Difference between pages "Xfce" and "Funtoo Hosting"

(Difference between pages)
(remove manual addition of files, these automatically installed by sys-apps/accountservice, sys-apps/upower and sys-auth/consolekit respectively.)
 
(Container FAQ)
 
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== About Xfce ==
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== Funtoo Linux Hosting ==
 +
__NOTOC__
 +
__NOTITLE__
 +
If you support Funtoo Linux, we also want to support ''you'' in your Funtoo Linux adventure. Supporters of Funtoo Linux of at least $15/mo can request a Funtoo Linux virtual container. Here are the configurations currently being offered:
  
Xfce is a lightweight desktop environment for UNIX-like operating systems. It aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.
+
{{TableStart}}
 +
<tr class="danger"><th>Price</th><th>RAM</th><th>CPU Threads</th><th>Disk Space</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td>'''$15/mo'''</td><td>4GB</td><td>6 CPU Threads</td><td>50GB</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>'''$30/mo'''</td><td>12GB</td><td>12 CPU Threads</td><td>100GB</td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>'''$45/mo'''</td><td>48GB</td><td>24 CPU Threads</td><td>200GB</td></tr>
 +
{{TableEnd}}
  
Xfce embodies the traditional UNIX philosophy of modularity and re-usability. It consists of a number of components that provide the full functionality one can expect of a modern desktop environment. They are packaged separately and you can pick among the available packages to create the optimal personal working environment.
+
As you can see, this pricing is well below market rates, and includes fast SSD (solid state disk) storage, one IPv4 address, and lots of bandwidth. We believe that by enabling you to do great things with Funtoo Linux, our community and technology will benefit. So we see this as a win for everyone.
  
Another priority of Xfce is adhereance to standards, specifically those defined at [http://freedesktop.org/ freedesktop.org]. [http://www.xfce.org/about/ About XFCE]
+
== Container FAQ ==
  
== Installation ==
+
;How do I sign up?: Set up a monthly support subscription via PayPal or credit card on our [[Support Funtoo]] page. Then see the [[#Getting Started|Getting Started]] section below.
  
Before emerging Xfce you need to:
+
;Do I get root access?: Yes, you get full root access to your container.
  
* Check that you have enabled the USE flags necessary for a XFCE desktop environment. [[Funtoo_Linux_First_Steps#Changing_profile|Set your profile to "xfce" via mix-ins]], as follows:
+
;Can I reboot my container?: Yes, reboot normally and it will come back up.
  
<console>
+
;How much bandwidth is ''really'' included?: For most typical uses of your container, this is not something you need to worry about. Our server is on a 100Mbps physical link, which is shared among all containers. Our bandwidth plan is set up so that everyone should have lots of burstable bandwidth, assuming light use at other times. If you have continuous high bandwidth needs, please email me to discuss first.
# ##i## eselect profile add funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/xfce
+
</console>
+
  
* Verify that you have [[Funtoo_Linux_First_Steps#X.Org|X.Org Server]] configured properly.
+
;Why is my Portage tree read-only?: A read-only Portage tree is mapped into <code>/var/src/portage</code> and is used by default by all containers. It is automatically updated, so there is no need to run <code>emerge --sync</code>. This saves disk space. There is generally no need to have your own local Portage tree, but if you want to have one, you can remove the <code>PORTDIR</code> setting in <code>/etc/make.conf</code> and run <code>emerge --sync</code>.
  
We are now ready to install Xfce. Install the meta-package, which pulls in all of the components you need for a minimal Xfce installation:
+
;How do I upgrade the kernel in my VPS?: A virtual container shares a kernel with the host, so you do not have the ability to change the kernel from "inside" the container.
  
<console>
+
;Can I run Docker inside my container?: The OpenVZ development team is the largest code contributor to the Linux Containers kernel code (which is part of Docker,) and we use OpenVZ, but right now it is not possible to run LXC inside an OpenVZ container. This may change with the release of newer OpenVZ kernels based on 3.x.
# ##i##emerge xfce4-meta
+
</console>
+
  
== Running Xfce ==
+
{{fancyimportant|This next bit of information is important. A number of people have temporarily locked themselves out of their containers by setting up a firewall incorrectly. I plan to develop a firewall management UI that configures a firewall for you to make this step easier. For the time being, please avoid setting up a firewall unless you ''really'' need one.}}
  
There are several different ways to start Xfce:
+
;Can I set up my own firewall?: Before you do, please contact me (Daniel) and let me know. I need to flip a few switches in your container to make iptables work properly. Otherwise it will silently fail on stateful firewalls and you may end up locking yourself out of your container.
  
