Difference between pages "Install/pt-br/Configuring" and "Wim42gnu's-setup"

< Install‎ | pt-br(Difference between pages)
(/etc/make.conf)
 
 
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=== Configurando seu sistema ===
+
WIM42GNU's Funtoo Setup
Como é esperado de uma distribuição Linux, Funtoo Linux tem seu compartilhamento de arquivos de configuração. O arquivo que absolutamente requer que você edite de forma a assegurar que o Funtoo Linux inicialize com sucesso é <code>/etc/fstab</code>. Os outros são opcionais.
+
  
==== Utilizando o Nano ====
+
This is for everybody who might have seen my funtoo setup and liked it!
 +
This is also for myself to keep track on my system. I have used most of the Linux distributions out there and I am currently most happy with funtoo.
 +
My reasons are:
 +
# Gentoo/Funtoo is a rolling release distribution, meaning you only have to install it once and update it frequently.
 +
# Gentoo/Funtoo is only what you make out of it, no unnesecary rubish like in Ubuntu, OpenSuse or Fedora will be installed by default. In the mean time being aware that Gentoo/Funtoo is for advanced users not careing that much about GUIs for Settings or Configs.
 +
# Gentoo/Funtoo runs fast due to multiple reasons. (Compiling your own software,USE-Flags,...)
 +
# Philosophy, one would think that Slackware would suite me most (KISS,Unix) but the fact is that these distributions require you more energy and time to work with. I want to get my jobs done, not careing to much about the system. It is okay to have tools that do things for you as long they are designed well - like in funtoo.
  
O editor padrão incluso no ambiente chroot é chamado de <code>nano</code>. Para editar um dos arquivos abaixo, chame o nano como a seguir:
 
  
<console>
+
'''1. Install Funtoo (not complete yet - I will update this part when I install funtoo the next time)'''
(chroot) # ##i##nano /etc/fstab
+
</console>
+
  
Quando estiver no editor, você pode utilizar as teclas de cetas para mover o cursor, e teclas comuns como backspace e delete funcionarão como esperado. Para salvar o arquivo, pressione Control-X, e responda <code>y</code> quando solicitado para salvar o buffer modificado se você gostaria de salvar suas alterações.
+
''Follow the install instructions and setup a minimal system.''http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Installation
  
==== Configuration Files ====
+
Notice you will need to create/edit some configs in the installation prozess. Here are some of mine customizations:
  
Aqui estão uma lista completa de arquivos que você pode queres editar, dependendo de suas necessidades:
+
a) <code>/etc/portage/make.conf</code>:
{{TableStart}}
+
  CFLAGS="-O2 -march=native -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer"
<tr class="active"><th>Arquivo</th>
+
  CXXFLAGS="${CFLAGS}"
<th>Preciso alter-á-lo?</th>
+
  CPU_FLAGS_X86="aes avx fma4 mmx mmxext popcnt sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 xop"
<th>Descrição</th>
+
</tr><tr  class="danger">
+
<td><code>/etc/fstab</code></td>
+
<td>'''SIM - exigido'''</td>
+
<td>Pontos de montagem para todos os filesystems a serem utilizados no momento do boot. Esse arquivo deve refletir sua configuação de partição de disco. Vamos lhe guiar através da modificação desse arquivo abaixo.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/localtime</code></td>
+
<td>''Talvez - recomendável''</td>
+
<td>Seu fuso horário (timezone), que será padrão ao UTC se não definido. Esse deve ser um link simbólico para algo localizado sob /usr/share/zoneinfo (ex. /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Montreal) </td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/make.conf</code> (symlink) - also known as:<br/><code>/etc/portage/make.conf</code></td>
+
<td>''Talvêz - recomendado''</td>
+
<td>Parâmetros utilizado pelo gcc (compilador), pelo portage, e pelo make. É uma boa ideia definir o MAKEOPTS. Isso é coberto mais para frente nessa documentação.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code></td>
+
<td>''Talvez - recomendado''</td>
+
<td>Utilizado para definir o hostname do sistema. Defina a variável <code>hostname</code> como nome fully-qualified (com pontos, ex. <code>foo.funtoo.org</code>) se você tiver um. Caso contrário, defina para o hostname do sistema local (sem pontos, ex. <code>foo</code>). Padrões para <code>localhost</code> se não definido.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/hosts</code></td>
+
<td>''Não''</td>
+
<td> Você não precisa mais definir manual o hostname nesse arquivo. Esse arquivo é gerado manualmente pelo <code>/etc/init.d/hostname</code>.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</code></td>
+
<td>Opcional</td>
+
<td>Arquivo de configuração de mapeamento do teclado (fara console pseudo terminais). Configure se você não possui um teclado no padrão americano (non-US). Veja [[Funtoo Linux Localization]].</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</code></td>
+
<td>Opcional</td>
+
<td>Como o tempo de clock do hardware mantido pela bateria (battery-backed) do sistema é interpretado [UTC ou hora local (local time)]. Linux utiliza o clock do hardware mantido pela bateria para inicializar a hora do sistema quando o sistema é inicializado.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/conf.d/modules</code></td>
+
<td>Opcional</td>
+
<td>Módulos do Kernel para carregar automaticamente na inicialização do sistema. Tipicamente não exigido. Veja [[Additional Kernel Resources]] para mais informações.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>/etc/conf.d/consolefont</code></td>
+
<td>Opcional</td>
+
<td>Lhe permite especificar a font padrão do console. Para aplicar essa font, habilite o serviço consolefont ao executar rc-update add consolefont.</td>
+
</tr><tr>
+
<td><code>profiles</code></td>
+
<td>Opcional</td>
+
<td>Algumas configurações úteis para o portage que podem ajudar a acelerar a configuração inicial.</td>
+
</tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
  
