Difference between pages "Experimental branch" and "Help:Funtoo Editing Guidelines"

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m (Reverted edits by Duncan.britton (talk) to last revision by Drobbins)
 
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{{Fancynote| Funtoo Experimental is where we test bleeding-edge stuff. Don't use experimental unless you are helping us test new features.}}
+
This guide is meant to serve as a reference for those who are interested in helping improve the Funtoo Wiki.
{{Fancywarning| experimental tree perodically stopped and not getting updates. Current status is stopped}}
+
{{PageNeedsUpdates}}
+
== Status ==
+
Future plans:
+
* funtoo profile integration
+
* udev and friends bump
+
  
== Introduction ==
+
First, to perform edits on the wiki, you must {{CreateAccount}} and log in.
  
The Funtoo experimental branch is used by Funtoo Core Developers to try and test new features to be included in Funtoo stable and current branches when ready. Users that want to help the developers test those new features are welcome to switch to the experimental branch and report problems on IRC or the forum. However, problems may arise from using it and there is no guarantee that your system will stay usable.
+
You can create a new page by navigating to http://www.funtoo.org/New_Page_Name. Underscores are the equivalent of spaces. Then click the "Create" button in the upper right.
  
== Upgrading an existing Funtoo installation to experimental ==
+
Whether creating a new page or editing an existing page by clicking "Edit", you will be presented with Web-based text editor that allows you to modify the ''wikitext'' of the page. The wikitext is rendered to produce the document you see when you view the page normally.
 +
 
 +
This wiki uses the ApprovedRevs Extension, which means that any changes you make to a page will need to be approved by an Editor before they are displayed. Editors can visit the [[Special:ApprovedRevs]] page to approve edits made on pages (click "Pages whose approved revision is not their latest" or "Unapproved pages".)
 +
 
 +
Until your edits are approved, you can continue to edit the page and your changes will be displayed in the page's History -- click "View History" in the upper right to view the page's history. You will see that the approved version of a page has a star next to it.
 +
 
 +
Another fun thing you can do is click on your name in the upper right once you have logged in. This will bring you to your "User" page. Then click "Create with Form" and enter your geographic and other information. This will allow you to be displayed on our [[Usermap]] and will also allow your full name to be displayed on [[:Category:Ebuilds|Ebuild pages]] for which you are an author. It's generally a good idea to do this.
 +
 
 +
{{fancytip|The following sections document how to use wikitext and Funtoo templates on the Funtoo wiki.}}
 +
 
 +
= Paragraphs =
 +
 
 +
To create a new paragraph, insert a blank line between two lines of text. If a blank line doesn't exist between two lines of wikitext, they will be combined into a single flowing paragraph.
 +
 
 +
If you leave leading whitespace at the beginning of a line, MediaWiki will render it as pre-formatted text. Beware of this. Here's an example:
 +
 
 +
foobar
 +
 
 +
= Page and Section Capitalization =
 +
 
 +
In general, capitalize all words in page names and section heading except:
 +
* Articles: a, an, the
 +
* Coordinating Conjunctions: and, but, or, for, nor, etc.
 +
* Prepositions (fewer than five letters): on, at, to, from, by, etc.
 +
 
 +
= Document Heirarchy =
 +
 
 +
Use section headings to create a document heirarchy for your page. These will define the table of contents that appears at the top of the wiki page. Create chapters, sections and sub-sections as follows:
 +
 
 +
<pre>= Page Title =
 +
 
 +
== Chapter Title ==
 +
 
 +
=== Section Title ===
 +
 
 +
==== SubSection Title ====
 +
 
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Links ==
 +
 
 +
Internal links to other wiki pages can be specified as <tt><nowiki>[[pagename]]</nowiki></tt>. To specify an alternate name for the link, use <tt><nowiki>[[pagename|my link name]]</nowiki></tt>.
 +
 
 +
For external links, use <tt><nowiki>[http://funtoo.org my link]</nowiki></tt> to specify a URL. If you want the URL to appear in the wikitext, you can specify it without brackets: http://forums.funtoo.org.
 +
 
