Difference between pages "Help:Funtoo Editing Guidelines" and "Repository Configuration"

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(Displaying Source Code)
 
(Undo revision 9202 by Duncan.britton (talk))
 
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'''Thanks for your interest in contributing to the the Funtoo wiki!'''
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{{Warning|This article is a work-in-progress referring to a future Portage version. It does not apply to the current Funtoo Portage version. Please do not update your configuration yet.}}
__NOTOC__
+
=== Types of Edits ===
+
  
Before we get started, let's review what changes are okay to make, and what changes are not okay:
+
Starting with Portage-2.3.8, a switch to a new repository configuration framework is complete and users may want to update their configuration files. This document aims to describe the goals for the new framework and how to use it.
  
{{TableStart}}
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== Multiple repository layout ==
<tr class="active"><th>Type of Change</th><th>Okay?</th></tr>
+
One of the most important changes is the switch from the old ''overlay'' layout to a new cleaner ''repository'' system. The new layout is more flexible and more predictable. For example, repositories can now use resources (eclasses, for example) provided by other repositories.
<tr><td>Grammar/spelling fixes</td><td>Yes</td></tr>
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<tr><td>New wiki content</td><td>Yes</td></tr>
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<tr><td>New package information</td><td>Yes</td></tr>
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<tr><td>Adding to existing article</td><td>Maybe -- see below</td></tr>
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<tr><td>Adding missing/incomplete information</td><td>Yes</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>Making corrections</td><td>Yes</td></tr>
+
<tr class="danger"><td>Adding work-arounds to problems experienced</td><td>No - open bug first on [http://bugs.funtoo.org bug tracker].</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
  
{{important|Note that if you experience some problem with Funtoo Linux, during installation or otherwise, the proper course of action is to not add a work-around to our documentation, but to ''open a bug on our bug tracker.'' This is important because the problem you experienced may be a legitimate bug and the solution may be to fix the bug rather than add a work-around to our documentation. We may end up fixing a bug, making a documentation fix, or possibly both.}}
+
The old layout was based on the concept of one ''main tree'' and optionally a number of overlays. The main tree provided base system ebuilds, eclasses, profiles, while overlays mostly were able to provide their own ebuilds. The ebuild provided by overlays overrode the ebuilds in main tree to the extend of making it impossible to install the main tree version. Overlays could also provide eclasses for their own ebuilds and package.* entries that applied to all overlays and to the main tree. The Package Manager is responsible for updating the main tree, while overlays are managed externally.
  
=== Basics ===
+
The new layout is based on the concept of one or more configurable repositories. Each repository can either be stand-alone or depend upon other repositories. The distribution provides a repository called ''funtoo'' (a drop-in replacement for Gentoo's ''gentoo'' repository). Users can install more repositories at they will, the repositories providing their own ebuilds, eclasses and profiles as necessary and/or using them from other repositories. Users can explicitly choose the repository they want to install packages from. The Package Manager can update all repositories.
  
Here is a list of basic wiki information that you will need to know to get started:
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== Portage configuration ==
 +
=== New repository layout ===
 +
The repository configuration should be stored in <code>/etc/portage/repos.conf</code>. It can be either a single file or a directory containing one or more ''.conf'' files.
  
* First, to perform edits on the wiki, you must {{CreateAccount}} and log in.
+
The default configuration is installed as <code>/usr/share/portage/config/repos.conf</code>. This file is internal configuration file installed with portage ebuild and should '''not''' be modified. Instead, the configuration in <code>/etc/portage/repos.conf</code> can override the defaults specified there.
* You can create a new page by navigating to http://www.funtoo.org/New_Page_Name. Underscores are the equivalent of spaces. Then select "Create" under the "Actions" menu.
+
* Whether creating a new page or editing an existing page by clicking "Edit", you will be presented with Web-based text editor that allows you to modify the ''wikitext'' of the page. The wikitext is rendered to produce the document you see when you view the page normally.
+
* Another fun thing you can do is click on your name under the "Account" menu once you have logged in. This will bring you to your "User" page. Then click "Create with Form" unde the "Actions" menu and enter your geographic and other information. This will allow you to be displayed on our [[Usermap]] and will also allow your full name to be displayed on [[:Category:Ebuilds|Ebuild pages]] for which you are an author. It's generally a good idea to do this.
+
  
