Difference between pages "Funtoo 1.0 Profile" and "Form:FLOP"

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[[Category:Portage]]
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<noinclude>
[[Category:Labs]]
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__NOTOC__
[[Category:HOWTO]]
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= What It Is =
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The main idea behind the Funtoo 1.0 Profile is to do away with the current monolithic "one size fits all" approach. Instead of setting one massive profile and then overriding whatever you don't want, the Funtoo 1.0 Profile uses a new multi profile approach which allows way more flexibility and customization. Instead of having to remove what you don't want, now you'll be able to add in just the parts that you do want and leave out the rest.
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== Add a New FLOP ==
  
= How It Works =
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{{#forminput:form=FLOP|query string=namespace=FLOP}}
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</noinclude><includeonly>
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{{{for template|FLOP}}}
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{| class="formtable"
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!Created on:
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| {{{field|Created on|input type=datepicker|date format=dd M yy}}}
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|-
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! Summary of FLOP:
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| {{{field|Summary|}}}{{#info:Specify a short summary of the FLOP here. One or two sentences max.}}
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|-
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! Author(s): (use wiki usernames if possible, or alternatively, full name)
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| {{{field|Author|values from namespace=User|list|size=100}}}{{#info:Specify the FLOP author's name here. Multiple authors can be specified, separated by commas. Will autocomplete using wiki usernames.}}
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|-
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! Maintainer(s): (use wiki usernames if possible, or alternatively, full name)
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| {{{field|Maintainer|values from namespace=User|list|size=100}}} {{#info:Specify the current maintainer of the FLOP. Multiple names can be specified, separated by commas. Will autocomplete using wiki usernames.}}
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|-
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! Organization:
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| {{{field|Organization|values from category=Organizations}}} {{#info:Specify the organization, if any, that authored this FLOP. Note that you can create your own Organization on this wiki -- add it to the Organizations category.}}
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|-
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! Source URI:
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| {{{field|Source URI}}} Paste the "git read-only" GitHub link for your repo (that someone would use to clone)
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|-
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|}
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{{{end template}}}
  
Please check [[Funtoo 1.0 Profile: Internals]](Coming Soon).
 
  
= What It Looks Like =
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== Documentation ==
Here's a what a list of profiles looks like:
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<pre>
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starmine portage # eselect profile list
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Currently available arch profiles:
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  [1]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-32bit
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  [2]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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Currently available build profiles:
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  [3]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/stable
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  [4]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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  [5]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/experimental
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Currently available flavor profiles:
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  [6]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/minimal
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  [7]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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  [8]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
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  [9]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/workstation
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Currently available mix-ins profiles:
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  [10]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio
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  [11]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras
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  [12]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
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  [13]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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  [14]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde
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  [15]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
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  [16]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print
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  [17]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/python3-only
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  [18]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  [19]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db
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  [20]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  [21]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  [22]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X
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  [23]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/xfce
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</pre>
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As you can see, there are multiple types of profiles to choose from.
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Let's move on to how to start using it.
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== Switch to the Funtoo 1.0 Profile ==
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Enter documentation or extended information for the FLOP below. If you need to add more complex wikitext, use the "Edit" button after saving this page, and enter your wiki text at the bottom. This allows you to provide rich documentation content for your FLOP.
=== Define the profile sub-sets you will use ===
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So far in Funtoo we have used the exact same profiles as Gentoo thus Funtoo/2008.0 was strictly the same thing as Gentoo/2008.0 or the barely the same 10.0. This (monolithic) profile was set though a symbolic link named '''/etc/make.profile''' pointing on a complex directory architecture located somewhere under '''/usr/portage/profiles'''. This is no longer valid with the Funtoo 1.0 profiles as they are split in several smaller bricks which are then glued together via the  '''/etc/portage/make.profile/parent''' file (You do not need to include everything, just use the "bricks" you need). Those bricks belongs to several categories:
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{{{standard input|free text|rows=30}}}
  
1. MANDATORY -- An "arch" profile which defines settings for a particular architecture. You'll want to set this to whatever arch your system is and leave it alone. '''Setting it to a different arch than your system could severely break it.'''
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{{{for template|FLOPFooter}}}
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{{{end template}}}
  
2. MANDATORY -- A "build" profile which should match the tree you wish to use. '''Stable''', '''Current''' (~arch), or '''Experimental''' (use it if you are brave enough and find '''current''' too stable).
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{{{standard input|summary}}}
  