 +
== Lists ==
 +
 
 +
MediaWiki supports a number of list formats:
 +
 
 +
* Unordered List
 +
* Unordered Item 2
 +
** Unordered sub-item
 +
 
 +
# Ordered List
 +
# Ordered Item 2
 +
## Ordered sub-item
 +
 
 +
;Term: This is called a "definition list". It is used when defining various terms.
 +
 
 +
If you need to quote a portion of text from another site, use <tt><nowiki><blockquote></nowiki></tt> as follows:
 +
 
 +
<blockquote>
 +
Wikipedia (ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or wɪkiˈpiːdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free-access, free content Internet encyclopedia that is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Volunteers worldwide collaboratively write Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.5 million in the English Wikipedia. Anyone who can access the site can edit almost any of its articles, which on the Internet comprise[4] the largest and most popular general reference work.[5][6][7][8][9] In February 2014, The New York Times reported that Wikipedia is ranked fifth globally among all websites stating, "With 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month..., Wikipedia trails just Yahoo, Facebook, Microsoft and Google, the largest with 1.2 billion unique visitors."[10]
 +
</blockquote>
 +
 
 +
== Literal Text and HTML Symbols ==
 +
 
 +
Here is wikitext for the section above, which I am displaying by placing the literal wikitext between a &#60;pre&#62; and &#60;/pre&#62; tag. If you want to disable wikitext processing for a span of text, use &#60;nowiki&#62; and &#60;/nowiki&#62;. If you want to print out a tag literally, use &amp;#60; and &amp;#62; (In the wikitext, I used &amp;amp;#60; and &amp;amp;#62 to display these!)
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
* Unordered List
 +
* Unordered Item 2
 +
** Unordered sub-item
 +
 
 +
# Ordered List
 +
# Ordered Item 2
 +
## Ordered sub-item
 +
 
 +
;Term: This is called a "definition list". It is used when defining various terms.
 +
 
 +
If you need to quote a portion of text from another site, use <tt><nowiki><blockquote></nowiki></tt> as follows:
 +
 
 +
<blockquote>
 +
Wikipedia (ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or wɪkiˈpiːdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free-access,
 +
free content Internet encyclopedia that is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Volunteers
 +
worldwide collaboratively write Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.5 million in the
 +
English Wikipedia. Anyone who can access the site can edit almost any of its articles, which on the Internet
 +
comprise[4] the largest and most popular general reference work.[5][6][7][8][9] In February 2014, The New York
 +
Times reported that Wikipedia is ranked fifth globally among all websites stating, "With 18 billion page views
 +
and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month..., Wikipedia trails just Yahoo, Facebook, Microsoft and Google,
 +
the largest with 1.2 billion unique visitors."[10]
 +
</blockquote>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Displaying Source Code ==
 +
 
 +
To display source code, use the <tt>&#60;syntaxhighlight&#62;</tt> tag, which has the ability to perform syntax highlighting on the source code for easier reading:
 +
<pre>
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="python">
 +
import system
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
This will produce the following output:
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="python">
 +
import system
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 
 +
Alternatively, if you need a caption, use can use the file template, specifying a <tt>lang=</tt> parameter:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
{{file|name=foobar|lang=python|desc=foobarosity|body=
 +
import system
 +
}}
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
This will produce:
 +
 
 +
{{file|name=foobar|lang=python|desc=foobarosity|body=
 +
import system
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Note that the language should be specified in the <tt>lang</tt> attribute. For a list of supported languages, see [http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:SyntaxHighlight_GeSHi#Supported_languages this list].
 +
 
 +
== Displaying Text File Contents ==
 +
 
 +
For displaying the contents of non-programming language text files (like config files), you have two options. You can enclose your lines within <tt>&#60;pre&#62;</tt> tags, or use the new [[Template:File|file template]]. The file template is used like so:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
{{file|name=/etc/foo.conf|desc=My foo.conf file|body=
 +
# /etc/host.conf:
 +
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/src/patchsets/glibc/extra/etc/host.conf,v 1.1 2006/09/29
 +
}}
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
This will produce:
 +
 
