Difference between pages "ZFS Install Guide" and "Welcome"

(Difference between pages)
(Create the zpool)
 
 
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== Introduction ==
+
<div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-8">
 +
{{Slideshow}}
 +
</div><div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-4">
 +
== Welcome to Funtoo Linux ==
 +
Funtoo Linux is a Linux-based operating system that is a variant of [http://www.gentoo.org Gentoo Linux]. Funtoo Linux is:
 +
* ...'''fun!''' Our priority is to create a ''great, supportive and responsive'' user community.
 +
* ...'''user-centric and collaborative'''. Everyone is considered a '''user''' of Funtoo, first and foremost. You don't need any special privileges to collaborate with us.
 +
* ...'''production-oriented''': Our goal is to have Funtoo be useful for ''real-world tasks''. We use Funtoo to do stuff, like host our infrastructure. It needs to work.__NOTOC__
 +
* ...'''creative''': We seek creative, elegant and maintainable solutions to problems of all kinds.
  
This tutorial will show you how to install Funtoo on ZFS (rootfs). This tutorial is meant to be an "overlay" over the [[Funtoo_Linux_Installation|Regular Funtoo Installation]]. Follow the normal installation and only use this guide for steps 2, 3, and 8.
+
'''View the [[Funtoo Linux FAQ]] for answers to common questions.'''
 +
</div><div class="col-sm-12 col-sm-4">
 +
== Resources ==
  
=== Introduction to ZFS ===
+
{{fancyimportant|1=
 +
[[Support Funtoo]] to help our project grow! '''Donate $15 per month and get a free [[Funtoo Hosting|Funtoo Virtual Container]].'''}}
  
Since ZFS is a new technology for Linux, it can be helpful to understand some of its benefits, particularly in comparison to BTRFS, another popular next-generation Linux filesystem:
+
Our community has a number of excellent resources for communication and collaboration:
 +
* '''{{CreateAccount}}''' to log in to the wiki, forums and bug tracker. See [[Funtoo Authentication FAQ]].
 +
* '''[http://forums.funtoo.org forums.funtoo.org]''' - our new forums!
 +
* [https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/funtoo-dev funtoo-dev] mailing list
 +
* '''[http://bugs.funtoo.org bugs.funtoo.org]''', our bug tracker ([[Reporting Bugs|Instructions]]).
 +
* [http://larrythecow.org larrythecow.org], our Gentoo blog aggregation service.
 +
* [http://kernel-seeds.org kernel-seeds.org], resources for building your kernel from scratch.
 +
* [http://git.funtoo.org git.funtoo.org], our cgit repository browser.
 +
* '''[[Support Funtoo]]''' to help our project grow.
 +
* '''[[Funtoo Hosting|Get a Funtoo Virtual Container]]'''.
 +
</div><div class="col-sm-12 col-xs-12 col-md-4 col-lg-4">
 +
== Getting Started ==
  
* On Linux, the ZFS code can be updated independently of the kernel to obtain the latest fixes. btrfs is exclusive to Linux and you need to build the latest kernel sources to get the latest fixes.
+
We encourage you to [[Funtoo Linux Installation|install Funtoo Linux]], and get involved in our user community. Get to know fellow Funtoo Linux users on our [http://forums.funtoo.org forums]. If you have any improvements or find any bugs in Funtoo Linux, you are strongly encouraged to report them on our [http://bugs.funtoo.org bug tracker]. We take all bugs seriously, and all work performed on Funtoo Linux is tracked on our bug tracker, for purposes of transparency.
  
* ZFS is supported on multiple platforms. The platforms with the best support are Solaris, FreeBSD and Linux. Other platforms with varying degrees of support are NetBSD, Mac OS X and Windows. btrfs is exclusive to Linux.
+
Funtoo Linux has a very active [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IRC IRC] community on Freenode, in the <code>#funtoo</code> channel, and you are encouraged to hang out online with us.
 +
</div><div class="col-sm-12 col-xs-12 col-md-4 col-lg-4">
 +
== Project Structure ==
  
* ZFS has the Adaptive Replacement Cache replacement algorithm while btrfs uses the Linux kernel's Last Recently Used replacement algorithm. The former often has an overwhelmingly superior hit rate, which means fewer disk accesses.
+
Funtoo Linux is led by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Robbins_(computer_programmer) Daniel Robbins], the creator and former Chief Architect of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentoo_Linux Gentoo Linux], who serves as benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) of the project. Our organizational structure consists of BDFL and a small number of support staff, as well as members of our user community who are involved in improving Funtoo Linux. Development efforts are driven by the BDFL as well as our users, and efforts are under way to implement various mechanisms to allow supporters of Funtoo Linux to chart the future direction of the project.
  
* ZFS has the ZFS Intent Log and SLOG devices, which accelerates small synchronous write performance.
+
'''Learn more about Funtoo Linux's [[staff]] and [[Funtoo Linux Vision|development vision]].'''
 +
</div><div class="col-sm-12 col-xs-12 col-md-4 col-lg-4">
 +
== Distinctives ==
  
* ZFS handles internal fragmentation gracefully, such that you can fill it until 100%. Internal fragmentation in btrfs can make btrfs think it is full at 10%. Btrfs has no automatic rebalancing code, so it requires a manual rebalance to correct it.
+
Funtoo Linux packages are installed from source code, automatically, thanks to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portage_(software) Portage ports system.], inspired by the FreeBSD ports system, but written in Python and with full advanced package management functionality. Funtoo Linux is a meta-distribution, which means it is built (fully automatically) with the functionality and optimizations that ''you'' want, not what some distro maintainer thought was best for you.
  
* ZFS has raidz, which is like RAID 5/6 (or a hypothetical RAID 7 that supports 3 parity disks), except it does not suffer from the RAID write hole issue thanks to its use of CoW and a variable stripe size. btrfs gained integrated RAID 5/6 functionality in Linux 3.9. However, its implementation uses a stripe cache that can only partially mitigate the effect of the RAID write hole.
+
We use [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Git_(software) Git] for all our development, and we also use Git to deliver our ports tree to you.
  
* ZFS send/receive implementation supports incremental update when doing backups. btrfs' send/receive implementation requires sending the entire snapshot.
+
In contrast to Gentoo Linux, we offer a number of innovations, including our extensive use of git, [[Funtoo 1.0 Profile|our profile system]], [[Package:Boot-Update|boot-update]] boot management tool, our incredibly flexible [[Funtoo Linux Networking|template-based networking scripts]], [[Metro Quick Start Tutorial|Metro]] distribution build system, support of Debian, RHEL and other kernels, [[Creating_Python-related_Ebuilds|enhanced Python support]], Portage mini-manifests, user-centric distribution model, and a large number of community infrastructure improvements.
 +
</div><div class="col-xs-12">
 +
== Help Document Ebuilds! ==
  
* ZFS supports data deduplication, which is a memory hog and only works well for specialized workloads. btrfs has no equivalent.
+
We need help adding documentation for ebuilds to our wiki. See below for a list of pages:
  
* ZFS datasets have a hierarchical namespace while btrfs subvolumes have a flat namespace.
+
This page lists all ebuilds with pages on the Funtoo Linux wiki.
  