Se você estiver instalando uma versão em Inglês do Funtoo Linux, você está com sorte desde que muitos dos arquivos de configuração pode ser utilizadas como é. Se estiver instalando para outra localidade, não se preocupe. Vamos lhe orientar através dos passos para a configuração necessária na página [[Funtoo Linux Localization]], e se necessário, sempre há muito suporte amigável e útil. (Veja [[#Community portal|Community]])
+
''for the CPU Flags checkout:'' http://www.funtoo.org/News:CPU_FLAGS_X86
  
Vamos seguir em frente e ver o que temos que fazer. Utilize <code>nano -w <name_of_file></code> para editar os arquivos -- o "<code>-w</code>" desabilita empacotamento de palavras (word-wrapping), que útil quando editar arquivos de configurações. Você pode copiar e colar a partir dos exemplos.
+
  USE="qt3support theora libkms xa cdr dvd dvdr alsa ffmpeg -gnome gtk -qt4 -kde lm_sensors mp3 mp4 mozilla multilib png python sound udev usb unicode static-libs hddtemp -bluetooth  nvidia X pulseaudio udisks"
  
{{fancywarning|É importante editar seu arquivo <code>/etc/fstab</code> antes de você reinicializar! Você precisará modificar ambas as colunas  "fs" e "type" para equiparar as configurações para as suas partições e filesystems que você criou com o <code>gdisk</code> ou <code>fdisk</code>. Pulando esses podem impedir que o Funtoo Linux de inicializar com sucesso.}}
+
  EMERGE_DEFAULT_OPTS="--keep-going"
 +
  FEATURES="-collision-protect ccache"
 +
  CCACHE_SIZE="1G"
 +
  PORTAGE_NICENESS=20
 +
  PORTAGE_IONICE_COMMAND="ionice -c 3 -p \${PID}"
 +
  #EMERGE_DEFAULT_OPTS="--jobs=12"  
 +
  MAKEOPTS="-j12" ''<--- Number of CPU cores *2 in my case works best.''
  
==== /etc/fstab ====
+
  LANG="de_DE.UTF-8"
 +
  LINGUAS="de" 
 +
  ACCEPT_LICENSE="* -@EULA"
 +
  INPUT_DEVICES="evdev"
 +
  VIDEO_CARDS="nvidia"
  
<code>/etc/fstab</code> é utilizado pelo comando <code>mount</code> que é executado quando seu sistema inicializa. Afirmações desse arquivo informam <code>mount</code> a respeito das partições a serem montadas e como elas são montadas. No intuito que o sistema inicialize devidamente, você deve editar <code>/etc/fstab</code> e assegurar de que isso reflita a configuração de partições que você utilizou anteriormente:
 
  
<console>
+
b) <code>/etc/fstab</code>
(chroot) # ##i##nano -w /etc/fstab
+
</console>
+
  
