Difference between pages "I3 Tiling Window Manager" and "Xfce"

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== Introduction ==  
+
== About Xfce ==
i3 is a tiling window manager that is based upon experiences the developers shared while attempting to fix/hack wmii.  i3 has the ability for either floating windows, which you can resize and move, and tiling windows.  i3 uses a tree as a data structure to allow for more flexibility.  i3 defaults with home-row key-bindings which are quick and easy to get beginners off the ground. 
+
  
'''NOTE:  This wiki is made following the steps produced to get a working i3 using xrandr instead of xinerama, ATI proprietary drivers instead of radeon drivers, a dual-monitor setup, and no login manager. For Nvidia and Twinview users, a link is supplied in [[#X11 and xrandr|X11 and xrandr]].  Xinerama was initially used and worked in the dual-monitor setup so it possible to substitute xinerama for xrandr with minimal changes.''' 
+
''Xfce is a lightweight desktop environment for UNIX-like operating systems. It aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.
  
== Installation ==
+
''Xfce embodies the traditional UNIX philosophy of modularity and re-usability. It consists of a number of components that provide the full functionality one can expect of a modern desktop environment. They are packaged separately and you can pick among the available packages to create the optimal personal working environment.
  
=== Portage ===
+
''Another priority of Xfce is adhereance to standards, specifically those defined at [http://freedesktop.org/ freedesktop.org]. <ref>http://www.xfce.org/about/</ref>
  
The easiest and quickest way:
+
== Installation ==
<console>
+
###i## emerge -avt x11-wm/i3
+
</console>
+
  
=== Manual ===
+
Before emerging Xfce you need to:
  
==== Tarball ====
+
* Check that you have enabled the USE flags necessary for a desktop environment. You can either [[Funtoo_Linux_First_Steps#Changing_profile|set your profile to "desktop"]] or you can edit your <tt>make.conf</tt>:
  
Download the latest version from the i3 website.
+
{{File
[http://i3wm.org/downloads/i3-4.1.1.tar.bz2 i3-4.1.1]
+
|/etc/portage/make.conf|<pre>
 +
USE="-minimal dbus consolekit jpeg libnotify lock session startup-notification svg thunar udev X"
 +
</pre>}}
  
<console>
+
* Verify that you have [[Funtoo_Linux_First_Steps#X.Org|X.Org Server]] configured properly.
###i## cd /PATH/TO/TARBALL
+
###i## make
+
###i## sudo make install
+
</console>
+
  
==== Git ====
 
  
 +
We are now ready to install Xfce. Install the meta-package, which pulls in all of the components you need for a minimal Xfce installation:
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## git clone git://code.i3wm.org/i3
+
# ##i## emerge xfce4-meta
###i## cd i3
+
###i## make
+
###i## sudo make install
+
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
== Setup ==
+
== Running Xfce ==
  
=== xinitrc ===
+
There are several different ways to start Xfce:
  
Edit <tt>~/.xinitrc</tt>:
+
* Typing the command <tt>startxfce4</tt> at the console.
 +
* Editing the <tt>.xinitrc</tt> file in your user's home directory.
 +
* Using a display manager (e.g. SLiM, GDM, and KDM).
 +
* Configuring your shell profile to automatically start Xfce upon a successful login.
  
<pre>
+
=== .xinitrc ===
exec i3
+
</pre>
+
  
 +
The most common way to start the environment is to configure <tt>~/.xinitrc</tt> to launch an Xfce session. The proper way to launch Xfce from the terminal is by using <tt>startxfce4</tt>.
 +
<console>
 +
$ ##i##echo "exec ck-launch-session startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc
 +
</console>
  
For i3 logging, edit <tt>~/.xinitrc</tt>:
+
Note that <tt>ck-launch-session</tt> (from ConsoleKit) is required by Xfce for important tasks such as shutting down, suspending, and automatically mounting removable storage media. Some applications will not work properly without it. Therefore we need to add ConsoleKit to the <tt>default</tt> runlevel, executing the following command as root:
 
