Difference between pages "Subarches" and "Welcome"

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= Funtoo Linux Sub-Architectures =
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{{Slideshow}}
__NOTITLE__
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Want to submit a screenshot? [http://forums.funtoo.org/index.php?/topic/180-screenshots/ See here.]
This page provides an overview of Funtoo Linux sub-architectures (also called ''subarches'') designed for quick and easy reference. While this information is available in other places, such as Wikipedia, it often takes some time to study and cross-reference the various articles to get a good understanding of each type of sub-architecture, and this information generally isn't all collected neatly in one place. That is the purpose of this page. When possible, links to more detailed Wikipedia pages are provided. You are encouraged to help maintain this page as well as the Wikipedia articles referenced here.
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'''Funtoo Linux''' is a Linux-based operating system that is a variant of [http://www.gentoo.org Gentoo Linux], led by [[User:Drobbins|Daniel Robbins]], the creator and former Chief Architect of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentoo_Linux Gentoo Linux], who serves as benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) of the project. You are welcome to assist us in developing Funtoo Linux. Goals include developing production-ready technology, innovating and improving reliability and maintainability of the software, and most importantly, creating a fun, user-centric community for all.
  
The cpuid application can be used to help identify your processor and it's microarchitecture.
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<div class="bs-callout bs-callout-warning">
<console>
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[[Support Funtoo]] to help us grow! '''Donate $15 per month and get a free [[Funtoo Hosting|Funtoo Virtual Container]].'''
sudo emerge cpuid; cpuid | tail -n 1
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</div>
</console>
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=== News ===
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{{NewsList|1}}
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[[News|View More News...]]
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=== Resources ===
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__NOTOC__
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'''View the [[Funtoo Linux FAQ]] for answers to common questions.'''
  
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== 64-bit AMD Processors ==
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Join us - {{CreateAccount}}, and then add yourself to our [[Usermap]]!
  
=== amd64-steamroller ===
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'''Our resources:''' -- also see the <code>Go</code> menu:
<console>
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* '''{{CreateAccount}}''' ([[Funtoo Authentication FAQ|Auth FAQ]])
CFLAGS: -march=bdver3 -O2 -pipe
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* '''[http://forums.funtoo.org forums.funtoo.org]''' - our new forums!
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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* '''[http://bugs.funtoo.org bugs.funtoo.org]''', our bug tracker ([[Reporting Bugs|Instructions]]).
USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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* [http://larrythecow.org larrythecow.org], Gentoo blog service.
</console>
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* [http://kernel-seeds.org kernel-seeds.org], kernel build help.
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* [http://git.funtoo.org git.funtoo.org], our cgit repository browser.
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* '''[[Support Funtoo]]''' to help our project grow.
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* '''[[Funtoo Hosting|Get a Funtoo Virtual Container]]'''.
  
The '''amd64-steamroller''' subarch supports the  [[Wikipedia:Steamroller (microarchitecture)|AMD steamroller microarchitecture]], produced from early 2014. It is the successor to the [[Wikipedia:Piledriver (microarchitecture)|AMD Piledriver microarchitecture]].
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'''Ebuild pages recently updated:''' {{#ask: [[Category:Ebuilds]]
Steamroller APUs are available that use the [[Wikipedia:FM2+ Socket|FM2+ socket]] and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FP3|FP3 socket]] (mobile.)
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=== Getting Started ===
  
Desktop steamroller APUs include the [[Wikipedia:AMD_Accelerated_Processing_Unit#Steamroller_architecture_.282014.29:_Kaveri|A-Series with codename Kaveri]], such as the quad-core AMD A10-7850K APU. Steamroller APUs are also available in mobile versions. Server steamroller APUs will include the Berlin APUs, which are expected to be released some time in 2015.
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We encourage you to '''[[Funtoo Linux Installation|install Funtoo Linux]]''', and get involved in our user community. Get to know fellow Funtoo Linux users on our '''[http://forums.funtoo.org forums]'''. If you have any improvements or find any bugs in Funtoo Linux, you are strongly encouraged to report them on our '''[http://bugs.funtoo.org bug tracker]'''. We take all bugs seriously, and all work performed on Funtoo Linux is tracked on our bug tracker, for purposes of transparency.
  
Amd64-steamroller subarches are instruction-compatible with amd64-piledriver, but add new instructions over amd64-bulldozer.
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Funtoo Linux has a very active [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IRC IRC] community on Freenode, in the <code>#funtoo</code> channel, and you are encouraged to hang out online with us.
  