 +
{{file|name=/etc/foo.conf|desc=My foo.conf file|body=
 +
# /etc/host.conf:
 +
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/src/patchsets/glibc/extra/etc/host.conf,v 1.1 2006/09/29
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== Console ==
 +
To display console output, use the <tt>&#60;console&#62;</tt> tag:
 +
 
 +
For a root console:
 +
<pre>
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## rm -rf /usr/portage
+
###i## run a command as root
 
</console>
 
</console>
Add the following line (or modify it if it's already there):
+
</pre>
 +
Produces:
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## nano -w /etc/make.conf
+
###i## run a command as root
SYNC="git://github.com/funtoo/experimental-mini-2011.git"
+
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
=== First method ===
+
{{Fancyimportant|The <tt>##i##</tt> text tags the rest of the line as being ''user input'' ("i" is for "input"). It is then highlighted in a noticeable color so it stands out from text that is not typed in by the user.}}
 +
 
 +
Examples of usage:
 +
* [[Rootfs over encrypted lvm]]
 +
* [[Boot-Update]]
 +
* [[Fonts]]
 +
For a non-root console:
 +
<pre>
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## emerge --sync     
+
$ ##i##run a command as user
 
</console>
 
</console>
 
+
</pre>
Verify that the experimental tree has been properly installed:
+
Produces:
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## cat /usr/portage/.git/config
+
$ ##i##run a command as user
...
+
[remote "origin"]
+
fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
+
url = git://github.com/funtoo/experimental-mini-2011.git
+
...
+
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
You should see that the git repository is pointing to experimental-mini-2011.git.
+
{{fancyimportant|1=
 +
Note that we use a <tt>#</tt> prompt for <tt>root</tt> and a <tt>$</tt> prompt to denote a non-root user.}}
  
If for any reason this method did not work, use the second method to manually clone the experimental branch.
+
Examples of usage:
 +
* [[Zope HOWTO]]
 +
* [[Benchmarking]]
  
=== Second method ===
+
== Fancy Notes ==
<console>
+
notes, warnings, tips, and important templates will help bring emphasis to articles drawn up.
###i## rm -rf /usr/portage
+
<pre>{{fancynote|this is a fancy note}}</pre><br />
###i## cd /usr
+
{{fancynote|this is a fancy note}}<br />
###i## git clone git://github.com/funtoo/experimental-mini-2011.git portage
+
###i## emerge --sync
+
</console>
+
  
== Installation from an experimental branch stage3 ==
+
<pre>{{fancyimportant|this is a fancy important}}</pre><br />
You can find some stage3s on the Funtoo mirror: [http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/funtoo/funtoo-experimental/]. These stages are updated weekly, possibly more often during active experimental development.
+
{{fancyimportant|this is a fancy important}}<br />
  
== Building stage3s using Metro ==
+
<pre>{{fancywarning|this is a fancy warning}}</pre><br />
You may build your own stages of the experimental branch using [[Metro]]. The stages from the Funtoo mirror ([http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/funtoo/funtoo-experimental/]) can be used as a seed. A funtoo-experimental target is available.
+
{{fancywarning|this is a fancy warning}}<br />
  
== History ==
+
<pre>{{fancytip|this is a fancy tip}}</pre><br />
 +
{{fancytip|this is a fancy tip}}<br />
 +
 
 +
== Kernelop ==
 +
To display kernel configuration options, we encourage you to use the <tt>kernelop</tt> template. To use the <tt>kernelop</tt> template, create an entry similar to the following example:
 +
<pre>
 +
{{kernelop|title=foo,bar|desc=
 +
kernel options pasted from "make menuconfig"
 +
}}
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
{{fancynote|Kernelop is colored blue to slightly resemble the blueish background from <tt>make menuconfig</tt>.}}
 +
 