* ZFS has the ability to create virtual block devices called zvols in its namespace. btrfs has no equivalent and must rely on the loop device for this functionality, which is cumbersome.
+
{{#ask:[[Category:Ebuilds]] [[CatPkg::+]]
 +
|?CatPkg=
 +
|?Repository=
 +
|?Summary=
 +
|format=listwidget
 +
|link=all
 +
|headers=show
 +
|searchlabel=… further results
 +
|class=sortable wikitable smwtable
 +
|limit=9999
 +
}}
  
The only area where btrfs is ahead of ZFS is in the area of small file
+
'''Add an Ebuild page:''' (see [[Adding an Ebuild to the Wiki]] for instructions)
efficiency. btrfs supports a feature called block suballocation, which
+
enables it to store small files far more efficiently than ZFS. It is
+
possible to use another filesystem (e.g. reiserfs) on top of a ZFS zvol
+
to obtain similar benefits (with arguably better data integrity) when
+
dealing with many small files (e.g. the portage tree).
+
  
For a quick tour of ZFS and have a big picture of its common operations you can consult the page [[ZFS Fun]].
+
{{#forminput:form=Ebuild|size=|default value=|button text=Add Package|autocomplete on namespace=Package|remote autocompletion|placeholder=Descriptive name|query string=namespace=Package}}
  
=== Disclaimers ===
+
== Help Document! ==
  
{{fancywarning|This guide is a work in progress. Expect some quirks.}}
+
The [[:Help:Funtoo_Editing_Guidelines | How to 'wiki']] sidebar link has several formatting examples.  Have a look at [[Requested-Documents]] and [[:Category:Needs_Updates | pages that need to be updated.]]  Please search the wiki before creating pages to ensure that you are not duplicating efforts.
{{fancyimportant|'''Since ZFS was really designed for 64 bit systems, we are only recommending and supporting 64 bit platforms and installations. We will not be supporting 32 bit platforms'''!}}
+
  
== Video Tutorial ==
+
</div></div></div>
 
+
As a companion to the installation instructions below, a YouTube video tutorial is now available:
+
 
+
{{#widget:YouTube|id=SWyThdxNoP8|width=640|height=360}}
+
 
+
== Downloading the ISO (With ZFS) ==
+
In order for us to install Funtoo on ZFS, you will need an environment that already provides the ZFS tools. Therefore we will download a customized version of System Rescue CD with ZFS included.
+
 
+
<pre>
+
Name: sysresccd-4.0.1_zfs_0.6.2.iso  (545 MB)
+
Release Date: 2014-02-25
+
md5sum 01f4e6929247d54db77ab7be4d156d85
+
</pre>
+
 
+
 
+
'''[http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/funtoo/distfiles/sysresccd/ Download System Rescue CD with ZFS]'''<br />
+
 
+
== Creating a bootable USB from ISO (From a Linux Environment) ==
+
After you download the iso, you can do the following steps to create a bootable USB:
+
 
+
<console>
+
Make a temporary directory
+
# ##i##mkdir /tmp/loop
+
 
+
Mount the iso
+
# ##i##mount -o ro,loop /root/sysresccd-4.0.1_zfs_0.6.2.iso /tmp/loop
+
 
+
Run the usb installer
+
# ##i##/tmp/loop/usb_inst.sh
+
</console>
+
 
+
That should be all you need to do to get your flash drive working.
+
 
+
== Booting the ISO ==
+
 
+
{{fancywarning|'''When booting into the ISO, Make sure that you select the "Alternate 64 bit kernel (altker64)". The ZFS modules have been built specifically for this kernel rather than the standard kernel. If you select a different kernel, you will get a fail to load module stack error message.'''}}
+
 
+
== Creating partitions ==
+
There are two ways to partition your disk: You can use your entire drive and let ZFS automatically partition it for you, or you can do it manually.
+
 
+
We will be showing you how to partition it '''manually''' because if you partition it manually you get to create your own layout, you get to have your own separate /boot partition (Which is nice since not every bootloader supports booting from ZFS pools), and you get to boot into RAID10, RAID5 (RAIDZ) pools and any other layouts due to you having a separate /boot partition.
+
 
+
==== gdisk (GPT Style) ====
+
 
+
'''A Fresh Start''':
+
 
+
First lets make sure that the disk is completely wiped from any previous disk labels and partitions.
+
We will also assume that <tt>/dev/sda</tt> is the target drive.<br />
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##sgdisk -Z /dev/sda
+
</console>
+
 
+
{{fancywarning|This is a destructive operation and the program will not ask you for confirmation! Make sure you really don't want anything on this disk.}}
+
 
+
Now that we have a clean drive, we will create the new layout.
+
 
+
First open up the application:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##gdisk /dev/sda
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 1''' (boot):
+
<console>
+
Command: ##i##n ↵
+
Partition Number: ##i##↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##+250M ↵
+
Hex Code: ##i##↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 2''' (BIOS Boot Partition):
+
<console>Command: ##i##n ↵
+
Partition Number: ##i##↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##+32M ↵
+
Hex Code: ##i##EF02 ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
'''Create Partition 3''' (ZFS):
+
<console>Command: ##i##n ↵
+
Partition Number: ##i##↵
+
First sector: ##i##↵
+
Last sector: ##i##↵
+
Hex Code: ##i##bf00 ↵
+
 
+
Command: ##i##p ↵
+
 
+
Number  Start (sector)    End (sector)  Size      Code  Name
+
  1            2048          514047  250.0 MiB  8300  Linux filesystem
+
  2          514048          579583  32.0 MiB    EF02  BIOS boot partition
+
  3          579584      1953525134  931.2 GiB  BF00  Solaris root
+
 
+
Command: ##i##w ↵
+
</console>
+
 
+
 
+
=== Format your /boot partition ===
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkfs.ext2 -m 1 /dev/sda1
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Encryption (Optional) ===
+
If you want encryption, then create your encrypted vault(s) now by doing the following:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##cryptsetup luksFormat /dev/sda3
+
# ##i##cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda3 vault_1
+
</console>
+
 
+
{{fancywarning|On some machines, a combination of ZFS and LUKS has caused instability and system crashes.}}
+
 