* Editing the <tt>.xinitrc</tt> file in your user's home directory and using <tt>startx</tt> from a text console.
+
;Can I set up OpenVPN in my container?: Yes, quite a few people do this, but contact me first so I can enable tun/tap devices for you.
* Using a display manager (e.g. SLiM, GDM, and KDM).
+
* Configuring your shell profile to automatically start Xfce upon a successful login.
+
  
=== .xinitrc ===
+
;Is it okay to host a game server?: Yes, many people do.
  
The most common way to start the environment is to configure <tt>~/.xinitrc</tt> to launch an Xfce session. The proper way to launch Xfce from the terminal is by using <tt>startxfce4</tt> combined with <tt>ck-launch-session</tt>.
+
;Is it okay to run Folding@Home, Hentai@Home, or other services that donate CPU power or bandwidth to other services?: No, this is not okay. The CPU and network resources provided to you are for your own use only and are not to be donated to other projects.
  
<console>
+
;Is it okay to use my container to be a compute-focused server for another Open Source project?: Check with me first. Most of the time, this will be okay, unless CPU and/or IO utilization will be very high and continuous, and thus unsuitable for shared computing resources.
$ ##i##echo "exec startxfce4 --with-ck-launch" > ~/.xinitrc
+
</console>
+
  
Note that <tt>--with-ck-launch</tt> (from ConsoleKit) is required by Xfce for important tasks such as shutting down, suspending, and automatically mounting removable storage media. Some applications will not work properly without it. Therefore we need to add ConsoleKit to the <tt>default</tt> runlevel, executing the following command as root:
+
;Is it okay to host commercial efforts on my container?: Yes, this is fine, as long as you assume full responsibility for the quality of service. Funtoo containers are provided with no service level agreements or warranty.
  
<console>
+
== Getting Started ==
# ##i##rc-update add consolekit default
+
 
</console>
+
Once you have [[Support Funtoo|signed up for Funtoo Monthly support]], contact me (drobbins@funtoo.org) via email and request a virtual container. You'll need to send me two things:
 +
 
 +
# The hostname you'd like for your container. It will be ''something''.host.funtoo.org.
 +
# Attach your SSH public key. I will use this to grant you root access to your container.
 +
 
 +
{{Note|I will generally have the container set up within 24 hours of sending email, often much sooner. If you do not hear from me after a day, please re-send email as it may have not made it, or been accidentally marked as spam by Gmail.}}
 +
 
 +
== Generating SSH Keys ==
 +
To generate an SSH key pair, do this as the user that you'll be using to log in to your container:
  
Finally, to start the graphical environment, run <tt>startx</tt> from a login shell:
 
 
<console>
 
<console>
$ ##i##startx
+
$ ##i##ssh-keygen -t rsa
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
== Display Manager ==
+
If you specify a passphrase when prompted, your local private key (<code>~/.ssh/id_rsa</code>) will be encrypted, and ssh will prompt you for this passphrase prior to connecting. If you don't specify a passphrase, then you won't need to enter anything to connect but it you need to be extra careful that you don't allow others to access your private key as it will be immediately useable by them to access any of your accounts.
  
A display manager is a program that manages sessions and acts as a login screen. Here's a short list of a few of the display managers available in Funtoo:
+
The file you will need to send me is <code>~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub</code> or <code>~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub</code> (if you used the <code>-t dsa</code> option with <code>ssh-keygen</code>. This is the ''public'' key... it's safe to send over email since all I or anyone else can use it for is to grant you access to a system via your private key. Just don't send your private key to me. :)
  
* XDM (<tt>x11-apps/xdm</tt>): X.Org's standard display manager.
+
== Policies ==
  
* LightDM (<tt>x11-misc/lightdm</tt>): A lightweight, but highly configurable display manager.
+
{{Policies}}
  
* SLiM (<tt>x11-misc/slim</tt>): Simple Login Manager -- a lightweight display manager. Not very configurable.
+
=== VPS Usage Rules ===
  
Any of these would make a fine choice. After you've chosen which display manager to use, install it:
+
{{fancyimportant|Please read these policies and make sure you understand them. This is not an exhaustive list.}}
  
<console>
+
The VPS is for '''your personal use'''. No reselling.
# ##i##emerge lightdm
+
</console>
+
  
All that's left to do now is to add the name of the display manager to <tt>/etc/conf.d/xdm</tt>, add the <tt>xdm</tt> service to the <tt>default</tt> runlevel, and start the service:
+
There is currently no Web panel - these servers will be set up using my own automated tool and you will be provided with ssh access. I can periodically reload VPS images as needed.
  