+
<console>
<pre>
+
# ##i##rc-update add consolekit default
exec i3 -V -d all >~/.i3/i3log-$(date +'%F-%k-%M-%S') 2>&1
+
</console>
</pre>
+
 
+
If you are using Nvidia or for some reason don't use xrandr, edit ~/.xinitrc
+
<pre style="color:green">exec i3 --force-xinerama</pre>
+
and nvidia with logging:
+
<pre style="color:green">exec i3 --force-xinerama -V -d all >~/.i3/i3log-$(date +'%F-%k-%M-%S') 2>&1</pre>
+
Example ~/.xinitrc that uses consolekit and dbus in launch and also logs on exit.
+
<pre style="color:purple">#!/bin/zsh
+
xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources
+
xcompmgr &
+
 
+
if [[ $1 == "i3" ]]; then
+
    exec ck-launch-session dbus-launch --sh-syntax --exit-with-session i3 -V -d all > ~/.i3/i3log-$(date +'%F-%k-%M-%S') 2>&1
+
elif [[ $1 == "razor" ]]; then
+
    exec ck-launch-session dbus-launch startrazor
+
elif [[ $1 == "awesome" ]]; then
+
    exec ck-launch-session dbus-launch awesome
+
elif [[ $1 == "qtile" ]]; then
+
    exec ck-launch-session dbus-launch ~/.qtile-session
+
else
+
    echo "Choose a window manager"
+
fi</pre>
+
 
+
<div id="X11 and xrandr"></div>
+
 
+
=== X11 and xrandr ===
+
 
+
=== X and RandR ===
+
'''NOTE: RandR and Xinerama do not play together.  Use one or the other.'''
+
 
+
I use an AMD HD 6870 with 3 monitors (2 DVI and 1 with an AMD validated Mini DisplayPort™ to DVI dongle).
+
 
+
Install xrandr:
+
<pre style="color:green"># emerge x11-apps/xrandr</pre>
+
and if you want a GUI with xrandr:
+
<pre style="color:green"># emerge x11-misc/arandr</pre>
+
 
+
If you do not have X configured yet, follow the link on the [http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/X.Org Gentoo Wiki]
+
 
+
My xorg.conf.d folder for example: [https://github.com/akiress/dotfiles/blob/master/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/30-screen.conf 30-screen.conf]
+
 
+
Since the names of the monitors are already known in xrandr, I just use those names in my 30-screen.conf configuration. It doesn't matter what you use in your X configuration however.
+
 
+
Once you have X configured however you like, start qtile with either:
+
<pre style="color:green"># startx</pre>
+
or, in a case similar to mine,
+
<pre style="color:green"># xinit qtile</pre>
+
 