+
=== Create the zpool ===
+
We will first create the pool. The pool will be named `tank` and the disk will be aligned to 4096 (using ashift=12)
+
<console># ##i##zpool create -f -o ashift=12 -o cachefile= -O compression=on -m none -R /mnt/funtoo tank /dev/sda3</console>
+
 
+
{{fancyimportant|If you are using encrypted root, change '''/dev/sda3 to /dev/mapper/vault_1'''.}}
+
 
+
{{fancynote|1=
+
If you have a previous pool that you would like to import, you can do a: <code>zpool import -f -R /mnt/funtoo pool_name</code>.}}
+
 
+
=== Create the zfs datasets ===
+
We will now create some datasets. For this installation, we will create a small but future proof amount of datasets. We will have a dataset for the OS (/), and your swap. We will also show you how to create some optional datasets: <tt>/home</tt>, <tt>/var</tt>, <tt>/usr/src</tt>, and <tt>/usr/portage</tt>.
+
 
+
<console>
+
Create some empty containers for organization purposes, and make the dataset that will hold /
+
# ##i##zfs create -p tank/funtoo
+
# ##i##zfs create -o mountpoint=/ tank/funtoo/root
+
 
+
Optional, but recommended datasets: /home
+
# ##i##zfs create -o mountpoint=/home tank/funtoo/home
+
 
+
Optional datasets: /usr/src, /usr/portage/{distfiles,packages}
+
# ##i##zfs create -o mountpoint=/usr/src tank/funtoo/src
+
# ##i##zfs create -o mountpoint=/usr/portage -o compression=off tank/funtoo/portage
+
# ##i##zfs create -o mountpoint=/usr/portage/distfiles tank/funtoo/portage/distfiles
+
# ##i##zfs create -o mountpoint=/usr/portage/packages tank/funtoo/portage/packages
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Create your swap zvol ===
+
For modern machines that have greater than 4 GB of RAM, A swap size of 2G should be enough. However if your machine doesn't have a lot of RAM, the rule of thumb is either 2x the RAM or RAM + 1 GB.
+
 
+
For this tutorial we will assume that it is a newer machine and make a 2 GB swap.
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##zfs create -o sync=always -o primarycache=metadata -o secondarycache=none -o volblocksize=4K -V 2G tank/swap
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Format your swap zvol ===
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mkswap -f /dev/zvol/tank/swap
+
# ##i##swapon /dev/zvol/tank/swap
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now we will continue to install funtoo.
+
 
+
== Installing Funtoo ==
+
 
+
=== Pre-Chroot ===
+
 
+
<console>
+
Go into the directory that you will chroot into
+
# ##i##cd /mnt/funtoo
+
 
+
Make a boot folder and mount your boot drive
+
# ##i##mkdir boot
+
# ##i##mount /dev/sda1 boot
+
</console>
+
 
+
[[Funtoo_Linux_Installation|Now download and extract the Funtoo stage3 ...]]
+
 
+
Once you've extracted the stage3, do a few more preparations and chroot into your new funtoo environment:
+
 
+
<console>
+
Bind the kernel related directories
+
# ##i##mount -t proc none proc
+
# ##i##mount --rbind /dev dev
+
# ##i##mount --rbind /sys sys
+
 
+
Copy network settings
+
# ##i##cp -f /etc/resolv.conf etc
+
 
+
Make the zfs folder in 'etc' and copy your zpool.cache
+
# ##i##mkdir etc/zfs
+
# ##i##cp /etc/zfs/zpool.cache etc/zfs
+
 
+
Chroot into Funtoo
+
# ##i##env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM chroot . bash -l
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== In Chroot ===
+
 
+
<console>
+
Create a symbolic link to your mountpoints
+
# ##i##ln -sf /proc/mounts /etc/mtab
+
 
+
Sync your tree
+
# ##i##emerge --sync
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Add filesystems to /etc/fstab ===
+
 
+
Before we continue to compile and or install our kernel in the next step, we will edit the <tt>/etc/fstab</tt> file because if we decide to install our kernel through portage, portage will need to know where our <tt>/boot</tt> is, so that it can place the files in there.
+
 
+
Edit <tt>/etc/fstab</tt>:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
# <fs>                  <mountpoint>    <type>          <opts>          <dump/pass>
+
 
+
/dev/sda1              /boot          ext2            defaults        0 2
+
/dev/zvol/tank/swap    none            swap            sw              0 0
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== Kernel Configuration ==
+
To speed up this step, you can install a pre-configured/compiled kernel called '''bliss-kernel'''. This kernel already has the correct configurations for ZFS and a variety of other scenarios. It's a vanilla kernel from kernel.org without any external patches.
+
 
+
To install {{Package|sys-kernel/bliss-kernel}} type the following:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge bliss-kernel
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now make sure that your <tt>/usr/src/linux symlink</tt> is pointing to this kernel by typing the following:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##eselect kernel list
+
Available kernel symlink targets:
+
[1]  linux-3.12.13-KS.02 *
+
</console>
+
 
+
You should see a star next to the version you installed. In this case it was 3.12.13-KS.02. If it's not set, you can type '''eselect kernel set #'''.
+
 
+
== Installing the ZFS userspace tools and kernel modules ==
+
Emerge {{Package|sys-fs/zfs}}. This package will bring in {{Package|sys-kernel/spl}}, and {{Package|sys-fs/zfs-kmod}} as its dependencies:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge zfs
+
</console>
+
 
+
Check to make sure that the zfs tools are working. The <code>zpool.cache</code> file that you copied before should be displayed.
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##zpool status
+
# ##i##zfs list
+
</console>
+
 
+
If everything worked, continue.
+
 
+
== Create the initramfs ==
+
There are two ways to do this, you can use "genkernel" or "bliss-initramfs". Both will be shown.
+
 
+
=== genkernel ===
+
Install genkernel and run it:
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge genkernel
+
 
+
You only need to add --luks if you used encryption
+
# ##i##genkernel --zfs --luks initramfs
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Bliss Initramfs Creator ===
+
If you are encrypting your drives, then add the "luks" use flag to your package.use before emerging:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##echo "sys-kernel/bliss-initramfs luks" >> /etc/portage/package.use
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now install the program and run it:
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge bliss-initramfs
+
 
+
You can either run it without any parameters to get an interactive menu
+
or you can pass the parameters directly. 1 = zfs, 6 = encrypted zfs, and the kernel name.
+
# ##i##bliss-initramfs 1 3.12.13-KS.02
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Moving into the correct location ===
+
Place the file that was generated by the above applications into either your /boot folder (If you are using boot-update) or into your /boot/kernels/3.12.13-KS.02 folder (If you are using bliss-boot). For bliss-boot, the file needs to be called 'initrd' rather than 'initrd-3.12.13-KS.02'.
+
 
