Portage is the official package manager of Funtoo Linux. Daniel Robbins maintains a slightly different version from upstream Gentoo Linux, with support for mini-manifests and other features.
The latest progress and changes related to EAPI/PMS and Portage can often be found in the Gentoo Council meeting logs, which are listed on the Gentoo Council page.
The latest PMS specification to be approved by the Gentoo Council is available: eapi-3-approved-2010-01-18. The PMS specification is an attempt to codify the inner workings of Portage, and is authored by Ciaran McCreesh and Stephen Bennett as a Gentoo-hosted project.
Portage's behavior can be controlled by a number of configuration settings other variables that can be defined within the ebuild itself. In addition, a number of these variables are defined for the ebuild automatically by Portage. These variables are now documented on their own page: Portage Variables.
Multiple ABI Support
Portage contains support for multiple ABIs (Application Binary Interfaces) co-existing on the same system. This functionality has been extensively documented and has been moved to its own page: Multiple ABI Support.
An ebuild developer has the ability to define Ebuild Functions that define steps to perform during a particular part of the ebuild lifecycle. These steps are now documented on their own page: Ebuild Functions.
Funtoo Portage Development
The Funtoo Core Team is currently working on a general-purpose plug-in system so that the GNU info file regeneration, news update display, and scanning of files that need updating in /etc can be pulled out of the official Portage emerge code. In addition, this plug-in system will allow other types of things to be hooked into various phases of emerge. This will allow various new plug-ins to be developed and used on systems, such as periodic security checks, etc.
Add support to portage, so that when an ebuild is merged, the /var/db/pkg entry contains a list of all currently-installed versions of all ebuilds upon which that ebuild RDEPENDs. This, combined with a comprehensive set of past USE settings (may need to implement this too,) can be used to detect when an ebuild needs to be rebuilt. This could help to address issues like those in Gentoo Bug 167662 and allow easier implementation of support for things like perl-cleaner. Currently, perl-cleaner doesn't detect that vim uses perl and moving from -ithreads to ithreads causes vim to die, so it needs to be manually rebuilt.
Add support for portage to understand which version of a particular app is the "active" version that it was built against, and record this information in /var/db/pkg. This can help to implement perl-cleaner-like support in Portage.
In the thin-manifest branch, Funtoo changes have been isolated into the following commits:
e5a6649e094eb7230aa8f56d97fe303f77b158e9 preserve bindist through use expansion 5a092fdae8afbff679350dc5d8818e10ab35fd80 safetydance feature 16887ddce712da8b61887f9bce70e19b95e75c25 core funtoo git-sync implementation 2c6e2b427a2aa179b61667caf89497818ec34ae2 run pwconv and grpconv after emerge completes to ensure /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow are valid. ea565da9ab5f54580f66814a17aca39d8e568732 funtoo-specific man page changes c8f130fa4b332d87f2202ddaf0222b89018914d0 Funtoo config file changes. This includes stuff related to rsync as well as /lib/firmware dba5a350e16043a6ff6281ea80fc02c8f56efd4f remove emerge-webrsync -- not supported in funtoo 0d9dda7b2b3165b268545e3e8eb44aa8d3c20a57 small ebuild.sh fix to not source any stray directories 8500043b3075d26c77a7ec1b8c2745373ca0c3b5 disable warning for use of *, -* in KEYWORDS 86ed81605e73b8b6d6b06fc60a9a0bc0c13ee429 protect firmware as well as modules e7b6512e582fbcd9af0eb82c617549b101c8ae97 slashbeast's localpatch feature 5af34ad9334310c0926e52d9e1801ee170e12184 simplify path setting in ebuild.sh by using getpath() function 42789a70184343008c4cb1fe20bc4398e881d285 remove bin/ebuild-helpers/sed
These commits do not yet include the unified-path/funtoo-profile 1.0 patches.
In Funtoo stable/current Portage
- emerge --sync from git
- If a git-based Portage tree is already in place, emerge --sync will run "git pull" to update the underlying Portage tree. If one is not in place, the contents of the SYNC variable will be used as the remote URI from which to clone a git tree (2.2). In addition, SYNC_USER and SYNC_UMASK (defaulting to root and 022) can be used to define the user account to use for cloning/syncing, as well as the umask to use. (2.2).
- Sed Wrapper Symlink and PATH fix
- The Funtoo version of Portage has replaced the BSD-only sed wrapper with a symlink. This will eventually be deprecated. The sed wrapper was a way to provide BSD systems with a "sed" command that could be used inside ebuilds that worked similarly to GNU sed. A PATH fix has been applied so that /bin/sed will be detected first anyway.
- Funtoo's Portage supports a special mode of operation where Manifests only contain digests for distfiles and not for files in the Portage tree. This is to eliminate redundant digests since git already provides SHA1 digests. This feature is currently enabled by adding "mini-manifest" to FEATURES in /etc/make.conf but the intention is to eventually move it to a repo-specific option (note: this has now been done, as "thin-manifest" functionality has been integrated into recent versions of Portage, and is being beta tested in Funtoo.) Funtoo provides a special "mini-manifest" tree that is smaller than the full-size Portage tree, and is intended to be used with the mini-manifest feature.
- preserve bindist through USE filtering
- Normally, anything not in an ebuild's IUSE is stripped from the USE passed to ebuild.sh. This patch allows "bindist" to not be stripped, so it can be used as a means to disable pre-merge sanity checks that may exist in pkg_setup() and pkg_pretend() but will not otherwise affect the resultant build. If "bindist" will affect some functionality in the package, then it should be added to an ebuild's IUSE. This patch allows pkg_setup() and pkg_pretend() to look for "bindist", which indicates that the ebuild is being built for release, typically in an automated fashion, and thus runtime sanity checks that might otherwise run can be optionally skipped. This check is used by the udev-160-r1.ebuild to see if we should fail if we are merging udev on a system where the kernel will not support it. In Metro, this is not a big deal, but on a real production system, merging the udev on an incompatible system will render the kernel inoperable.
- safetydance FEATURE
- A new FEATURE setting is used by Funtoo's udev ebuild called "safetydance" which can be used to manually bypass sanity checks. This is an alternative to the "bindist" approach above. udev-160 in Funtoo Linux supports both approaches and Metro sets "safetydance" by default.
- GLEP 55 removal
- Some code to support GLEP 55 has been removed.
- new metadata format (experimental)
- Some tweaks to ebuild.sh have been made so that it is easier to support new metadata formats in the future.
- xz-utils auto-dependency
- There are several ebuilds in the Gentoo Portage repository that use .xz files but do not explicitly depend on xz-utils. A workaround has been added to ebuild.sh to add this dependency to metadata automatically if a .xz file exists in SRC_URI. This change is not yet in the official Portage sources but is being used on the Funtoo side when generating our git-based Portage trees.