Difference between pages "Install/Stage3" and "Install/Media"

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<noinclude>
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== Install Media ==
{{InstallPart|the process of installing the Stage3 tarball}}
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Most any live or minimal install media iso images can install funtoo. Funtoo suggests sysrescuecd. Images may be burned to cd, or loaded on a usb thumb drive by either dd or unetbootin. Unetbootin has linux, windows, and mac binaries so anyone can comfortably install funtoo from familiar live usb media.
</noinclude>
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=== Installing the Stage 3 tarball ===
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After creating filesystems, the next step is downloading the initial Stage 3 tarball. The Stage 3 is a pre-compiled system used as a starting point to install Funtoo Linux. Load one of the following URLs in another browser window:
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{{MirrorList}}
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Now, let's navigate the directories on the mirrors to find the appropriate build of Funtoo Linux for you.
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==== Which Build? ====
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'''If you're not sure, pick <code>funtoo-current</code>.'''
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Funtoo Linux has various different 'builds', or variants. Here is a list of the various builds that are available, and what their distinctive features are:
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{{TableStart}}
 
{{TableStart}}
<tr><th class="info">Build</th><th class="info">Description</th></tr>
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<tr class="info"><th>distro</th><th>gui</th><th>uefi support</th><th>unetbootin support</th><th>architecture specific</th><th>notes</th></tr>
<tr><td><code>funtoo-current</code></td><td>The most commonly-selected build of Funtoo Linux. Receives rapid updates and preferred by desktop users.</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[http://www.sysresccd.org/Download Sysrescuecd]</td><td>yes</td><td>yes</td><td>yes [http://www.sysresccd.org/Sysresccd-manual-en_How_to_install_SystemRescueCd_on_an_USB-stick *]</td><td>no</td><td>recommended media</td></tr>
<tr><td><code>funtoo-current-hardened</code></td><td>Same package set as <code>funtoo-current</code>, but with a hardened, exploit-resistant toolchain.</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop Ubuntu]</td><td>yes</td><td>unknown</td><td>yes</td><td>yes</td><td>must download specific architecture</td></tr>
<tr><td><code>funtoo-stable</code></td><td>Emphasizes less-frequent package updates and trusted, reliable versions of packages over the latest versions.</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[https://www.debian.org/CD/live/ Debian]</td><td>yes</td><td>unknown</td><td>yes</td><td>yes</td><td>must download specific architecture</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/FedoraLiveCD Fedora]</td><td>yes</td><td>unknown</td><td>untested</td><td>yes</td><td>untested</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[http://wiki.centos.org/Download CentOS]</td><td>yes</td><td>unknown</td><td>untested</td><td>yes</td><td>untested</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[https://software.opensuse.org/132/en open suse]</td><td>yes</td><td>unknown</td><td>untested</td><td>yes</td><td>link in the green outline displays live iso images</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[http://www.mageia.org/en/downloads/ mageia]</td><td>yes</td><td>unknown</td><td>untested</td><td>yes</td><td>untested</td></tr>
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<tr><td>[https://get.gentoo.org/ Gentoo minimal install]</td><td>no</td><td>unknown</td><td>probably</td><td>yes</td><td>must download specific architecture</td></tr>
 
{{TableEnd}}
 
{{TableEnd}}
 
If you want to read more about this, have a look at [[Funtoo_Linux#What_are_the_differences_between_.27stable.27.2C_.27current.27_and_.27experimental.27_.3F|Differences between stable, current and experimental]].
 
 
==== What Architecture?  ====
 
 
'''If you're not sure, pick <code>x86-64bit</code>, or possibly <code>pure64</code> for server systems.'''
 
 
For PC-compatible systems, the following choices are available:
 
 
{{TableStart}}
 
<tr><th class="info">Architecture</th><th class="info">Description</th></tr>
 
<tr><td><code>x86-64bit</code></td><td>For modern 64-bit processors. Uses new 64-bit instructions and address space. Maintains 32-bit compatibility with multilib.</td></tr>
 
<tr><td><code>pure64</code></td><td>For modern 64-bit processors but with no support for 32-bit compatibility.</td></tr>
 
<tr><td><code>x86-32bit</code></td><td>For older 32-bit systems such as Athlon XP, Pentium 4, or earlier Atom.</td></tr>
 
{{TableEnd}}
 
 
==== Your SubArch ====
 
 
Inside <code>/funtoo-current/x86-64bit/</code> on one of our mirrors, you'll see a bunch of directories for various ''subarches'' of Funtoo Linux. Subarches are builds of Funtoo Linux that are designed to run on a particular type of CPU, to offer the best possible performance. They also take advantage of the instruction sets available for each CPU.
 
