Pt-br/Genkernel Quick Start Tutorial

Revision as of 23:47, April 5, 2015 by Tocadotux (Talk | contribs)

Conceitos

TBC

Recompilando os códigos fonte do kernel Gentoo a partir do SystemRescue CD chroot

Um segundo caso que muitos usuários de Funtoo users encararão é recompilar seu próprio kernel quando instalar um um Funtoo novinho a partir de um stage 3 archive (o cenário mais comum é inicializar a maquina com o SystemRescue CD).

Note
Se quiser utilizar o System rescue CD sources fornecido pelo Funtoo sys-kernel/sysrescue-std-sources (package not on wiki - please add), a filosofia permanece exatamente a mesma.

Primeiro passo, emergir os pacotes necessários

O primeiro passo é emergir:

  1. Os fontes do kernel do Gentoo: sys-kernel/gentoo-sources (package not on wiki - please add)
  2. Genkernel em si: sys-kernel/genkernel (package not on wiki - please add)

Isso é conseguido ao executar o seguinte:

# emerge sys-kernel/gentoo-sources sys-kernel/genkernel

Uma vez que ps fontes do kernel do Gentoo são implantados, Você deve encontrar um diretório nomeado linux-version-gentoo (ex. linux-2.6.39-gentoo) sob /usr/src. Atualize o link simbólico linux para apontar para esse diretório:

# cd /usr/src
# rm linux
# ln -s linux-2.6.39-gentoo linux

Second step: Grabbing and tweaking a configuration file

How to start your kernel configuration? Simply by using the same configuration template the running System Rescue CD kernel had been built with! Before chrooting in your Funtoo instance, you did something like:

# mount -o bind /proc /mnt/gentoo/proc

Or:

# mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc

In your chroot environment (or from a System Rescue CD virtual terminal) if you look what /proc contains you will notice a file named config.gz:

# ls /proc

...
dr-xr-xr-x  7 root       root                     0 May 23 03:13 952
dr-xr-xr-x  7 root       root                     0 May 23 03:13 953
dr-xr-xr-x  7 root       root                     0 May 23 18:42 9834
...
-r--r--r--  1 root       root                 16024 May 23 22:27 config.gz
-r--r--r--  1 root       root                     0 May 23 22:27 consoles
-r--r--r--  1 root       root                     0 May 23 22:27 cpuinfo
...

config.gz holds the running kernel (System Rescue CD) configuration, just copy the unziped content into the Gentoo sources directory:

# cd /usr/src/linux
# zcat /proc/config.gz > .config

Next, run make oldconfig to set all newly added options:

# make oldconfig

Next, tweak the kernel configuration in the way you prefer (manually edition of the .config file, make nconfig, make menuconfig....) if you wish. You are not ready yet! A final step is required: you must either set CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE to a blank value (CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE="") either delete the statement in the .config file. Forgotting to do that will make Genkernel abort the compilation process with a message like:

/usr/src/linux-2.6.39-gentoo/scripts/gen_initramfs_list.sh: Cannot open '/var/tmp/genkernel/initramfs-2.6.32.14-std155-i386.cpio.gz'
make[1]: *** [usr/initramfs_data.cpio.lzma] Error 1

Third step: Building and installing the kernel

This is simply achieved by:

# genkernel --no-mrproper all

The same remarks written in the third paragraph of the first use case are still valid here.