Difference between pages "X Window System" and "Template:Package"

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(Created page with "=== X.Org === In order to use a graphical environment it's necessary to install X.Org, which is an implementation of the X Window system. Before we start it's a good idea t...")
 
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=== X.Org ===
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<includeonly>{{#if: {{{1|}}}|[https://github.com/funtoo/ports-2012/{{Trim|{{{1}}}}} {{Trim|{{{1}}}}}]|{{Error|Package|unnamed}}}}</includeonly><noinclude>{{Documentation}}</noinclude>
 
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In order to use a graphical environment it's necessary to install X.Org, which is an implementation of the X Window system.
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Before we start it's a good idea to make sure that your system is configured correctly. If you've installed your kernel using the <tt>binary</tt> USE flag, chances are that your video card is already supported.
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In order for Portage to know which video card(s) you want to support, you'll need to add a line to your <tt>make.conf</tt>.
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<console>
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# ##i##nano -w /etc/portage/make.conf
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...
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VIDEO_CARDS="intel"
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</console>
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In the example above we're using Intel integrated graphics drivers. Examples of valid entries include <tt>radeon</tt> for AMD Radeon cards, and <tt>nouveau</tt> or <tt>nvidia</tt> for NVIDIA cards. If you haven't yet switched to the <tt>desktop</tt> profile it's a good idea to do it now.
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Next comes the actual installation:
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<console>
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# ##i##emerge xorg-x11
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</console>
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Now we need to test to make sure X.Org is working properly. To test it we will install twm, a simple window manager which has traditionally served as the standard window manager for X.Org. In Funtoo Linux it is included in the core X.Org meta-package <tt>x11-apps/xinit</tt>, but is not installed by default.
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It is possible to install twm directly by merging <tt>x11-wm/twm</tt> but for the sake of this tutorial we will install the meta-package, which includes a few extra utilities which may come in handy. There are two ways to do this depending on whether you want it to be installed temporarily or permanently. If you just want it to test X.Org use the following command:
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<console>
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# ##i##USE="-minimal" emerge -1 xinit
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</console>
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The <tt>minimal</tt> USE flag is used in some ebuilds to install the bare minimum needed to get a working system. By passing <tt>USE="-minimal"</tt> to the command line before <tt>emerge</tt>, we are telling Portage to disable the flag and install the complete package. The <tt>-1</tt> (<tt>--oneshot</tt>) following <tt>emerge</tt> tells Portage not to add the package to [[#Updating your system|<tt>world</tt>]]. This is useful when installing packages which are automatically pulled in as dependencies by other packages.
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If you want the package installed permanently you will need to add a line to <tt>package.use</tt>:
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<console>
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# ##i##mkdir -p /etc/portage
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# ##i##echo x11-apps/xinit -minimal >> /etc/portage/package.use
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</console>
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Next we reinstall <tt>x11-apps/xinit</tt>:
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<console>
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# ##i##emerge -1N xinit
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</console>
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Once that's done, we're able to finally test X.Org:
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<console>
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# ##i##startx
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</console>
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If everything is well, a simple GUI along with an analog clock and a terminal will appear.
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[[Category:First Steps]]
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Revision as of 23:22, 10 January 2014

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