Difference between pages "Install/Network" and "File:Gentoo-logo.jpg"

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{{Note|This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions, to describe the process of configuring the network. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.}}
=== Configuring your network ===
It's important to ensure that you will be able to connect to your local-area network after you reboot into Funtoo Linux. There are three approaches you can use for configuring your network: NetworkManager, dhcpcd, and the [[Funtoo Linux Networking]] scripts. Here's how to choose which one to use based on the type of network you want to set up.
==== Wi-Fi ====
===== Using NetworkManager =====
For laptop/mobile systems where you will be using Wi-Fi and connecting to various networks, NetworkManager is strongly recommended. The Funtoo version of NetworkManager is fully functional even from the command-line, so you can use it even without X or without the Network Manager applet. Here are the steps involved in setting up NetworkManager:
(chroot) # ##i##emerge linux-firmware
(chroot) # ##i##emerge networkmanager
(chroot) # ##i##rc-update add NetworkManager default
Above, we installed linux-firmware which contains a complete collection of available firmware for many hardware devices including Wi-Fi adapters, plus NetworkManager to manage our network connection. Then we added NetworkManager to the <code>default</code> runlevel so it will start when Funtoo Linux boots.
After you reboot into Funtoo Linux, you will be able to add a Wi-Fi connection this way:
# ##i##addwifi -S wpa -K 'wifipassword' mywifinetwork
The <code>addwifi</code> command is used to configure and connect to a WPA/WPA2 Wi-Fi network named <code>mywifinetwork</code> with the password <code>wifipassword</code>. This network configuration entry is stored in <code>/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections</code> so that it will be remembered in the future. You should only need to enter this command once for each Wi-Fi network you connect to.
===== Using wpa_supplicant =====
If for some reason you don't want to use a tool such as NetworkManager or <code>wicd</code>, you can use wpa_supplicant for wireless network connections.
First, emerge wpa_supplicant:
(chroot) ###i## emerge -a wpa_supplicant
Now, edit the wpa_supplicant configuration file, located at /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf.
The syntax is very easy:
ssid="Other Network"
You will need to add both <code>wpa_supplicant</code> and <code>dhcpcd</code> to the default runlevel. <code>wpa_supplicant</code> will connect to your access point, and <code>dhcpcd</code> will acquire an IP address via DHCP:
(chroot) # ##i##rc-update add dhcpcd default
(chroot) # ##i##rc-update add wpa_supplicant default
==== Desktop (Wired Ethernet) ====
For a home desktop or workstation with wired Ethernet that will use DHCP, the simplest and most effective option to enable network connectivity is to simply add <code>dhcpcd</code> to the default runlevel:
(chroot) # ##i##rc-update add dhcpcd default
When you reboot, <code>dhcpcd</code> will run in the background and manage all network interfaces and use DHCP to acquire network addresses from a DHCP server.
==== Server (Static IP) ====
For servers, the [[Funtoo Linux Networking]] scripts are recommended. They are optimized for static configurations and things like virtual ethernet bridging for virtualization setups. See [[Funtoo Linux Networking]] for information on how to use Funtoo Linux's template-based network configuration system.

Latest revision as of 23:35, January 7, 2015