+
==== boot-update ====
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mv initrd-3.12.13-KS.02 /boot
+
</console>
+
 
+
==== bliss-boot ====
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mv initrd-3.12.13-KS.02 /boot/kernels/3.12.13-KS.02/initrd
+
</console>
+
 
+
== Installing & Configuring the Bootloader ==
+
 
+
=== GRUB 2 (Optional if you are using another bootloader) ===
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge grub
+
</console>
+
 
+
You can check that grub is version 2.00 by typing the following command:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##grub-install --version
+
grub-install (GRUB) 2.00
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now install grub to the drive itself (not a partition):
+
<console>
+
# ##i##grub-install /dev/sda
+
</console>
+
 
+
You should receive the following message:
+
 
+
<console>
+
Installation finished. No error reported.
+
</console>
+
 
+
You should now see some a grub directory with some files inside your /boot folder:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##ls -l /boot/grub
+
total 2520
+
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    1024 Jan  4 16:09 grubenv
+
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    8192 Jan 12 14:29 i386-pc
+
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    4096 Jan 12 14:28 locale
+
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2555597 Feb  4 11:50 unifont.pf2
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Extlinux (Optional if you are using another bootloader) ===
+
To install extlinux, you can follow the guide here: [[Extlinux|Link to Extlinux Guide]].
+
 
+
=== LILO (Optional if you are using another bootloader) ===
+
To install lilo you can type the following:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge lilo
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== boot-update ===
+
boot-update comes as a dependency of grub2, so if you already installed grub, it's already on your system!
+
 
+
==== Genkernel ====
+
If your using genkernel you must add 'real_root=ZFS=<root>' and 'dozfs' to your params.
+
Example entry for <tt>/etc/boot.conf</tt>:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
"Funtoo ZFS" {
+
        kernel vmlinuz[-v]
+
        initrd initramfs-genkernel-x86_64[-v]
+
        params real_root=ZFS=tank/funtoo/root
+
        params += dozfs=force
+
        # Also add 'params += crypt_root=/dev/sda3' if you used encryption
+
        # Adjust the above setting to your system if needed
+
 
+
        # You should also add 'root=none' to your params (not 'params +=') if you plan to use it along with boot-update
+
        # If root variable will not be set, boot-update will fail to generate boot.conf
+
        # This is right for <=sys-boot/boot-update-1.6.11 on 16.08.2014 date
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
==== Bliss Initramfs Creator ====
+
If you used Bliss Initramfs Creator then all you need to do is add 'root=<root>' to your params.
+
Example entry for <tt>/etc/boot.conf</tt>:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
"Funtoo ZFS" {
+
        kernel vmlinuz[-v]
+
        initrd initrd[-v]
+
        params root=tank/funtoo/root quiet
+
        # If you have an encrypted device with a regular passphrase,
+
        # you can add the following line
+
        params += enc_root=/dev/sda3 enc_type=pass
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
After editing /etc/boot.conf, you just need to run boot-update to update grub.cfg
+
 
+
<console>
+
###i## boot-update
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== bliss-boot ===
+
This is a new program that is designed to generate a simple, human-readable/editable, configuration file for a variety of bootloaders. It currently supports grub2, extlinux, and lilo.
+
 
+
You can install it via the following command:
+
<console>
+
# ##i##emerge bliss-boot
+
</console>
+
 
+
==== Bootloader Configuration ====
+
In order to generate our bootloader configuration file, we will first configure bliss-boot so that it knows what we want. The 'bliss-boot' configuration file is located in '''/etc/bliss-boot/conf.py'''. Open that file and make sure that the following variables are set appropriately:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
# This should be set to the bootloader you installed earlier: (grub2, extlinux, and lilo are the available options)
+
bootloader = "grub2"
+
 
+
# This should be set to the kernel you installed earlier
+
default = "3.12.13-KS.02"
+
</pre>
+
 
+
Scroll all the way down until you find 'kernels'. You will need to add the kernels and the options
+
you want for these kernels here. Below are a few configuration options depending if you are using
+
'''bliss-initramfs''' or '''genkernel'''.
+
 
+
===== Genkernel =====
+
 
+
<pre>
+
kernel = {
+
    '3.12.13-KS.02' : 'real_root=ZFS=tank/funtoo/root dozfs=force quiet',
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
'''If you are using encryption you can add the crypt_root option:'''
+
 
+
<pre>
+
kernel = {
+
    '3.12.13-KS.02' : 'real_root=ZFS=tank/funtoo/root dozfs=force crypt_root=/dev/sda3 quiet',
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
===== Bliss Initramfs Creator =====
+
<pre>
+
kernel = {
+
    '3.12.13-KS.02' : 'root=tank/funtoo/root quiet',
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
'''If you are using encryption then you would let the initramfs know:'''
+
 
+
#"What type of encryption authentication you want to use? ('''enc_type=''')
+
::* pass = will ask for passphrase directly
+
::* key = a plain unencrypted key file
+
::* key_gpg = an encrypted key file
+
#"Where is the encrypted drive?" ('''enc_root=''')
+
#"Where is the root pool after it has been decrypted?" ('''root=''')
+
 
+
<pre>
+
kernel = {
+
    '3.12.13-KS.02' : 'root=tank/funtoo/root enc_root=/dev/sda3 enc_type=pass quiet',
+
}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
==== Generate the configuration ====
+
Now that we have configure our '''/etc/bliss-boot/conf.py''' file, we can generate our config. Simply run the following command:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##bliss-boot
+
</console>
+
 
+
This will generate a configuration file for the bootloader you specified previously in your current directory. You can check your config file before hand to make sure it doesn't have any errors. Simply open either: grub.cfg, extlinux.conf, or lilo.conf.
+
 
+
Once you have checked it for errors, place this file in the correct directory:
+
 
+
* grub2 = /boot/grub/
+
* extlinux = /boot/extlinux/
+
* lilo = /etc/lilo.conf
+
 
+
=== LILO (Optional if you are using another bootloader) ===
+
Now that bliss-boot generated the lilo.conf file, move that config file to its appropriate location
+
and install lilo to the MBR:
+
 
+
<console>
+
# ##i##mv lilo.conf /etc
+
# ##i##lilo
+
 
+
You should see the following:
+
 
+
Warning: LBA32 addressing assumed
+
Added Funtoo + *
+
One warning was issued
+
</console>
+
 
+
== Final configuration ==
+
=== Add the zfs tools to openrc ===
+
<console># ##i##rc-update add zfs boot</console>
+
 