<pre>
+
  # /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# The root filesystem should have a pass number of either 0 or 1.
+
  #
# All other filesystems should have a pass number of 0 or greater than 1.
+
  # The root filesystem should have a pass number of either 0 or 1.
#
+
  # All other filesystems should have a pass number of 0 or greater than 1.
# NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
+
  #
#
+
  # NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
# See the manpage fstab(5) for more information.
+
  #
#
+
  # See the manpage fstab(5) for more information.
# <fs>     <mountpoint> <type> <opts>         <dump/pass>
+
  #
 +
  # <fs> <mountpoint> <type> <opts> <dump/pass>
  
/dev/sda1   /boot         ext2   noauto,noatime 1 2
+
  /dev/sda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
/dev/sda2    none          swap   sw             0 0
+
  #/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,ro 0 0
/dev/sda3    /            ext4   noatime       0 1
+
  /dev/mapper/vg-swap    none          swap     sw                             0 0
#/dev/cdrom  /mnt/cdrom    auto   noauto,ro      0 0
+
  /dev/mapper/vg-root    /            ext4     noatime,nodiratime,defaults    0 1
</pre>
+
  /dev/sr0                /mnt/cdrom    auto     noauto,ro                       0 0
 +
  /dev/mapper/vg-home    /home        ext4     noatime,nodiratime              0 0
 +
''' tmpfs /var/tmp/portage tmpfs uid=portage,gid=portage,mode=0775,size=16048M,noatime 0 0'''
  
{{Note|Atualmente, noso <code>/etc/fstab</code> padrão tem o filesystem root como <code>/dev/sda4</code> e a partição swap como <code>/dev/sda3</code>. Esses precisarão ser alterados para <code>/dev/sda3</code> e <code>/dev/sda2</code>, respectivamente.}}
+
for tmpfs see: http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Filesystem_Guide,_Part_3
  
{{Note|Se você estiver utilizando UEFI para inicializar (boot), altere a linha <code>/dev/sda1</code> então ela diz <code>vfat</code> ao invés de <code>ext2</code>. Similarmente, certifique-se de que a linha <code>/dev/sda3</code> especifica ou <code>xfs</code> ou <code>ext4</code>, dependendo de qual filesystem você escolher em filesystem-creation time.}}
+
c) Since I have an encrypted LVM, one needs an initramfs. I prefer the genkernel method.
 +
    genkernel --kernel-config=/path/to/your/custom-kernel-config --no-mrproper --makeopts=-j5 --install --lvm --luks all
 +
more here: http://www.funtoo.org/Rootfs_over_encrypted_lvm or use better-initramfs: http://www.funtoo.org/Initramfs
  
==== /etc/localtime ====
+
d) My Funtoo Profiles:
 +
  eselect profile show
 +
 
 +
  Currently set profiles:
 +
    arch: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
 +
    build: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
 +
  flavor: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X
 +
 +
  Automatically enabled profiles:
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
 +
  mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras
  
<code>/etc/localtime</code> é utilizado para especificar o fuso horário (timezone) em que sua sua máquina está, e os padrões para o UTC. Se você quiser que seu sistema Funtoo Linux utilize fuso horário, você deve substituir <code>/etc/localtime</code> por um link simbólico para o fuso horário que você deseja utilizar.
 
  
<console>
+
'''2. Install your WindowManager or DesktopEnviroment'''
(chroot) # ##i##ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/MST7MDT /etc/localtime
+
 
 +
''My favourite Window Manager at the time is i3 followed by xfce and openbox.''
 +
''Details about i3 & funtoo → http://www.funtoo.org/Package:I3_(Window_Manager) ''
 +
'''i3 setup:'''
 +
 
 +
1) install these packages:
 +
<console> emerge --ask i3 i3status dmenu lxappeareance
 
</console>
 
</console>
 +
'' If you want to know what these packages are research them. I use lxappeareance to install and select gtk-themes.''
  
O comando acima define o fuso horário para montar o horário padrão (com horário de verão). Digite <code>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</code> para verificar quais fuso horários estão disponíveis. Há também subdiretórios contendo fuso horários descritos por local.
+
Config files:
  
==== /etc/make.conf ====
+
'''1.''' xinitrc at <code>~/.xinitrc </code>
 +
  exec ck-launch-session i3
 +
''You only need --force-xinerama if you do have a nvidia grafics card that do not work without it. For more <code>startx</code> magic → https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/xinitrc''
  
MAKEOPTS pode ser utilizado para definir quantas compilações paralelas devem ocorrer quando você compilar um pacote, que pode acelerar compilação significativamente. uma regra de thumb é o número de CPUs (ou CPU threads) em seu sistema mais um (plus one). Se por exemplo você possui um processador dual core sem [[wikipedia:Hyper-threading|hyper-threading]], então você definiria MAKEOPTS para 3:
+
'''2.'''  <code>~/.i3/config</code>
  
