< Install
Revision as of 22:43, November 15, 2014 by Drobbins (Talk | contribs) (Your SubArch)


This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions which covers: the process of installing the Stage3 tarball. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.

Installing the Stage 3 tarball

After creating filesystems, the next step is downloading the initial Stage 3 tarball. The Stage 3 is a pre-compiled system used as a starting point to install Funtoo Linux. Load one of the following URLs in another browser window:

Now, let's navigate the directories on the mirrors to find the appropriate build of Funtoo Linux for you.

Which Build?

If you're not sure, pick funtoo-current.

Funtoo Linux has various different 'builds', or variants. Here is a list of the various builds that are available, and what their distinctive features are:

funtoo-currentThe most commonly-selected build of Funtoo Linux. Receives rapid updates and preferred by desktop users.
funtoo-current-hardenedSame package set as funtoo-current, but with a hardened, exploit-resistant toolchain.
funtoo-stableEmphasizes less-frequent package updates and trusted, reliable versions of packages over the latest versions.

If you want to read more about this, have a look at Differences between stable, current and experimental.

What Architecture?

If you're not sure, pick x86-64bit, or possibly pure64 for server systems.

For PC-compatible systems, the following choices are available:

x86-64bitFor modern 64-bit processors. Uses new 64-bit instructions and address space. Maintains 32-bit compatibility with multilib.
pure64For modern 64-bit processors but with no support for 64-bit compatibility.
x86-32bitFor older 32-bit systems such as Athlon XP, Pentium 4, or earlier Atom.

Your SubArch

Inside /funtoo-current/x86-64bit/ on one of our mirrors, you'll see a bunch of directories for various subarches of Funtoo Linux. Subarches are builds of Funtoo Linux that are designed to run on a particular type of CPU, to offer the best possible performance. They also take advantage of the instruction sets available for each CPU.

If you are using an AMD-based CPU, download a stage3 from generic_64, amd64-k8, amd64-k10, amd64-bulldozer, amd64-piledriver or amd64-steamroller. See Subarches for help figuring out what AMD subarch is best for you.

If you are using an Intel-based CPU, download a stage3 from generic_64, atom_64, core2_64 or corei7. Note that corei7 is ideal for any modern Intel processor, including Core i3 and Core i5, and many Xeons.

If you are using a 32-bit CPU, download a stage3 from generic_32, i686, core2_32, atom_32 or athlon-xp.

Setting the Date


If your system's date and time are too far off (typically by months or years,) then it may prevent Portage from properly downloading source tarballs. This is because some of our sources are downloaded via HTTPS, which use SSL certificates and are marked with an activation and expiration date. However, if you system time is relatively close to correct, you can probably skip this step for now.

Now is a good time to verify the date and time are correctly set to UTC. Use the date command to verify the date and time:

# date
Fri Jul 15 19:47:18 UTC 2011

If the date and/or time need to be corrected, do so using date MMDDhhmmYYYY, keeping in mind hhmm are in 24-hour format. The example below changes the date and time to "July 16th, 2011 @ 8:00PM" UTC:

# date 071620002011
Fri Jul 16 20:00:00 UTC 2011

Download the Stage3

Once you are in your Funtoo Linux root filesystem, use wget to download the Stage 3 tarball you have chosen to use as the basis for your new Funtoo Linux system. It should be saved to the /mnt/funtoo directory as follows:

# cd /mnt/funtoo
# wget

Note that 64-bit systems can run 32-bit or 64-bit stages, but 32-bit systems can only run 32-bit stages. Make sure that you select a Stage 3 build that is appropriate for your CPU. If you are not certain, it is a safe bet to choose the generic_64 or generic_32 stage. Consult the Download page for more information.

Once the stage is downloaded, extract the contents with the following command, substituting in the actual name of your stage 3 tarball:

# tar xpf stage3-latest.tar.xz

It is very important to use tar's "p" option when extracting the Stage 3 tarball - it tells tar to preserve any permissions and ownership that exist within the archive. Without this option, your Funtoo Linux filesystem permissions will be incorrect.