steps from the comfort of an existing OS. On your remote system, type the following, replacing <code>1.2.3.4</code> with the IP address of System Rescue CD. Connecting from an existing Linux or MacOS system would look something like this:
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<console>
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(remote system) $ ##i##ssh root@1.2.3.4
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Password: ##i##**********
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</console>
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{{Note|If you'd like to connect remotely from an existing Microsoft Windows system, you'll need to download an SSH client for Windows, such as [http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/ PuTTY].}}
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After you've logged in via SSH, you're now connected remotely to System Rescue CD and can perform the installation steps.

Revision as of 09:50, February 6, 2015


Note

This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions which covers: an initial overview of the installation process as well as LiveCD download and boot instructions.. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.


Installation Overview

This is a basic overview of the Funtoo installation process:

  1. Download and boot the live CD of your choice.
  2. Prepare your disk.
  3. Create and mount filesystems.
  4. Install the Funtoo stage tarball of your choice.
  5. Chroot into your new system.
  6. Download the Portage tree.
  7. Configure your system and network.
  8. Install a kernel.
  9. Install a bootloader.
  10. Complete final steps.
  11. Reboot and enjoy.

Live CD

Funtoo doesn't provide an "official" Funtoo Live CD. We recommend using the Gentoo-based System Rescue CD as it contains lots of tools and utilities and supports both 32-bit and 64-bit systems. Download it here:

Note

If using an older version of System Rescue CD, be sure to select the rescue64 kernel at the boot menu if you are installing a 64-bit system. By default, System Rescue CD used to boot in 32-bit mode though the latest version attempts to automatically detect 64-bit processors.

Network Access

Once you have booted System Rescue CD, see if you have Internet access. Internet access is required for installing Funtoo Linux:

# ping www.google.com
PING www.google.com (216.58.217.36) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from den03s10-in-f4.1e100.net (216.58.217.36): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=30.1 ms

If the ping is successful (you see 64 bytes messages as above,) then your Network is set up. Hit Control-C to stop the ping.

If you need to set up a WiFi connection for Internet access, then this needs to be done using the System Rescue CD graphical environment. Run startx to start a graphical session:

# startx

Then, use the NetworkManager applet (icon in lower right) to connect to a WiFi network of your choice. Next, open a terminal inside your graphical environment, and you should be able to use the terminal to complete the rest of the steps.

Remote Install

Alternatively, you can log into System Rescue CD over the network via SSH to perform the install from another computer, and this may be more convenient way to install Funtoo Linux.

If you'd like to complete the install remotely, here's how. First, you will need to ensure that System Rescue CD has a functioning network connection. Then, you will need to set a root password for System Rescue CD:

# passwd
New password: ********
Retype new password: ********
passwd: password updated successfully
#

Once you have typed in a password, you will now need to determine the IP address of System Rescue CD, and then you can use ssh to connect to it. To determine the IP address currently being used by System Rescue CD, type ifconfig:

# ifconfig

One of the interfaces should have an IP address (listed as inet addr:) from your LAN. You can then connect remotely, from another system on your LAN, to System Rescue CD, and perform steps from the comfort of an existing OS. On your remote system, type the following, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address of System Rescue CD. Connecting from an existing Linux or MacOS system would look something like this:

(remote system) $ ssh root@1.2.3.4
Password: **********
Note

If you'd like to connect remotely from an existing Microsoft Windows system, you'll need to download an SSH client for Windows, such as PuTTY.

After you've logged in via SSH, you're now connected remotely to System Rescue CD and can perform the installation steps.