+
=== Clean up and reboot ===
+
We are almost done, we are just going to clean up, '''set our root password''', and unmount whatever we mounted and get out.
+
 
+
<console>
+
Delete the stage3 tarball that you downloaded earlier so it doesn't take up space.
+
# ##i##cd /
+
# ##i##rm stage3-latest.tar.xz
+
 
+
Set your root password
+
# ##i##passwd
+
>> Enter your password, you won't see what you are writing (for security reasons), but it is there!
+
 
+
Get out of the chroot environment
+
# ##i##exit
+
 
+
Unmount all the kernel filesystem stuff and boot (if you have a separate /boot)
+
# ##i##umount -l proc dev sys boot
+
 
+
Turn off the swap
+
# ##i##swapoff /dev/zvol/tank/swap
+
 
+
Export the zpool
+
# ##i##cd /
+
# ##i##zpool export tank
+
 
+
Reboot
+
# ##i##reboot
+
</console>
+
 
+
{{fancyimportant|'''Don't forget to set your root password as stated above before exiting chroot and rebooting. If you don't set the root password, you won't be able to log into your new system.'''}}
+
 
+
and that should be enough to get your system to boot on ZFS.
+
 
+
== After reboot ==
+
 
+
=== Forgot to reset password? ===
+
==== System Rescue CD ====
+
If you aren't using bliss-initramfs, then you can reboot back into your sysresccd and reset through there by mounting your drive, chrooting, and then typing passwd.
+
 
+
Example:
+
<console>
+
# ##i##zpool import -f -R /mnt/funtoo tank
+
# ##i##chroot /mnt/funtoo bash -l
+
# ##i##passwd
+
# ##i##exit
+
# ##i##zpool export -f tank
+
# ##i##reboot
+
</console>
+
 
+
==== Using bliss-initramfs ====
+
If you forgot to reset your password and are using '''bliss-initramfs''', you can add the '''su''' option to your bootloader parameters and the initramfs will throw you into the rootfs of your drive. In there you can run 'passwd' and then type 'exit'. Once you type 'exit', the initramfs will continue to boot your system as normal.
+
 
+
=== Create initial ZFS Snapshot ===
+
Continue to set up anything you need in terms of /etc configurations. Once you have everything the way you like it, take a snapshot of your system. You will be using this snapshot to revert back to this state if anything ever happens to your system down the road. The snapshots are cheap, and almost instant.
+
 
+
To take the snapshot of your system, type the following:
+
<console># ##i##zfs snapshot -r tank@install</console>
+
 
+
To see if your snapshot was taken, type:
+
<console># ##i##zfs list -t snapshot</console>
+
 
+
If your machine ever fails and you need to get back to this state, just type (This will only revert your / dataset while keeping the rest of your data intact):
+
<console># ##i##zfs rollback tank/funtoo/root@install</console>
+
 
+
{{fancyimportant|'''For a detailed overview, presentation of ZFS' capabilities, as well as usage examples, please refer to the [[ZFS_Fun|ZFS Fun]] page.'''}}
+
 
+
== Troubleshooting ==
+
 
+
=== Starting from scratch ===
+
If your installation has gotten screwed up for whatever reason and you need a fresh restart, you can do the following from sysresccd to start fresh:
+
 
+
<console>
+
Destroy the pool and any snapshots and datasets it has
+
# ##i##zpool destroy -R -f tank
+
 
+
This deletes the files from /dev/sda1 so that even after we zap, recreating the drive in the exact sector
+
position and size will not give us access to the old files in this partition.
+
# ##i##mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda1
+
# ##i##sgdisk -Z /dev/sda
+
</console>
+
 
+
Now start the guide again :).
+
 
+
[[Category:HOWTO]]
+
[[Category:Filesystems]]
+
[[Category:Featured]]
+
[[Category:Install]]
+
  
 
__NOTITLE__
 
__NOTITLE__
 +
__NOEDITSECTION__
 +
{{#subobject:|slideIndex=0|slideCaption=|slideImage=/slideshow/13972219722_aa48a588c1_c.jpg}}
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=1|slideCaption=|slideImage=/slideshow/14409383560_8a19a9b3d9_c.jpg}}

Revision as of 03:57, September 21, 2014

Welcome to Funtoo Linux

Funtoo Linux is a Linux-based operating system that is a variant of Gentoo Linux. Funtoo Linux is:

  • ...fun! Our priority is to create a great, supportive and responsive user community.
  • ...user-centric and collaborative. Everyone is considered a user of Funtoo, first and foremost. You don't need any special privileges to collaborate with us.
  • ...production-oriented: Our goal is to have Funtoo be useful for real-world tasks. We use Funtoo to do stuff, like host our infrastructure. It needs to work.
  • ...creative: We seek creative, elegant and maintainable solutions to problems of all kinds.

View the Funtoo Linux FAQ for answers to common questions.

Resources

Important

Support Funtoo to help our project grow! Donate $15 per month and get a free Funtoo Virtual Container.

Our community has a number of excellent resources for communication and collaboration:

Getting Started

We encourage you to install Funtoo Linux, and get involved in our user community. Get to know fellow Funtoo Linux users on our forums. If you have any improvements or find any bugs in Funtoo Linux, you are strongly encouraged to report them on our bug tracker. We take all bugs seriously, and all work performed on Funtoo Linux is tracked on our bug tracker, for purposes of transparency.

Funtoo Linux has a very active IRC community on Freenode, in the #funtoo channel, and you are encouraged to hang out online with us.

Project Structure

Funtoo Linux is led by Daniel Robbins, the creator and former Chief Architect of Gentoo Linux, who serves as benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) of the project. Our organizational structure consists of BDFL and a small number of support staff, as well as members of our user community who are involved in improving Funtoo Linux. Development efforts are driven by the BDFL as well as our users, and efforts are under way to implement various mechanisms to allow supporters of Funtoo Linux to chart the future direction of the project.

Learn more about Funtoo Linux's staff and development vision.

Distinctives

Funtoo Linux packages are installed from source code, automatically, thanks to the Portage ports system., inspired by the FreeBSD ports system, but written in Python and with full advanced package management functionality. Funtoo Linux is a meta-distribution, which means it is built (fully automatically) with the functionality and optimizations that you want, not what some distro maintainer thought was best for you.

We use Git for all our development, and we also use Git to deliver our ports tree to you.

In contrast to Gentoo Linux, we offer a number of innovations, including our extensive use of git, our profile system, boot-update boot management tool, our incredibly flexible template-based networking scripts, Metro distribution build system, support of Debian, RHEL and other kernels, enhanced Python support, Portage mini-manifests, user-centric distribution model, and a large number of community infrastructure improvements.

