Difference between pages "Funtoo Profiles/sk" and "Translations:Funtoo Profiles/1/sk"

(Difference between pages)
(Created page with "Profily Funtoo")
 
(Created page with "Táto stránka obsahuje informácie o systéme profilov vo Funtoo Linuxe -- ako fungujú, ktoré profily sú k dispozícii a ako používat epro}} na nasta...")
 
Line 1: Line 1:
{{#widget:AddThis}}
+
Táto stránka obsahuje informácie o systéme profilov vo Funtoo Linuxe -- ako fungujú, ktoré profily sú k dispozícii a ako používat [[#Using epro|{{c|epro}}]] na nastavenie a zmenu profilov.
<languages/>
+
This page covers the Funtoo Linux profile system -- how it works, what profiles are available, and how to use [[#Using epro|{{c|epro}}]] to set and change profile settings.
+
+
== Profile Types ==
+
  
Historically, users have had to add a large number of settings to [[Make.conf|{{c|/etc/make.conf}}]] to customize their Gentoo or Funtoo Linux system, which made setup of the operating system more difficult than it should be. In Gentoo Linux, it is possible to only define one ''system profile''. Think of a system profile as the default settings that Portage uses for building everything on your system. Rather than a single profile, Funtoo Linux uses multiple sub-profiles, and moves many types of settings that are normally stored in {{c|/etc/make.conf}} into the profile system. The following profile types are available in Funtoo Linux:
+
== Typy profilov ==
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Sub-Profile Type|Description}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|arch}}|Typically {{c|x86-32bit}} or {{c|x86-64bit}}, this defines the processor type and support of your system. This is defined when your stage was built and should not be changed.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|build}}|Defines whether your system is a {{c|current}}, {{c|stable}} or {{c|experimental}} build. {{c|current}} systems will have newer packages unmasked than {{c|stable}} systems. This is defined when your stage is built and is typically not changed.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|subarch}}|Defines CPU optimizations for your system. The subarch is set at the time the stage3 is built, but can be changed later to better settings if necessary. Be sure to pick a setting that is compatible with your CPU.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|flavor}}|Defines the general type of system, such as {{c|server}} or {{c|desktop}}, and will set default USE flags appropriate for your needs.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|mix-ins}}|Defines various optional settings that you may be interested in enabling.}}
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
{{Note|Flavors can (and often do) inherit settings from other flavors and mix-ins. Mix-ins can also inherit settings from other mix-ins. For example, {{c|X}} is inherited by {{c|gnome}}. The {{c|epro}} tool will show both as being enabled so there are no surprises.}}
+
 
+
=== Using epro ===
+
 
+
{{c|epro show}} will display the current profile settings on your system:
+
{{console|body=
+
# ##i## epro show
+
 
+
=== ##g##Enabled Profiles##!g##: ===
+
 
+
        arch: ##c## x86-64bit
+
      build: ##c## current
+
    subarch: ##c## intel64-haswell
+
      flavor: ##c## desktop
+
    mix-ins: ##c## gnome
+
 
+
 
+
=== ##g##All inherited flavors from desktop flavor##!g##: ===
+
 
+
                    ##c##workstation##!c## (from desktop flavor)
+
                            ##c##core##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                        ##c##minimal##!c## (from core flavor)
+
 
+
=== ##g##All inherited mix-ins from desktop flavor##!g##: ===
+
 
+
                              ##c##X##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                          ##c##audio##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                            ##c##dvd##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                          ##c##media##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
      ##c##mediadevice-audio-consumer##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
                ##c##mediadevice-base##!c## (from mediadevice-audio-consumer mix-in)
+
      ##c##mediadevice-video-consumer##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
                ##c##mediadevice-base##!c## (from mediadevice-video-consumer mix-in)
+
        ##c##mediaformat-audio-common##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
          ##c##mediaformat-gfx-common##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
        ##c##mediaformat-video-common##!c## (from media mix-in)
+
                  ##c##console-extras##!c## (from workstation flavor)
+
                          ##c##print##!c## (from desktop flavor)
+
}}
+
To view all available sub-profile settings, use {{c|epro list}}:
+
{{console|body=# ##i## epro list}}
+
Enabled profiles will be highlighted in cyan. Directly enabled profiles will be in bold and have an asterisk {{c|*}} appended. Sub-profiles enabled via inheritance will be highlighted.
+
 