+
=== i3 config ===
+
The i3 configuration file can be found in /etc/i3/config, but I suggest that you copy the file into a local ~/.i3 directory.
+
<pre># mkdir -p ~/.i3 && cp /etc/i3/config ~/.i3/config</pre>
+
Open up ~/i3/config in your editor of choice.
+
<code style="color:green">set $mod Mod1</code> assigns the variable $mod to be Mod1.  In i3, Mod1 is the Alt key.  If you wish to use the Windows key then use <code style="color:green">set $mod Mod4</code>  In the keybinding section, $mod is used in place of Mod1 in the case that you do wish to change the modifier.  In the workspace key, the keybindings are set with Mod1 instead of the variable, so remember to change those bindings manually if you are replacing the Mod1 modifier.  Else you can change Mod1 in those sections to $mod and change all the keybindings at the same time by setting the $mod variable.
+
<pre style="color:green">set $mod Mod1</pre>
+
To have programs start automatically in i3, use the command <code style="color:green">exec APPLICATION</code>. This is the section that the xrandr screen layout bash file created earlier will be placed.  The i3bar is a tray and status bar combination.  If you have applications that run in the system tray that you want to autostart, call those applications with exec.
+
<pre style="color:green">exec /PATH/TO/XRANDR-BASH-FILE
+
exec NAME OF BROWSER
+
exec NAME OF EDITOR
+
exec volumeicon
+
exec dropbox</pre>
+
In the workspace section, you have the opportunity to name the workspaces by setting either the number of the workspace, the name of the workspace, or the number and name of the workspace.  <code style="color:green">bindsym KEYBIND workspace NAME/NUMBER OF WORKSPACE</code>.  Remember to use quotes when naming a workspace.
+
<pre style="color:green">bindsym Mod1+1 workspace 1
+
bindsym Mod1+1 workspace "my first workspace"
+
bindsym Mod1+1 workspace "1: my first workspace"</pre>
+
To assign a workspace to a certain output you will need the output from running xrandr again if you do not remember which connections are being used. In the example from [#X11 and xrandr|X11 and xrandr], the connected outputs are DFP3 and DFP4.  To assign the workspace, you need to add <code style="color:green">workspace NAME OF WORKSPACE or NUMBER output CONNECTED OUTPUT</code>.  There are several types of outputs so make sure that you are using the connected outputs from xrandr when assigning workspaces, else the workspace will not show up.
+
<pre style="color:green">workspace 1 output DFP3
+
workspace "my first workspace" output DFP3
+
workspace "1: my first workspace" output DFP3
+
workspace "2: my second workspace" output DFP4</pre>
+
To assign a program to a certain workspace, you will need to run xprop.  If you do not have xprop, emerge it.
+
<pre># emerge -avt x11-apps/xprop</pre>
+
To run xprop, open a terminal and run <pre># xprop</pre>  Your mouse cursor should become a crosshair and you will want to mouse over the window that contains the running application.  Click on that window and xprop will then output the window information.  The easiest way to assign a program is to look for <pre style="color:green">WM_CLASS(STRING) = "INSTANCE", "CLASS"</pre> Be sure to note that the window INSTANCE is before the window CLASS.  In the config file, add <code style="color:green">assign [class="^INSTANCE$" instance="^CLASS$] NAME OF WORKSPACE</code>.  For aesthetic purposes, you can add → before NAME OF WORKSPACE, but mind that the → is a UTF-8 character and not <code>-></code>.  For the assignments, do not put the workspace name within quotes as you do when naming them and setting their output.
+
<pre style="color:green">
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] 1
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] web
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] 1: web
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] → 1
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] → web
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] → 1: web</pre>
+
For aesthetic purposes, their are three types of borders for the windows.  This can be set by adding <code style="color:green">new_window <normal|1pixel|none></code>.  There are also keybindings that allow you to switch between the 3 border styles.
+
<pre style="color:green">new_window 1pixel
+
bindsym $mod+t border normal
+
bindsym $mod+y border 1pixel
+
bindsym $mod+u border none</pre>
+
The orientation for new workspaces can be set by adding <code style="color:green">default_orientation <horizontal|vertical|auto></code>
+
<pre style="color:green">default_orientation horizontal</pre>
+
 
+
A sample ~/.i3/config:
+
<div style="height:250px;overflow:scroll;color:green"><pre>
+
set $mod Mod1
+
 
+
########################################################
+
######## Autostart ########
+
########################################################
+
exec ~/.screenlayout/dualdtop.sh
+
exec chromium-browser
+
exec gvim
+
exec volumeicon
+
exec parcellite
+
exec dropbox
+
 
+
########################################################
+
######## Workspaces ########
+
########################################################
+
# switch to workspace
+
bindsym Mod1+1 workspace "1: web"
+
bindsym Mod1+2 workspace "2: irc"
+
bindsym Mod1+3 workspace "3: gvim"
+
bindsym Mod1+4 workspace "4: ranger"
+
bindsym Mod1+5 workspace "5: terms"
+
bindsym Mod1+6 workspace "6: mplayer"
+
bindsym Mod1+7 workspace "7: mail"
+
bindsym Mod1+8 workspace "8: firefox"
+
bindsym Mod1+9 workspace "9: music"
+
bindsym Mod1+0 workspace "10: office"
+
 
