Difference between pages "Uvesafb" and "PXE Network Windows Installation"

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(Bootloader configuration)
 
(Creating a Setup Instruction File)
 
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== ''How to'' : Framebuffer: Userspace VESA VGA graphics support ==
+
''Howto use your Funtoo machine to serve a MS Windows installation over the network''
Uvesafb is an improved framebuffer driver for Linux systems with some enhancements compared to vesa.  
+
In this guide we will assume that you have followed the [[PXE network boot server]] Wiki article and have a working network/pxe boot setup. As of now this guide will cover Windows XP. Soon it will be expanded to also cover Windows 7.
=Kernel configuration=
+
==Prerequisites==
 +
#A working Funtoo installation
 +
#A working PXE Setup (DHCP, TFTP, PXELinux)
 +
#app-arch/cabextract
 +
#A legitimate copy of Microsoft Windows
 +
#Driver for your NIC - ''Suggested to use a complete driver pack with all major supported NIC hardware for the version of Windows to be installed.''
 +
#RIS Linux toolkit >=0.4
 +
#A working Samba server setup
  
{{Kernelop
+
== Creating the Windows XP Image ==
| <br> |<pre>
+
Device Drivers ->
+
    <*> Connector - unified userspace <-> kernelspace linker  --->
+
    Graphics support ->
+
        [*] Support for frame buffer devices  --->
+
            [*] Enable firmware EDID
+
            Console display driver support ->
+
                [*] Video mode selection support
+
                [*] Video mode handling helpers
+
            Frame buffer hardware drivers
+
            [*] Userspace VESA VGA graphics support
+
</pre>}}
+
  
Build the kernel, do not install the kernel and modules. Note, that you can choose uvesafb as module, unlike vesa.
+
*In the previous guide, [http://www.funtoo.org/wiki/PXE_network_boot_server PXE Network Boot Server], we used /tftproot as the working directory so we will also use it in this guide for convenience. If you chose to use a different working directory then please apply it where needed in place of the /tftproot we will be going by here.
  
== Klibc ==
+
First you will need to create an ISO from your Windows XP installation disc. If you already have the ISO image you may skip this step.
  
Next, we emerge {{Package|dev-libs/klibc}}:
 
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## emerge -av klibc
+
###i## dd if=/dev/sr0 of=/tftproot/winxp.iso
 
</console>
 
</console>
This step is necessary because klibc has to be compiled against a kernel that includes uvesafb. You need to do it only once.
+
If your cdrom device isn't ''<code>/dev/sr0</code>'' please use the appropriate device in this command.
  
== v86d ==
+
== Mount the ISO and Prepare Installation Sources ==
{{Package|sys-apps/v86d}} is the userspace helper that runs x86 code in emulated environment. Uvesafb will not work without v86d. Now, we emerge <code>v86d</code>:
+
Mount the image to ''<code>/tftproot/cdrom</code>'':  
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## emerge -av v86d
+
###i## mkdir /tftproot/cdrom; mount -o loop /tftproot/winxp.iso /tftproot/cdrom
 +
</console>
 +
Create the new directory for the network installation files and copy the needed files to it:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## mkdir /tftproot/winxp; cp -R /tftproot/cdrom/i386 /tftproot/winxp/i386
 +
</console>
 +
Depending on your CD/DVD copy of windows the directory name may be I386 as opposed to i386, if that is the case you will just need to change the first part of the command, keeping the new directory name i386 - this is going to be very important later on when creating the remap file!
 +
Check the contents of your newly created i386 directory to see if the filenames are in all CAPS or if they are already in lowercase.
 +
<console>
 +
###i## ls /tftproot/winxp/i386
 +
</console>
 +
If you happen to have all UPPERCASE filenames, lets go ahead and run a script to convert it to all lowercase:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cd /tftproot/winxp/i386;ls | awk '$0!=tolower($0){printf "mv \"%s\" \"%s\"\n",$0,tolower($0)}' | sh
 