{{tip|The following sections document how to use wikitext and Funtoo templates on the Funtoo wiki.}}
+
The configuration uses format similar to Windows .ini files. Each section heading (repository name in square brackets) signifies a single repository, followed by one or more key-value option pairs. For example, the following file copies default configuration for Funtoo repository:
  
=== Paragraphs ===
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/repos.conf/funtoo.conf|desc=Example configuration override for Funtoo repository to move it to non-standard location|body=
 +
[funtoo]
 +
# moved to non-standard location!
 +
location = /var/db/repos/funtoo
 +
sync-type = git
 +
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git
 +
auto-sync = yes
 +
}}
  
To create a new paragraph, insert a blank line between two lines of text. If a blank line doesn't exist between two lines of wikitext, they will be combined into a single flowing paragraph.
+
The most useful repository configuration options are listed below:
 +
;location: ''Obligatory.'' Specifies the directory where repository is/will be stored. If Portage knows how to sync the repository and the location does not exist, it will be created on next ''emerge --sync''. Otherwise, the directory must exist.
 +
;priority: Specifies the priority used for ordering ebuilds from different repositories. If two repositories provide an ebuild with matching versions, the repository with higher priority will be used.
 +
;auto-sync: Specifies whether ''emerge --sync'' should update the repository. Defaults to ''yes'' if ''sync-type'' is specified, ''no'' otherwise.
 +
;sync-depth: Specifies ''--depth'' for git clone. Used only on initial sync. Defaults to 1. Can be set to 0 to force full clone (not pass ''--depth'' at all).
 +
;sync-type: Specifies syncing/update method. Can be one of: ''cvs'', ''git'', ''rsync'', ''svn''.
 +
;sync-umask: Specifies the umask used when updating/syncing the repository.
 +
;sync-uri: Specifies remote URI from which the repository will be cloned/synced. Can use any syntax valid for a particular syncing method.
 +
;sync-user: Specifies the user[:group] used to update/sync the repository. If ''FEATURES=usersync'' is used, defaults to the credentials of directory owner.
  
If you leave leading whitespace at the beginning of a line, MediaWiki will render it as pre-formatted text. Beware of this. Here's an example:
+
Additionally a <code>[DEFAULT]</code> section may be specified. Options in this section are used as defaults for all repositories.
  
foobar
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=== Migrating existing configurations ===
 
+
The new configuration format provides replacement for existing configuration done through <code>/etc/portage/make.conf</code> and environment variables. While the variables are still supported for backwards compatibility, users are recommended to move to the new configuration scheme. Funtoo portage ebuild is planned to make the migration unattended (repos.conf installed automatically to ease the config steps) with the following file:
This can rear its ugly head when specifying template parameters, so you will get this:
+
 
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/repos.conf/funtoo.conf|body=
{{note| ugh!}}
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[funtoo]
 
+
location = /usr/portage
...instead of this:
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sync-type = git
 
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sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git
{{note|This looks much better!}}
+
auto-sync = yes
 
+
=== Page and Section Capitalization ===
+
 
+
In general, capitalize all words in page names and section heading except:
+
* Articles: a, an, the
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* Coordinating Conjunctions: and, but, or, for, nor, etc.
+
* Prepositions (fewer than five letters): on, at, to, from, by, etc.
+
 
+
=== Document Hierarchy ===
+
 
+
Use section headings to create a document hierarchy for your page. These will define the table of contents that appears at the top of the wiki page. Create chapters, sections and sub-sections as follows:
+
 
+
<pre>= Page Title =
+
 
+
== Chapter Title ==
+
 
+
=== Section Title ===
+
 
+
==== SubSection Title ====
+
 
+
</pre>
+
 
+
{{Note|By default, Table of Contents is disabled on the Funtoo wiki. If you would like to enable the TOC, you can place a <code><nowiki>__TOC__</nowiki></code> on a blank line where you'd like the Table of Contents to appear, or place <code><nowiki>__FORCETOC__</nowiki></code> on a blank line anywhere in the wikitext to force the TOC to appear at the top of the page.}}
+
 