+
==== Usage Examples ====
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2Col|Add the mix-ins {{c|gnome}} and {{c|kde}}|{{console|body=# ##i## epro mix-ins +gnome +kde}}}}
+
{{2Col|Remove a mix-in, for example {{c|gnome}}|{{console|body=# ##i## epro mix-ins -gnome}}}}
+
{{2Col|Change the profile arch to x86-64bit|{{console|body=# ##i## epro arch x86-64bit}}}}
+
{{2Col|Change the subarch to {{c|generic_64}}|{{console|body=# ##i## epro subarch generic_64}}}}
+
{{2Col|Change the system flavor|{{console|body=# ##i## epro flavor desktop}}}}
+
{{2Col|Get JSON output of profile settings|{{console|body=# ##i## epro show-json}}}}
+
{{2Col|Get current sub-profile setting in text form|{{console|body=# ##i## epro get [profiletype]}}}}
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
== Flavors ==
+
 
+
A system can have only one flavor profile enabled at a time. The following flavors are available:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Flavor|Description}}
+
<tr><td>{{c|minimal}}</td><td>This contains the bare minimum settings for all Funtoo Linux flavors.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|core}}</td><td>The core flavor includes the minimal flavor, plus reasonable settings, and is used for the [[Funtoo_Linux_Installation#Installing_the_Stage_3_tarball|official stage3 downloads]].</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|server}}</td><td>In the future, the server flavor will include the core flavor, plus specific settings designed for servers. At the moment, it is equivalent to the core flavor.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|workstation}}</td><td>The workstation flavor is a minimal desktop system. It includes the core flavor, plus these mix-ins: {{c|X}}, {{c|audio}}, {{c|dvd}}, {{c|media}} and {{c|console-extras}}.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|desktop}}</td><td>The desktop flavor includes the common settings for any full-featured desktop system. It includes the {{c|workstation}} flavor plus {{c|printing}} support. The user is expected to further customize their system with a desktop environment of choice, such as KDE, GNOME, or XFCE, possibly by using a mix-in.</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
== Mix-ins ==
+
 
+
A system can have any number of mix-ins enabled at a time. The following mix-ins are available:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Mix-in|Description}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|audio}}|Enables core audio-related settings, currently related to ALSA.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|console-extras}}|Enables things that are nice to have for console-only systems. Currently enabling gpm in USE.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|dvd}}|USE settings related to optical drives -- CDR/DVD-ROM/RW use.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|gnome}}|USE and package.use settings required to merge GNOME. Designed to be used with {{c|desktop}} or {{c|workstation}} flavor.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|hardened}}|Enables hardened support.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|kde}}|USE and package.use settings required to merge KDE. Designed to be used with {{c|desktop}} or {{c|workstation}} flavor.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|media}}|USE settings related to audio/video media encoding. Can be for desktops or servers.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|print}}|Enables printing capability.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|vmware-guest}}|Settings related to using Funtoo Linux as a VMWare virtual machine guest.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|X}}|Settings related to the X Window System and hardware support.}}
+
{{2Col|{{c|xfce}}|USE settings required for merging XFCE.}}
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== Media Device Mix-ins ===
+
 
+
Media device mix-ins have been created to support media devices, including external and portable devices, and associated low-level hardware support and hardware-focused codecs. Media devices have been categorized into audio and video categories, and consumer and professional categories. "Consumer" devices are those devices that regular desktop users might typically use, while "professional" devices are those that professionals, hobbyists or enthusiasts would typically use. Here are the new mix-ins for media devices:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Media Device Mix-in|Description}}
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-base}}</td><td>Common, universally-supported media devices, like IEEE-1394 (Firewire), CDDA, CDIO. Other mediadevice mix-ins have this as a parent.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-audio-consumer}}</td><td>Consumer audio devices, such as personal portable media players (iOS, iPod, etc.)</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-audio-pro}}</td><td>Pro audio support, such as JACK.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-video-consumer}}</td><td>Consumer video support, such as DVD, Blu Ray, V4L</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediadevice-video-pro}}</td><td>Pro video support, such as dv, dc1394.</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== Media Format Mix-ins ===
+
 
