Funtoo Linux First Steps
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After booting into a new Funtoo Linux installation, you are ready to explore the full capabilities of your system.
New Funtoo Linux systems generally benefit from performing the following steps:
Installing an Editor
By default, Funtoo Linux has the nano and vi editors installed. nano is the default editor.
If you have a favorite editor, you can install it now:
# emerge vim
Here is how to change the default system text editor:
# eselect editor list Available targets for the EDITOR variable:  /bin/nano  /bin/ed  /usr/bin/ex  /usr/bin/vi [ ] (free form) # eselect editor set 4 Setting EDITOR to /usr/bin/vi ... Run ". /etc/profile" to update the variable in your shell.
After logging in again, or typing source /etc/profile in the current shell, the new system editor will be active.
Installing a logger
It's a good idea to install a system logging daemon, and then enable it. This will ensure that any important system messages are logged to text files in /var/log.
Metalog is a popular lightweight logger:
# emerge metalog # rc-update add metalog default # rc
Necessary applications for daily usage
A list of very useful tools:
- Allows you to have persistent login sessions.
- Similar to screen -- some people prefer it.
- Grant root privileges to selected users and command combinations.
- Colorful and informative text-based process list.
# emerge --jobs=5 app-misc/screen sudo htop
Creating a user account
It's a good idea to create a normal user account that you can use for general Linux tasks. Before rebooting, create a user account for everyday use. Adjust the groups in the example below to match your needs. Some of them may not exist yet on your system. Replace "user_name" with the name you're going to use for your everyday user. The "-m" option instructs useradd to create a home directory for your user. See man useradd for more info.
# useradd -m -g users -G audio,cdrom,games,video,wheel user_name
Don't forget to set a password for your new user:
# passwd user_name
Currently, Funtoo only supports a modified version of the 2008.0 profile. Running eselect profile list will show all available profiles.
# eselect profile list Available profile symlink targets:  default/linux/amd64/2008.0 *  default/linux/amd64/2008.0/desktop  default/linux/amd64/2008.0/developer  default/linux/amd64/2008.0/server
In this example, we will enable the "desktop" profile, which enables many USE flags that a typical desktop user would find useful.
# eselect profile set 2