+
In general, when creating new documents, it's best to use level-3 (three "="'s) Section Titles to break up content. Level-2 Section Titles are best used for major sections of larger documents. Use them infrequently. Level-1 Section Titles generally do not need to be used.
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+
=== Links ===
+
 
+
Internal links to other wiki pages can be specified as <tt><nowiki>[[pagename]]</nowiki></tt>. To specify an alternate name for the link, use <tt><nowiki>[[pagename|my link name]]</nowiki></tt>.
+
 
+
For external links, use <tt><nowiki>[http://funtoo.org my link]</nowiki></tt> to specify a URL. If you want the URL to appear in the wikitext, you can specify it without brackets: http://forums.funtoo.org.
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+
=== Lists ===
+
 
+
MediaWiki supports a number of list formats:
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+
* Unordered List
+
* Unordered Item 2
+
** Unordered sub-item
+
 
+
# Ordered List
+
# Ordered Item 2
+
## Ordered sub-item
+
 
+
;Term: This is called a "definition list". It is used when defining various terms.
+
 
+
If you need to quote a portion of text from another site, use <tt><nowiki><blockquote></nowiki></tt> as follows:
+
 
+
<blockquote>
+
Wikipedia (ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or wɪkiˈpiːdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free-access, free content Internet encyclopedia that is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Volunteers worldwide collaboratively write Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.5 million in the English Wikipedia. Anyone who can access the site can edit almost any of its articles, which on the Internet comprise[4] the largest and most popular general reference work.[5][6][7][8][9] In February 2014, The New York Times reported that Wikipedia is ranked fifth globally among all websites stating, "With 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month..., Wikipedia trails just Yahoo, Facebook, Microsoft and Google, the largest with 1.2 billion unique visitors."[10]
+
</blockquote>
+
 
+
=== Literal Text and HTML Symbols ===
+
 
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Here is wikitext for the section above, which I am displaying by placing the literal wikitext between a &#60;pre&#62; and &#60;/pre&#62; tag. If you want to disable wikitext processing for an inline span of text, use &#60;nowiki&#62; and &#60;/nowiki&#62;. If you want to print out a tag literally, use &amp;#60; and &amp;#62; (In the wikitext, I used &amp;amp;#60; and &amp;amp;#62 to display these!)
+
 
+
<pre>
+
* Unordered List
+
* Unordered Item 2
+
** Unordered sub-item
+
 
+
# Ordered List
+
# Ordered Item 2
+
## Ordered sub-item
+
 
+
;Term: This is called a "definition list". It is used when defining various terms.
+
 
+
If you need to quote a portion of text from another site, use <tt><nowiki><blockquote></nowiki></tt> as follows:
+
 
+
<blockquote>
+
Wikipedia (ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or wɪkiˈpiːdiə/ wik-i-pee-dee-ə) is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free-access,
+
free content Internet encyclopedia that is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Volunteers
+
worldwide collaboratively write Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.5 million in the
+
English Wikipedia. Anyone who can access the site can edit almost any of its articles, which on the Internet
+
comprise[4] the largest and most popular general reference work.[5][6][7][8][9] In February 2014, The New York
+
Times reported that Wikipedia is ranked fifth globally among all websites stating, "With 18 billion page views
+
and nearly 500 million unique visitors a month..., Wikipedia trails just Yahoo, Facebook, Microsoft and Google,
+
the largest with 1.2 billion unique visitors."[10]
+
</blockquote>
+
</pre>
+
 
+
=== Linking to Packages ===
+
 
+
To link to a package page, use the <code>Package</code> template:
+
 
+
<pre><nowiki>
+
{{Package|sys-apps/portage}}
+
</nowiki></pre>
+
 
+
This template will create a link to the official wiki page for sys-apps/portage, and render using the official "English" page name, as follows:
+
 
+
{{Package|sys-apps/portage}}
+
 
+
If you specify a yet-to-be-documented ebuild, it will render like this (which is okay -- it will encourage people to document it):
+
 