 +
Adding this entry will give you the following output:
 +
{{kernelop|title=foo,bar|desc=
 +
kernel options
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Here's a more concrete example:
 +
{{kernelop|title=File systems|desc=
 +
<M> Second extended fs support         
 +
[ ]  Ext2 extended attributes         
 +
[ ]  Ext2 execute in place support   
 +
<M> Ext3 journalling file system support
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Examples of usage:
 +
* [[Package:AMD Catalyst Video Drivers]]
 +
* [[Package:ACPI Daemon]]
 +
* [[Microcode]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Marking Pages as Needing Updates ==
 +
 
 +
If you find outdated wiki content, but you don't have the time or ability to update it, add one of the following templates to the wikitext of the page. This will add the page to the [[:Category:Needs Updates|Needs Updates Category]] so we can identify pages that need updating:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
{{PageNeedsUpdates}}
 
{{SectionNeedsUpdates}}
 
{{SectionNeedsUpdates}}
=== Iteration 1 (Completed Dec 16, 2011) ===
+
</pre>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Examples of usage:
 +
* [[UEFI Install Guide]]
 +
* [[Package:MediaWiki]]
 +
* [[Clang]]
 +
 
 +
== &#60;tt&#62; and &#60;code&#62; ==
 +
To emphasize filenames, commands, and other technical jargon when they appear inline in a paragraph, use the  <tt>&#60;tt&#62;</tt> or <tt>&#60;code&#62;</tt> option. To use these, follow the example below:
 +
<pre>
 +
The <tt>/etc/fstab</tt> file is an important one. Another important file is <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code>.
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
This example produces the following output (notice the difference between the fonts?): <br> The <tt>/etc/fstab</tt> file is an important one. Another important file is <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code>.
 +
 
 +
== Collapsible text ==
 +
 
 +
<pre><div class="toccolours mw-collapsible"> some text you might want to fold away because its a huge explanation.</div></pre><br />
 +
 
 +
<div class="toccolours mw-collapsible"> some text you might want to fold away because its a huge explanation.</div><br />
  
Implementation and stabilization of a new set of toolchain packages:
+
<pre><div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">pre collapsed text because it is a huge explanation.</div></pre><br />
  
* gcc-4.6.2
+
<div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">pre collapsed text because it is a huge explanation.</div>
* binutils-2.21-r1
+
* linux-headers-2.6.39
+
* glibc-2.13-r4
+
* udev-171-r1
+
* patched lvm2-2.02.85
+
* Several patches to solve problems building with this toolchain
+
  
And some other features:
+
== Screencasting ==
* [[Portage Dynamic Slot]]
+
screencasting is an easy method to explain complex tasks.  take for instance youtu.be/5KDei5mBfSg we chop off the id and insert it into the following syntax to produce a video example.<br />
* Modifications of Mesa, libdrm and radeon drivers to support each type of Radeon video card individually, as well as masked -9999 versions of those packages.
+
tiny:
 +
<pre>{{#widget:YouTube|id=5KDei5mBfSg|width=320|height=180}}</pre>
 +
standard:
 +
<pre>{{#widget:YouTube|id=5KDei5mBfSg|width=700|height=420}}</pre>
 +
{{#widget:YouTube|id=5KDei5mBfSg|width=700|height=420}}
  
[[Category:Portage]]
+
[[Category:Wiki Development]]
[[Category:HOWTO]]
+
[[Category:Featured]]
+

Revision as of 19:24, 27 June 2014

This guide is meant to serve as a reference for those who are interested in helping improve the Funtoo Wiki.

First, to perform edits on the wiki, you must Create a Funtoo account and log in.

You can create a new page by navigating to http://www.funtoo.org/New_Page_Name. Underscores are the equivalent of spaces. Then click the "Create" button in the upper right.

Whether creating a new page or editing an existing page by clicking "Edit", you will be presented with Web-based text editor that allows you to modify the wikitext of the page. The wikitext is rendered to produce the document you see when you view the page normally.