=== amd64-jaguar ===
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=== Expand the wiki! ===
{{Note|This is a specialized low-power/mobile processor.}}
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=btver2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-jaguar''' (also called AMD Family 16h) subarch supports the  [[Wikipedia:Jaguar (microarchitecture)|AMD jaguar microarchitecture]], which is targeted at low-power devices, including notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers. It is perhaps most well-known for being the microarchitecture used for the [[Wikipedia:Playstation 4|Playstation 4]] and [[Wikipedia:Xbox One|Xbox One]], which each use custom 8-core Jaguar APUs.
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The [[:Help:Funtoo_Editing_Guidelines | How to 'wiki']] will help get you started on wiki editing. Have a look at [[Requested-Documents]] and [[:Category:Needs_Updates | pages that need to be updated.]]  
Socketed Jaguar APUs use the [[Wikipedia:AM1 Socket|AM1 socket]], and  [[Wikipedia:Socket_FT3|FT3 socket]] for mobile devices. G-series [[Wikipedia:System_on_a_chip|"system on a chip" (SoC)]] APUs are available for non-socketed devices such as tablets and embedded system boards.
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Desktop Jaguar APUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#.22Kabini.22.2C_.22Temash.22_.282013.2C_28_nm.29|Kabini A-series APUs and Temash E-series APUs]], such as the Athlon 5150 and 5350 APUs, and Sempron 2650 and 3850.
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See [[:Category:Ebuilds|Ebuilds]] for a list of all ebuild pages, and [[Adding an Ebuild to the Wiki]] for information on how to add one.
  
Amd64-jaguar subarches use the MOVBE instruction which is not available on amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver or amd64-steamroller. They are thus not instruction-compatible with any of these subarches.
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=== Distinctives ===
  
=== amd64-piledriver ===
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'''Funtoo Linux  is optimized for your CPU, whether Intel Core i7 or AMD FX or A-Series APU. We offer fully optimized installation images. [[Subarches|Pick the right one for your CPU]] to get the most out of your hardware.'''
<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=bdver2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-piledriver''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Piledriver (microarchitecture)|AMD Piledriver microarchitecture]] produced by AMD from mid-2012 through 2015, which is the successor to the [[Wikipedia:Bulldozer (microarchitecture)|AMD bulldozer microarchitecture]].
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After install, Funtoo Linux packages are installed from source code, automatically, thanks to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portage_(software) Portage ports system], inspired by the FreeBSD ports system, but written in Python and with full advanced package management functionality. Funtoo Linux is a meta-distribution, which means it is built (fully automatically) with the functionality and optimizations that ''you'' want, not what some distro maintainer thought was best for you.
Piledriver CPUs and APUs are available that use the [[Wikipedia:FM2 Socket|FM2 socket]]. Desktop Piledriver CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+ socket]]. Server Piledriver CPUs use a variety of sockets, including [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+]], [[Wikipedia:Socket_C32|C32]] and [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34]].
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Desktop piledriver CPU and APUs include FX-series with codename Vishera (FX-8350, FX-8370),  [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#Virgo:_.22Trinity.22_.282012.2C_32_nm.29|A-series with codename Trinity]] (A6-5400K, A10-5800K) and [[Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_AMD_accelerated_processing_unit_microprocessors#.22Richland.22_.282013.2C_32_nm.29_2|A-series with codename Richland]].  
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We use [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Git_(software) Git] for all our development, and we also use Git to deliver our ports tree to you.
  
Server piledriver CPUs include Opterons with codenames Delhi (Opteron 3300-series, [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+]]), Seoul (Opteron 4300-series, [[Wikipedia:Socket_C32|C32]])  and Abu Dhabi (Opteron 6300-series, [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34]]). A full listing of Opteron models [[Wikipedia:Opteron#Opteron_.2832_nm_SOI.29_-_Piledriver_Microarchitecture|is available here]].
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In contrast to Gentoo Linux, we offer a number of innovations, including our extensive use of git, [[Funtoo 1.0 Profile|our profile system]], [[Package:Boot-Update|boot-update]] boot management tool, our incredibly flexible [[Funtoo Linux Networking|template-based networking scripts]], [[Metro Quick Start Tutorial|Metro]] distribution build system, support of Debian, RHEL and other kernels, [[Creating_Python-related_Ebuilds|enhanced Python support]], Portage mini-manifests, user-centric distribution model, and a large number of community infrastructure improvements.
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</div></div></div>
  