+
{{Package|sys-foo/undocumented-ebuild}}
+
 
+
=== Tables ===
+
 
+
Instead of using traditional MediaWiki table wikitext, use the following format:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
{{TableStart}}
+
<tr class="info"><th>Header 1</th><th>Header 2</th></tr>
+
<tr><td>Value 1</td><td>Value 2</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>Value 3</td><td>Value 4</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
This wil render as follows:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
<tr class="info"><th>Header 1</th><th>Header 2</th></tr>
+
<tr><td>Value 1</td><td>Value 2</td></tr>
+
<tr><td>Value 3</td><td>Value 4</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
{{tip|This table syntax has an added benefit of creating a responsive table that renders properly on mobile devices.}}
+
 
+
It is possible to use the following CSS classes with <code>tr</code> (rows) and <code>td/th</code> elements to color them as desired:
+
 
+
{{TableStart}}
+
<tr class="active"><td>Class Name</td></tr>
+
<tr class="success"><td>success</td></tr>
+
<tr class="info"><td>info</td></tr>
+
<tr class="warning"><td>warning</td></tr>
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<tr class="active"><td>active</td></tr>
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<tr class="danger"><td>danger</td></tr>
+
{{TableEnd}}
+
 
+
=== Displaying Source Code ===
+
 
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To display source code, use can use the file template, specifying a <tt>lang=</tt> parameter:
+
 
+
<pre>
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{{file|name=foobar|lang=python|desc=foobarosity|body=
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import system
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}}
 
}}
</pre>
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The following replacements are provided for existing variables:
 +
;PORTDIR: Used to specify main tree location. Replaced by ''location'' key in the section corresponding to the default repository (<code>[funtoo]</code> by default).
 +
;PORTDIR_OVERLAY: Used to specify locations of overlays. Each of the paths needs to be replaced with a separate repository section, with the path placed in ''location'' key. Additionally, ''priority'' may be used to force specific ordering of ebuild overrides.
 +
;SYNC: Used to specify URI for syncing the main repository, also implied a protocol for doing that. Replaced by the ''sync-uri'' and ''sync-type'' keys in the default repository section.
 +
;SYNC_UMASK: Used to specify umask for syncing repositories. Replaced by ''sync-umask'' key in repository configuration. Can be specified in <code>[DEFAULT]</code> section to apply to all repositories.
 +
;SYNC_USER: Used to specify user credentials for syncing repositories. Replaced by ''sync-user'' key in repository configuration. Can be specified in <code>[DEFAULT]</code> section to apply to all repositories.
  
This will produce:
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|desc=Example old make.conf file|body=
 +
# user changed PORTDIR location
 +
PORTDIR="/var/db/repos/funtoo"
 +
PORTDIR_OVERLAY="/var/db/repos/foo /var/db/repos/bar"
  
{{file|name=foobar|lang=python|desc=foobarosity|body=
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SYNC="git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git"
import system
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SYNC_USER="oleg"
 +
SYNC_UMASK="022"
 
}}
 
}}
  
The parameters {{c|name}} (filename), {{c|lang}} (language for syntax highlighting) and {{c|desc}} (Description, appearing as a caption) are optional. For a list of supported languages, see [http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:SyntaxHighlight_GeSHi#Supported_languages this list].
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/repos.conf|desc=Replacement repos.conf file|body=
 +
[DEFAULT]
 +
sync-user = oleg
 +
sync-umask = 022
  
 +
[funtoo]
 +
location = /var/db/repos/funtoo
 +
sync-type = git
 +
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git
  
{{important|If you need to display the pipe ("{{!}}") character within the body of a file template, replace each "{{!}}" with <nowiki>{{!}}</nowiki> -- otherwise your file contents will not display properly. This is necessary because <nowiki>{{file}}</nowiki> is a template and the "{{!}}" character is used as a delimiter for arguments to the template.}}
+
[foo]
 +
location = /var/db/repos/foo
 +
priority = 1
  
=== Displaying Text File Contents ===
+
[bar]
 
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location = /var/db/repos/bar
For displaying the contents of non-programming language text files (like config files), you have two options. You can enclose your lines within <tt>&#60;pre&#62;</tt> tags, or use the new [[Template:File|file template]]. The file template is used like so:
+
priority = 2
 
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<pre>
+
{{file|name=/etc/foo.conf|desc=My foo.conf file|body=
+
# /etc/host.conf:
+
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/src/patchsets/glibc/extra/etc/host.conf,v 1.1 2006/09/29
+
 
}}
 
}}
</pre>
 
  
This will produce:
+
The <code>repos.conf</code> configuration can be further extended with ''sync-type'' and ''sync-uri'' for overlays to get ''emerge --sync'' updating them automatically.
  