<pre>
+
This service is offered as a thank-you gift to Funtoo Linux supporters as long as sufficient capacity is available, with no warranty for uptime or anything else.
DISPLAYMANAGER="lightdm"
+
</pre>
+
  
<console>
+
There are no refunds.  
# ##i##rc-update add xdm default
+
# ##i##/etc/init.d/xdm start
+
</console>
+
  
==Power Group==
+
While I host several production sites on this infrastructure, you assume all risk for hosting your production services on your VPS.
  
If you wish to be able to shutdown/reboot/suspend/hibernate using xfce4-logout-session then you will need to add yourself or the user to the power group by:
+
I will make a best-effort-only attempt to provide support via IRC and email, and do not offer 24/7 support for your VPS.
  
<console>
+
'''US-Legal activities only. No spam will be tolerated.'''
# ##i##gpasswd -a <username> power
+
</console>
+
  
If the group does not exist then execute the following and try again:
+
These VPS systems are intended for funtoo enthusiasts only. I am providing (particularly in the higher-level plans) generous default resource limits with the understanding that the VPS will be used for general Funtoo use and server stuff.
  
<console>
+
Compiling with -j(NUM-CPUS+1) is encouraged (this is Funtoo, after all -- I want you to enjoy fast compiles :), but it's not okay to continually max CPU, IO, or network utilization. '''So, no folding@home, massive file sharing, etc. '''
# ##i##groupadd power
+
</console>
+
  
== Plugins for Thunar and XFCE ==
+
I am currently not supporting IPv6 but will look into adding such support if there is enough interest.  
There are a lot of plugins available for Thunar and XFCE. Here is a table that contains the name of the plugin and a description of what it does. To install one of the plugins, run
+
<console>###i## emerge [name of plugin]</console>
+
  
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: 1em auto;" width=80%
+
'''You are responsible for backups. '''
! width="30%" | Name
+
! width="70%" | Description
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/thunar-volman
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Daemon that enforces volume-related policies
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/thunar-vcs-plugin
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Adds Subversion and GIT actions to the context menu of thunar
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/thunar-shares-plugin
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Thunar plugin to share files using Samba
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/thunar-archive-plugin
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Archive plug-in for the Thunar filemanager
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/xfce4-volumed
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Daemon to control volume up/down and mute keys
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/xfce4-screenshooter
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Xfce4 screenshooter application and panel plugin
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" |  xfce-extra/xfce4-notifyd
+
| style="text-align: center;" | Notification daemon for the Xfce desktop environment
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/xfce4-mixer
+
| style="text-align: center;" | A volume control application (and panel plug-in) for the Xfce desktop environment
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/xfce4-mount-plugin
+
| style="text-align: center;" | A mount plug-in for the Xfce panel
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/xfce4-clipman-plugin
+
| style="text-align: center;" | A clipboard manager plug-in for the Xfce panel
+
|-
+
| style="text-align: center;" | xfce-extra/xfce4-battery-plugin
+
| style="text-align: center;" | A battery monitor panel plugin for the Xfce desktop environment
+
|}
+
  
[[Category:Desktop]]
+
I reserve the right to change plans and pricing in the future.
[[Category:First Steps]]
+
[[Category:Official Documentation]]
+

Revision as of 21:07, January 15, 2015

Funtoo Linux Hosting

If you support Funtoo Linux, we also want to support you in your Funtoo Linux adventure. Supporters of Funtoo Linux of at least $15/mo can request a Funtoo Linux virtual container. Here are the configurations currently being offered:

PriceRAMCPU ThreadsDisk Space
$15/mo4GB6 CPU Threads50GB
$30/mo12GB12 CPU Threads100GB
$45/mo48GB24 CPU Threads200GB

As you can see, this pricing is well below market rates, and includes fast SSD (solid state disk) storage, one IPv4 address, and lots of bandwidth. We believe that by enabling you to do great things with Funtoo Linux, our community and technology will benefit. So we see this as a win for everyone.

Container FAQ

How do I sign up?
Set up a monthly support subscription via PayPal or credit card on our Support Funtoo page. Then see the Getting Started section below.
Do I get root access?
Yes, you get full root access to your container.
Can I reboot my container?
Yes, reboot normally and it will come back up.
How much bandwidth is really included?
For most typical uses of your container, this is not something you need to worry about. Our server is on a 100Mbps physical link, which is shared among all containers. Our bandwidth plan is set up so that everyone should have lots of burstable bandwidth, assuming light use at other times. If you have continuous high bandwidth needs, please email me to discuss first.
Why is my Portage tree read-only?
A read-only Portage tree is mapped into /var/src/portage and is used by default by all containers. It is automatically updated, so there is no need to run emerge --sync. This saves disk space. There is generally no need to have your own local Portage tree, but if you want to have one, you can remove the PORTDIR setting in /etc/make.conf and run emerge --sync.
How do I upgrade the kernel in my VPS?
A virtual container shares a kernel with the host, so you do not have the ability to change the kernel from "inside" the container.
Can I run Docker inside my container?
The OpenVZ development team is the largest code contributor to the Linux Containers kernel code (which is part of Docker,) and we use OpenVZ, but right now it is not possible to run LXC inside an OpenVZ container. This may change with the release of newer OpenVZ kernels based on 3.x.
Important