</console>
 
</console>
  
== Back to kernel configuration ==
+
==Extracting and Modifying the Required Boot Files ==
Reconfigure the kernel:
+
Install {{Package|app-arch/cabextract}}
{{Kernelop
+
<console>
| <br> |<pre>
+
###i## emerge -av app-arch/cabextract
General Setup->
+
</console>
(*)Initial RAM filesystem and RAM disk (initramfs/initrd) support
+
Extract the prepackaged drivers:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cd /tftproot/winxp/i386;cabextract driver.cab
 +
</console>
 +
Install support for a large list of network cards:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cd /tftproot/;wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/bootfloppy/pxefiles.tar.gz
 +
###i## tar zxvf pxefiles.tar.gz; cp pxefiles/drivers/* winxp/i386/
 +
</console>
 +
Copy the BINLSRV /INFParser tools to /tftproot:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cp pxefiles/script/* /tftproot/
 +
</console>
 +
Extract the netboot startrom:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cd /tftproot; cabextract winxp/i386/startrom.n1_
 +
</console>
 +
Fix the startrom for netbooting xp:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## sed -i -e 's/NTLDR/XPLDR/gi' startrom.n12
 +
###i## mv startrom.n12 winxp.0
 +
</console>
 +
Fix XPLDR:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cabextract winxp/i386/setupldr.ex_
 +
###i## sed -i -e 's/winnt\.sif/winxp\.sif/gi' setupldr.exe
 +
###i## sed -i -e 's/ntdetect\.com/ntdetect\.wxp/gi' setupldr.exe
 +
###i## mv setupldr.exe xpldr
 +
###i## cp winxp/i386/ntdetect.com ntdetect.wxp
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
== Creating a remapping file ==
 +
Create the file <code>/tftproot/tftpd.remap</code> and add the following to it:
 +
{{File
 +
|/tftproot/tftpd.remap|<pre>
 +
ri ^[az]: # Remove “drive letters”
 +
rg \\ / # Convert backslashes to slashes
 +
rg \# @ # Convert hash marks to @ signs
 +
rg /../ /..no../ # Convert /../ to /..no../
 +
rg A a
 +
rg B b
 +
rg C c
 +
rg D d
 +
rg E e
 +
rg F f
 +
rg G g
 +
rg H h
 +
rg I i
 +
rg J j
 +
rg K k
 +
rg L l
 +
rg M m
 +
rg N n
 +
rg O o
 +
rg P p
 +
rg Q q
 +
rg R r
 +
rg S s
 +
rg T t
 +
rg U u
 +
rg V v
 +
rg W w
 +
rg X x
 +
rg Y y
 +
rg Z z
 +
r ^/(.*) \1
 +
r ^xpldr xpldr
 +
r ^ntdetect.wxp ntdetect.wxp
 +
r ^winxp.sif winxp.sif
 
</pre>}}
 
</pre>}}
Rebuild the kernel: make and install it, install the modules
 
  
=Bootloader configuration=
+
==Install/Configure Samba ==
add <code>video=uvesafb:1440x900-32,mtrr:3,ywrap</code> (or similar) to your kernel command line, like in example <code>boot.conf</code>
+
If you don't already have {{Package|net-fs/samba}} installed, then:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## emerge -av net-fs/samba
 +
</console>
 +
Create a Samba share for your tftp server in <code>/etc/samba/smb.conf</code>
  
<pre>boot {
+
{{Note}} Be sure you have the other required samba settings configured in the file
        generate grub
+
{{File
        default "Funtoo Linux uvesafb"
+
|/etc/samba/smb.conf|<pre>
        timeout 3
+
[Global]
}
+
interfaces = lo eth0 wlan0
  "Funtoo Linux uvesafb" {  
+
bind interfaces only = yes
        kernel bzImage-uvesafb[-v]
+
workgroup = WORKGROUP
        params += video=uvesafb:1440x900-32,mtrr:3,ywrap
+
security = user
}</pre>
+
  
Then run:
+
[tftproot]
 +
path = /tftproot
 +
browsable = true
 +
read only = yes
 +
writable = no
 +
guest ok = yes
 +
</pre>}}
 +
Start Samba:
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## boot-update
+
###i## /etc/init.d/samba start
</console>  
+
</console> 
and then run:  
+
or if samba has already been started:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## /etc/init.d/samba restart
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
== Creating a Setup Instruction File ==
 +
Create the file <code>/tftproot/winxp.sif</code> and add the following, replacing <tt>SAMBA_SERVER_IP</tt> with the local IP address of your samba server:
 +
{{File
 +
|/tftproot/winxp.sif|<pre>
 +
[data]
 +
floppyless = "1"
 +
msdosinitiated = "1"
 +
; Needed for second stage
 +
OriSrc = "\\SAMBA_SERVER_IP\tftproot\winxp\i386"
 +
OriTyp = "4"
 +
LocalSourceOnCD = 1
 +
DisableAdminAccountOnDomainJoin = 1
 +
 