+
Media format mix-ins have been created to support media formats for reading, writing, encoding and decoding images, audio and video. They have been organized into a "common" collection, for popular formats, and an "extra" collection, which is intended to include "everything else". Let's look at the new mix-ins:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
{{2ColHead|Media Format Mix-in|Description}}
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-video-common}}</td><td>Common (ie. popular) video formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-video-extra}}</td><td>More esoteric video formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-audio-common}}</td><td>Common (ie. popular) audio formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-audio-extra}}</td><td>More esoteric audio formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-gfx-common}}</td><td>Common (ie. popular) graphics formats.</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>{{c|mediaformat-gfx-extra}}</td><td>More esoteric graphics formats.</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== How to Use Media Mix-Ins ===
+
 
+
Our existing {{c|media}} mix-in still exists, and is still pulled in by the {{c|desktop}} and {{c|workstation}} flavors automatically. It now includes the following parent mix-ins:
+
 
+
* {{c|mediadevice-audio-consumer}}
+
* {{c|mediadevice-video-consumer}}
+
* {{c|mediaformat-audio-common}}
+
* {{c|mediaformat-gfx-common}}
+
* {{c|mediaformat-video-common}}
+
 
+
In addition, there is a new {{c|media-pro}} mix-in which needs to be enabled manually, which pulls in the following mix-ins:
+
 
+
* {{c|mediadevice-audio-pro}}
+
* {{c|mediadevice-video-pro}}
+
 
+
So typically, you would enable the {{c|desktop}} or {{c|workstation}} flavor, and if you need professional hardware support, you'd also enable the {{c|media-pro}} mix-in. If you needed any additional media formats support, you could enable one or more of the {{c|mediaformat-*-extra}} mix-ins to add the formats you needed. Of course, it's possible to enable only the specific mix-ins you need, and also complement these mix-ins with specific USE variable settings you might require.
+
 
+
=== How Profile Settings are Stored ===
+
 
+
Funtoo Linux stores its profile settings in the {{f|/etc/portage/make.profile/parent}} file. Typically, users don't need to modify this file, instead using {{c|ego}} and {{c|epro}} to make changes, but it can be handy to take a look at what the contents of the file look like. A simple server might have profile settings as follows:
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.profile/parent|body=
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
+
}}
+
Profile settings for a desktop might look like this:
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.profile/parent|body=
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
+
gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
+
}}
+
== History and Origins ==
+
 
+
This new system is really a completion of the original cascading profile design that was co-designed by Daniel Robbins and Seemant Kulleen and implemented by Seemant Kulleen as part of Portage. Funtoo Profiles designed to leverage the existing cascading profile system and provide something much more useable and maintainable for users and developers alike. Here are some of its benefits:
+
 
+
* Fewer settings in <code>/etc/make.conf</code>. <code>CHOST</code> and <code>ARCH</code> no longer set in <code>/etc/make.conf</code>.
+
* Separation of concerns -- arch, build, and flavor-related settings are organized together.
+
* User flexibility - any number of mix-ins can be enabled to tweak masks or USE settings as needed.
+
 
+
{{note|See [[Custom Profiles]] for information on how to extend the profile system.}}
+
[[Category:Funtoo features]]
+
[[Category:Portage]]
+
[[Category:HOWTO]]
+
[[Category:Official Documentation]]
+

Latest revision as of 10:14, September 13, 2015

Táto stránka obsahuje informácie o systéme profilov vo Funtoo Linuxe -- ako fungujú, ktoré profily sú k dispozícii a ako používat epro na nastavenie a zmenu profilov.

Typy profilov