<pre>
+
''specify window colors at the top of the file:''
MAKEOPTS="-j3"
+
  # class                border  backgr. text    indicator
</pre>
+
  client.focused          #333333 #000000 #ffffff #000000
 +
  client.focused_inactive #333333 #5f676a #ffffff #484e50
 +
  client.unfocused        #333333 #222222 #888888 #292d2e
 +
  client.urgent          #333333 #900000 #ffffff #900000
  
Se você não estiver certo sobre quantos processadores/threads você possui, então utilize nproc para ajudá-lo.
+
''specify the bar/workspace colors at the bottom of the file:''
<console>
+
 
(chroot) # ##i##nproc
+
  bar {
16
+
          status_command i3status
</console>
+
          # Bar color settings
 +
          colors{
 +
                  #background #000000
 +
                  #statusline #ffffff
 +
                  #separator  #666666
 +
                  # Type            border  background font
 +
                  focused_workspace  #008fff #007fff #ffffff
 +
                  active_workspace  #333333 #5f676a #ffffff
 +
                  inactive_workspace #333333 #222222 #888888
 +
                  urgent_workspace  #aa0000 #990000 #ffffff
 +
          }
 +
  }
  
Set MAKEOPTS to this number plus one:
 
  
<pre>
+
Do not forget the keymap setting at <code>/etc/X11/xorg.conf</code> otherwise you need to use <code>setxkbmap</code>
MAKEOPTS="-j17"
+
  Section "InputClass"
</pre>
+
    Identifier        "keyboard-all"
 +
    Driver            "evdev"
 +
    MatchIsKeyboard    "on"
 +
  ''' Option        "XkbLayout" "de"'''
 +
  EndSection
  
USE flags define what functionality is enabled when packages are built. It is not recommended to add a lot of them during installation; you should wait until you have a working, bootable system before changing your USE flags. A USE flag prefixed with a minus ("<code>-</code>") sign tells Portage not to use the flag when compiling.  A Funtoo guide to USE flags will be available in the future. For now, you can find out more information about USE flags in the [http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-amd64.xml?part=2&chap=2 Gentoo Handbook].
+
'''3. '''Display Power Management Signaling
  
LINGUAS tells Portage which local language to compile the system and applications in (those who use LINGUAS variable like OpenOffice). It is not usually necessary to set this if you use English. If you want another language such as French (fr) or German (de), set LINGUAS appropriately:
+
a) You can either use XScreenSaver(https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/XScreenSaver):
 +
  emerge -a xscreensaver
  
<pre>
+
and add <code>/usr/bin/xscreensaver -no-splash &</code> to your <code>~/.xinitrc</code> file:
LINGUAS="fr"
+
 
</pre>
+
  xscreensaver -no-splash &        # starts screensaver daemon
 +
  exec ck-launch-session i3 --force-xinerama
  
==== /etc/conf.d/hwclock ====
+
or b) modifi your Xorg server (https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Display_Power_Management_Signaling).
If you dual-boot with Windows, you'll need to edit this file and change the value of '''clock''' from '''UTC''' to '''local''', because Windows will set your hardware clock to local time every time you boot Windows. Otherwise you normally wouldn't need to edit this file.
+
 
<console>
+
'''4. '''Note: I login without a login manager using <code>startx</code> to start my Window Manager, you can end/exit your i3 wm via <code>alt or windows key + shift + e</code>
(chroot) # ##i##nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock
+
 
</console>
+
'''5.''' Background Image Viewer
 +
 
 +
a) Feh
 +
<console> emerge -a feh</console>
 +
<code>~/.xinitrc</code>:
 +
  feh --bg-center <path>/<image>.png
 +
 
 +
b) Nitrogen(GUI Programm)
 +
<console> emerge -a nitrogen</console>
 +
<code>~/.xinitrc</code>:
 +
  exec --no-startup-id nitrogen --restore
 +
'''additional software:'''
 +
 
 +
1) File Manager:
 +
<console> emerge --ask thunar </console>
 +
''thunar - filemanager that supports automounting''
 +
''Make sure you create this rule: <code> /etc/polkit-1/rules.d/10-drives.rules</code>
 +
  polkit.addRule(function(action, subject) {
 +
  if (action.id.indexOf("org.freedesktop.udisks2.") == 0){
 +
  return polkit.Result.YES;
 +
  }
 +
  }
 +
  );
 +
 