Piledriver adds several new instructions over bulldozer, so AMD bulldozer systems cannot run amd64-piledriver-optimized stages. However, this subarch is  instruction-compatible with its successor, the, so amd64-piledriver stages can run on amd64-steamroller systems, and vice versa.
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__NOEDITSECTION__
=== amd64-bulldozer ===
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=0|slideCaption=
<console>
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== [[User:Drobbins|drobbins]] ==
CFLAGS: -march=bdver1 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 sse4 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-bulldozer''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Bulldozer (microarchitecture)|AMD bulldozer microarchitecture]] CPUs, which were released from late 2011 through the first quarter of 2012 as a replacement for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|K10 microarchitecture]] CPUs.
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Bulldozer desktop CPUs use the [[Wikipedia:Socket_AM3+|AM3+ socket]] and server CPUs use the  [[Wikipedia:Socket_G34|G34 socket]].
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Desktop bulldozer CPUs include the [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_FX_microprocessors#.22Zambezi.22_.2832_nm_SOI.29|Zambezi FX-series CPUs]]. Server bulldozer CPUs include Opterons with codenames Zurich (Opteron 3200-series), Valencia (Opteron 4200-series) and Interlagos (Opteron 6200 series). A complete list of Opteron models [[Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opteron#Opteron_.2832_nm_SOI.29-_First_Generation_Bulldozer_Microarchitecture|can be found here.]].
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=== amd64-k10 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=amdfam10 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 3dnow 3dnowext
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</console>
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The '''amd64-k10''' subarch provides support for the [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h|AMD Family 10h processors]], which were released in late 2007 as a successor to the AMD K8 series processors.
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Desktop amd64-k10 CPUs include [[Wikipedia:AMD Phenom|AMD Phenom]], [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Phenom_II_Models|AMD Phenom II]] and [[Wikipedia:AMD_10h#Athlon_II_Models|AMD Athlon II]]. Server CPUs include Opterons with codenames Budapest, Barcelona, Suzuka, Shanghai, Istanbul, Lisbon, and Magny-Cours. A full listing of amd64-k10 Opteron models [[Wikipedia:List_of_AMD_Opteron_microprocessors#K10_based_Opterons|can be found here]].
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== 64-bit Intel Processors ==
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=== intel64-haswell ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=core-avx2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 sse4
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</console>
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The '''intel64-haswell''' subarch specifically supports processors based on Intel's [[Wikipedia:Haswell_(microarchitecture)|Haswell microarchitecture]]. Haswell desktop processors are branded as 4th Generation Intel Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 Processors. Many of the released processors are APUs, containing integrated Intel graphics support. Haswell Xeon processors include the Xeon E5 v3 Family.
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One of the new instruction sets with this subarch is '''AVX2''' (Advanced Vector Extensions 2), also known as ''Haswell New Instructions'', introduced June of 2013, as an expansion of the AVX instruction.
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Intel AVX instructions require operating system support and have been in the Linux kernel since 2.6.30. Additionally, they require slightly more power to execute. When executing these instructions, the processor may run at less than the marked frequency to maintain thermal design power (TDP) limits. For more information about these instructions, see [http://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/white-papers/performance-xeon-e5-v3-advanced-vector-extensions-paper.pdf this link].
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=== corei7 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=corei7 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 sse4
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</console>
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Beginning in November 2008, Intel launched the first Core i7 processor, codenamed [[Wikipedia:Bloomfield_(microprocessor)|Bloomfield]], based on the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]] microarchitecture. With this launch, they also added to and modified the conventions used in their [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core|Intel Core]] branding scheme. '''(Not to be confused with the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Intel Core microarchitecture]]. See [[Subarches#core2_64|core2_64]].)'''. This new naming scheme distinguishes between grades of processors rather than microarchitectures or design. Therefore, the '''corei7''' subarch supports the [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem]], [[Wikipedia:Westmere_(microarchitecture)|Westmere]], [[Wikipedia:Sandy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Sandy Bridge]],  [[Wikipedia:Ivy_Bridge_(microarchitecture)|Ivy Bridge]], and [[Wikipedia:Haswell_(microarchitecture)|Haswell]] microarchitectures under the follow brand names:
