Difference between pages "Package:OpenSSH" and "Package:Dnsmasq"

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{{Ebuild
|Summary=Port of OpenBSD's free SSH release
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|Summary=Small forwarding DNS server
|CatPkg=net-misc/openssh
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|CatPkg=net-dns/dnsmasq
|Homepage=http://www.openssh.com/
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|Homepage=http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/dnsmasq/
 
}}
 
}}
 
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{{PageNeedsUpdates}}
= Introduction =
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SSH is a cryptographically confidential network protocol for data transmission between 2 networked computers. There are 2 protocol versions; SSH-1 and SSH-2.
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= Default Installation =
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Funtoo uses the OpenSSH daemon (sshd) to provide the SSH service by default. sshd is a member of [[OpenRC_(Funtoo)|OpenRC]]'s default runlevel.
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By default login is allowed for all users via the ssh daemon on port 22 with any valid username and password combination.
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= Service configuration =
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There are 2 means of configuring <code>sshd</code>. The first is required, the second is optional.
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# <code>sshd</code> reads its configuration data from <code>/etc/ssh/sshd_config</code> by '''''default'''''.
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# <code>sshd</code> may be configured to use PAM.<br/>Permission may be granted or denied via PAM, allowing you to store usernames etc. using text files.
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= Protocol version selection =
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The '''''default''''' protocol version is SSH-2. SSH-1 requires explicit activation. To select a protocol version, use the <code>Protocol</code> directive.
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e.g. <code>Protocol 2</code>
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= Cipher selection =
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The <code>Ciphers</code> directive specifies the ciphers allowed for protocol version 2.
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= User Authentication =
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== Single authentication method ==
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# Password authentication<br/>This is enabled by '''''default''''', it is configured using the <code>PasswordAuthentication</code> directive. Valid parameters are <code>yes</code> or <code>no</code>.<br/>When <code>PasswordAuthentication yes</code> is configured, the state of the <code>PermitEmptyPasswords</code> directive is evaluated.
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# Public key authentication
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This is enabled with combinations of <code>AuthorizedKeysFile</code>, <code>AuthorizedKeysCommand</code> and <code>AuthorizedKeysCommandUser</code>.
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=== Passwordless Authentication ===
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==== Client ====
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on your client run
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<console>###i## ssh-keygen -t rsa</console>
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Dialogs will be presented, you can press enter several times to accept defaults.
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<code>~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub</code> will be generated.  Copy or append the contents of this file to the servers <code>~/.ssh/authorized_keys</code>
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==== Server ====
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Create a user, or select which user the client will be accessing the server as,  then place clients id_rsa.pub file into the users <code>~/.ssh/authorized_keys</code>
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==== Single Machine Testing ====
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<console>###i## ssh-keygen -t rsa</console>
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Press enter several times to accept default settings.
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<console>###i## cp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub ~/.ssh/authorized_keys</console>
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<console>###i## ssh localhost</console>
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# Host-based authentication
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== Requiring multiple authentication factors ==
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These options are only available for SSH-2. The '''''default''''' is not to require multiple authentication. To identify to the daemon that you wish to require more than one authentication, you must use the <code>AuthenticationMethods</code> directive. This directive is followed by one or more comma separated lists of authentication method names. Lists are separated with a space. Successful authentication requires completion of every method in at least one of these lists.
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# password
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# publickey
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# keyboard-interactive
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e.g. <code>AuthenticationMethods "password,publickey password,keyboard-interactive"</code>
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== Password authentication using <code>sshd_config</code> ==
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The following 4 directives are listed in order of evaluation by OpenSSH. They are configured directly; within <code>sshd_config</code>. Only user or group _names_ are valid, numerical IDs are not recognized. If the pattern takes the form <code>USER@HOST</code> then access is restricted to the <code>USER</code> when originating from the <code>HOST</code>.
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;<code>DenyUsers PATTERN PATTERN ...</code>
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:Login is forbidden for users whose username matches one of the patterns
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;<code>AllowUsers PATTERN PATTERN ...</code>
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:Login is permitted to users whose username matches one of the patterns
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;<code>DenyGroups PATTERN PATTERN ...</code>
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:Login is forbidden for users whose primary group or supplementary group list matches one of the patterns
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;<code>AllowGroups PATTERN PATTERN ...</code>
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:Login is permitted to users whose primary group or supplementary group list matches one of the patterns
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== Public key authentication ==
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<code>AuthorizedKeysFile</code>
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<code>AuthorizedKeysCommand</code>
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<code>AuthorizedKeysCommandUser</code>
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== Host based authentication ==
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= Access control =
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== Controlling root access ==
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Access by the root user can be controlled using the <code>PermitRootLogin</code> directive.
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=== Permit empty passwords ===
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Access to accounts with empty (i.e. blank) passwords can be controlled using the <code>PermitEmptyPasswords</code> directive.
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ChallengeResponseAuthentication
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Ciphers
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GSSAPIAuthenticaion
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GSSAPICleanupCredentials
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GSSAPIStrictAcceptorCheck
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HostBasedAuthentication
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HostBasedUsesNameFromPacketOnly
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HostCertificate
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HostKey
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HostKeyAgent
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LoginGraceTime
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MAC
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MaxAuthTries
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MaxSessions
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MaxStartups
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PasswordAuthentication
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PermitEmptyPasswords
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PubkeyAuthentication
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RevokedKeys
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RhostsRSAAuthentication
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RSAAuthentication
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TrustedUserCAKeys
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UseLogin
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UsePAM
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= X11 Forwarding =
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By default X11 forwarding is disabled in OpenSSHd,
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If you would like to forward X11 from your Funtoo box to a remote system you must first edit your /etc/ssh/sshd_config file
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change
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<pre>
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#X11Forwarding no
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#X11DisplayOffset 10
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#X11UseLocalhost yes
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</pre>
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to<br />
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<pre>
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X11Forwarding yes
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X11DisplayOffset 10
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X11UseLocalhost yes
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</pre>
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X forwarding will now be enabled from that machine, so if you connect from your remote with 'ssh -X <user>@<ipaddress>' X sessions will be forwarded
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== Intrusion Prevention ==
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ssh is a commonly attacked service. {{package|app-admin/sshguard}} monitors logs, and black list remote users who have repeatedly failed to login.
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[[Category:Networking]]
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{{EbuildFooter}}
 
{{EbuildFooter}}

Revision as of 02:21, February 4, 2015

net-dns/dnsmasq


Source Repository:Repository:Funtoo Overlay

http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/dnsmasq/

Summary: Small forwarding DNS server

Use Flags

conntrack
Add support for Linux conntrack connection marking.
dhcp
Enable support for reading ISC DHCPd lease files
script
Enable support for calling scripts when leases change
tftp
Enables built in TFTP server for netbooting

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