Difference between pages "Property:Subtitle" and "GNOME First Steps"

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This is a property of type [[Has type::Text]].
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=== What is GNOME? ===
 +
 
 +
"GNOME 3 is an easy and elegant way to use your computer. It is designed to put you in control and bring freedom to everybody. GNOME 3 is developed by the GNOME community, a diverse, international group of contributors that is supported by an independent, non-profit foundation." — [http://gnome.org GNOME]
 +
 
 +
=== Prerequisites ===
 +
 
 +
==== From a Clean Install ====
 +
 
 +
Ensure that the [[X Window System]] is installed.
 +
 
 +
=== Preparing to emerge ===
 +
 
 +
To get your system ready to emerge gnome, first set your system flavor to desktop, and enable the gnome profile mix-in. To accomplish this, do the following:
 +
{{console|recipe=setup,setup-light|desc=Set profile|body=
 +
# ##i##eselect profile set-flavor funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
 +
# ##i##eselect profile add funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
By enabling the gnome mix-in, various USE and other settings will be optimized to provide you with a pain-free GNOME installation experience.
 +
 
 +
=== Emerging ===
 +
 
 +
You are provided with two packages that will pull in this desktop environment:
 +
 
 +
* ''gnome''
 +
 
 +
{{fancynote|This is the "whole shabang" - pulls in a range of applications made for the gnome desktop environment including a few games, an archive manager, a system monitor, a web browser, a terminal, etc.}}
 +
 
 +
* ''gnome-light''
 +
 
 +
{{fancynote|As the name implies, this pulls in the base minimal you need to get a functioning GNOME Desktop Environment.}}
 +
 
 +
==== GNOME 3.14 from a clean install ====
 +
 
 +
===== gnome =====
 +
 
 +
To emerge ''gnome'' run the following command
 +
 
 +
{{console|desc=Emerging GNOME|body=
 +
# ##i## emerge gnome
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===== gnome-light =====
 +
 
 +
To emerge ''gnome-light'' run the following command
 +
 
 +
{{console|recipe=setup-light|desc=Emerging a minimal GNOME environment (alternative)|body=
 +
# ##i## emerge gnome-light
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
==== Upgrading from GNOME 3.12 ====
 +
 
 +
To update either ''gnome'' or ''gnome-light'' run the following command:
 +
 
 +
{{console|body=
 +
# ##i## emerge -vauDN world
 +
}}
 +
=== Subsystems ===
 +
 
 +
==== Bluetooth ====
 +
 
 +
For bluetooth support, ensure that:
 +
 
 +
# Bluetooth support is enabled in your kernel (using modules is fine).
 +
# Your bluetooth hardware is turned on.
 +
# Add the <code>bluetooth</code> startup script to the default runlevel, and start it.
 +
 
 +
This can be done as follows:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##rc-update add bluetooth default
 +
# ##i##rc
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
Once this is done, you should now be able to navigate to ''Settings'' -> ''Bluetooth'' and turn bluetooth on. The icon next to devices should now animate and you should be able to discover and add devices such as keyboards.
 +
 
 +
{{Note|1=
 +
Additional kernel drivers may need to be enabled for certain input devices. For example, for the bluetooth Apple Magic Trackpad, the following option must be enabled in your kernel:
 +
 
 +
{{kernelop|title=Device Drivers,HID support,HID bus support,Special HID drivers|desc=
 +
<M> Apple Magic Mouse/Trackpad multi-touch support
 +
}}}}
 +
 
 +
==== Printing ====
 +
 
 +
To enable printing support, add <code>cupsd</code> to the default runlevel:
 +
 
 +
<console>
 +
# ##i##rc-update add cupsd default
 +
# ##i##rc
 +
</console>
 +
 
 +
You should now be able to navigate to ''Settings'' -> ''Printers'' and add printers to your system, and print.
 +
 
 +
==== Scanning ====
 +
 
 +
To enable scanning support, add your user account to the <code>lp</code> group. This will allow your user to access the USB scanner.
 +
 
 +
Then, <code>emerge xsane</code>, and run it. It should be able to access your scanner.
 +
 
 +
=== Finishing Touches ===
 +
 
 +
==== X ====
 +
 
 +
===== Setting up xdm (GUI log-in) =====
 +
 
 +
Typically, you will want to use <code>gdm</code>, the GNOME display manager, to log in to GNOME. This will allow you to log in graphically, rather than using the text console.
 +
 
 +
To enable gdm, edit <code>/etc/conf.d/xdm</code> and set <code>DISPLAYMANAGER</code> to <code>gdm</code> instead of <code>xdm</code>. Then, perform the following steps to add <code>xdm</code> to the default runlevel, and have it start automatically from now on when your system starts:
 +
 
