Difference between pages "Pt-br/Funtoo Linux Localization" and "Package:XDM (Display Manager)"

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== Definir Idioma Padrão ==
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{{Ebuild
 
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|Summary=X.Org xdm application
No Funtoo, há dois arquivos de configuração responsáveis suas configurações de idioma: <code>/etc/locale.gen</code> e <code>/etc/env.d/00basic</code>. O primeiro arquivo contém somente en_US.UTF-8 locale habilitado. O ultimo é um arquivo padrão embarcado que vem a partir do stage3 e responsável pelo en_US.UTF-8 locale system-wide. não recomendado editar.
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|CatPkg=x11-apps/xdm
Os passos a seguir lhe guiarão através do processo de editar o idioma padrão do sistema (default system language), utilizando o francês canadense como um exemplo.
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|Maintainer=
Primeiro você terá que editar <code>/etc/locale.gen</code>:
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|Homepage=http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/display_manager/
<console>
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# ##i##nano -w /etc/locale.gen
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</console>
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Especifique sua localidade preferida com o formato de caracter acompanhante (Você vai preferir principalmente UTF-8):
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{{fancynote|It is recommended to keep the preconfigured en_US.UTF-8 locale as a fallback.}}
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{{file|name=/etc/locale.gen|body=
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en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
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fr_CA.UTF-8 UTF-8
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}}
 
}}
To determine an appropriate locale for your system, you should take a look into <code>/usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED</code> for the default list of supported combinations or check the <code>/usr/share/i18n/locales/</code> directory for a list of valid values.
 
{{fancywarning|You are strongly advised to use ''at least one'' UTF-8 locale since some applications may require it.}}
 
 
Now, those locales need to be generated:
 
<console>
 
# ##i##locale-gen
 
##g##*##!g## Generating 2 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs
 
*  (1/2) Generating en_US.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
 
*  (2/2) Generating fr_CA.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
 
##g##*##!g## Generation complete
 
</console>
 
 
Once done, you can apply your locale settings system-wide. First display all available options:
 
<console>
 
$ ##i##eselect locale list
 
##b####g##Available targets for the LANG variable:
 
  ##b##[1]##!b##  C
 
  ##b##[2]##!b##  POSIX
 
  ##b##[3]##!b##  fr_CA.utf8
 
  ##b##[4]##!b##  en_US.utf8 ##bl##*
 
  ##b##[ ]##!b##  (free form)
 
</console>
 
The blue star indicates the current default system locale. You can now change it according your wishes:
 
<console>
 
# ##i##eselect locale set 3
 
Setting LANG to fr_CA.utf8 ...
 
Run ". /etc/profile" to update the variable in your shell.
 
</console>
 
Alternatively, you can set the default locale manually. This file should be created first with your prefered editor:
 
{{file|name=/etc/env.d/02locale|body=LANG="fr_CA.utf8"}}
 
You can verify your actions using:
 
<console>
 
$ ##i##eselect locale show
 
##b####g##LANG variable in profile:
 
  ##b##fr_CA.utf8
 
</console>
 
 
For an immediate effect it is required to reload the environment:
 
<console>
 
# ##i##env-update && source /etc/profile
 
>>> Regenerating /etc/ld.so.cache...
 
</console>
 
Congratulations! You have successfully set up your default language on Funtoo.
 
 
== Portage Settings ==
 
 
Portage uses a special variable <code>LINGUAS</code> that defines what localizations/translations get installed by default. By default, <code>LINGUAS</code> in unset, which will result in ''all'' available localizations being installed by Portage.
 
 
It is possible to customize the setting of <code>LINGUAS</code> by setting it in <code>/etc/make.conf</code>:
 
 
<console>
 
# ##i##LINGUAS="en_US zh_CN"
 
</console>
 
 
The <code>LINGUAS</code> variable should use spaces between each localization name.
 
== Read Your Language ==
 
 
A newly installed Funtoo Linux does not able to read all the languages. You want to read the stuff, say, in Mozilla Firefox. You need to install fonts - A good sign that you have not installed the proper fonts is that the following characters appear as boxes with numbers inside: 日本語フォント
 
 
Check if you have your language installed (Chinese) by using the <tt>fc-list</tt> command from the <tt>media-libs/fontconfig</tt> ebuild:
 
 
<console>
 
# ##i##fc-list :lang=zh
 
</console>
 
 
If you are lucky, the right font will be installed, and your apps will also be able to use Chinese as the default language. But in case you not have the right font installed in this way, you need to install them manually.
 
 
For Japanese:
 
 
<console>
 
# ##i##emerge media-fonts/kochi-substitute
 
</console>
 
 
For Chinese:
 
<console>
 
# ##i##emerge media-fonts/arphicfonts
 
</console>
 
 
For Korean:
 
 
<console>
 
# ##i##emerge media-fonts/baekmuk-fonts
 
</console>
 
== Keymap ==
 
 
Funtoo Linux defaults to a US English keyboard. If you are using another type of keyboard, edit <tt>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</tt> and set keymap to your keyboard model. For example, cf for French Canadian keyboard, fr for French Azerty.
 
  
<console>
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XDM ([[Wikipedia:XDM_(display_manager)|Wikipedia page]],) also known as the X Display Manager, is an application that typically starts at system startup, and presents a graphical login screen. Once a user successfully logs in, their X session begins.
# ##i##nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps
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</console>
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== Input Method ==
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ibus is an Intelligent Input Bus for Linux.
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On Gentoo systems, XDM installs the {{f|/etc/init.d/xdm}} init script, which via the {{f|/etc/conf.d/xdm}} configuration file is used to start other display managers, such as GNOME's {{c|gdm}}.
  
<console>
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==install==
# ##i##emerge -av ibus
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{{console|body=###i## emerge xdm}}
</console>
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You also need to install language table for ibus (Chinese)
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==configure==
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xdm is controlled by {{f|/etc/conf.d/xdm}}.
  
<console>
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xdm is often paired with other, more modern display managers.
# ##i##emerge -av ibus-table-chinese
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see:
</console>
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*{{package|x11-misc/lightdm}}
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*{{package|gnome-base/gdm}}
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*{{package|kde-base/kdm}}
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*{{package|x11-misc/slim}}
  
[[Category:Install|Localization]]
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==init==
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{{console|body=###i## rc-update add xdm
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###i## rc}}
 +
{{EbuildFooter}}

Revision as of 02:58, February 6, 2015

x11-apps/xdm


Source Repository:Gentoo Portage Tree
Homepage

Summary: X.Org xdm application

Use Flags

consolekit
Enable native sys-auth/consolekit support
xdm-auth
Enable XDM-AUTHENTICATION-1 support

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XDM (Display Manager)

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XDM (Wikipedia page,) also known as the X Display Manager, is an application that typically starts at system startup, and presents a graphical login screen. Once a user successfully logs in, their X session begins.

On Gentoo systems, XDM installs the /etc/init.d/xdm init script, which via the /etc/conf.d/xdm configuration file is used to start other display managers, such as GNOME's gdm.

install

# emerge xdm


configure

xdm is controlled by /etc/conf.d/xdm.

xdm is often paired with other, more modern display managers. see:

init

# rc-update add xdm
# rc