 +
[SetupData]
 +
OsLoadOptions = "/fastdetect"
 +
; Needed for first stage
 +
SetupSourceDevice = "\Device\LanmanRedirector\SAMBA_SERVER_IP\tftproot\winxp"
 +
 
 +
[UserData]
 +
ComputerName = *
 +
</pre>}}
 +
 
 +
== Editing the pxelinux.cfg/default boot menu ==
 +
Edit your boot menu so that it contains the following entry:
 +
<console>
 +
LABEL WinXP
 +
MENU LABEL Install MS Windows XP
 +
KERNEL winxp.0
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
== Re-Start all required daemons ==
 +
If the daemon isn't already running use start instead or restart in the following commands
 +
<console>
 +
###i## /etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart
 +
###i## /etc/init.d/in.tftpd restart
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
== Modify Binlsrv, update driver cache, and start driver hosting service ==
 +
Change the BASEPATH= variable at or around line #62 of ''<code>binlsrv.py</code>'' so that it is:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## nano binlsrv.py
 +
BASEPATH='/tftproot/winxp/i386/'
 +
</console>
 +
Generate driver cache:
 +
<console>
 +
###i## cd /tftproot;./infparser.py winxp/i386/
 +
</console>
 +
Start binlservice:
 
<console>
 
<console>
###i## reboot
+
###i## ./binlsrv.py
 
</console>
 
</console>
and enjoy uvesafb!
 
  
 +
== Booting the client ==
 +
If all is well, you should be able to boot the client choosing to ''boot from network'' in the boot options, you should get to your PXELinux bootloader, and see the Install Windows XP option after pressing enter you *should* kick off your XP installation via network!! Congratulations!
  
 
[[Category:HOWTO]]
 
[[Category:HOWTO]]

Revision as of 23:52, 14 January 2014

Howto use your Funtoo machine to serve a MS Windows installation over the network In this guide we will assume that you have followed the PXE network boot server Wiki article and have a working network/pxe boot setup. As of now this guide will cover Windows XP. Soon it will be expanded to also cover Windows 7.

Contents

Prerequisites

  1. A working Funtoo installation
  2. A working PXE Setup (DHCP, TFTP, PXELinux)
  3. app-arch/cabextract
  4. A legitimate copy of Microsoft Windows
  5. Driver for your NIC - Suggested to use a complete driver pack with all major supported NIC hardware for the version of Windows to be installed.
  6. RIS Linux toolkit >=0.4
  7. A working Samba server setup

Creating the Windows XP Image

  • In the previous guide, PXE Network Boot Server, we used /tftproot as the working directory so we will also use it in this guide for convenience. If you chose to use a different working directory then please apply it where needed in place of the /tftproot we will be going by here.

First you will need to create an ISO from your Windows XP installation disc. If you already have the ISO image you may skip this step.

# dd if=/dev/sr0 of=/tftproot/winxp.iso

If your cdrom device isn't /dev/sr0 please use the appropriate device in this command.

Mount the ISO and Prepare Installation Sources

Mount the image to /tftproot/cdrom:

# mkdir /tftproot/cdrom; mount -o loop /tftproot/winxp.iso /tftproot/cdrom

Create the new directory for the network installation files and copy the needed files to it:

# mkdir /tftproot/winxp; cp -R /tftproot/cdrom/i386 /tftproot/winxp/i386

Depending on your CD/DVD copy of windows the directory name may be I386 as opposed to i386, if that is the case you will just need to change the first part of the command, keeping the new directory name i386 - this is going to be very important later on when creating the remap file! Check the contents of your newly created i386 directory to see if the filenames are in all CAPS or if they are already in lowercase.