 +
{{Note|Funtoo's <code>/etc/init.d/xdm</code> initscript has been modified to start the requisite services <code>dbus</code>, <code>openrc-settingsd</code> and <code>consolekit</code> prior to starting <code>gdm</code>.}}
 +
 
 +
{{console|recipe=setup|desc=Enable the GNOME display manager|body=
 +
# ##i## rc-update add xdm default
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
Then, if you want to start it now do:
 +
 
 +
{{console|body=
 +
# ##i##rc
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
But you should reboot to avoid having an open login terminal.
 +
 
 +
===== Setting up xinitrc (text log-in) =====
 +
 
 +
Adding the following to your <code>~/.xinitrc</code> file is sufficient:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
# Fix Missing Applications in Gnome
 +
export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-
 +
 
 +
# Properly Launch the Desired X Session
 +
exec ck-launch-session gnome-session
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Additionaly, if you need support for different input sources, there is no longer a need to configure IBus or SCIM in your <code>.xinitrc</code> file as GNOME uses IBus natively. Simply configure it in the Control Center under Region & Language.
 +
 
 +
=== Automatically Starting Applications at Login ===
 +
 
 +
When using an old-fashioned <code>.xinitrc</code>, starting up applications when X starts is relatively easy. When using GDM, this can still be accomplished, by using the <code>~/.xprofile</code> file. Here's my sample <code>.xprofile</code> to start <code>xflux</code> to dim the screen at night:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
xflux -z 87107
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
{{Note|Remember to add a <code>&</code> at the end of any command that doesn't return to the shell prompt after running.}}
 +
 
 +
=== games ===
 +
Gnome has several games that can be added on to your install.  By default most games are not included in gnome's emerge.
 +
 
 +
Users wishing to play games need to be added to the games group:
 +
{{console|body=###i## gpasswd -a $USER games}}
 +
 
 +
game list:
 +
;gnome-sudoku
 +
;gnome-mastermind
 +
;gnome-nibbles
 +
;gnome-robots
 +
;gnome-chess
 +
;gnome-hearts
 +
;gnome-mahjongg
 +
;gnome-mines
 +
;gnome-klotski
 +
;gnome-tetravex
 +
 
 +
game system emulators:
 +
 
 +
;gnomeboyadvance
 +
;gnome-mud
 +
 
 +
=== Significant Known Issues (Workarounds Available) ===
 +
 
 +
[https://bugs.funtoo.org/browse/FL-1678 FL-1678]: Bluetooth interface gives wrong pairing key
 +
 
 +
[https://bugs.funtoo.org/browse/FL-1687 FL-1687]: Wallpaper corruption when resuming from suspend
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Desktop]]
 +
[[Category:First Steps]]
 +
[[Category:Official Documentation]]

Revision as of 17:45, February 22, 2015

What is GNOME?

"GNOME 3 is an easy and elegant way to use your computer. It is designed to put you in control and bring freedom to everybody. GNOME 3 is developed by the GNOME community, a diverse, international group of contributors that is supported by an independent, non-profit foundation." — GNOME

Prerequisites

From a Clean Install

Ensure that the X Window System is installed.

Preparing to emerge

To get your system ready to emerge gnome, first set your system flavor to desktop, and enable the gnome profile mix-in. To accomplish this, do the following:

# eselect profile set-flavor funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
# eselect profile add funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome

Console: Set profileThe given value was not understood.

By enabling the gnome mix-in, various USE and other settings will be optimized to provide you with a pain-free GNOME installation experience.

Emerging

You are provided with two packages that will pull in this desktop environment:

  • gnome
Note

This is the "whole shabang" - pulls in a range of applications made for the gnome desktop environment including a few games, an archive manager, a system monitor, a web browser, a terminal, etc.

  • gnome-light
Note

As the name implies, this pulls in the base minimal you need to get a functioning GNOME Desktop Environment.

GNOME 3.14 from a clean install

gnome

To emerge gnome run the following command

#  emerge gnome

Console: Emerging GNOME

gnome-light

To emerge gnome-light run the following command

#  emerge gnome-light

Console: Emerging a minimal GNOME environment (alternative)The given value was not understood.

Upgrading from GNOME 3.12

To update either gnome or gnome-light run the following command:

#  emerge -vauDN world

Subsystems

Bluetooth

For bluetooth support, ensure that:

  1. Bluetooth support is enabled in your kernel (using modules is fine).
  2. Your bluetooth hardware is turned on.
  3. Add the bluetooth startup script to the default runlevel, and start it.

This can be done as follows:

# rc-update add bluetooth default
# rc

Once this is done, you should now be able to navigate to Settings -> Bluetooth and turn bluetooth on. The icon next to devices should now animate and you should be able to discover and add devices such as keyboards.