+
## Output certain workspaces
+
workspace "1: web" output DFP3
+
workspace "2: irc" output DFP4
+
workspace "3: gvim" output DFP4
+
workspace "4: ranger" output DFP3
+
workspace "5: terms" output DFP4
+
workspace "6: mplayer" output DFP3
+
workspace "7: mail" output DFP3
+
workspace "8: firefox" output DFP3
+
workspace "9: music" output DFP3
+
workspace "10: office" output DFP4
+
 
+
## Assign workspaces to programs
+
assign [class="^Chromium-browser$" instance="^chromium-browser$"] → 1: web
+
assign [class="^Gvim$" instance="^gvim$"] → 3: gvim
+
assign [class="^MPlayer$" instance="^gl$"] → 6: mplayer
+
assign [class="^Firefox$" instance="^Navigator$"] → 8: firefox
+
assign [class="^Emacs$" instance="^emacs$"] → 9: emacs
+
assign [class="^libreoffice-startcenter$" instance="^VCLSalFrame.DocumentWindow$"] 10: office
+
 
+
# move focused container to workspace
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+1 move workspace 1
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+2 move workspace 2
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+3 move workspace 3
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+4 move workspace 4
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+5 move workspace 5
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+6 move workspace 6
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+7 move workspace 7
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+8 move workspace 8
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+9 move workspace 9
+
bindsym Mod1+Shift+0 move workspace 10
+
 
+
########################################################
+
######## Aesthetics ########
+
########################################################
+
# Window border style: normal: border normal, with window title bar;
+
# none: no border or window title bar; 1pixel: 1 pixel border.
+
new_window 1pixel
+
bindsym $mod+t border normal
+
bindsym $mod+y border 1pixel
+
bindsym $mod+u border none
+
 
+
# font for window titles. ISO 10646 = Unicode
+
font -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--13-120-75-75-C-70-iso10646-1
+
 
+
# Orientation for new workspaces
+
# Can be set <horizontal|vertical|auto>
+
default_orientation horizontal
+
 
+
# Layout for new containers
+
# Can be set <default|stacking|tabbed>
+
workspace_layout default
+
 
+
# Use Mouse+$mod to drag floating windows to their wanted position
+
floating_modifier $mod
+
 
+
########################################################
+
######## Keybindings ########
+
########################################################
+
 
+
# start a terminal
+
bindsym $mod+Return exec i3-sensible-terminal
+
 
+
# kill focused window
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+Q kill
+
 
+
# start dmenu (a program launcher)
+
bindsym $mod+d exec dmenu_run
+
 
+
# change focus
+
bindsym $mod+j focus left
+
bindsym $mod+k focus down
+
bindsym $mod+l focus up
+
bindsym $mod+semicolon focus right
+
 
+
# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:
+
bindsym $mod+Left focus left
+
bindsym $mod+Down focus down
+
bindsym $mod+Up focus up
+
bindsym $mod+Right focus right
+
 
+
# move focused window
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+J move left
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+K move down
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+L move up
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+colon move right
+
 
+
# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+Left move left
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+Down move down
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+Up move up
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+Right move right
+
 
+
# split in horizontal orientation
+
bindsym $mod+h split h
+
 
+
# split in vertical orientation
+
bindsym $mod+v split v
+
 
+
# enter fullscreen mode for the focused container
+
bindsym $mod+f fullscreen
+
 
+
# change container layout (stacked, tabbed, default)
+
bindsym $mod+s layout stacking
+
bindsym $mod+w layout tabbed
+
bindsym $mod+e layout default
+
 
