Difference between pages "Funtoo Profiles/ru" and "Translations:Install/73/ru"

(Difference between pages)
(Created page with "=== Дополнения для медиа-форматов ===")
 
 
Line 1: Line 1:
{{#widget:AddThis}}
+
* {{c|/dev/sda2}}, будет использоваться под область подкачки, а также
<languages/>
+
== Типы профилей ==
+
 
+
Historically, users have had to add a large number of settings to [[Make.conf|{{c|/etc/make.conf}}]] to customize their Gentoo or Funtoo Linux system, which made setup of the operating system more difficult than it should be. In Gentoo Linux, it is possible to only define one ''system profile''. Think of a system profile as the default settings that Portage uses for building everything on your system. Funtoo Linux uses multiple sub-profiles per system. The following profile types are available in Funtoo Linux:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Sub-Profile|Description}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|arch}}|This defines CPU-specific settings. Only one arch profile is enabled at install time, and cannot be changed.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|subarch}}|This further refines the CPU-specific settings. One subarch profile is typically enabled at install time.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|build}}|This defines the type of stability, such as {{c|current}} or {{c|stable}}, and its associated settings. One build profile is enabled, at install time, and is generally not changed.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|flavor}}|This defines the intended use of Funtoo, such as {{c|minimal}}, {{c|core}}, {{c|workstation}} or {{c|desktop}}. One flavor is enabled, and can be changed by the user.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|mix-ins}}|These can be enabled by the user, based on the features the user wants, such as {{c|gnome}}, {{c|kde}}, {{c|media}}, {{c|mate}}, {{c|X}}, and {{c|hardened}}.}}
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
{{Note|Flavors can (and often do) inherit settings from other flavors and mix-ins. Mix-ins can also inherit settings from other mix-ins. For example, {{c|X}} is inherited by {{c|gnome}}. The {{c|epro}} tool will show both as being enabled so there are no surprises.}}
+
 
+
=== Использование epro ===
+
 
+
{{c|epro show}} отображает текущие настройки профилей в вашей системе:
+
{{console|body=
+
# ##i## epro show
+
 
+
=== ##g##Enabled Profiles##!g##: ===
+
 
+
        arch: ##c## x86-64bit
+
      build: ##c## current
+
    subarch: ##c## intel64-haswell
+
      flavor: ##c## desktop
+
    mix-ins: ##c## gnome
+
 
+
 
+
=== ##g##All inherited flavors from desktop flavor##!g##: ===
+
 
+
                    ##c##workstation (from desktop flavor)
+
                            ##c##core (from workstation flavor)
+
                        ##c##minimal (from core flavor)
+
 
+
=== ##g##All inherited mix-ins from desktop flavor##!g##: ===
+
 
+
                              ##c##X##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                          ##c##audio##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                            ##c##dvd##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                          ##c##media##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
      ##c##mediadevice-audio-consumer##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
                ##c##mediadevice-base##!c## (from mediadevice-audio-consumer mix-in)
+
      ##c##mediadevice-video-consumer##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
                ##c##mediadevice-base##!c## (from mediadevice-video-consumer mix-in)
+
        ##c##mediaformat-audio-common##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
          ##c##mediaformat-gfx-common##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
        ##c##mediaformat-video-common##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
                  ##c##console-extras##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                          ##c##print##!c## (from desktop flavor)
+
}}
+
To view all available sub-profile settings, use {{c|epro list}}:
+
{{console|body=# ##i## epro list}}
+
Enabled profiles will be highlighted in cyan. Directly enabled profiles will be in bold and have an asterisk {{c|*}} appended. Sub-profiles enabled via inheritance will be highlighted.
+
 
+
==== Примеры использования ====
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2Col|Add the mix-ins {{c|gnome}} and {{c|kde}}|{{console|body=# ##i## epro mix-ins +gnome +kde}}}}
+
{{2Col|Remove a mix-in, for example {{c|gnome}}|{{console|body=# ##i## epro mix-ins -gnome}}}}
+
{{2Col|Change the profile arch to x86-64bit|{{console|body=# ##i## epro arch x86-64bit}}}}
+
{{2Col|Change the subarch to {{c|generic_64}}|{{console|body=# ##i## epro subarch generic_64}}}}
+
{{2Col|Change the system flavor|{{console|body=# ##i## epro flavor desktop}}}}
+
{{2Col|Get JSON output of profile settings|{{console|body=# ##i## epro show-json}}}}
+
{{2Col|Get current sub-profile setting in text form|{{console|body=# ##i## epro get [profiletype]}}}}
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
== Конфигурации ==
+
 
+
В системе можно одновременно задействовать только один профиль конфигурации. Доступны следующие варианты:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Flavor|Description}}
+
<tr><td>{{c|minimal}}</td><td>This contains the bare minimum settings for all Funtoo Linux flavors.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|core}}</td><td>The core flavor includes the minimal flavor, plus reasonable settings, and is used for the [[Funtoo_Linux_Installation#Installing_the_Stage_3_tarball|official stage3 downloads]].</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|server}}</td><td>In the future, the server flavor will include the core flavor, plus specific settings designed for servers. At the moment, it is equivalent to the core flavor.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|workstation}}</td><td>The workstation flavor is a minimal desktop system. It includes the core flavor, plus these mix-ins: {{c|X}}, {{c|audio}}, {{c|dvd}}, {{c|media}} and {{c|console-extras}}.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|desktop}}</td><td>The desktop flavor includes the common settings for any full-featured desktop system. It includes the {{c|workstation}} flavor plus {{c|printing}} support. The user is expected to further customize their system with a desktop environment of choice, such as KDE, GNOME, or XFCE, possibly by using a mix-in.</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
== Дополнения ==
+
 