3. MANDATORY -- A "flavor" profile (what was previously known as ''profiles'' is still known as such in Gentoo) which describes the kind of system you want.
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{{{standard input|minor edit}}} {{{standard input|watch}}}
* minimal - Be warned, minimal is exactly what it says, the minimal profile stuff you need for a usable system, nothing else. This is really for people who know what they're doing.
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* core - This is the core profile. This is for stuff that affects both desktops and servers.
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* desktop - Exactly what it says. If you're using a desktop, you should set this as your flavor.
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* server - If you're running a server, you should set this as your flavor.
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4. OPTIONAL -- One or more "mix-ins" profiles which describe optional add-ons. 'mix-ins' are the heart of the Funtoo 1.0 profiles. Unlike the monolithic profiles which sets a massive amount of use flags and options for you, we've split them into logical add-on profiles. For instance if you want support for gnome, you would add the gnome mix-in to your current profiles. That mix-in sets all the proper use flags and such for gnome. Same with others. Want dvd support? Add that one in. Using a rhel5 kernel which requires special versions of packages such as udev? There's a mix-in for that too. Run a mail server? web server? There's mix-ins for those also. Expect this category to grow in the future as new mix-ins are created.
 
  
The contents of '''/etc/portage/make.profile/parent''' for a basic setup might look like this:
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{{{standard input|save}}} {{{standard input|preview}}} {{{standard input|changes}}} {{{standard input|cancel}}}
 
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<pre>
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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</pre>
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A more rounded setup for a desktop might look like this:
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<pre>
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
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</pre>
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=== Using eselect ===
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The preferred method of adding and removing profiles is to use [[eselect|eselect profile]]. This ensures that profiles are added correctly and in the proper order. The order is very important for things to work right.
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For a list of options, run:
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<pre>
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# eselect profile help
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</pre>
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As stated by the previous command output, let's see the list of what profiles currently defined the option '''list''':
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<pre>
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# eselect profile list
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Currently available arch profiles:
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  [1]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit *
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Currently available build profiles:
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  [2]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/stable
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  [3]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current *
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  [4]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/experimental
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Currently available flavor profiles:
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  [5]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/minimal
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  [6]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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  [7]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop *
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Currently available mix-ins profiles:
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  [8]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
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  [9]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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  [10]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde
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  [11]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
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  [12]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  [13]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db
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  [14]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  [15]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  [16]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/workstation
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  [17]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/workstation-minimal
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</pre>
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As in several other Funtoo utilities, a star on the right indicates an active item (your case may differ from the example above). To add, say, the mix-ins '''dvd''', '''kde''' and '''media''' you have to enter:
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<pre>
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# eselect profile add 8
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# eselect profile add 10
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# eselect profile add 11
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</pre>
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Or in a one-shot:
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<pre>
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# eselect profile add 8 10 11
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</pre>
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Verification:
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<pre>
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# eselect profile list 
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Currently available arch profiles:
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  [1]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit *
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Currently available build profiles:
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  [2]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/stable
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  [3]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current *
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  [4]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/experimental
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Currently available flavor profiles:
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  [5]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/minimal
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  [6]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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  [7]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop *
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Currently available mix-ins profiles:
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  [8]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd *
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  [9]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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  [10]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde *
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  [11]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media *
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  [12]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  [13]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db
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  [14]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  [15]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  [16]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/workstation
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  [17]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/workstation-minimal
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</pre>
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{{fancywarning|You must use the numbers to reference the profiles bits you want.}}
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No magic here, what you add is put by portage in the /etc/portage/make.profile/parent file. In the present case this file contains:
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<pre>
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# cat /etc/portage/make.profile/parent
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
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</pre>
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=== Finish Up ===
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{{fancynote|Removing the /etc/make.profile symlink is only necessary if the auto-upgrade script failed and you are manually switching profiles. Otherwise the /etc/make.profile symlink should already be removed}}
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Before updating with your new profiles, you'll need to remove the /etc/make.profile symlink if it exists otherwise portage will continue using the old profile.
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<pre>
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rm /etc/make.profile
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</pre>
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Then update world using the new profiles.
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<pre>
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emerge -vauDN world
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</pre>
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Inspect the output of the prior command carefully. It is entirely possible that the use flags of several packages have changed. Many were removed in an effort to stay minimalistic.
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For instance, libreoffice/openoffice will no longer have the cups use flag enabled by default.
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Adjust your system-wide and application-specific use flags as necessary then re-run the prior command and update when satisfied.
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== Related ==
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* [[Flavors and Mix-ins]]
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[[Category:Funtoo features]]
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Revision as of 01:32, 24 February 2014


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