This wiki uses the ApprovedRevs Extension, which means that any changes you make to a page will need to be approved by an Editor before they are displayed. Editors can visit the Special:ApprovedRevs page to approve edits made on pages (click "Pages whose approved revision is not their latest" or "Unapproved pages".)

Until your edits are approved, you can continue to edit the page and your changes will be displayed in the page's History -- click "View History" in the upper right to view the page's history. You will see that the approved version of a page has a star next to it.

Another fun thing you can do is click on your name in the upper right once you have logged in. This will bring you to your "User" page. Then click "Create with Form" and enter your geographic and other information. This will allow you to be displayed on our Usermap and will also allow your full name to be displayed on Ebuild pages for which you are an author. It's generally a good idea to do this.

Tip: The following sections document how to use wikitext and Funtoo templates on the Funtoo wiki.

Paragraphs

To create a new paragraph, insert a blank line between two lines of text. If a blank line doesn't exist between two lines of wikitext, they will be combined into a single flowing paragraph.

If you leave leading whitespace at the beginning of a line, MediaWiki will render it as pre-formatted text. Beware of this. Here's an example:

foobar

Page and Section Capitalization

In general, capitalize all words in page names and section heading except:

  • Articles: a, an, the
  • Coordinating Conjunctions: and, but, or, for, nor, etc.
  • Prepositions (fewer than five letters): on, at, to, from, by, etc.

Document Heirarchy

Use section headings to create a document heirarchy for your page. These will define the table of contents that appears at the top of the wiki page. Create chapters, sections and sub-sections as follows:

= Page Title =

== Chapter Title ==

=== Section Title ===

==== SubSection Title ====

Links

Internal links to other wiki pages can be specified as [[pagename]]. To specify an alternate name for the link, use [[pagename|my link name]].

For external links, use [http://funtoo.org my link] to specify a URL. If you want the URL to appear in the wikitext, you can specify it without brackets: http://forums.funtoo.org.

Lists

MediaWiki supports a number of list formats:

  • Unordered List
  • Unordered Item 2
    • Unordered sub-item
  1. Ordered List
  2. Ordered Item 2
    1. Ordered sub-item
Term
This is called a "definition list". It is used when defining various terms.

If you need to quote a portion of text from another site, use <blockquote> as follows:

Wikipedia (ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or wɪkiˈpiːdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free-access, free content Internet encyclopedia that is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Volunteers worldwide collaboratively write Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.5 million in the English Wikipedia. Anyone who can access the site can edit almost any of its articles, which on the Internet comprise[4] the largest and most popular general reference work.[5][6][7][8][9] In February 2014, The New York Times reported that Wikipedia is ranked fifth globally among all websites stating, "With 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month..., Wikipedia trails just Yahoo, Facebook, Microsoft and Google, the largest with 1.2 billion unique visitors."[10]

Literal Text and HTML Symbols

Here is wikitext for the section above, which I am displaying by placing the literal wikitext between a <pre> and </pre> tag. If you want to disable wikitext processing for a span of text, use <nowiki> and </nowiki>. If you want to print out a tag literally, use &#60; and &#62; (In the wikitext, I used &amp;#60; and &amp;#62 to display these!)

* Unordered List
* Unordered Item 2
** Unordered sub-item

# Ordered List
# Ordered Item 2
## Ordered sub-item

;Term: This is called a "definition list". It is used when defining various terms.

If you need to quote a portion of text from another site, use <tt><blockquote></tt> as follows:

<blockquote>
Wikipedia (ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or wɪkiˈpiːdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free-access, 
free content Internet encyclopedia that is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Volunteers
worldwide collaboratively write Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.5 million in the 
English Wikipedia. Anyone who can access the site can edit almost any of its articles, which on the Internet 
comprise[4] the largest and most popular general reference work.[5][6][7][8][9] In February 2014, The New York 
Times reported that Wikipedia is ranked fifth globally among all websites stating, "With 18 billion page views 
and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month..., Wikipedia trails just Yahoo, Facebook, Microsoft and Google, 
the largest with 1.2 billion unique visitors."[10]
</blockquote>

Displaying Source Code

To display source code, use the <syntaxhighlight> tag, which has the ability to perform syntax highlighting on the source code for easier reading:

<syntaxhighlight lang="python">
import system
</syntaxhighlight>

This will produce the following output:

import system

Alternatively, if you need a caption, use can use the file template, specifying a lang= parameter:

{{file|name=foobar|lang=python|desc=foobarosity|body=
import system
}}

This will produce:

foobar: foobarosity (python source code)
import system

Note that the language should be specified in the lang attribute. For a list of supported languages, see this list.

