Difference between pages "UEFI Install Guide" and "Package:Bash completion"

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This tutorial will show you how to install Funtoo on a UEFI system. UEFI, also known as the [[Wikipedia:Unified Extensible Firmware Interface|Unified Extensible Firmware Interface]], is a new firmware interface that is used on some newer computers as a replacement for the traditional PC BIOS. It has an integrated boot loader, so setting up booting is different. The recommended approach is to follow the [[ UEFI_Install_Guide#EFI_Stub_method | Efi Stub Method ]]. Many have reported that they are now unable to boot their system using the other, older method.
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{{Ebuild
 
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|Summary=Bash tab-completion
This tutorial is meant to be an "overlay" over the Regular Funtoo Installation. Follow the normal installation and only follow steps in this tutorial when dealing with partitioning and configuring the boot loader (GRUB). All steps are otherwise identical to the regular installation process.
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|CatPkg=app-shells/bash-completion
 
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|Maintainer=
== What Are We Doing? ==
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|Homepage=http://bash-completion.alioth.debian.org/
 
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}}
This guide will show you how to set up your UEFI system to load the GRUB boot loader, which will then load your Funtoo Linux kernel and initramfs. This is the "UEFI + GRUB" method as described on the [[Boot Methods]] page.
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== Install ==
 
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== First Steps ==
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To install Funtoo Linux on a UEFI system, first you need to boot SysRescueCD in UEFI mode. To do this, enable UEFI in your BIOS, and if necessary disable legacy booting. After some fiddling, you should be able to boot SysRescueCD and get a black and white text menu instead of the traditional aqua/cyan-colored menu. The black and white menu indicates that you booted SysRescueCD in UEFI mode. Once you've accomplished this, you're ready to continue with your Funtoo Linux installation and partition your drive. See below for details.
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{{fancynote|If the <tt>/sys/firmware/efi</tt> directory exists, then you have successfully booted in EFI mode and will be able to configure your Funtoo system to boot in EFI mode. If the directory doesn't exist, fix this first. It is a requirement for setting up EFI booting.}}
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== Partitioning ==
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To set up your partitions for UEFI booting, you will create a ~500MB FAT32 partition on <tt>/dev/sda1</tt>, and set it to type <tt>EF00</tt> using <tt>gdisk</tt>.
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<console>
 
<console>
Command: ##i##n ↵
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###i## emerge -av bash-completion
Partition Number: ##i##1 ↵
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First sector: ##i##↵
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Last sector: ##i##+500M ↵
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Hex Code: ##i##EF00
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</console>
 
</console>
  
This partition will serve as your Funtoo <tt>/boot</tt> filesystem as well as the partition that the UEFI firmware can read to load GRUB. Then you will set up swap on <tt>/dev/sda2</tt> and your root filesystem on <tt>/dev/sda3</tt>. To create the FAT32 filesystem, type:
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If you want to enable bash completion for any package that supports it, you can set the global USE flag <code>bash-completion</code>:
  
<console>
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|desc=Set bash-completion globally|body=
# ##i##mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/sda1
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USE="$USE bash-completion"
</console>
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Your <tt>/etc/fstab</tt> entry for this filesystem will also differ, and will look like this:
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<pre>
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/dev/sda1 /boot vfat noatime 1 2
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</pre>
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== Kernel ==
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=== VFAT ===
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Make sure you add VFAT support to your kernel if you are building it manually.
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=== EFI Framebuffer ===
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If you have the following option enabled in your kernel, then uvesafb and efifb will not be able to detect the framebuffer:
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{{kernelop|title=Bus options (PCI etc.)|desc=
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    [*] Mark VGA/VBE/EFI FB as generic system framebuffer (NEW)
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}}
 
}}
  
If you have that option enabled, ''you must also enable'':
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And then <code>emerge -avN @world</code> to enable bash-completion on packages you formerly built without that support.
  
{{kernelop|title=Device Drivers,Graphics support,Frame buffer Devices|desc=
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However, you probably won't need bash completion on every package you install. So for a lighter system and faster completion, prefer enabling it on a per package basis.
    [*]  Simple framebuffer support
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}}
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This is the preferred method of using the EFI framebuffer, the efifb and uvesafb drivers will be used as a fallback if the above is not compatible.
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== Enable bash completion ==
  
== Boot Loader ==
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You need to add the following to your .bashrc to load bash-completion.
=== EFI Stub method ===
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Instead of bothering with the installation of GRUB and the risk that your system will not boot, you should consider using the UEFI firmware of your computer to boot your kernel. not only does this method reduce boot times slightly, it also removes the hassel of dealing with and configuring a bootloader.  
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==== Kernel Configuration ====
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{{file|name=~/.bashrc|desc=enable bash completion|body=
To prepare your kernel to boot with EFI stub, make sure that the following options are built in to your kernel:
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source /etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh
{{kernelop|title=Processor type and features|desc=
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[*] EFI runtime service support
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[*]    EFI stub support
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[ ]        EFI mixed-mode support
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[*] Built-in kernel command line
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(kernel options that you want to pass go here)
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}}
 
}}
{{note|Commands that you would normally pass, such as, <code>video{{=}}uvesafb:1920x1080-32,mtrr:3,ywrap</code>, should be put here. In other words, anything that you would normally add to <code>/etc/boot.conf</code> after <code>params +{{=}}</code> should be added to the built-in kernel command line as well.}}
 
  
{{important|You should specifiy the position of your rootfs here. For example: <code>root{{=}}/dev/sdb1</code>.}}
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Now you can enable completion for various programs with eselect.  
 
