Difference between pages "Package:Apache" and "Template:ArticleFooter"

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(Removed table of USE flags, as this is going to be added by an update Daniel is working on.)
 
 
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{{Ebuild
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{{#vardefine:Next|{{#show:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|?Next in Series|link=none}}}}
|Summary=The Apache Web Server
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|CatPkg=www-servers/apache
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|Maintainer=polynomial-c@gentoo.org
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</div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-3">{{#vardefine:Summary|{{#show:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|?Summary}}}}
|Homepage=http://httpd.apache.org/
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<div class="bs-head" style="text-decoration: underline; margin-bottom: 15px;">Got Funtoo?</div>
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Browse all our Linux-related articles, below:
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Apache is a powerful web server which serves html/css/cgi/pl out of the box, and can serve other languages/frameworks via extensions.
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__NOEDITSECTION__
 
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</div></div></div>
The [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache Homepage] says this of Apache:
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[[Category:Articles]]
 
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<blockquote>
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The Apache HTTP Server Project is an effort to develop and maintain an open-source HTTP server for modern operating systems including UNIX and Windows NT. The goal of this project is to provide a secure, efficient and extensible server that provides HTTP services in sync with the current HTTP standards.
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</blockquote>
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== Install ==
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=== Configure USE Flags ===
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If you want to enable any of the above use flags, create a file called <tt>/etc/portage/package.use/apache</tt> and add the options that you want to enable to it. For example:
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/package.use/apache|desc= |body=
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www-servers/apache ssl threads
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}}
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=== Emerge ===
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After you have configured the USE flags that you want to build Apache with, emerge it:
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<console>###i## emerge apache</console>
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== Configuration ==
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=== System ===
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Many packages have apache2 use flags. These use flags are often required for an application to be supported by Apache. Setting a system wide apache2 use flag is a good idea.
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|desc=set system wide apache2 useflag|body=
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USE="...,apache2,..."
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}}
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=== Package ===
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Apache's configuration files are broken up and located in several spots.
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*<code>/etc/conf.d/apache2</code>
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*<code>/etc/apache2/httpd.conf</code>
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*<code>/etc/apache2/modules.d/*</code>
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*<code>/etc/apache2/vhosts.d/*</code>
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<code>conf.d</code> controls the init script, adding things to it such as -D SECURITY & -D PHP5 will enable web application fire-walling & the php scripting language.
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<code>httpd.conf</code> controls how the server behaves, at the bottom of the file it has directives to include configuration files ending in .conf in <code>/etc/apache2/modules.d</code> and <code>/etc/apache2/vhosts.d</code>
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== Service ==
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To start apache immediately:
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<console>
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###i## rc-service apache2 start
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</console>
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To start apache upon boot:
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<console>
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###i## rc-update add apache2
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</console>
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== mod_rewrite ==
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=== What is <code>mod_rewrite</code>? ===
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The [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html Apache documentation] describes <code>mod_rewrite</code> as:
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<blockquote>
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The mod_rewrite module uses a rule-based rewriting engine, based on a PCRE regular-expression parser, to rewrite requested URLs on the fly. By default, mod_rewrite maps a URL to a filesystem path. However, it can also be used to redirect one URL to another URL, or to invoke an internal proxy fetch.
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</blockquote>
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=== Setting it up ===
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mod_rewrite has a reputation of being difficult to set up.  mod_rewrite requires following symlinks & Order allow,deny (apache 2.2) or Require all granted (apache 2.4) is set.  To test functionality of mod_rewrite we will need to make a few files.
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{{fancynote|If you want to test this for web applications such as mediawiki adjust the path to <code>/var/www/localhost/htdocs/mediawiki/.htaccess</code>}}
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{{file|name=/var/www/localhost/htdocs/.htaccess|desc=enable the rewrite engine|body=
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RewriteEngine on
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RewriteRule ^test.html$ rewrite.html
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}}
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{{file|name=/var/www/localhost/htdocs/test.html|desc=set system wide apache2 useflag|body=
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rewrite is not working
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}}
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{{file|name=/var/www/localhost/htdocs/rewrite.html|desc=set system wide apache2 useflag|body=
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rewrite is working
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}}
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Then point your browser to http://127.0.0.1/test.html. You should see that the text from rewrite.html has been loaded.
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{{EbuildFooter}}
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Revision as of 01:09, January 2, 2015

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