{{file|name=/etc/foo.conf|desc=My foo.conf file|body=
+
let's see a real example of tree and overlays added.
# /etc/host.conf:
+
{{file|name=/etc/portage/repos.conf|desc=Replacement repos.conf file|body=
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/src/patchsets/glibc/extra/etc/host.conf,v 1.1 2006/09/29
+
}}
+
  
=== Console ===
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[gentoo]
To display console output, use the <tt>&#60;console&#62;</tt> tag:
+
location = /usr/portage
 
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sync-type = git
For a root console:
+
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2012.git
<pre>
+
<console>
+
[funtoo-overlay]
###i## run a command as root
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location = /root/git/funtoo-overlay
</console>
+
</pre>
+
[funtoo-gnome]
Produces:
+
location = /root/git/funtoo-gnome-overlay
<console>
+
###i## run a command as root
+
</console>
+
 
+
For a non-root console:
+
<pre>
+
<console>
+
$ ##i##run a command as user
+
</console>
+
</pre>
+
Produces:
+
<console>
+
$ ##i##run a command as user
+
</console>
+
 
+
{{important|1=
+
Note that we use a <tt>#</tt> prompt for <tt>root</tt> and a <tt>$</tt> prompt to denote a non-root user.}}
+
 
+
{{important|The <tt>##i##</tt> text tags the rest of the line as being ''user input'' ("i" is for "input"). It is then highlighted in a noticeable color so it stands out from text that is not typed in by the user.}}
+
 
+
If you need to end highlighting of user input prior to the end of a line, use <code>##!i##</code> to mark the end of the highlighted area.
+
 
+
The following special character sequences are also available:
+
* <code>##g##</code> - Green
+
* <code>##y##</code> - Yellow
+
* <code>##bl##</code> - Blue
+
* <code>##r##</code> - Red
+
* <code>##b##</code> - Bold
+
 
+
Please use the above coloring options sparingly. It is sometimes nice to use them to get wiki console output to match the colors that are displayed on a Linux console. Also note that for every color above, there is a matching <code>##!(colorcode)##</code> option to turn color off prior to end of line.
+
 
+
Here is an example of its use:<console>
+
# ##i##bluetoothctl
+
[##g##NEW##!g##] Controller 00:02:72:C9:62:65 antec [default]
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl###power on
+
Changing power on succeeded
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl### ##i##agent on
+
Agent registered
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl### ##i##scan on
+
Discovery started
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl### ##i##devices
+
Device 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75 Logitech K760
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl### ##i##pair 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75
+
Attempting to pair with 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75
+
[##y##CHG##!y##] Device 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75 Connected: yes
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: 454358
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: ##i##4##!i##54358
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: ##i##45##!i##4358
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: ##i##454##!i##358
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: ##i##4543##!i##58
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: ##i##45435##!i##8
+
##r##[agent]##!r## Passkey: ##i##454358##!i##
+
[##y##CHG##!y##] Device 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75 Paired: yes
+
Pairing successful
+
[##y##CHG##!y##] Device 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75 Connected: no
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl### ##i##connect 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75
+
Attempting to connect to 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75
+
[##y##CHG##!y##] Device 00:1F:20:3D:1E:75 Connected: yes
+
Connection successful
+
##bl##[bluetooth]##!bl### ##i##quit
+
[##r##DEL##!r##] Controller 00:02:72:C9:62:65 antec [default]
+
#
+
</console>
+
 
+
=== Informational Messages ===
+
Notes, warnings, tips, and important templates can be used for informational messages that need to be offset from the regular text flow:
+
 
+
<pre>{{note|this is a note}}</pre>
+
{{note|this is a note}}
+
 
+
<pre>{{important|this is important}}</pre>
+
{{important|this is important}}
+
 
+
<pre>{{warning|this is a warning}}</pre>
+
{{warning|this is a warning}}
+
 
+
<pre>{{tip|this is a tip}}</pre>
+
{{tip|this is a tip}}
+
 
+
Note that these templates used to be called <code>fancynote</code>, <code>fancytip</code>, etc. The "fancy" names have been deprecated but will still be supported for the forseeable future.
+
 