Help Document Ebuilds!

We need help adding documentation for ebuilds to our wiki. See below for a list of pages:

This page lists all ebuilds with pages on the Funtoo Linux wiki.

    
389 Directory Servernet-nds/389-ds-baseThis is the core part of 389 Directory Server -- technically, all you need for an LDAP deployment, although many will want to install 389-ds-admin for the graphical management capabilities, too.
389 Directory Server Admin Servernet-nds/389-adminThe 389 Directory Server Admin Server is an Apache-based application server that can optionally be deployed alongside 389 Directory Server. It allows for remote Java-based management of your 389 Directory Server deployment.
389 Directory Server AdminUtildev-libs/389-adminutilAdminUtil is a set of utility functions written in C, and a dependency of 389 Directory Server.
389 Directory Server Consoleapp-admin/389-ds-consoleThis is the Java-based remote management console that is used for managing 389 Directory Server (administration as well as the server app itself.)
ACPI Daemonsys-power/acpidDaemon for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
AMD Catalyst Video Driversx11-drivers/ati-driversAccelerated ATI/AMD binary drivers for Radeon HD 5000 and newer chipsets.
APC UPS Daemonsys-power/apcupsdAPC UPS daemon with integrated network-based remote shutdown
Apachewww-servers/apacheThe Apache Web Server
Apache-toolsapp-admin/apache-toolsUseful Apache tools - htdigest, htpasswd, ab, htdbm
Ardourmedia-sound/ardourArdour is a fully featured audio and MIDI multi-track recording and editing digital audio workstation.
Audacious Music Playermedia-sound/audaciousAudacious is a lightweight GTK-based music player which supports many formats. It does not use the library concept but rather playlists for managing your music.
Awesome (Window Manager)x11-wm/awesomeA dynamic floating and tiling window manager.
BSF Bean Scripting Frameworkdev-java/bsfA framework that allows many scripting languages to be plugged into a Java application.
Baselayoutsys-apps/baselayoutFilesystem baselayout, initscripts and /sbin/realdev command
Bashapp-shells/bashThe standard GNU Bourne-again shell.
Bash completionapp-shells/bash-completionBash tab-completion
Batikdev-java/batikJava-based SVG toolkit.
Bitwig Studiomedia-sound/bitwig-studioMusic production and performance system
Blendermedia-gfx/blender3D Creation/Animation/Publishing System
Boodev-lang/booA wrist-friendly language for the CLI.
Boot-Updatesys-boot/boot-updateFuntoo Core Boot Framework for global boot loader configuration
Boot-Update/pt-brsys-boot/boot-updateFuntoo Core Boot Framework for global boot loader configuration
CA Certificatesapp-misc/ca-certificatesThis package contains SSL certificates in PEM format that are used to validate the authenticity of remote systems, using the certificate authority system.
CCachedev-util/ccacheCCACHE is an application that caches compilation results and reuses it in future compilations in order to achieve faster compile times.
Chromiumwww-client/chromiumChromium is the Open Source Web browser that serves as the foundation for Google Chrome.
Chronynet-misc/chronyChrony is a pair of programs (chronyd and chronyc) which are used to maintain the accuracy of the system clock on a computer. chronyd has been specifically written to work well for systems which have only an intermittent (e.g. dial-up) connection to the network where the NTP servers are. It still works well in a "permanently connected" mode.
Comptonx11-miscA compositor for X.
Cx Oracledev-python/cx-oraclePython interface to Oracle.
Dashapp-shells/dashDASH is a direct descendant of the NetBSD version of ash (the Almquist SHell) and is POSIX compliant
Dbussys-apps/dbusA message bus ystem, a simple way for applications to talk to each other
DeaDBeeFmedia-sound/deadbeefA foobar2000-like music player
Dictd Moby Thesaurusapp-dicts/dictd-moby-thesaurusThis package contains the Moby Thesaurus, produced as part of the Moby Project. It is designed to work with dictd dictionary server.
Dirvish Backupapp-backup/dirvishSimple text-based configuration backup program composed of perl wrappers and using ssh and rsync
Dovecotnet-mail/dovecotAn IMAP and POP3 server written with security primarily in mind
Drbdsys-cluster/drbdmirror/replicate block-devices across a network-connection: This is the user space tools to control, configure the DRBD driver, as well as integration programs and scripts that glues the DRBD system to cluster management software and other system components.
Drupalwww-apps/drupalPHP-based open-source platform and content management system
Dwmx11-wm/dwmdwm is extremely fast and lightweight window manager. It manages windows in tiled, floating and monocle layouts.
Eclipsedev-util/eclipse-sdk-binA powerful integrated development environment (IDE) written in Java.
Eixapp-portage/eixA command to search and query ebuilds, portage including local settings, overlays, version changes, and more.
Eselectapp-admin/eselectThis is Gentoo's multi-purpose management and configuration tool. The Funtoo version has been enhanced to support Funtoo's enhanced profile system.
Eselect (Java)app-admin/eselect-javaEselect (Java) is a Java module for eselect that is used to set the system JRE/JVM on Funtoo Linux systems.
Eselect (Jython)app-admin/eselect-jythonAn eselect module to manage the active system Jython implementation.
Eselect (OpenGL)app-admin/eselect-openglA Gentoo/Funtoo utility that allows the active OpenGL implementation on a system to be switched between a variety of installed options.
Eselect (Ruby)app-admin/eselect-rubyThis eselect module manages the active system implmentation of Ruby.
Eselect (Sh)app-admin/eselect-shThis eselect module manages the /bin/sh (POSIX shell) symlink.
Ethtoolsys-apps/ethtoolUtility for examining and tuning ethernet-based network interfaces
Fehmedia-gfx/fehA fast, lightweight imageviewer using imlib2
FreeMarkerdev-java/freemarkerFreeMarker is a template engine; a generic tool to generate text output based on templates.
GDMgnome-base/gdmGNOME Display Manager for managing graphical display servers and user logins
Genlopapp-portage/genlopA nice emerge.log parser.
Gentoo Syntax (Vim)app-vim/gentoo-syntaxA vim plugin that provides Funtoo ebuild, eclass, GLEP, ChangeLog and Portage file syntax highlighting, filetype and indent settings.
Gentoolkitapp-portage/gentoolkitCollection of administration scripts for funtoo
Gexiv2media-libs/gexiv2GObject-based wrapper around the Exiv2 library.