+
# toggle tiling / floating
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+space floating toggle
+
 
+
# change focus between tiling / floating windows
+
bindsym $mod+space focus mode_toggle
+
 
+
# focus the parent container
+
bindsym $mod+a focus parent
+
 
+
# focus the child container
+
#bindcode $mod+d focus child
+
 
+
# reload the configuration file
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+C reload
+
# restart i3 inplace (preserves your layout/session, can be used to upgrade i3)
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+R restart
+
# exit i3 (logs you out of your X session)
+
bindsym $mod+Shift+E exit
+
 
+
# resize window (you can also use the mouse for that)
+
mode "resize" {
+
        # These bindings trigger as soon as you enter the resize mode
+
        # They resize the border in the direction you pressed, e.g.
+
        # when pressing left, the window is resized so that it has
+
        # more space on its left
+
 
+
bindsym j resize shrink left 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+J resize grow left 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
bindsym k resize shrink down 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+K resize grow down 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
bindsym l resize shrink up 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+L resize grow up 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
bindsym semicolon resize shrink right 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+colon resize grow right 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
        # same bindings, but for the arrow keys
+
bindsym Left resize shrink left 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+Left resize grow left 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
bindsym Down resize shrink down 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+Down resize grow down 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
bindsym Up resize shrink up 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+Up resize grow up 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
bindsym Right resize shrink right 10 px or 10 ppt
+
bindsym Shift+Right resize grow right 10 px or 10 ppt
+
 
+
        # back to normal: Enter or Escape
+
bindsym Return mode "default"
+
bindsym Escape mode "default"
+
}
+
 
+
bindsym $mod+r mode "resize"
+
 
+
########################################################
+
######## i3bar ########
+
########################################################
+
 
+
# Start i3bar to display a workspace bar (plus the system information i3status
+
# finds out, if available)
+
bar {
+
    output            DFP3
+
    output       DFP4
+
    status_command    i3status -c ~/.i3status.conf
+
    position          top
+
    mode              dock
+
    workspace_buttons yes
+
    tray_output      DFP3
+
   
+
    font -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--13-120-75-75-C-70-iso10646-1
+
 
+
    colors {
+
        background #000000
+
        statusline #FFFFFF
+
 
+
        focused_workspace  #ffffff #9932CC
+
        active_workspace  #ffffff #DA70D6
+
        inactive_workspace #888888 #242424
+
        urgent_workspace  #ffffff #32CD32
+
    }
+
} </pre></div>
+
 
+
These scripts can be found in /usr/bin/
+
 
+
=== i3nagbar ===
+
 
+
The i3nagbar is the error bar that pops up on top of the screen when there is an error in the i3 configuration.
+
 
+
=== i3-sensible-editor ===
+
 
+
i3-sensible-editor is callen when the user presses the edit button on the i3nagbar.  If $EDITOR is set, that editor will be used, else i3-sensible-editor will open the first editor that is installed according to the order in i3-sensible-editor.  If the user has a preference, he will set $EDITOR.
+
 
+
=== i3-sensible-terminal ===
+
 
+
i3-sensible-terminal is called when the user opens a terminal.  If $TERMINAL is set, that terminal will be used, else i3-sensible-terminal will open the first terminal that is installed according to the order in i3-sensible-terminal.  If the user has a preference, he will set $TERMINAL.
+
 
+
=== i3-sensible-pager ===
+
 
+
i3-sensible-pager is called when the user presses the view button on the i3nagbar.  If $PAGER is set, that pager will be used, else i3-sensible-pager will open the first pager that is installed accordding to the order in i3-sensible-pager.  If the user has a preference, he will set $PAGER.
+
 
+
=== i3status ===
+
 
+
i3status generates a status bar similar to conky in i3.  i3status replaces dzen2, xmobar, and other similar applications used in older versions of i3.  It is suggested to create an <tt>~/.i3status.conf</tt> file to configure the i3status bar locally. 
+
A sample <tt>~/.i3status.conf</tt>:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
general {
+
        colors = true
+
        interval = 5
+
}
+
 