+
=== Kernelop ===
+
To display kernel configuration options, we encourage you to use the <tt>kernelop</tt> template. To use the <tt>kernelop</tt> template, create an entry similar to the following example:
+
<pre>
+
{{kernelop|title=foo,bar|desc=
+
kernel options pasted from "make menuconfig"
+
}}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
{{note|Kernelop is colored blue to slightly resemble the blueish background from <tt>make menuconfig</tt>.}}
+
 
+
Adding this entry will give you the following output:
+
{{kernelop|title=foo,bar|desc=
+
kernel options
+
 
}}
 
}}
 
+
funtoo-overlay and funtoo-gnome-overlay are an overlays added on top of regular portage tree.
Here's a more concrete example:
+
[[Category:Portage]]
{{kernelop|title=File systems|desc=
+
<M> Second extended fs support         
+
[ ]  Ext2 extended attributes         
+
[ ]  Ext2 execute in place support   
+
<M> Ext3 journalling file system support
+
}}
+
 
+
Examples of usage:
+
* [[Package:AMD Catalyst Video Drivers]]
+
* [[Package:ACPI Daemon]]
+
* [[Microcode]]
+
 
+
=== Discussion Pages ===
+
 
+
In MediaWiki, every "regular" wiki page has a corresponding "Talk" or "Discussion" page which has a page name prefixed by "Talk:" -- you can get to this page by going to the "Action" menu, and then choosing the "Discussion" menu item. These talk pages are typically used to discuss the edits that are going on in the "main" wiki page. The problem with talk pages is that they are kind of a pain to use. However, we have a way to fix that. If you want to enable a DISQUS-based mini-forum on a talk page, insert the following wikitext on the Talk page:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
{{DISQUS}}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
...and presto! You will now have DISQUS-powered mini-forums to discuss whatever you want about your wiki page.
+
 
+
== Marking Pages as Needing Updates ==
+
 
+
If you find outdated wiki content, but you don't have the time or ability to update it, add one of the following templates to the wikitext of the page. This will add the page to the [[:Category:Needs Updates|Needs Updates Category]] so we can identify pages that need updating:
+
 
+
<pre>
+
{{PageNeedsUpdates}}
+
{{SectionNeedsUpdates}}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
 
+
Examples of usage:
+
* [[UEFI Install Guide]]
+
* [[Package:MediaWiki]]
+
* [[Clang]]
+
 
+
=== Inline Code ===
+
 
+
To emphasize commands, and other technical jargon when they appear inline in a paragraph, use the <nowiki>{{c}}</nowiki> template. When referencing files, use the <nowiki>{{f}}</nowiki> template.
+
 
+
<pre>
+
The {{f|/etc/fstab}} file is an important one. Another important file is {{f|/boot/grub/grub.cfg}}. The {{c|emerge}} command is really nifty.
+
</pre>
+
 
+
This example produces the following output:
+
 
+
The {{f|/etc/fstab}} file is an important one. Another important file is {{f|/boot/grub/grub.cfg}}. The {{c|emerge}} command is really nifty.
+
 
+
{{important|1=
+
The &#60;tt&#62; tag has been deprecated for the purpose of tagging inline code, to conform with HTML5, and the previous use of the &#60;code&#62; tag is discouraged. It is more maintainable to use the <nowiki>{{c}}</nowiki> template. }}
+
 
+
=== Slideshow ===
+
 
+
Any page has the capability of displaying a slideshow. Adding a slideshow to a page involves three steps:
+
 
+
# Upload Images
+
# Define Slides
+
# Add Slideshow to page
+
 
+
==== Upload Images ====
+
 
+
To upload images, head to [[Special:Upload]] and upload a file. It is highly recommended to upload JPEG format images in high resolution -- MediaWiki will handle scaling JPEG automatically, saving bandwidth, but does not do this for PNG. Make sure that all images you upload have the same dimensions. When you upload, make note of the '''Destination Filename''' field -- this is the name that the upload will use when you reference it in your slide. It is recommended that you choose a simple descriptive name ending in ".jpg" for the '''Destination Filename'''.
+
 