Ghost (Blogging Platform)www-apps/ghostGhost allows you to write and publish your own blog, giving you the tools to make it easy and even fun to do.
Gitdev-vcs/gitGIT - the stupid content tracker, the revision control system heavily used by the Linux kernel team
Git Subtreedev-vcs/git-subtreeAn experimental alternative to the git-submodule command. Merges and splits subtrees from your project into subprojects and back.
Gnome-sudokugames-puzzle/gnome-sudokuTest your logic skills in this number grid puzzle
Gnupgapp-crypt/gnupgThe GNU Privacy Guard, a GPL pgp replacement
Guiledev-scheme/guileGNU Ubiquitous Intelligent Language for Extensions.
Gzipapp-arch/gzipGzip is the standard GNU compressor/decompressor, used to create and expand .gz archives.
Hydrogenmedia-sound/hydrogenA high quality drum synthesizer and sequencer.
I3 (Window Manager)x11-wm/i3An improved dynamic tiling window manager
IBus Pinyinapp-i18n/ibus-pinyinChinese PinYin IMEngine for IBus Framework
IBus Tableapp-i18n/ibus-tableThe Table Engine for IBus Framework
Iproute2sys-apps/iproute2kernel routing and traffic control utilities
Iptablesnet-firewall/iptablesLinux kernel (2.4+) firewall, NAT and packet mangling tools
Irssinet-irc/irssiA modular textUI IRC client with IPv6 support.
JACK Audio Connection Kitmedia-sound/jack-audio-connection-kitA sophisticated audio routing and mixing application.
JSS (Network Security Services for Java)dev-java/jssNetwork Security Services for Java (JSS) is a Java interface to NSS.
Java SE Development Kit (JDK)dev-java/oracle-jdk-binOracle's Java SE Development Kit -- Java runtime, compiler, etc.
Java SE Runtime Environment (JRE)dev-java/oracle-jre-binOracle's Java SE Runtime Environment (JRE) - For running Java applications.
Jythondev-java/jythonAn implementation of Python written in Java.
KDE (metapackage)kde-base/kde-metaKDE - merge this to pull in all split kde-base/* packages
Keychainnet-misc/keychainKeychain helps you to manage ssh and GPG keys in a convenient and secure manner. It acts as a frontend to ssh-agent and ssh-add, but allows you to easily have one long running ssh-agent process per system, rather than the norm of one ssh-agent per login session.
LXCapp-emulation/lxcThe LXC package implements command-line, user-space utilities that allow you to use the Linux kernel's linux container functionality.
Lanmapnet-misc/lanmaplanmap sits quietly on a network and builds a picture of what it sees
Laymanapp-portage/laymanTool to manage Gentoo overlays
Lib usersapp-admin/lib_usersChecks /proc for libraries being mapped but marked as deleted
Libdc1394media-libs/libdc1394Library to interface with IEEE 1394 cameras following the IIDC specification.
Libgcryptdev-libs/libgcryptLibgcrypt is a general-purpose cryptographic library.
Libgcrypt (Compatibility Libraries)dev-libs/libgcrypt-compatLibgcrypt is a general purpose cryptographic library. This version of Libgcrypt is is designed to sit alongside an existing libgcrypt install, and just provide compatibility libs for apps that require an older libgcrypt.
Libgpg-Errordev-libs/libgpg-errorContains error handling functions used by GnuPG software.
Libmediascanmedia-libs/libmediascanC library for scanning audio/video/image file metadata.
Lightdmx11-misc/lightdmA lightweight display manager
Lighttpdwww-servers/lighttpdlighttpd a secure, fast, compliant and very flexible web-server which has been optimized for high-performance environments. It has a very low memory footprint compared to other webservers and takes care of cpu-load. Its advanced feature-set (FastCGI, CGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) make lighttpd the perfect webserver-software for every server that is suffering load problems.
Lilosys-boot/liloStandard Linux boot loader
Linuxsamplermedia-sound/linuxsamplerLinuxSampler is a software audio sampler engine with professional grade features.
Lmmsmedia-sound/lmmsLMMS is a cross-platform software for music production.
Luadev-lang/luaA powerful light-weight programming language designed for extending applications
Luasecdev-lua/luasecLua binding for OpenSSL library to provide TLS/SSL communication.
Macchangernet-analyzer/macchangerUtility for viewing/manipulating the MAC address of network interfaces
Mantisbtwww-apps/mantisbtPHP/MySQL/Web based bugtracking system
MariaDBdev-db/mariadbAn enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL
Media-player-infoapp-misc/media-player-infomedia-player-info is a repository of data files describing media player capabilities, mostly of mass-storage devices. These files contain information about the directory layout to use to add music to these devices, the supported file formats and so on.
MediaWikiwww-apps/mediawiki
Mesa 3D Graphics Librarymedia-libs/mesaAn Open Source implementation of the OpenGL specification
Metalogapp-admin/metalogMetalog is a light-weight and highly configurable system log daemon.
Minitubemedia-video/minitubeQt4 YouTube Client
MongoEnginedev-python/mongoengineA Python Object-Document-Mapper for working with MongoDB.
Monitapp-admin/monita utility for monitoring and managing daemons or similar programs running on a Unix system.
Monodev-lang/monoMono runtime and class libraries, a C# compiler/interpreter
Moshnet-misc/moshA replacement for SSH that is resilient to intermittent network connections, and supports roaming (changing) network connections.
Mozilla LDAP C SDKdev-libs/mozldapThis is the Mozilla LDAP SDK in the C language.
Mozilla LDAP Java SDKdev-java/ldapsdkThe Mozilla LDAP SDKs enable you to write applications which access, manage, and update the information stored in an LDAP directory.
Mpdmedia-sound/mpdThe Music Player Daemon (mpd)
Mpvmedia-video/mpvVideo player based on MPlayer/mplayer2.
Muttmail-client/muttMutt is a popular mail reader for Linux systems.
MySQLdev-db/mysqlMySQL is a fast, multi-threaded, multi-user SQL database server.
NVIDIA Linux Display Driversx11-drivers/nvidia-driversNVIDIA accelerated graphics driver
Ncmpcppmedia-sound/ncmpcppFeatureful ncurses based MPD client inspired by ncmpc
Net-toolssys-apps/net-toolsStandard Linux networking tools
NetworkManagernet-misc/networkmanagerUniversal network configuration daemon for laptops, desktops, servers and virtualization hosts
Nginxwww-servers/nginxRobust, small and high performance HTTP and reverse proxy server
Nouveau Video Drivers (Open Source)x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveauThe Nouveau video drivers are Open Source drivers providing 2D and 3D accelerated graphics for nVidia cards. Nouveau consists of the X.Org DDX driver (x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveau), Linux kernel KMS driver (nouveau), and Gallium3D drivers in Mesa (media-libs/mesa).