Note

Additional kernel drivers may need to be enabled for certain input devices. For example, for the bluetooth Apple Magic Trackpad, the following option must be enabled in your kernel:

Under Device Drivers-->HID support-->HID bus support-->Special HID drivers:

<M> Apple Magic Mouse/Trackpad multi-touch support

Printing

To enable printing support, add cupsd to the default runlevel:

# rc-update add cupsd default
# rc

You should now be able to navigate to Settings -> Printers and add printers to your system, and print.

Scanning

To enable scanning support, add your user account to the lp group. This will allow your user to access the USB scanner.

Then, emerge xsane, and run it. It should be able to access your scanner.

Finishing Touches

X

Setting up xdm (GUI log-in)

Typically, you will want to use gdm, the GNOME display manager, to log in to GNOME. This will allow you to log in graphically, rather than using the text console.

To enable gdm, edit /etc/conf.d/xdm and set DISPLAYMANAGER to gdm instead of xdm. Then, perform the following steps to add xdm to the default runlevel, and have it start automatically from now on when your system starts:

Note

Funtoo's /etc/init.d/xdm initscript has been modified to start the requisite services dbus, openrc-settingsd and consolekit prior to starting gdm.

#  rc-update add xdm default

Console: Enable the GNOME display managerThe given value was not understood.

Then, if you want to start it now do:

# rc


But you should reboot to avoid having an open login terminal.

Setting up xinitrc (text log-in)

Adding the following to your ~/.xinitrc file is sufficient:

# Fix Missing Applications in Gnome
export XDG_MENU_PREFIX=gnome-

# Properly Launch the Desired X Session
exec ck-launch-session gnome-session

Additionaly, if you need support for different input sources, there is no longer a need to configure IBus or SCIM in your .xinitrc file as GNOME uses IBus natively. Simply configure it in the Control Center under Region & Language.

Automatically Starting Applications at Login

When using an old-fashioned .xinitrc, starting up applications when X starts is relatively easy. When using GDM, this can still be accomplished, by using the ~/.xprofile file. Here's my sample .xprofile to start xflux to dim the screen at night:

xflux -z 87107
Note

Remember to add a & at the end of any command that doesn't return to the shell prompt after running.

games

Gnome has several games that can be added on to your install. By default most games are not included in gnome's emerge.

Users wishing to play games need to be added to the games group:

# gpasswd -a $USER games


game list:

gnome-sudoku
gnome-mastermind
gnome-nibbles
gnome-robots
gnome-chess
gnome-hearts
gnome-mahjongg
gnome-mines
gnome-klotski
gnome-tetravex

game system emulators:

gnomeboyadvance
gnome-mud

Significant Known Issues (Workarounds Available)

FL-1678: Bluetooth interface gives wrong pairing key

FL-1687: Wallpaper corruption when resuming from suspend


Pages using the property "Subtitle"

Showing 25 pages using this property.

(previous 25) (next 25)

A

Awk by Example, Part 1 +An intro to the great language with the strange name  +
Awk by Example, Part 2 +Records, loops, and arrays  +
Awk by Example, Part 3 +String functions and ... checkbooks?  +

B

Bash by Example, Part 1 +Fundamental programming in the Bourne again shell (bash)  +
Bash by Example, Part 2 +More bash programming fundamentals  +
Bash by Example, Part 3 +Exploring the ebuild system  +

F

Funtoo Filesystem Guide, Part 1 +Journaling and ReiserFS  +
Funtoo Filesystem Guide, Part 2 +Using ReiserFS and Linux  +
Funtoo Filesystem Guide, Part 3 +Tmpfs and Bind Mounts  +
Funtoo Filesystem Guide, Part 4 +Introducing Ext3  +
Funtoo Filesystem Guide, Part 5 +Ext3 in Action  +

K

Keychain +Official Project Page  +

L

Learning Linux LVM, Part 1 +Storage management magic with Logical Volume Management  +
Learning Linux LVM, Part 2 +The cvs.gentoo.org upgrade  +

M

Maximum Swappage +Getting the most out of swap  +

O

OpenSSH Key Management, Part 1 +Understanding RSA/DSA Authentication  +
OpenSSH Key Management, Part 2 +Introducing ssh-agent and keychain  +
OpenSSH Key Management, Part 3 +Agent Forwarding  +

P

POSIX Threads Explained, Part 1 +A simple and nimble tool for memory sharing  +
POSIX Threads Explained, Part 3 +Improve efficiency with condition variables  +
Partition Planning Tips +Keeping things organized on disk  +
Partitioning in Action, Part 1 +Moving /home  +
Partitioning in Action, Part 2 +Consolidating data  +

T

The Gentoo.org Redesign, Part 1 +A site reborn  +
The Gentoo.org Redesign, Part 2 +The Documentation System  +
(previous 25) (next 25)