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* Intel Pentium/Celeron (low-level consumer)
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* Intel Core i3 (entry-level consumer)
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* Intel Core i5 (mainstream consumer)
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* Intel Corei7 (high-end consumer/business)
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* Intel Xeon (business server/workstation)
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<br>
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See the following links for a list of supported [[Wikipedia:Celeron|Celeron]], [[Wikipedia:Pentium|Pentium]], [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Nehalem_microarchitecture_based|Nehalem]], [[Wikipedia:Westmere_(microarchitecture)|Westmere]], [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Sandy_Bridge_microarchitecture_based|Sandy Bridge]],  [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Ivy_Bridge_microarchitecture_based|Ivy Bridge]], and [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#Haswell_microarchitecture_based|Haswell]] processors.
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=== core2_64 ===
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -march=core2 -O2 -pipe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3 ssse3
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</console>
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The '''core2_64''' subarch supports [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core#64-bit_Core_microarchitecture_based|64-bit-capable processors]] based on the [[Wikipedia:Intel Core (microarchitecture)|Core microarchitecture]] and all processors of the [[Wikipedia:Penryn_(microarchitecture)|Penryn microarchitecture]]. This includes all [[Wikipedia:Intel_Core_2|Intel Core 2]] branded processors, [[Wikipedia:Celeron#Core-based_Celerons|some Celeron]], [[Wikipedia:Pentium#Core_microarchitecture_based|some Pentium]] and [[Wikipedia:Xeon#Core-based_Xeon|some Xeon]] branded processors. These processors were introduced in July of 2006 and were phased out in July of 2011, in favor of  [[Wikipedia:Nehalem_(microarchitecture)|Nehalem-based]] processors.
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See the following links for a list of supported [[Wikipedia:Celeron#Core-based_Celerons|Celeron]], [[Wikipedia:Pentium#Core_microarchitecture_based|Pentium]], [[Wikipedia:Xeon#Core-based_Xeon|Xeon]] and all  [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Legacy%20Intel%C2%AE%20Core%E2%84%A22%20Processor Core 2] processors.
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=== atom_64 ===
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{{Note|This is a specialized low-power/mobile processor.}}
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<console>
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CFLAGS: -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=atom -pipe -mno-movbe
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CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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USE: mmx sse sse2 sse3
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</console>
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The Intel Atom Processor is the common name for Intel's  [[Wikipedia:Bonnell_(microarchitecture)|Bonnell microarchitecture]],  which represents a partial revival of the principles used in earlier Intel designs such as P5 and the i486, with the sole purpose of enhancing the performance per watt ratio.  Successor to the [[Wikipedia:Stealey_(microprocessor)|Intel A100 series (Stealey)]], which was derived from the [[Wikipedia:Pentium_M|Pentium M]], the Intel Atom has been produced since 2008. Targeted at low-power devices, Atom processors can be found in a wide range of notebooks, tablets and small form-factor desktops and servers.
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The '''atom_64''' sub-architecture supports 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs.  The first 64-bit capable Intel Atom CPUs were the Intel Atom 230 and 330, released in late 2008. However, Intel also continued to produce new 32-bit Atom Processors after this date. For example, the Atom N2xx series Atom Diamondville models cannot support 64-bit operation, while the 2xx and 3xx Diamondville, Pineview, Cedarview and Centerton can. A full list of 64-bit capable Intel Atom Processors [http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Intel%C2%AE%20Atom%E2%84%A2%20Processor&InstructionSet=64-bit can be seen here.]
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{{Important|For 64-bit support to be functional, a 64-bit capable Atom Processor must be paired ''with a processor, chipset, and BIOS'' that all support [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]. If not all hardware supports 64-bit, then you must use the '''atom_32''' subarch instead.}}
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== 64-bit Suport (Generic) ==
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[[GNOME First Steps|GNOME 3.12]]
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([[Funtoo_Linux_FAQ#Do_you_support_systemd.3F|without systemd]], because that's how we roll.)
  
