Difference between pages "Flavors and Mix-ins/pt-br" and "Install/pt-br/Kernel"

< Flavors and Mix-ins(Difference between pages)
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== Flavors (Sabores) ==
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<noinclude>
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{{InstallPart|Kernel Installation}}
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</noinclude>
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=== Kernel ===
  
Um sistema pode possuir somente um flavor profile habilitado de cada vez. Os flavors a seguir estão disponíveis:
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Starting mid-May 2015, Funtoo Linux stage3's include a pre-built {{c|debian-sources}} kernel to make installation faster and easier. To see if debian-sources is installed, type:
  
;minimal: Esse flavor define o flavor mínimo possível. Ele atualmente contem somente padrões para todos os flavors do Funtoo Linux flavors.
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{{console|body=
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(chroot) # ##i##emerge -s debian-sources
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Searching...   
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[ Results for search key : ##b##debian-sources##!b## ]
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[ Applications found : ##b##1##!b## ]
  
;core: O core flavor é o minimal flavor mais as opções de USE razoáveis, e é utilizado para os builds do stage3.
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*  ##b##sys-kernel/debian-sources##!b##
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      ##g##Latest version available:##!g## 3.19.3
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      ##g##Latest version installed:##!g## 3.19.3
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      ##g##Size of files:##!g## 81,292 kB
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      ##g##Homepage:##!g##      http://www.debian.org
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      ##g##Description:##!g##  Debian Sources (and optional binary kernel)
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      ##g##License:##!g##      GPL-2
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}}
  
;server: O server flavor é destinado para servidores, mas desta vez somente para rastrear core.
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If a version is listed under {{c|Latest version installed}}, then debian-sources is already pre-built for you and you can skip the rest of the Kernel section, and proceed to the [[#Installing a Bootloader|Installing a Bootloader section]].
  
;workstation: O workstation flavor é um sistema desktop mínimo. Ele inclui o core flavor mais esses mix-ins: '''X''', '''audio''', '''dvd''', '''media''', '''console-extras'''
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==== Building the Kernel ====
  
;desktop: O desktop flavor é um sistema desktop completo de recursos, menos ambiente desktop (adicione KDE, GNOME ou XFCE como um mix-in.) Ele inclui o '''workstation''' flavor mais '''printing''' support.
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If you need to build a kernel for Funtoo Linux, please follow these steps:
  
== Mix-ins ==
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{{Fancynote|1=
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See [[Funtoo Linux Kernels]] for a full list of kernels supported in Funtoo Linux. We recommend <code>debian-sources</code> for new users.}}
  
Um sistema pode ter quaisquer número de mix-ins habilitados de cada vês. Os mix-ins a seguir estão disponíveis:
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{{fancyimportant|1=
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<code>debian-sources</code> with <code>binary</code> USE flag requires at least 14GB free in <code>/var/tmp</code> and takes around 1 hour to build on a Intel Core i7 Processor.}}
  
;audio: Habilita as configurações do núcleo (core) relacionadas a áudio, atualmente relacionadas ao ALSA.
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Let's emerge our kernel:
  
;console-extras: Habilita coisas que são boas de ter para sistemas de somente console (console-only systems). Atualmente habilitando gpm em USE.
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<console>
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(chroot) # ##i##emerge debian-sources
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</console>
  
;dvd: Configurações USE relacionadas a drives óticos -- Uso de CDR/DVD-ROM/RW.
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Once <code>emerge</code> completes, you'll have a brand new kernel and initramfs installed to <code>/boot</code>, plus kernel headers installed in <code>/usr/src/linux</code>, and you'll be ready to configure the boot loader to load these to boot your Funtoo Linux system.
  
;gnome: Configurações do USE e do package.use necessárias para instalar e utilizar (merge) o GNOME.
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{{fancynote|NVIDIA card users: the <code>binary</code> USE flag installs the Nouveau drivers which cannot be loaded at the same time as the proprietary drivers, and cannot be unloaded at runtime because of KMS. You need to blacklist it under <code>/etc/modprobe.d/</code>.}}
  
;hardened: Habilita suporte hardened.
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{{fancynote|For an overview of other kernel options for Funtoo Linux, see [[Funtoo Linux Kernels]]. There may be modules that the Debian kernel doesn't include, a situation where [http://www.funtoo.org/wiki/Funtoo_Linux_Kernels#Using_Debian-Sources_with_Genkernel genkernel] would be useful. Also be sure to see [[:Category:Hardware Compatibility|hardware compatibility]] information.}}
 
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;kde: Configurações de USE e de package.use necessárias para instalar e utilizar (merge) o KDE.
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;media: USE settings related to audio/video media encoding. Can be for desktops or servers.
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;print: Habilita a capacidade de impressão (printing).
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;rhel5-compat: Configurações necessárias para a execução de um sistema que utiliza um kernel baseado no Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5-based kernel.
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;vmware-guest: Configurações relacionadas ao uso do Funtoo Linux como um convidado (guest) na máquina virtual VMWare.
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;X: Configurações relacionadas ao sistema X Window e ao suporte a hardware.
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;xfce: Configurações USE necessárias para instalação e utilização (merging) do XFCE.
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[[Category:Portage]]
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[[Category:Funtoo features]]
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Revision as of 19:06, May 28, 2015


Note

This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions which covers: Kernel Installation. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.


Kernel

Starting mid-May 2015, Funtoo Linux stage3's include a pre-built debian-sources kernel to make installation faster and easier. To see if debian-sources is installed, type:

(chroot) # emerge -s debian-sources
Searching...    
[ Results for search key : debian-sources ]
[ Applications found : 1 ]

*  sys-kernel/debian-sources
      Latest version available: 3.19.3
      Latest version installed: 3.19.3
      Size of files: 81,292 kB
      Homepage:      http://www.debian.org
      Description:   Debian Sources (and optional binary kernel)
      License:       GPL-2


If a version is listed under Latest version installed, then debian-sources is already pre-built for you and you can skip the rest of the Kernel section, and proceed to the Installing a Bootloader section.

Building the Kernel

If you need to build a kernel for Funtoo Linux, please follow these steps:

Note

See Funtoo Linux Kernels for a full list of kernels supported in Funtoo Linux. We recommend debian-sources for new users.

Important

debian-sources with binary USE flag requires at least 14GB free in /var/tmp and takes around 1 hour to build on a Intel Core i7 Processor.

Let's emerge our kernel:

(chroot) # emerge debian-sources

Once emerge completes, you'll have a brand new kernel and initramfs installed to /boot, plus kernel headers installed in /usr/src/linux, and you'll be ready to configure the boot loader to load these to boot your Funtoo Linux system.

Note

NVIDIA card users: the binary USE flag installs the Nouveau drivers which cannot be loaded at the same time as the proprietary drivers, and cannot be unloaded at runtime because of KMS. You need to blacklist it under /etc/modprobe.d/.

Note

For an overview of other kernel options for Funtoo Linux, see Funtoo Linux Kernels. There may be modules that the Debian kernel doesn't include, a situation where genkernel would be useful. Also be sure to see hardware compatibility information.