+
order = "disk /"
+
order += "disk /home"
+
order += "ethernet eth0"
+
order += "cpu_temperature 0"
+
order += "cpu_temperature 1"
+
order += "cpu_temperature 2"
+
order += "cpu_temperature 3"
+
order += "load"
+
order += "time"
+
 
+
ethernet eth0 {
+
        # if you use %speed, i3status requires the cap_net_admin capability
+
        format_up = "Eth0: %ip (%speed)"
+
        format_down = "Eth0: down"
+
}
+
 
+
time {
+
        format = "%a:%d-%b-%Y %I:%M:%S %p"
+
}
+
 
+
load {
+
        format = "Load: %5min"
+
}
+
 
+
cpu_temperature 0 {
+
format = "T1: %degrees °C"
+
path = "/sys/devices/platform/coretemp.0/temp2_input"
+
}
+
 
+
cpu_temperature 1 {
+
format = "T2: %degrees °C"
+
path = "/sys/devices/platform/coretemp.0/temp3_input"
+
}
+
 
+
cpu_temperature 2 {
+
format = "T3: %degrees °C"
+
path = "/sys/devices/platform/coretemp.0/temp4_input"
+
}
+
 
+
cpu_temperature 3 {
+
format = "T4: %degrees °C"
+
path = "/sys/devices/platform/coretemp.0/temp5_input"
+
}
+
 
+
disk "/" {
+
        format = "/: %free"
+
}
+
 
+
disk "/home" {
+
format = "/home: %free"
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== dmenu ==
+
 
+
i3 uses {{Package|x11-misc/dmenu}} as the application launcher. To install it, run the following:
+
  
 +
Finally, to start the graphical environment:
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## emerge dmenu
+
$ ##i##startx
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
{{fancynote| The default key-binding for dmenu is Mod1+d.}}
+
== Display manager ==
 +
A display manager is a program that manages sessions and acts as a login screen. Here's a short list of a few of the display managers available in Funtoo:
  
== Default Keybindings ==
+
* XDM (<tt>x11-apps/xdm</tt>): X.Org's standard display manager.
  
{| class="wikitable" border="2" style="text-align:center;"
+
* LightDM (<tt>x11-misc/lightdm</tt>): A lightweight, but highly configurable display manager.
|Alt + Enter
+
|Open terminal
+
|-
+
|Alt + A
+
|Focus Parent
+
|-
+
|Alt + S
+
|Stacked Layout
+
|-Advanced SearchSearch…
+
|Alt + W
+
|Tabbed Layout
+
|-
+
|Alt + E
+
|Default Layout
+
|-
+
|Alt + SpaceBar
+
|Focus tiling/floating
+
|-
+
|Alt + D
+
|dmenu
+
|-
+
|Alt + H
+
|Split Horizontal
+
|-
+
|Alt + V
+
|Split Vertically
+
|-
+
|Alt + J
+
|Left
+
|-
+
|Alt + K
+
|Down
+
|-
+
|Alt + J
+
|Up
+
|-
+
|Alt + ;
+
|Right
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + Q
+
|Kill window
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + E
+
|Exit i3
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + C
+
|Reload i3config without restarting
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + R
+
|Restart i3 (reloads i3config without exiting i3)
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + J
+
|Move left
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + K
+
|Move down
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + L
+
|Move up
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + :
+
|Move right
+
|-
+
|Alt + Shift + SpaceBar
+
|Toggle tiling/floating
+
|}
+
  
== Troubleshooting ==
+
* SLiM (<tt>x11-misc/slim</tt>): Simple Login Manager -- a lightweight display manager. Not very configurable.
  