+
==== Define Slides ====
+
 
+
Once images have been uploaded, you must define slides. To define slides on a page, you enter special semantic information about the slide on the page that it will be displayed, in the following format:
+
 
+
<pre><nowiki>
+
{{#subobject:|slideIndex=0|slideCaption=
+
== Wikitext Here ==
+
This is a fantastic slide!
+
|slideImage=File:Fruit.jpg|slideLink=PageName}}
+
</nowiki></pre>
+
 
+
Here are some important instructions regarding defining slides:
+
 
+
* <code>slideIndex</code> must be 0 for the first slide, 1 for the second slide, etc. Numbers must be unique and incrementing from zero, and not doing this will result in slideshow display errors (but can be easily fixed by correcting the wikitext.)
+
* <code>slideCaption=</code> can contain wikitext, such as headings and links. The best way to enter <code>slideCaption</code> is as above -- type a literal <code>slideCaption=</code>, followed by enter, then specify your wikitext, and terminate the caption by a single pipe character on the following line. Pipe characters are used to separate arguments from each other.
+
* Specify your image name in the <code>slideImage</code> field. Your slideImage will have a name of <code>File:myname.jpg</code>, where <code>myname.jpg</code> is the '''Destination Filename''' you used when uploading the image.
+
* An optional parameter called <code>slideLink=</code> can be provided to allow the image to be clickable and link to another wiki page. If it is omitted, then the image will not be clickable.
+
 
+
==== Add Slideshow to Page ====
+
 
+
Once the slides have been added to the page, you can add the following text to your page at the point you'd like the slideshow to appear:
+
<pre>
+
{{Slideshow}}
+
</pre>
+
 
+
=== YouTube Videos (Screencasts, etc.) ===
+
 
+
Screencasting is an easy method to explain complex tasks. Take for instance <code>youtu.be/5KDei5mBfSg</code> and chop off the id and insert it into the following syntax to produce a video example.
+
 
+
<pre>{{#widget:YouTube16x9|id=5KDei5mBfSg}}</pre>
+
{{#widget:YouTube16x9|id=5KDei5mBfSg}}
+
 
+
{{tip|The sample video above explains how to create your own screencasts under Funtoo Linux.}}
+
 
+
Most YouTube videos are in 16x9 format and should use the <code>YouTube16x9</code> widget. There is also a <code>YouTube4x3</code> widget for videos with a 4x3 aspect ratio.
+
{{note|These YouTube widgets have been updated to be mobile-friendly.}}
+
 
+
[[Category:Wiki Development]]
+

Latest revision as of 04:52, February 27, 2015

Warning

This article is a work-in-progress referring to a future Portage version. It does not apply to the current Funtoo Portage version. Please do not update your configuration yet.

Starting with Portage-2.3.8, a switch to a new repository configuration framework is complete and users may want to update their configuration files. This document aims to describe the goals for the new framework and how to use it.

Multiple repository layout

One of the most important changes is the switch from the old overlay layout to a new cleaner repository system. The new layout is more flexible and more predictable. For example, repositories can now use resources (eclasses, for example) provided by other repositories.

The old layout was based on the concept of one main tree and optionally a number of overlays. The main tree provided base system ebuilds, eclasses, profiles, while overlays mostly were able to provide their own ebuilds. The ebuild provided by overlays overrode the ebuilds in main tree to the extend of making it impossible to install the main tree version. Overlays could also provide eclasses for their own ebuilds and package.* entries that applied to all overlays and to the main tree. The Package Manager is responsible for updating the main tree, while overlays are managed externally.

The new layout is based on the concept of one or more configurable repositories. Each repository can either be stand-alone or depend upon other repositories. The distribution provides a repository called funtoo (a drop-in replacement for Gentoo's gentoo repository). Users can install more repositories at they will, the repositories providing their own ebuilds, eclasses and profiles as necessary and/or using them from other repositories. Users can explicitly choose the repository they want to install packages from. The Package Manager can update all repositories.

Portage configuration

New repository layout

The repository configuration should be stored in /etc/portage/repos.conf. It can be either a single file or a directory containing one or more .conf files.

The default configuration is installed as /usr/share/portage/config/repos.conf. This file is internal configuration file installed with portage ebuild and should not be modified. Instead, the configuration in /etc/portage/repos.conf can override the defaults specified there.