 +
''Also you should have <code>udisk</code> installed''
 +
 
 +
2)
 +
 
 +
'''media-video/smplayer:'''
 +
 
 +
''allow smplayer always to floate, just add''
 +
  for_window [class="smplayer" instance="smplayer"] floating enable
 +
''to your <code>~/.i3/config</code>''
 +
 
 +
app-arch/file-roller
 +
app-editors/bluefish
 +
app-emulation/wine
 +
app-misc/freemind
 +
app-office/libreoffice
 +
app-portage/eix
 +
mail-client/thunderbird
 +
media-gfx/blender
 +
media-gfx/gimp
 +
media-sound/audacity
 +
media-video/kdenlive
  
==== Localization ====
 
  
By default, Funtoo Linux is configured with Unicode (UTF-8) enabled, and for the US English locale and keyboard. If you would like to configure your system to use a non-English locale or keyboard, see [[Funtoo Linux Localization]].
+
media-video/vlc
 +
net-analyzer/wireshark
 +
net-ftp/filezilla
 +
sys-apps/lm_sensors
 +
virtual/jre
 +
www-client/chromium
 +
app-text/evince
 +
app-text/calibre
 +
app-emulation/virtualbox

Revision as of 20:06, February 16, 2015

WIM42GNU's Funtoo Setup

This is for everybody who might have seen my funtoo setup and liked it! This is also for myself to keep track on my system. I have used most of the Linux distributions out there and I am currently most happy with funtoo. My reasons are:

  1. Gentoo/Funtoo is a rolling release distribution, meaning you only have to install it once and update it frequently.
  2. Gentoo/Funtoo is only what you make out of it, no unnesecary rubish like in Ubuntu, OpenSuse or Fedora will be installed by default. In the mean time being aware that Gentoo/Funtoo is for advanced users not careing that much about GUIs for Settings or Configs.
  3. Gentoo/Funtoo runs fast due to multiple reasons. (Compiling your own software,USE-Flags,...)
  4. Philosophy, one would think that Slackware would suite me most (KISS,Unix) but the fact is that these distributions require you more energy and time to work with. I want to get my jobs done, not careing to much about the system. It is okay to have tools that do things for you as long they are designed well - like in funtoo.


1. Install Funtoo (not complete yet - I will update this part when I install funtoo the next time)

Follow the install instructions and setup a minimal system.http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Installation

Notice you will need to create/edit some configs in the installation prozess. Here are some of mine customizations:

a) /etc/portage/make.conf:

 CFLAGS="-O2 -march=native -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer"
 CXXFLAGS="${CFLAGS}"
 CPU_FLAGS_X86="aes avx fma4 mmx mmxext popcnt sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 xop"

for the CPU Flags checkout: http://www.funtoo.org/News:CPU_FLAGS_X86

 USE="qt3support theora libkms xa cdr dvd dvdr alsa ffmpeg -gnome gtk -qt4 -kde lm_sensors mp3 mp4 mozilla multilib png python sound udev usb unicode static-libs hddtemp -bluetooth  nvidia X pulseaudio udisks"
 EMERGE_DEFAULT_OPTS="--keep-going"
 FEATURES="-collision-protect ccache"
 CCACHE_SIZE="1G"
 PORTAGE_NICENESS=20
 PORTAGE_IONICE_COMMAND="ionice -c 3 -p \${PID}"
 #EMERGE_DEFAULT_OPTS="--jobs=12" 
 MAKEOPTS="-j12" <--- Number of CPU cores *2 in my case works best.
 LANG="de_DE.UTF-8" 
 LINGUAS="de"  
 ACCEPT_LICENSE="* -@EULA" 
 INPUT_DEVICES="evdev"
 VIDEO_CARDS="nvidia"


b) /etc/fstab

 # /etc/fstab: static file system information.
 #
 # The root filesystem should have a pass number of either 0 or 1.
 # All other filesystems should have a pass number of 0 or greater than 1.
 #
 # NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
 #
 # See the manpage fstab(5) for more information.
 #
 # <fs>			<mountpoint>	<type>		<opts>		<dump/pass>
 /dev/sda1		/boot		ext2		noauto,noatime	1 2
 #/dev/cdrom		/mnt/cdrom	auto		noauto,ro	0 0
 /dev/mapper/vg-swap     none          swap      sw                              0 0
 /dev/mapper/vg-root     /             ext4      noatime,nodiratime,defaults     0 1
 /dev/sr0                /mnt/cdrom    auto      noauto,ro                       0 0
 /dev/mapper/vg-home     /home         ext4      noatime,nodiratime              0 0
 tmpfs		/var/tmp/portage	tmpfs	uid=portage,gid=portage,mode=0775,size=16048M,noatime	0 0

for tmpfs see: http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Filesystem_Guide,_Part_3

c) Since I have an encrypted LVM, one needs an initramfs. I prefer the genkernel method.