Ntpnet-misc/ntpNetwork Time Protocol suite/programs
Open Sound System (OSS)media-sound/ossA portable, mixing-capable, high quality sound system for Unix.
OpenRCsys-apps/openrcOpenRC manages the services, startup and shutdown of a host.
OpenSSHnet-misc/opensshPort of OpenBSD's free SSH release
OpenSSLdev-libs/opensslFull-strength general purpose cryptography library (including SSL and TLS.)
PAM basesys-auth/pambaseBase configuration files for different PAM implementations
PHPdev-lang/phpThe PHP language runtime engine: CLI, CGI, FPM/FastCGI, Apache2 and embed SAPIs
Passapp-admin/passPass is a password manager following the Unix philosophy.
Perldev-lang/perlLarry Wall's Practical Extraction and Report Language.
Pianobarmedia-sound/pianobarPianobar is a console client for the personalized web radio Pandora.
Piwikwww-apps/piwikPiwik is a downloadable, open source (GPL licensed) real time web analytics software program.
Plex Media Servermedia-tv/plex-media-serverPlex Media Server is a free media library that is intended for use with a plex client available for OS X, iOS, Android and various other devices.
Portage (Funtoo)sys-apps/portageThis is the official package manager/ports system for Funtoo Linux.
Portage-Utilsapp-portage/portage-utilsSmall and fast Portage helper tools written in C.
Postfixmail-mta/postfixA fast and secure drop-in replacement for sendmail.
Profanitynet-im/profanityNcurses based jabber client inspired by irssi
Proftpdnet-ftp/proftpdAn advanced and very configurable FTP server.
ProjectLibreapp-office/projectlibre-binAn Open Source replacement for Microsoft Project.
Pyzydev-libs/pyzyThe Chinese PinYin and Bopomofo conversion library.
Qjackctlmedia-sound/qjackctlA Qt application to control the JACK Audio Connection Kit and ALSA sequencer connections.
Qsamplermedia-sound/qsamplerQSampler is a graphical frontend to the LinuxSampler engine.
Qsynthmedia-sound/qsynthA Qt application to control FluidSynth
Qtcoredev-qt/qtcoreCross-platform application development framework
Qtractormedia-sound/qtractorAn Audio/MIDI multi-track sequencer
Quodlibetmedia-sound/quodlibetAn audio library tagger, manager, and player for GTK+
Radeon Video Driversx11-drivers/xf86-video-atiOpen source drivers for AMD video cards.
Renoisemedia-sound/renoiseRenoise is a Digital Audio Workstation with a unique top-down approach to music composition known as a tracker interface
Renoise (Demo)media-sound/renoise-demoRenoise is a Digital Audio Workstation with a unique top-down approach to music composition known as a tracker interface
Rsnapshotapp-backup/rsnapshotA filesystem backup utility based on rsync which implements space-efficient incremental backups using hard-links.
Rsyncnet-misc/rsyncRsync is a very fast file copying tool that has been optimized to synchronize files efficiently over a network connection.
Rubydev-lang/rubyCentralized Ruby extension management system
SACD-Extractapp-cdr/sacd-extractPart of SACD-ripper, sacd-extract allows you to extract DSD data from SACD ISO files.
Saltapp-admin/saltSalt is a remote execution and configuration manager, written in Python.
Sgmllibdev-python/sgmllibPort of sgmllib to python-3 (already part of python-2) - python2 versions will not install any files.
Slimx11-misc/slimSimple Login Manager
Smdevsys-fs/smdevsmdev is a device manager for the Linux kernel. It manages device nodes in the /dev directory.
Spectrwmx11-wm/spectrwmA small, dynamic tiling window manager for X11.
Squeezelitemedia-sound/squeezeliteSqueezelite is a small headless Squeezebox emulator for Linux using ALSA audio output.
Squidnet-proxy/squid
Sshfs-fusesys-fs/sshfs-fuseFuse-filesystem utilizing the sftp service
Sshguardapp-admin/sshguardprotects hosts from brute force attacks against ssh
Sublime Text Editorapp-editors/sublime-textSublime Text is an advanced commercial text editor.
Sudoapp-admin/sudoAllows users or groups to run commands as other users
Synapticsx11-drivers/xf86-input-synapticsDriver for Synaptics touchpads
Tenginewww-servers/tengineRobust, small and high performance http and reverse proxy server
Tmuxapp-misc/tmuxTerminal multiplexer
Unetbootinsys-boot/unetbootinUniversal Netboot Installer creates Live USB systems for various OS distributions
Valgrinddev-util/valgrindAn Open Source memory debugger for GNU/Linux.
Vanilla Sourcessys-kernel/vanilla-sourcesThe vanilla sources are the pure, unadulterated kernel sources as release by Linus Torvalds himself. No additional patches are applied.
Varnishwww-servers/varnishVarnish is a state-of-the-art, high-performance HTTP accelerator
Vifmapp-misc/vifmConsole file manager with vi(m)-like keybindings
Vimapp-editors/vimVim is an improved, vi-style text editor with many features.
VirtualBoxapp-emulation/virtualboxA desktop virtualization package from Oracle Corporation that allows you to run a guest operating system (Linux, Windows or other) on your Linux system.
Vlockapp-misc/vlockA console screen locker
Vsftpdnet-ftp/vsftpdVery Secure FTP Daemon written with speed, size and security in mind.
WPA Supplicantnet-wireless/wpa_supplicantwpa_supplicant is a cross-platform supplicant with support for open, WEP, WPA and WPA2. It handles scanning, connection and automatic reconnect to access points. wpa_supplicant has wpa_cli and wpa_gui frontends and wpa_supplicant daemon.
Warsowgames-fps/warsowWarsow is completely free fast-paced first-person shooter. It's based upon Qfusion, an advanced modification of Quake II engine.
Wgetpasteapp-text/wgetpasteCommand-line interface to various pastebins
Whenjobssys-process/whenjobsA cron daemon replacement that is powerful, yet simple.
Whiskermenuxfce-extra/xfce4-whiskermenu-pluginThis package installs the Whiskermenu plugin for xfce4, which serves as an alternative to the default application menu.
Wordpresswww-apps/wordpressWordpress php and mysql based content management system (CMS)
XDM (Display Manager)x11-apps/xdmX.Org xdm application
Xcachedev-php/xcacheA fast and stable PHP opcode cacher
Zsh-Completionapp-shells/zsh-completionProgrammable Completion for zsh (includes emerge and ebuild commands.)
ZynAddSubFXmedia-sound/zynaddsubfxZynAddSubFX is an open source software synthesizer. It includes three hybrid synth engines that combine additive, subtractive, fourier and other synthesis methods, and is available as a standalone, LV2 and DSSI plugin.

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