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If your system requires an initramfs to boot, do not worry, you can build that in to the kernel. One thing that you should know, however, is that the kernel only takes plaintext and <code>.cpio</code> files for initramfs source files. Therefore, if you use an application to generate an initramfs for you, make sure that it does not use gzip compression. To build better-initramfs-bin without gzip compression, disable the gzip use flag for the package:
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/package.use|desc= |body=
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sys-kernel/better-initramfs-bin -gzip
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}}
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then emerge better-initramfs:
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<console>
 
<console>
###i## emerge better-initramfs-bin
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$##i## eselect bashcomp list
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$##i## eselect bashcomp enable gentoo
 
</console>
 
</console>
If you check in your <code>/boot</code> directory, you should see a file called <code>initramfs.cpio</code>. See below to include this file in your kernel.
 
{{kernelop|title=General setup|desc=
 
[*] Initial RAM filesystem and RAM disk (initramfs/initrd) support
 
(/path/to/initramfs/file.cpio)
 
For better-initramfs-bin:
 
(/boot/initramfs.cpio)
 
}}
 
  
==== Building and installing the kernel ====
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To enable bash completion for all packages, you can use the following.
After you have configured your kernel, build it, install it to <code>/boot</code>, and then create a copy of the image to store in the EFI boot directory:
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<console>
 
<console>
###i## pwd
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###i## eselect bashcomp enable --global {0..476}
/usr/src/linux
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###i## make -jn
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###i## make -jn install modules_install
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###i## mkdir -vp /boot/EFI/Boot
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###i## cp -v /boot/vmlinuz-x.x.x /boot/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi
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</console>
 
</console>
When you have finished all of this, you should be able to reboot and enjoy yor new Funtoo system!
 
 
=== Grub method ===
 
==== Emerging GRUB ====
 
 
You will still use GRUB as a boot loader, but before emerging grub, you will need to enable EFI booting. To do this,
 
add the following line to <tt>/etc/portage/make.conf</tt>:
 
 
<pre>
 
GRUB_PLATFORMS="efi-64"
 
</pre>
 
 
Then, <tt>emerge grub</tt>. You will notice <tt>efibootmgr</tt> getting pulled in as a dependency. This is expected and good.
 
 
==== Installing GRUB ====
 
 
Now, for the magic of getting everything in place for booting. You should copy your kernel and initramfs (if you have one -- you will if you are following the default install) to <tt>/boot</tt>. GRUB will boot those. But how do we get UEFI to boot GRUB? Well, we need to run the following command:
 
  
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To disable bash completion for all packages, you can use the following.
 
<console>
 
<console>
# ##i##grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot --bootloader-id="Funtoo Linux [GRUB]" --recheck /dev/sda
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###i## eselect bashcomp disable --global {0..476}
 
</console>
 
</console>
This command will simply install all the stuff to <tt>/boot/EFI</tt> and <tt>/boot/grub</tt> that your system needs to boot. In particular, the <tt>/boot/EFI/grub/grubx64.efi</tt> file will be created. This is the GRUB boot image that UEFI will load and start.
 
 
A more detailed explanation of the flags used in the above command:
 
* <code>--target=x86_64-efi</code>: Tells GRUB that we want to install it in a way that allows it to boot in UEFI
 
* <code>--efi-directory=/boot</code>: All GRUB UEFI files will be installed in ''/boot''
 
* <code>--bootloader-id="Funtoo Linux [GRUB]"</code>: This flag is not necessary for GRUB to boot. However, it allows you to change the text of the boot option in the UEFI BIOS. The stuff in the quotes can be set to anything that you would like.
 
* <code>--recheck</code>: If a device map already exists on the disk or partition that GRUB is being installed on, it will be removed.
 
* <code>/dev/sda</code>:The device that we are installing GRUB on.
 
 
==== Configuring GRUB ====
 
 
OK, now UEFI has the GRUB image it needs to boot. But we still need to configure GRUB itself so it finds and boots your kernel and initramfs. This is done by performing the following steps. Since boot-update doesn't yet support UEFI, we will use boot-update, but then edit our <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code> to support UEFI booting.
 