This next bit of information is important. A number of people have temporarily locked themselves out of their containers by setting up a firewall incorrectly. I plan to develop a firewall management UI that configures a firewall for you to make this step easier. For the time being, please avoid setting up a firewall unless you really need one.

Can I set up my own firewall?
Before you do, please contact me (Daniel) and let me know. I need to flip a few switches in your container to make iptables work properly. Otherwise it will silently fail on stateful firewalls and you may end up locking yourself out of your container.
Can I set up OpenVPN in my container?
Yes, quite a few people do this, but contact me first so I can enable tun/tap devices for you.
Is it okay to host a game server?
Yes, many people do.
Is it okay to run Folding@Home, Hentai@Home, or other services that donate CPU power or bandwidth to other services?
No, this is not okay. The CPU and network resources provided to you are for your own use only and are not to be donated to other projects.
Is it okay to use my container to be a compute-focused server for another Open Source project?
Check with me first. Most of the time, this will be okay, unless CPU and/or IO utilization will be very high and continuous, and thus unsuitable for shared computing resources.
Is it okay to host commercial efforts on my container?
Yes, this is fine, as long as you assume full responsibility for the quality of service. Funtoo containers are provided with no service level agreements or warranty.

Getting Started

Once you have signed up for Funtoo Monthly support, contact me (drobbins@funtoo.org) via email and request a virtual container. You'll need to send me two things:

  1. The hostname you'd like for your container. It will be something.host.funtoo.org.
  2. Attach your SSH public key. I will use this to grant you root access to your container.
Note

I will generally have the container set up within 24 hours of sending email, often much sooner. If you do not hear from me after a day, please re-send email as it may have not made it, or been accidentally marked as spam by Gmail.

Generating SSH Keys

To generate an SSH key pair, do this as the user that you'll be using to log in to your container:

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa 

If you specify a passphrase when prompted, your local private key (~/.ssh/id_rsa) will be encrypted, and ssh will prompt you for this passphrase prior to connecting. If you don't specify a passphrase, then you won't need to enter anything to connect but it you need to be extra careful that you don't allow others to access your private key as it will be immediately useable by them to access any of your accounts.

The file you will need to send me is ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub or ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub (if you used the -t dsa option with ssh-keygen. This is the public key... it's safe to send over email since all I or anyone else can use it for is to grant you access to a system via your private key. Just don't send your private key to me. :)

Policies

Privacy

We will not, under any circumstances whatsoever, give out or sell your information to anyone.

We use only companies which practice secure processing of online funds so that you, as a client or supporter, can be assured that your private information will be safe and secure.

Refunds

For Funtoo Monthly Support, if you wish to change your support level or cancel your support, simply contact us and we will apply the changes to take effect before the next billing cycle. Monthly Support is non-refundable.

Contact

To change your subscription, or if you have any questions regarding your subscription, please contact Daniel Robbins at drobbins@funtoo.org.

VPS Usage Rules

Important

Please read these policies and make sure you understand them. This is not an exhaustive list.

The VPS is for your personal use. No reselling.

There is currently no Web panel - these servers will be set up using my own automated tool and you will be provided with ssh access. I can periodically reload VPS images as needed.

This service is offered as a thank-you gift to Funtoo Linux supporters as long as sufficient capacity is available, with no warranty for uptime or anything else.

There are no refunds.

While I host several production sites on this infrastructure, you assume all risk for hosting your production services on your VPS.

I will make a best-effort-only attempt to provide support via IRC and email, and do not offer 24/7 support for your VPS.

US-Legal activities only. No spam will be tolerated.

These VPS systems are intended for funtoo enthusiasts only. I am providing (particularly in the higher-level plans) generous default resource limits with the understanding that the VPS will be used for general Funtoo use and server stuff.

Compiling with -j(NUM-CPUS+1) is encouraged (this is Funtoo, after all -- I want you to enjoy fast compiles :), but it's not okay to continually max CPU, IO, or network utilization. So, no folding@home, massive file sharing, etc.

I am currently not supporting IPv6 but will look into adding such support if there is enough interest.

You are responsible for backups.

I reserve the right to change plans and pricing in the future.