   genkernel --kernel-config=/path/to/your/custom-kernel-config --no-mrproper --makeopts=-j5 --install --lvm --luks all 

more here: http://www.funtoo.org/Rootfs_over_encrypted_lvm or use better-initramfs: http://www.funtoo.org/Initramfs

d) My Funtoo Profiles:

 eselect profile show
 
 Currently set profiles:
    arch: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
   build: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
  flavor: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X

 Automatically enabled profiles:
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
 mix-ins: gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras


2. Install your WindowManager or DesktopEnviroment

My favourite Window Manager at the time is i3 followed by xfce and openbox. Details about i3 & funtoo → http://www.funtoo.org/Package:I3_(Window_Manager) i3 setup:

1) install these packages:

 emerge --ask i3 i3status dmenu lxappeareance

If you want to know what these packages are research them. I use lxappeareance to install and select gtk-themes.

Config files:

1. xinitrc at ~/.xinitrc

 exec ck-launch-session i3

You only need --force-xinerama if you do have a nvidia grafics card that do not work without it. For more startx magic → https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/xinitrc

2. ~/.i3/config

specify window colors at the top of the file:

 # class                 border  backgr. text    indicator
 client.focused          #333333 #000000 #ffffff #000000
 client.focused_inactive #333333 #5f676a #ffffff #484e50
 client.unfocused        #333333 #222222 #888888 #292d2e
 client.urgent           #333333 #900000 #ffffff #900000

specify the bar/workspace colors at the bottom of the file:

 bar {
         status_command i3status
         # Bar color settings
         colors{
                 #background #000000
                 #statusline #ffffff
                 #separator  #666666
                 # Type             border  background font
                 focused_workspace  #008fff #007fff #ffffff
                 active_workspace   #333333 #5f676a #ffffff
                 inactive_workspace #333333 #222222 #888888
                 urgent_workspace   #aa0000 #990000 #ffffff
         }
 }


Do not forget the keymap setting at /etc/X11/xorg.conf otherwise you need to use setxkbmap

 Section "InputClass"
   Identifier         "keyboard-all"
   Driver             "evdev"
   MatchIsKeyboard    "on"
   Option         "XkbLayout" "de"
 EndSection

3. Display Power Management Signaling

a) You can either use XScreenSaver(https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/XScreenSaver):

 emerge -a xscreensaver

and add /usr/bin/xscreensaver -no-splash & to your ~/.xinitrc file:

 xscreensaver -no-splash &         # starts screensaver daemon 
 exec ck-launch-session i3 --force-xinerama 

or b) modifi your Xorg server (https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Display_Power_Management_Signaling).

4. Note: I login without a login manager using startx to start my Window Manager, you can end/exit your i3 wm via alt or windows key + shift + e

5. Background Image Viewer

a) Feh

 emerge -a feh

~/.xinitrc:

  feh --bg-center <path>/<image>.png

b) Nitrogen(GUI Programm)

 emerge -a nitrogen

~/.xinitrc:

  exec --no-startup-id nitrogen --restore

additional software:

1) File Manager:

 emerge --ask thunar 

thunar - filemanager that supports automounting Make sure you create this rule: /etc/polkit-1/rules.d/10-drives.rules

 polkit.addRule(function(action, subject) {
 if (action.id.indexOf("org.freedesktop.udisks2.") == 0){
 return polkit.Result.YES;
 }
 }
 );

Also you should have udisk installed

2)

media-video/smplayer:

allow smplayer always to floate, just add

 for_window [class="smplayer" instance="smplayer"] floating enable

to your ~/.i3/config

app-arch/file-roller app-editors/bluefish app-emulation/wine app-misc/freemind app-office/libreoffice app-portage/eix mail-client/thunderbird media-gfx/blender media-gfx/gimp media-sound/audacity media-video/kdenlive


media-video/vlc net-analyzer/wireshark net-ftp/filezilla sys-apps/lm_sensors virtual/jre www-client/chromium app-text/evince app-text/calibre app-emulation/virtualbox