 
First, you will need to edit <code>/etc/boot.conf</code>. Format this as you would if you were booting without UEFI. If you are not sure how this should look, below is an example of what it could look like if you are booting from an unencrypted ext4 partition:
 
 
{{file|name=/etc/boot.conf|desc=|body=
 
boot {
 
        generate grub
 
        default "Funtoo Linux"
 
        timeout 3
 
}
 
 
"Funtoo Linux" {
 
        kernel vmlinuz[-v]
 
        params += rootfstype=ext4 root=/dev/sda2
 
}
 
}}
 
 
After you have edited your <code>/etc/boot.conf</code> file, run <code>boot-update</code>. If you check your <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code> now, you should see something like this:
 
 
{{file|name=/boot/grub/grub.cfg|desc=|body=
 
set timeout=3
 
 
  insmod part_gpt
 
  insmod fat
 
  set root=(hostdisk//dev/sda,gpt1)
 
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 3CFD-6884
 
if loadfont /grub/unifont.pf2; then
 
  set gfxmode=text
 
  insmod gfxterm
 
  insmod vbe
 
  terminal_output gfxterm
 
fi
 
 
set menu_color_normal=cyan/blue
 
set menu_color_highlight=blue/cyan
 
 
menuentry "Funtoo Linux - vmlinuz-3.16.3" {
 
  insmod part_gpt
 
  insmod fat
 
  set root=(hostdisk//dev/sda,gpt1)
 
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 3CFD-6884
 
  linux /vmlinuz-3.16.3 video=uvesafb:1920x1080-32,mtrr:3,ywrap rootfstype=ext4 root=/dev/sda2
 
  set gfxpayload=text
 
}
 
set default=0
 
}}
 
 
To get your <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code> to support booting with UEFI, make your <code>/boot/grub/grub.cfg</code> look like this:
 
{{file|name=/boot/grub/grub.cfg|desc=|body=
 
set timeout=3
 
 
  insmod part_gpt
 
  insmod fat
 
  insmod efi_gop
 
  insmod efi_uga
 
  set root=(hostdisk//dev/sda,gpt1)
 
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 3CFD-6884
 
if loadfont /grub/unifont.pf2; then
 
  set gfxmode=auto
 
  insmod gfxterm
 
  insmod vbe
 
  terminal_output gfxterm
 
fi
 
 
set menu_color_normal=cyan/blue
 
set menu_color_highlight=blue/cyan
 
 
menuentry "Funtoo Linux - vmlinuz-3.16.3" {
 
  insmod part_gpt
 
  insmod fat
 
  set root=(hostdisk//dev/sda,gpt1)
 
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 3CFD-6884
 
  linux /vmlinuz-3.16.3 video=uvesafb:1920x1080-32,mtrr:3,ywrap rootfstype=ext4 root=/dev/sda2
 
  set gfxpayload=keep
 
}
 
set default=0
 
}}
 
 
The lines that we have added and altered do the following:
 
* <code>insmod efi_gop</code> and <code>insmod efi_uga</code>: Both of these involve adding support for the UEFI framebuffer to GRUB.
 
* <code>set gfxmode=auto</code>: Instead of having the GRUB boot option screen being displayed at the smallest resolution possible, changing this to auto will make it fit the resolution of your display.
 
 
== Known Issues ==
 
*With pure UEFI boot mode, with legacy mode disabled, following error expected:
 
** video driver not supported, boot hangs, hard reboot required.
 
*Choose UEFI first, next legacy driver. It depends on motherboard vendor and efi bios version.
 
**In UEFI bios choose grub option, if your succeeded with above guide, additional menu should appear in Boot Menu, otherwise it boots into EFI shell: <code>grub:NAME of you hard drive</code>
 
* On some systems, installing the packages that are required for UEFI booting with any gcc later than a 4.x.x release may lead to a black screen after the GRUB screen. To fix this, before you begin installing any packages on your system, emerge =gcc-4.6.4-r2 and proceed with the installation as usual. Remember to switch your compiler back to the version of gcc that came with your system after you have finished installing. To do this, use <code>gcc-config 2</code>. This problem can also be fixed by following the [[Efi Stub guide]] instead of the GRUB one.
 
 
=== Done! ===
 
 
Remember to follow all other steps in the regular Funtoo Install Guide. Assuming you did everything correctly, your system should now boot via UEFI! We will be adding UEFI support to boot-update soon to make this process easier.
 
  
[[Category:HOWTO]]
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{{EbuildFooter}}

Latest revision as of 11:21, November 1, 2014

app-shells/bash-completion


Source Repository:Gentoo Portage Tree
Homepage

Summary: Bash tab-completion

Bash completion

Install

# emerge -av bash-completion

If you want to enable bash completion for any package that supports it, you can set the global USE flag bash-completion:

/etc/portage/make.conf: Set bash-completion globally
USE="$USE bash-completion"

And then emerge -avN @world to enable bash-completion on packages you formerly built without that support.

However, you probably won't need bash completion on every package you install. So for a lighter system and faster completion, prefer enabling it on a per package basis.

Enable bash completion

You need to add the following to your .bashrc to load bash-completion.

~/.bashrc: enable bash completion
source /etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh

Now you can enable completion for various programs with eselect.

$ eselect bashcomp list
$ eselect bashcomp enable gentoo

To enable bash completion for all packages, you can use the following.

# eselect bashcomp enable --global {0..476}

To disable bash completion for all packages, you can use the following.

# eselect bashcomp disable --global {0..476}