Difference between pages "GNOME First Steps" and "User:Mtew"

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== What is GNOME? ==
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{{Person
"GNOME 3 is an easy and elegant way to use your computer. It is designed to put you in control and bring freedom to everybody. GNOME 3 is developed by the GNOME community, a diverse, international group of contributors that is supported by an independent, non-profit foundation." [http://gnome.org GNOME]
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|Geoloc=35.9940329, -78.898619
 
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|Location name=Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
== Prerequisites ==
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|Blogs=
 
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}}
Before installing GNOME, ensure that the [[X Window System]] has been installed.
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{{fancywarning|1=
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Please note that Linux kernel 3.15.* may still have serious incompatibility with various graphics drivers. If you like to use <tt>gentoo-sources</tt> or <tt>vanilla-sources</tt>, please use a 3.14.* kernel. This is of particular importance if you plan to run GNOME, and want to use NVIDIA (commercial or nouveau) or ATI (ati-drivers) graphics drivers.}}
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== Preparing to emerge ==
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To get your system ready to emerge gnome, it is recommended that you first set the gnome profile mix-in. To accomplish this, do the following:
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<console>
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##r### ##b## eselect profile list
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##g##Currently available mix-ins profiles: 
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  [11]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio 
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  [12]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras 
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  [13]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd 
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  [14]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome 
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  [15]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde 
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  [16]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/mate 
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  [17]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media 
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  [18]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print 
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  [19]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/python3-only
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  [20]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  [21]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db 
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  [22]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  [23]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  [24]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X
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  [25]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/xfce
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  [26]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/vmware-guest
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  [27]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/hardened
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</console>
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After seeing a list of available profiles, we want to add in the appropriate number for the gnome mix-in. To do this, run the following:
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<console>
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##r### ##b##eselect profile add 14
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</console>
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By enabling the gnome mix-in, various USE and other settings will be optimized to provide you with a pain-free GNOME installation experience.
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== Emerging ==  
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You are provided with two packages that will pull in this desktop environment:
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* ''gnome''
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{{fancynote|This is the "whole shabang" - pulls in a range of applications made for the gnome desktop environment including a few games, an archive manager, a system monitor, a web browser, a terminal, etc.}}
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* ''gnome-light''
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{{fancynote|As the name implies, this pulls in the base minimal you need to get a functioning GNOME Desktop Environment.}}
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=== GNOME 3.12 from a clean install ===
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==== gnome ====
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To emerge ''gnome'' run the following command
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -va gnome
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</console>
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==== gnome-light ====
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To emerge ''gnome-light'' run the following command
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -va gnome-light
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</console>
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=== Upgrading from GNOME 3.6 ===
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==== gnome ====
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To emerge ''gnome'', remove nautilus-open-terminal if it is installed as it now bundled into gnome-terminal
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -vaC nautilus-open-terminal
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</console>
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Then, run the following command
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -vauDN world
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</console>
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==== gnome-light ====
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To emerge ''gnome-light'' remove the following packages as there have been changes since 3.6 (you will have up reinstall any packages that have been renamed after gnome-light completes).
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -vaC gnome-fallback gnome-panel gnome-screensaver metacity gnome-games gcalctool nautilus-open-terminal
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</console>
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Then, run the following command
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -vauDN world
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</console>
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Finally, restore any applications that have been renamed (such as gcalctool => gnome-calculator)
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<console>
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# ##i## emerge -va gnome-calculator
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</console>
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== Subsystems ==
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=== Bluetooth ===
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For bluetooth support, ensure that:
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# Bluetooth support is enabled in your kernel (using modules is fine).
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# Your bluetooth hardware is turned on.
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# Add the <code>bluetooth</code> startup script to the default runlevel, and start it.
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This can be done as follows:
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<console>
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# ##i##rc-update add bluetooth default
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# ##i##rc
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</console>
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Once this is done, you should now be able to navigate to ''Settings'' -> ''Bluetooth'' and turn bluetooth on. The icon next to devices should now animate and you should be able to discover and add devices such as keyboards.
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=== Printing ===
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To enable printing support, add <code>cupsd</code> to the default runlevel:
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<console>
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# ##i##rc-update add cupsd default
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# ##i##rc
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</console>
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You should now be able to navigate to ''Settings'' -> ''Printers'' and add printers to your system, and print.
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== Finishing Touches ==
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=== Set up a Display Manager ===
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Typically, you will want to use <tt>gdm</tt>, the GNOME display manager, to log in to GNOME. This will allow you to log in graphically, rather than using the text console.
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To enable gdm, edit <tt>/etc/conf.d/xdm</tt> and set <tt>DISPLAYMANAGER</tt> to <tt>gdm</tt> instead of <tt>xdm</tt>. Then, perform the following steps to add <tt>xdm</tt> to the default runlevel, and have it start automatically from now on when your system starts:
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<console>
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# ##i##rc-update add xdm default
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</console>
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Then, if you want to start it now do
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<console>
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# ##i##rc
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</console>
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But you should reboot to avoid having an open login terminal
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=== Verify the inode/directory MimeType Handler ===
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In some odd instances, baobab might take priority over nautilus when handling the inode/directory MimeType. If this behavior is not desired, add the following to /home/~/.local/share/applications/mimeapps.list:
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<pre>
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[Added Associations]
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inode/directory=nautilus.desktop;baobab.desktop;
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</pre>
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=== Automatically Starting Applications at Login ===
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When using an old-fashioned <tt>.xinitrc</tt>, starting up applications when X starts is relatively easy. When using GDM, this can still be accomplished, by using the <tt>~/.xprofile</tt> file. Here's my sample <tt>.xprofile</tt> to start <tt>xflux</tt> to dim the screen at night:
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<pre>
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xflux -z 87107
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</pre>
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Remember to add a <tt>&</tt> at the end of any command that doesn't return to the shell prompt after running.
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[[Category:Desktop Environments]]
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[[Category:First Steps]]
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[[Category:Official Documentation]]
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Latest revision as of 05:33, 31 July 2014


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Durham, North Carolina, United States of America (35° 59' 38.5184", -78° 53' 55.0284")