+
Одновременно в системе может быть задействовано любое количество дополнений. Доступные следующие варианты дополнений:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Mix-in|Description}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|audio}}|Enables core audio-related settings, currently related to ALSA.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|console-extras}}|Enables things that are nice to have for console-only systems. Currently enabling gpm in USE.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|dvd}}|USE settings related to optical drives -- CDR/DVD-ROM/RW use.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|gnome}}|USE and package.use settings required to merge GNOME. Designed to be used with {{c|desktop}} or {{c|workstation}} flavor.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|hardened}}|Enables hardened support.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|kde}}|USE and package.use settings required to merge KDE. Designed to be used with {{c|desktop}} or {{c|workstation}} flavor.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|media}}|USE settings related to audio/video media encoding. Can be for desktops or servers.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|print}}|Enables printing capability.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|vmware-guest}}|Settings related to using Funtoo Linux as a VMWare virtual machine guest.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|X}}|Settings related to the X Window System and hardware support.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|xfce}}|USE settings required for merging XFCE.}}
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== Дополнения для мультимедийных устройств ===
+
 
+
Media device mix-ins have been created to support media devices, including external and portable devices, and associated low-level hardware support and hardware-focused codecs. Media devices have been categorized into audio and video categories, and consumer and professional categories. "Consumer" devices are those devices that regular desktop users might typically use, while "professional" devices are those that professionals, hobbyists or enthusiasts would typically use. Here are the new mix-ins for media devices:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Media Device Mix-in|Description}}
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-base}}</td><td>Common, universally-supported media devices, like IEEE-1394 (Firewire), CDDA, CDIO. Other mediadevice mix-ins have this as a parent.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-audio-consumer}}</td><td>Consumer audio devices, such as personal portable media players (iOS, iPod, etc.)</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-audio-pro}}</td><td>Pro audio support, such as JACK.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-video-consumer}}</td><td>Consumer video support, such as DVD, Blu Ray, V4L</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-video-pro}}</td><td>Pro video support, such as dv, dc1394.</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== Дополнения для медиа-форматов ===
+
 
+
Media format mix-ins have been created to support media formats for reading, writing, encoding and decoding images, audio and video. They have been organized into a "common" collection, for popular formats, and an "extra" collection, which is intended to include "everything else". Let's look at the new mix-ins:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Media Format Mix-in|Description}}
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-video-common}}</td><td>Common (ie. popular) video formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-video-extra}}</td><td>More esoteric video formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-audio-common}}</td><td>Common (ie. popular) audio formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-audio-extra}}</td><td>More esoteric audio formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-gfx-common}}</td><td>Common (ie. popular) graphics formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-gfx-extra}}</td><td>More esoteric graphics formats.</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== How to Use Media Mix-Ins ===
+
 
+
Our existing {{c|media}} mix-in still exists, and is still pulled in by the {{c|desktop}} and {{c|workstation}} flavors automatically. It now includes the following parent mix-ins:
+
 
+
* {{c|mediadevice-audio-consumer}}
+
* {{c|mediadevice-video-consumer}}
+
* {{c|mediaformat-audio-common}}
+
* {{c|mediaformat-gfx-common}}
+
* {{c|mediaformat-video-common}}
+
 
+
In addition, there is a new {{c|media-pro}} mix-in which needs to be enabled manually, which pulls in the following mix-ins:
+
 
+
* {{c|mediadevice-audio-pro}}
+
* {{c|mediadevice-video-pro}}
+
 
+
So typically, you would enable the {{c|desktop}} or {{c|workstation}} flavor, and if you need professional hardware support, you'd also enable the {{c|media-pro}} mix-in. If you needed any additional media formats support, you could enable one or more of the {{c|mediaformat-*-extra}} mix-ins to add the formats you needed. Of course, it's possible to enable only the specific mix-ins you need, and also complement these mix-ins with specific USE variable settings you might require.
+
 
+
=== How Profile Settings are Stored ===
+
 
+
Funtoo Linux stores its profile settings in the {{f|/etc/portage/make.profile/parent}} file. Typically, users don't need to modify this file, instead using {{c|ego}} and {{c|epro}} to make changes, but it can be handy to take a look at what the contents of the file look like. A simple server might have profile settings as follows:
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.profile/parent|body=
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
+
}}
+
Profile settings for a desktop might look like this:
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.profile/parent|body=
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
+
}}
+
== History and Origins ==
+
 
+
This new system is really a completion of the original cascading profile design that was co-designed by Daniel Robbins and Seemant Kulleen and implemented by Seemant Kulleen as part of Portage. Funtoo Profiles designed to leverage the existing cascading profile system and provide something much more useable and maintainable for users and developers alike. Here are some of its benefits:
+
 
+
* Fewer settings in <code>/etc/make.conf</code>. <code>CHOST</code> and <code>ARCH</code> no longer set in <code>/etc/make.conf</code>.
+
* Separation of concerns -- arch, build, and flavor-related settings are organized together.
+
* User flexibility - any number of mix-ins can be enabled to tweak masks or USE settings as needed.
+
 
+
{{note|See [[Custom Profiles]] for information on how to extend the profile system.}}
+
[[Category:Funtoo features]]
+
[[Category:Portage]]
+
[[Category:HOWTO]]
+
[[Category:Official Documentation]]
+

Latest revision as of 14:12, July 29, 2015

  • /dev/sda2, будет использоваться под область подкачки, а также