=== generic_64 ===
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Note: Badgers optional.
<console>
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|slideImage=File:gnome3122.jpg|slideLink=GNOME First Steps}}
CFLAGS: -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=1|slideCaption=
CHOST: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
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== [[User:Anak1n|anak1n]] ==
USE: mmx sse sse2
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</console>
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The '''generic_64''' subarch is designed to support 64-bit PC-compatible CPUs, such as the [[Wikipedia:AMD_K8|AMD K8-series processors]], which were introduced in late 2003. They were notable as the first processors that supported the [[Wikipedia:X86-64|AMD64 (also called X86-64) 64-bit instruction set]] for PC-compatible systems, which was introduced as a backwards-compatible 64-bit alternative to Intel's IA-64 architecture. Intel followed suit and also began supporting this 64-bit instruction set, which they called "[[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64|Intel 64]]", by releasing X86-64 64-bit compatible CPUs from mid-2004 onwards (See [[Wikipedia:X86-64#Intel_64_implementations|Intel 64 implementations]].)
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flux box
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|slideImage=File:fluxbox-09.02.14.jpg}}
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=2|slideCaption=
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== spectromas ==
  
AMD desktop 64-bit CPUs include the Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX, Athlon 64 X2, Athlon X2, Turion 64, Turion 64 X2 and Sempron series processors. AMD server processors were released under the Opteron brand and have codenames SledgeHammer, Venus, Troy, Athens, Denmark, Italy, Egypt, Santa Ana and Santa Rosa. All Opterons released through late 2006 were based on the K8 microarchitecture with original X86-64 instructions.
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[[Package:Awesome_(Window_Manager)|Awesome WM]]
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|slideImage=File:awesome.jpg|slideLink=Package:Awesome (Window Manager)}}
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{{#subobject:|slideIndex=3|slideCaption=
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== [[User:Anak1n|anak1n]] ==
  
{{:Install/Footer}}
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KDE
 +
|slideImage=File:anak1n-kde.jpg}}

Revision as of 13:21, November 22, 2014

Want to submit a screenshot? See here.

Funtoo Linux is a Linux-based operating system that is a variant of Gentoo Linux, led by Daniel Robbins, the creator and former Chief Architect of Gentoo Linux, who serves as benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) of the project. You are welcome to assist us in developing Funtoo Linux. Goals include developing production-ready technology, innovating and improving reliability and maintainability of the software, and most importantly, creating a fun, user-centric community for all.

Support Funtoo to help us grow! Donate $15 per month and get a free Funtoo Virtual Container.

News

Oleg

Python Updater Deprecation

Python-updater is no longer part of Funtoo Linux.
6 December 2014 by Oleg
View More News...

Resources

View the Funtoo Linux FAQ for answers to common questions.

User:DiogolealUser:Matlinuxer2User:MitzipUser:Duncan.brittonUser:RenichUser:T3rrorUser:AdoUser:Stac80User:MoopieUser:MgornyUser:JudgeUser:BiberaoUser:AlinUser:NategrimUser:DantrellUser:EmarskUser:NrcUser:San2banUser:JubalhUser:OlehzUser:NukkeUser:Kris

Join us - Create a Funtoo account, and then add yourself to our Usermap!

Our resources: -- also see the Go menu:

Ebuild pages recently updated: PAM base, Varnish, VirtualBox, Bitwig Studio, Audacious Music Player, KDE (metapackage), Ruby, PHP, Apache, MariaDB more...

Getting Started

We encourage you to install Funtoo Linux, and get involved in our user community. Get to know fellow Funtoo Linux users on our forums. If you have any improvements or find any bugs in Funtoo Linux, you are strongly encouraged to report them on our bug tracker. We take all bugs seriously, and all work performed on Funtoo Linux is tracked on our bug tracker, for purposes of transparency.

Funtoo Linux has a very active IRC community on Freenode, in the #funtoo channel, and you are encouraged to hang out online with us.

Expand the wiki!

The How to 'wiki' will help get you started on wiki editing. Have a look at Requested-Documents and pages that need to be updated.

See Ebuilds for a list of all ebuild pages, and Adding an Ebuild to the Wiki for information on how to add one.

Distinctives

Funtoo Linux is optimized for your CPU, whether Intel Core i7 or AMD FX or A-Series APU. We offer fully optimized installation images. Pick the right one for your CPU to get the most out of your hardware.

After install, Funtoo Linux packages are installed from source code, automatically, thanks to the Portage ports system, inspired by the FreeBSD ports system, but written in Python and with full advanced package management functionality. Funtoo Linux is a meta-distribution, which means it is built (fully automatically) with the functionality and optimizations that you want, not what some distro maintainer thought was best for you.

We use Git for all our development, and we also use Git to deliver our ports tree to you.

In contrast to Gentoo Linux, we offer a number of innovations, including our extensive use of git, our profile system, boot-update boot management tool, our incredibly flexible template-based networking scripts, Metro distribution build system, support of Debian, RHEL and other kernels, enhanced Python support, Portage mini-manifests, user-centric distribution model, and a large number of community infrastructure improvements.