=== i3status ===
+
Any of these would make a fine choice. After you've chosen which display manager to use, install it:
 
+
{{fancynote| i3status may not work out of box}} The permissions may be set to: <tt>-r-xr-x---</tt>: when run as non-root, sh would return with "permission denied".  
+
If i3status does not work for you, this can be easily corrected by changing the permissions.
+
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## sudo chmod 755 /usr/bin/i3status
+
# ##i##emerge lightdm
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
=== Documentation ===
+
All that's left to do now is to add the name of the display manager to <tt>/etc/conf.d/xdm</tt>, add the <tt>xdm</tt> service to the <tt>default</tt> runlevel, and start the service:
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##nano -w /etc/conf.d/xdm
 +
DISPLAYMANAGER="lightdm"
  
==== Websites ====
+
# ##i##rc-update add xdm default
 
+
# ##i##/etc/init.d/xdm start
[http://i3wm.org/ i3]
+
</console>
 
+
[http://i3wm.org/docs/userguide.html User Guide]
+
 
+
[http://i3wm.org/docs/ More Documentation]
+
 
+
==== Man pages ====
+
 
+
* i3
+
* i3-config-wizard
+
* i3-input
+
* i3-migrate-config-to-v4
+
* i3-msg
+
* i3-nagbar
+
* i3-sensible-editor
+
* i3-sensible-pager
+
* i3-sensible-terminal
+
* i3-wsbar
+
* i3bar
+
* i3lock
+
* i3status
+
  
 
[[Category:Desktop]]
 
[[Category:Desktop]]

Revision as of 00:29, 6 February 2014

About Xfce

Xfce is a lightweight desktop environment for UNIX-like operating systems. It aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.

Xfce embodies the traditional UNIX philosophy of modularity and re-usability. It consists of a number of components that provide the full functionality one can expect of a modern desktop environment. They are packaged separately and you can pick among the available packages to create the optimal personal working environment.

Another priority of Xfce is adhereance to standards, specifically those defined at freedesktop.org. [1]

Installation

Before emerging Xfce you need to:

  • Check that you have enabled the USE flags necessary for a desktop environment. You can either set your profile to "desktop" or you can edit your make.conf:
{{{name}}}
{{{body}}}


We are now ready to install Xfce. Install the meta-package, which pulls in all of the components you need for a minimal Xfce installation:

#  emerge xfce4-meta

Running Xfce

There are several different ways to start Xfce:

  • Typing the command startxfce4 at the console.
  • Editing the .xinitrc file in your user's home directory.
  • Using a display manager (e.g. SLiM, GDM, and KDM).
  • Configuring your shell profile to automatically start Xfce upon a successful login.

.xinitrc

The most common way to start the environment is to configure ~/.xinitrc to launch an Xfce session. The proper way to launch Xfce from the terminal is by using startxfce4.

$ echo "exec ck-launch-session startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc

Note that ck-launch-session (from ConsoleKit) is required by Xfce for important tasks such as shutting down, suspending, and automatically mounting removable storage media. Some applications will not work properly without it. Therefore we need to add ConsoleKit to the default runlevel, executing the following command as root:

# rc-update add consolekit default

Finally, to start the graphical environment:

$ startx

Display manager

A display manager is a program that manages sessions and acts as a login screen. Here's a short list of a few of the display managers available in Funtoo:

  • XDM (x11-apps/xdm): X.Org's standard display manager.
  • LightDM (x11-misc/lightdm): A lightweight, but highly configurable display manager.
  • SLiM (x11-misc/slim): Simple Login Manager -- a lightweight display manager. Not very configurable.

Any of these would make a fine choice. After you've chosen which display manager to use, install it:

# emerge lightdm

All that's left to do now is to add the name of the display manager to /etc/conf.d/xdm, add the xdm service to the default runlevel, and start the service:

# nano -w /etc/conf.d/xdm
DISPLAYMANAGER="lightdm"

# rc-update add xdm default
# /etc/init.d/xdm start


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