Difference between pages "Page guidelines" and "Package:Vim/Cheatsheet"

(Difference between pages)
(Daniel Robbins moved page Page guidelines to Help:Funtoo Editing Guidelines)
 
m (Actions)
 
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#REDIRECT [[Help:Funtoo Editing Guidelines]]
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* The description given in the "description" column is rather short, often it is best to try it your self and see what it actually does.
 +
* Even if not specified in the "command" column, most commands fired in normal mode accept a "<num> prefix" (Eg. `5w` is equivalent to `wwwww`).
 +
* Most commands will work in visual mode as well as in normal mode.
 +
 
 +
== Deplacements ==
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{TableStart|striped=true}}
 +
<tr>
 +
  <th>command</th>
 +
  <th>meaning</th>
 +
  <th>description</th>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>w</td>
 +
  <td>word</td>
 +
  <td>move to next word</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>W</td>
 +
  <td>Word</td>
 +
  <td>move to the next word (broad sens)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>b</td>
 +
  <td>begin</td>
 +
  <td>move to the previous word beginning</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>B</td>
 +
  <td>Begin</td>
 +
  <td>move to the previous word beginning (broad sense)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>e</td>
 +
  <td>end</td>
 +
  <td>move to the next word end</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>E</td>
 +
  <td>End</td>
 +
  <td>move to the next word end (broad sense)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><nowiki>{</nowiki></td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>move to the previous blank line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><nowiki>}</nowiki></td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>move to the next blank line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>f<char></td>
 +
  <td>fetch</td>
 +
  <td>move to the next occurrence of the character <char></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>F<char></td>
 +
  <td>Fetch</td>
 +
  <td>move to the previous occurrence of the character <char></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>$</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>move to the end of the line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>^</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>move to the first non-whitespace character of the line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>zz</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>center the viewport on the currently</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><num>gg</td>
 +
  <td>goto</td>
 +
  <td>move to line number <num> (default is 1 if <num> is omitted)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>G</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>move to the last line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>C-o</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>Go to the previous cursor position</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
{{TableEnd}}
 +
 
 +
== Switch to insert mode ==
 +
 
 +
{{TableStart|striped=true}}
 +
<tr>
 +
  <th>command</th>
 +
  <th>meaning</th>
 +
  <th>description</th>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>i</td>
 +
  <td>insert</td>
 +
  <td>insert before the cursor</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>I</td>
 +
  <td>Insert</td>
 +
  <td>insert at the beginning of the line (= <code>^i</code>)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>a</td>
 +
  <td>append</td>
 +
  <td>insert after the cursor/td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>A</td>
 +
  <td>Append</td>
 +
  <td>insert at the end of the line (= <code>$a</code>)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>o</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>insert on a new blank line after the current line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>O</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>insert on a new blank line before the current line</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>s</td>
 +
  <td>substitute</td>
 +
  <td>remove the current character and instert instead (= <code>xi</code>)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>S</td>
 +
  <td>Substitute</td>
 +
  <td>remove the current line and insert instead (= <code>ddi</code></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>R</td>
 +
  <td>Replace</td>
 +
  <td>insert and override on the fly</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
{{TableEnd}}
 +
 
 +
== Actions ==
 +
 
 +
{{TableStart|striped=true}}
 +
<tr>
 +
  <th>command</th>
 +
  <th>meaning</th>
 +
  <th>description</th>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><num>dd</td>
 +
  <td>delete</td>
 +
  <td>delete <num> lines</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><num>yy</td>
 +
  <td>yank</td>
 +
  <td>copy <num> lines to vim's default buffer</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>x</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>remove the character under the cursor</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><num>p</td>
 +
  <td>paste</td>
 +
  <td>paste <num> times vim's default buffer after the cursor</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><num>P</td>
 +
  <td>Paste</td>
 +
  <td>paste <num> times vim's default buffer before the cursor</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td><code>~</code> (tilde)</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>swap case under the cursor</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>.</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>repeat previous action (kind of "live macro", try it yourself and see)</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>/<pattern><CR></td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>search next occurrence of <pattern></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>?<pattern><CR></td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>search previous occurrence of <pattern></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>*</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>look for the next occurrence of the word under the cursor</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>n</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>forward search last searched pattern</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
  <td>N</td>
 +
  <td></td>
 +
  <td>backward search last searched pattern</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
{{TableEnd}}

Latest revision as of 21:22, April 7, 2015

  • The description given in the "description" column is rather short, often it is best to try it your self and see what it actually does.
  • Even if not specified in the "command" column, most commands fired in normal mode accept a "<num> prefix" (Eg. `5w` is equivalent to `wwwww`).
  • Most commands will work in visual mode as well as in normal mode.

Deplacements

command meaning description
w word move to next word
W Word move to the next word (broad sens)
b begin move to the previous word beginning
B Begin move to the previous word beginning (broad sense)
e end move to the next word end
E End move to the next word end (broad sense)
{ move to the previous blank line
} move to the next blank line
f<char> fetch move to the next occurrence of the character <char>
F<char> Fetch move to the previous occurrence of the character <char>
$ move to the end of the line
^ move to the first non-whitespace character of the line
zz center the viewport on the currently
<num>gg goto move to line number <num> (default is 1 if <num> is omitted)
G move to the last line
C-o Go to the previous cursor position

Switch to insert mode

command meaning description
i insert insert before the cursor
I Insert insert at the beginning of the line (= ^i)
a append insert after the cursor/td>
A Append insert at the end of the line (= $a)
o insert on a new blank line after the current line
O insert on a new blank line before the current line
s substitute remove the current character and instert instead (= xi)
S Substitute remove the current line and insert instead (= ddi
R Replace insert and override on the fly

Actions

command meaning description
<num>dd delete delete <num> lines
<num>yy yank copy <num> lines to vim's default buffer
x remove the character under the cursor
<num>p paste paste <num> times vim's default buffer after the cursor
<num>P Paste paste <num> times vim's default buffer before the cursor
~ (tilde) swap case under the cursor
. repeat previous action (kind of "live macro", try it yourself and see)
/<pattern><CR> search next occurrence of <pattern>
?<pattern><CR> search previous occurrence of <pattern>
* look for the next occurrence of the word under the cursor
n forward search last searched pattern
N backward search last searched pattern