The configuration uses format similar to Windows .ini files. Each section heading (repository name in square brackets) signifies a single repository, followed by one or more key-value option pairs. For example, the following file copies default configuration for Funtoo repository:

/etc/portage/repos.conf/funtoo.conf - Example configuration override for Funtoo repository to move it to non-standard location
[funtoo]
# moved to non-standard location!
location = /var/db/repos/funtoo
sync-type = git
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git
auto-sync = yes

The most useful repository configuration options are listed below:

location
Obligatory. Specifies the directory where repository is/will be stored. If Portage knows how to sync the repository and the location does not exist, it will be created on next emerge --sync. Otherwise, the directory must exist.
priority
Specifies the priority used for ordering ebuilds from different repositories. If two repositories provide an ebuild with matching versions, the repository with higher priority will be used.
auto-sync
Specifies whether emerge --sync should update the repository. Defaults to yes if sync-type is specified, no otherwise.
sync-depth
Specifies --depth for git clone. Used only on initial sync. Defaults to 1. Can be set to 0 to force full clone (not pass --depth at all).
sync-type
Specifies syncing/update method. Can be one of: cvs, git, rsync, svn.
sync-umask
Specifies the umask used when updating/syncing the repository.
sync-uri
Specifies remote URI from which the repository will be cloned/synced. Can use any syntax valid for a particular syncing method.
sync-user
Specifies the user[:group] used to update/sync the repository. If FEATURES=usersync is used, defaults to the credentials of directory owner.

Additionally a [DEFAULT] section may be specified. Options in this section are used as defaults for all repositories.

Migrating existing configurations

The new configuration format provides replacement for existing configuration done through /etc/portage/make.conf and environment variables. While the variables are still supported for backwards compatibility, users are recommended to move to the new configuration scheme. Funtoo portage ebuild is planned to make the migration unattended (repos.conf installed automatically to ease the config steps) with the following file:

/etc/portage/repos.conf/funtoo.conf
[funtoo]
location = /usr/portage
sync-type = git
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git
auto-sync = yes

The following replacements are provided for existing variables:

PORTDIR
Used to specify main tree location. Replaced by location key in the section corresponding to the default repository ([funtoo] by default).
PORTDIR_OVERLAY
Used to specify locations of overlays. Each of the paths needs to be replaced with a separate repository section, with the path placed in location key. Additionally, priority may be used to force specific ordering of ebuild overrides.
SYNC
Used to specify URI for syncing the main repository, also implied a protocol for doing that. Replaced by the sync-uri and sync-type keys in the default repository section.
SYNC_UMASK
Used to specify umask for syncing repositories. Replaced by sync-umask key in repository configuration. Can be specified in [DEFAULT] section to apply to all repositories.
SYNC_USER
Used to specify user credentials for syncing repositories. Replaced by sync-user key in repository configuration. Can be specified in [DEFAULT] section to apply to all repositories.
/etc/portage/make.conf - Example old make.conf file
# user changed PORTDIR location
PORTDIR="/var/db/repos/funtoo"
PORTDIR_OVERLAY="/var/db/repos/foo /var/db/repos/bar"

SYNC="git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git"
SYNC_USER="oleg"
SYNC_UMASK="022"
/etc/portage/repos.conf - Replacement repos.conf file
[DEFAULT]
sync-user = oleg
sync-umask = 022

[funtoo]
location = /var/db/repos/funtoo
sync-type = git
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2015.git

[foo]
location = /var/db/repos/foo
priority = 1

[bar]
location = /var/db/repos/bar
priority = 2

The repos.conf configuration can be further extended with sync-type and sync-uri for overlays to get emerge --sync updating them automatically.

let's see a real example of tree and overlays added.

/etc/portage/repos.conf - Replacement repos.conf file
[gentoo]
location = /usr/portage
sync-type = git
sync-uri = git://github.com/funtoo/ports-2012.git
 
[funtoo-overlay]
location = /root/git/funtoo-overlay
 
[funtoo-gnome]
location = /root/git/funtoo-gnome-overlay

funtoo-overlay and funtoo-gnome-overlay are an overlays added on top of regular portage tree.