Displaying Text File Contents

For displaying the contents of non-programming language text files (like config files), you have two options. You can enclose your lines within <pre> tags, or use the new file template. The file template is used like so:

{{file|name=/etc/foo.conf|desc=My foo.conf file|body=
# /etc/host.conf:
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/src/patchsets/glibc/extra/etc/host.conf,v 1.1 2006/09/29
}}

This will produce:

/etc/foo.conf: My foo.conf file
# /etc/host.conf:
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/src/patchsets/glibc/extra/etc/host.conf,v 1.1 2006/09/29

Console

To display console output, use the <console> tag:

For a root console:

<console>
###i## run a command as root
</console>

Produces:

# run a command as root
Important: The ##i## text tags the rest of the line as being user input ("i" is for "input"). It is then highlighted in a noticeable color so it stands out from text that is not typed in by the user.

Examples of usage:

For a non-root console:

<console>
$ ##i##run a command as user
</console>

Produces:

$ run a command as user
Important: Note that we use a # prompt for root and a $ prompt to denote a non-root user.

Examples of usage:

Fancy Notes

notes, warnings, tips, and important templates will help bring emphasis to articles drawn up.

{{fancynote|this is a fancy note}}

Note: this is a fancy note

{{fancyimportant|this is a fancy important}}

Important: this is a fancy important

{{fancywarning|this is a fancy warning}}

Warning: this is a fancy warning

{{fancytip|this is a fancy tip}}

Tip: this is a fancy tip

Kernelop

To display kernel configuration options, we encourage you to use the kernelop template. To use the kernelop template, create an entry similar to the following example:

{{kernelop|title=foo,bar|desc=
kernel options pasted from "make menuconfig"
}} 
Note: Kernelop is colored blue to slightly resemble the blueish background from make menuconfig.

Adding this entry will give you the following output: Under foo-->bar:

kernel options

Here's a more concrete example: Under File systems:

<M> Second extended fs support          
[ ]   Ext2 extended attributes          
[ ]   Ext2 execute in place support     
<M> Ext3 journalling file system support

Examples of usage:


Marking Pages as Needing Updates

If you find outdated wiki content, but you don't have the time or ability to update it, add one of the following templates to the wikitext of the page. This will add the page to the Needs Updates Category so we can identify pages that need updating:

{{PageNeedsUpdates}}
{{SectionNeedsUpdates}}


Examples of usage:

<tt> and <code>

To emphasize filenames, commands, and other technical jargon when they appear inline in a paragraph, use the <tt> or <code> option. To use these, follow the example below:

The <tt>/etc/fstab</tt> file is an important one. Another important file is <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code>.

This example produces the following output (notice the difference between the fonts?):
The /etc/fstab file is an important one. Another important file is /boot/grub/grub.cfg.

Collapsible text

<div class="toccolours mw-collapsible"> some text you might want to fold away because its a huge explanation.</div>

some text you might want to fold away because its a huge explanation.

<div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">pre collapsed text because it is a huge explanation.</div>

pre collapsed text because it is a huge explanation.

Screencasting

screencasting is an easy method to explain complex tasks. take for instance youtu.be/5KDei5mBfSg we chop off the id and insert it into the following syntax to produce a video example.
tiny:

{{#widget:YouTube|id=5KDei5mBfSg|width=320|height=180}}

standard:

{{#widget:YouTube|id=5KDei5mBfSg|width=700|height=420}}