# ls /tftproot/winxp/i386

If you happen to have all UPPERCASE filenames, lets go ahead and run a script to convert it to all lowercase:

# cd /tftproot/winxp/i386;ls | awk '$0!=tolower($0){printf "mv \"%s\" \"%s\"\n",$0,tolower($0)}' | sh

Extracting and Modifying the Required Boot Files

Install app-arch/cabextract

# emerge -av app-arch/cabextract

Extract the prepackaged drivers:

# cd /tftproot/winxp/i386;cabextract driver.cab

Install support for a large list of network cards:

# cd /tftproot/;wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/bootfloppy/pxefiles.tar.gz
# tar zxvf pxefiles.tar.gz; cp pxefiles/drivers/* winxp/i386/

Copy the BINLSRV /INFParser tools to /tftproot:

# cp pxefiles/script/* /tftproot/

Extract the netboot startrom:

# cd /tftproot; cabextract winxp/i386/startrom.n1_

Fix the startrom for netbooting xp:

# sed -i -e 's/NTLDR/XPLDR/gi' startrom.n12
# mv startrom.n12 winxp.0

Fix XPLDR:

# cabextract winxp/i386/setupldr.ex_
# sed -i -e 's/winnt\.sif/winxp\.sif/gi' setupldr.exe
# sed -i -e 's/ntdetect\.com/ntdetect\.wxp/gi' setupldr.exe
# mv setupldr.exe xpldr
# cp winxp/i386/ntdetect.com ntdetect.wxp

Creating a remapping file

Create the file /tftproot/tftpd.remap and add the following to it:

ri ^[az]: # Remove “drive letters”
rg \\ / # Convert backslashes to slashes
rg \# @ # Convert hash marks to @ signs
rg /../ /..no../ # Convert /../ to /..no../
rg A a
rg B b
rg C c
rg D d
rg E e
rg F f
rg G g
rg H h
rg I i
rg J j
rg K k
rg L l
rg M m
rg N n
rg O o
rg P p
rg Q q
rg R r
rg S s
rg T t
rg U u
rg V v
rg W w
rg X x
rg Y y
rg Z z
r ^/(.*) \1
r ^xpldr xpldr
r ^ntdetect.wxp ntdetect.wxp
r ^winxp.sif winxp.sif

Install/Configure Samba

If you don't already have net-fs/samba installed, then:

# emerge -av net-fs/samba

Create a Samba share for your tftp server in /etc/samba/smb.conf

Note Note: Be sure you have the other required samba settings configured in the file

[Global]
interfaces = lo eth0 wlan0
bind interfaces only = yes
workgroup = WORKGROUP
security = user

[tftproot]
path = /tftproot
browsable = true
read only = yes
writable = no
guest ok = yes

Start Samba:

# /etc/init.d/samba start

or if samba has already been started:

# /etc/init.d/samba restart

Creating a Setup Instruction File

Create the file /tftproot/winxp.sif and add the following, replacing SAMBA_SERVER_IP with the local IP address of your samba server:

[data]
floppyless = "1"
msdosinitiated = "1"
; Needed for second stage
OriSrc = "\\SAMBA_SERVER_IP\tftproot\winxp\i386"
OriTyp = "4"
LocalSourceOnCD = 1
DisableAdminAccountOnDomainJoin = 1

[SetupData]
OsLoadOptions = "/fastdetect"
; Needed for first stage
SetupSourceDevice = "\Device\LanmanRedirector\SAMBA_SERVER_IP\tftproot\winxp"

[UserData]
ComputerName = *

Editing the pxelinux.cfg/default boot menu

Edit your boot menu so that it contains the following entry:

LABEL WinXP
	MENU LABEL Install MS Windows XP
	KERNEL winxp.0

Re-Start all required daemons

If the daemon isn't already running use start instead or restart in the following commands

# /etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart
# /etc/init.d/in.tftpd restart

Modify Binlsrv, update driver cache, and start driver hosting service

Change the BASEPATH= variable at or around line #62 of binlsrv.py so that it is:

# nano binlsrv.py
BASEPATH='/tftproot/winxp/i386/'

Generate driver cache:

# cd /tftproot;./infparser.py winxp/i386/

Start binlservice:

# ./binlsrv.py

Booting the client

If all is well, you should be able to boot the client choosing to boot from network in the boot options, you should get to your PXELinux bootloader, and see the Install Windows XP option after pressing enter you *should* kick off your XP installation via network!! Congratulations!