Difference between revisions of "Installing Java"

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"Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!" ([http://www.java.com/en/download/faq/whatis_java.xml Oracle page on Java])  
 
"Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!" ([http://www.java.com/en/download/faq/whatis_java.xml Oracle page on Java])  
 
== Installing java ==
 
== Installing java ==
==== Editing your make.conf ====
 
To tell portage that we would like java pulled in the next time it is updated, we need to do the following:
 
<console>
 
##r## # ##b##nano /etc/portage/make.conf
 
</console>
 
Running that command should present you with a file containing something similar to this:
 
[[File:Make conf example.png|thumbnail|left|An example make.conf]]
 
 
In the file, if it does not exist, create a line like the following:
 
<console>
 
##b##USE="java"
 
</console>
 
Press Ctrl+X , then y, then enter to write the changes to the file.
 
 
 
==== Emerging java ====
 
==== Emerging java ====
 
To install java, run the following command:
 
To install java, run the following command:
 
<console>
 
<console>
##r## # ##b##emerge --ask --update --newuse --deep @world
+
##r## # ##b##emerge -av virtual/jdk
  
 
##g##These are the packages that would be merged, in order:
 
##g##These are the packages that would be merged, in order:

Revision as of 17:34, 28 October 2013

What is Java? What purpose does it serve?

Definition

"Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!" (Oracle page on Java)

Installing java

Emerging java

To install java, run the following command:

 # emerge -av virtual/jdk

These are the packages that would be merged, in order:

Calculating dependencies... done!
[ebuild  N     ] dev-java/java-config-wrapper-0.16  8 kB
[ebuild  N     ] sys-apps/baselayout-java-0.1.0  71 kB
[ebuild  N     ] dev-java/java-config-2.2.0-r1000:2  PYTHON_ABIS="2.7 3.3 -2.6 -3.1 -3.2 (-3.4)" 51 kB
[ebuild  N     ] app-admin/eselect-java-0.1.0  71 kB
[ebuild  N     ] dev-java/icedtea-bin-7.2.3.9:7  USE="X alsa cups -cjk -doc -examples -nsplugin -source" 47,781 kB
[ebuild  N     ] virtual/jdk-1.7.0:1.7  0 kB
[ebuild  N     ] virtual/jre-1.7.0:1.7  0 kB
Would you like to merge these packages? [Yes/No] yes

Testing to see if it emerged

To check that java installed on your system, run the following command:

java -version

If you get something like this, you are ready to use java!:

java version "1.7.0_21"OpenJDK Runtime Environment (IcedTea 2.3.9) (Gentoo build 1.7.0_21-b02)OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.7-b01, mixed mode)

Using the java command

Overview of the command

The java command can be run like so:

  • java [options] class [argument ...]
  • java [options] -jar file.jar [argument ...]

Example command usage

Compiling code:

$ javac -d bin -sourcepath src -cp lib/lib1.jar;lib/lib2.jar src/com/example/Application.java

Running code:

$ java -cp bin;lib/lib1.jar;lib/lib2.jar com.example.Application

Running a jarfile:

$ java -jar Application.jar

More Information

Sources

(Information provided for example command usage)