 
If you are using an AMD-based CPU, download a stage3 from <code>generic_64</code>, <code>amd64-k8</code>, <code>amd64-k10</code>, <code>amd64-bulldozer</code>, <code>amd64-piledriver</code>, <code>amd64-steamroller</code> or <code>amd64-jaguar</code>.  See [[Subarches]] for help figuring out what AMD subarch is best for you.
 
 
If you are using an Intel-based CPU, download a stage3 from <code>generic_64</code>, <code>atom_64</code>, <code>core2_64</code> or <code>corei7</code>. Note that <code>corei7</code> is ideal for any modern Intel processor, including Core i3 and Core i5, and many Xeons.
 
 
If you are using a 32-bit CPU, download a stage3 from <code>generic_32</code>, <code>i686</code>, <code>core2_32</code>, <code>atom_32</code> or <code>athlon-xp</code>.
 
 
==== Setting the Date ====
 
 
{{fancyimportant|If your system's date and time are too far off (typically by months or years,) then it may prevent Portage from properly downloading source tarballs. This is because some of our sources are downloaded via HTTPS, which use SSL certificates and are marked with an activation and expiration date. However, if you system time is relatively close to correct, you can probably skip this step for now.}}
 
 
Now is a good time to verify the date and time are correctly set to UTC. Use the <code>date</code> command to verify the date and time:
 
 
<console>
 
# ##i##date
 
Fri Jul 15 19:47:18 UTC 2011
 
</console>
 
 
If the date and/or time need to be corrected, do so using <code>date MMDDhhmmYYYY</code>, keeping in mind <code>hhmm</code> are in 24-hour format. The example below changes the date and time to "July 16th, 2011 @ 8:00PM" UTC:
 
 
<console>
 
# ##i##date 071620002011
 
Fri Jul 16 20:00:00 UTC 2011
 
</console>
 
 
==== Download the Stage3 ====
 
Once you are in your Funtoo Linux root filesystem, use <code>wget</code> to download the Stage 3 tarball you have chosen to use as the basis for your new Funtoo Linux system. It should be saved to the <code>/mnt/funtoo</code> directory as follows:
 
 
<console># ##i##cd /mnt/funtoo
 
# ##i##wget http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/funtoo/funtoo-current/x86-64bit/generic_64/stage3-latest.tar.xz
 
</console>
 
 
Note that 64-bit systems can run 32-bit or 64-bit stages, but 32-bit systems can only run 32-bit stages. Make sure that you select a Stage 3 build that is appropriate for your CPU. If you are not certain, it is a safe bet to choose the <code>generic_64</code> or <code>generic_32</code> stage. Consult the [[Download]] page for more information.
 
 
Once the stage is downloaded, extract the contents with the following command, substituting in the actual name of your stage 3 tarball:
 
<console>
 
# ##i##tar xpf stage3-latest.tar.xz
 
</console>
 
 
{{important|It is very important to use <code>tar's</code> "<code>'''p'''</code>" option when extracting the Stage 3 tarball - it tells <code>tar</code> to ''preserve'' any permissions and ownership that exist within the archive. Without this option, your Funtoo Linux filesystem permissions will be incorrect.}}
 

Latest revision as of 08:30, December 18, 2014

Install Media

Most any live or minimal install media iso images can install funtoo. Funtoo suggests sysrescuecd. Images may be burned to cd, or loaded on a usb thumb drive by either dd or unetbootin. Unetbootin has linux, windows, and mac binaries so anyone can comfortably install funtoo from familiar live usb media.

distroguiuefi supportunetbootin supportarchitecture specificnotes
Sysrescuecdyesyesyes *norecommended media
Ubuntuyesunknownyesyesmust download specific architecture
Debianyesunknownyesyesmust download specific architecture
Fedorayesunknownuntestedyesuntested
CentOSyesunknownuntestedyesuntested
open suseyesunknownuntestedyeslink in the green outline displays live iso images
mageiayesunknownuntestedyesuntested
Gentoo minimal installnounknownprobablyyesmust download specific architecture