Difference between pages "Hostname" and "Template:Subarch"

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(Hosts case)
 
 
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w.i.p
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<includeonly>{{#widget:AddThis}}{{#if:{{{title|}}}|
==Introduction==
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:Download - {{{title}}}}}
A hostname is a unique name created to identify a machine on a network. In computer networking, a hostname  is a label that is assigned to a device connected to a computer network and that is used to identify the device in various forms of electronic communication such as the World Wide Web, e-mail or Usenet. Hostnames may be simple names consisting of a single word or phrase, or they may be structured.
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==Configuration==
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{{DISPLAYTITLE:Download - {{{subarch}}}}}
In Funtoo Linux <code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code> is the only configuration file for setting a hostname. In OpenRC framework <code>/etc/conf.d/foo</code> is the configuration file for a corresponding Init script <code>/etc/init.d/foo</code>.  With the case of hostname, default value in <code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code> is set to ''localhost'', means when system boots and OpenRC's <code>/etc/init.d/hostname</code> script started a hostname getting only ''localhost'' name.  How it looks?  In your shell promt this will look in following way, an example for root:
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}}'''This page lists CPU-optimized builds of Funtoo Linux for {{#if:{{{title|}}}|{{{title}}} ({{{subarch}}} subarch)|{{{subarch}}}}} [[{{{CPU Family}}}]].'''  
<console>
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localhost ~ # ##i## Hello :)
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</console>
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Let's play a bit with a configuration. Open <code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code> with your favorite editor and set a hostname of your choice.  Below, I will use a real examples  from one of my working test boxes.
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<console>
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localhost ~ # ##i## nano /etc/conf.d/hostname
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</console>
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Let's set it to hostname="oleg-stable.host.funtoo.org". Save the file and restart  a hostname service:
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<console>
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localhost ~ # ##i## service hostname restart
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</console>
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Now, let's examine our changes, after a restarting a hostname
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<console>
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oleg-stable ~ # ##i## Hello :)
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</console>
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== Diving deeper==
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Notice, that in above output we seeing a shortened hostname and not a FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name). Don't be frustrated. This is  how  default bash promt <code>PS1</code> set. To get nice promts, please, consult http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/l-tip-prompt/ <-- this one should be on Funtoo wiki :)
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Another way to test our settings is using a '''hostname''' command. Here we will show only  some of it's features. Let's try to execute '''hostname''' command:
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<console>
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oleg-stable ~ # ##i## hostname
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oleg-stable.host.funtoo.org
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</console>
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Now we see our fully qualified domain name hostname just how we configured it in <code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code> in above paragraph. To get a short hostname we need to set '''-s ''' (short) argument to hostname command.
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<console>
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oleg-stable ~ # ##i## hostname -s
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oleg-stable
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</console>
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Good! Hostname offers more then just displaying a system host name but can also set one. Let's try:
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<console>
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oleg-stable ~ # ##i## hostname foo.bar.baz
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oleg-stable ~ # ##i## hostname
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foo.bar.baz
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</console>
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As you can see, we changed a hostname on-the-fly. This is not recommended way.
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{{fancywarning|Please, notice that using '''hostname''' command to configure will work temporary for a current session and will be reverted back to a value set in <code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code> file with next system restart.}}
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Now that we got a brief description of a hostname and basic configuration steps, its time to reflect another important case which is directly related to a Funtoo Linux hostname generation, a hosts.
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{{{Description|}}}
 
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{{#seo:
==Hosts case==
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|title={{#if:{{{title|}}}|Download - {{{title}}}|Download - {{{subarch}}}}}
As per man page <code>hosts</code> stands for static table lookup for hostnames and it's configuration file is <code>/etc/hosts</code>. Here is how it looks
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|keywords=funtoo,linux,build,subarch,{{{subarch}}},{{{title}}}
{{file|name=/etc/hosts|body=
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|description=This page lists CPU-optimized builds of Funtoo Linux for {{#if:{{{title|}}}|{{{title}}} ({{{subarch}}} subarch)|{{{subarch}}}}} [[{{{CPU Family}}}]].
# Auto-generated hostname. Please do not remove this comment.
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127.0.0.1      oleg-stable.host.funtoo.org oleg-stable localhost localhost.localdomain
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::1            oleg-stable.host.funtoo.org oleg-stable localhost localhost.localdomain
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}}
 
}}
As you can see it has entries from our <code>/etc/conf.d/hostname</code>. As you may have guessed, in Funtoo Linux <code>/etc/hosts</code> file entries are auto-generated, when OpenRC hostname service starts. Previously, it is used to edit <code>/etc/hosts</code> manually. In Funtoo Linux there is no such need.
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{{#set:CPU Family={{{CPU Family|}}}|subarch={{{subarch|}}}|CHOST={{{CHOST|}}}|CFLAGS={{{CFLAGS|}}}|USE={{{USE|}}}|CPU Features={{{CPU Features|}}}|Description={{{Description|}}}|title={{{title|}}}}}
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=== Optimizations ===
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__NOTOC__
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{{TableStart}}
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<tr><td>CHOST</td><td><code>{{{CHOST|}}}</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>CFLAGS</td><td><code>{{{CFLAGS|}}}</code></td></tr>
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<tr><td>USE (see [[CPU_FLAGS]] for more info)</td><td>{{#if:{{{USE|}}}|<code>{{{USE}}}</code>|(none)}}</td></tr>
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{{TableEnd}}{{#vardefine:subarch|{{{subarch|}}}}}{{#get_web_data:url=http://build.funtoo.org/index.xml|format=xml|use xpath|data=builds=/subarches/subarch[@name='{{{subarch|}}}']/@builds}}{{#vardefine:builds|{{#external_value:builds}}}}
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=== Download ===
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{{#if:{{#var:builds}}|This section lists the Funtoo Linux builds currently available for download for '''{{{subarch}}}'''.  A full list of Funtoo Linux builds can be found on the [[Subarches]] page.
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{{table|1=
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<tr><th class="active">Build</th><th class="active">Variant</th><th class="active">Latest Build</th><th class="active">Download</th><th class="active">Browse Mirror</th></tr>{{#arraymaptemplate:{{#var:builds}}|DisplayBuilds|,|}}}}|No downloadable stage builds are currently available for this sub-architecture.}}
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{{Important|Do you want a particular build of Funtoo Linux but do not see it here? Let us know what you need, and we will likely add it for you. [https://bugs.funtoo.org Create a bug report] requesting the build you need. To see what options there are, see our [[Corei7|Intel Core i7]] subarch page, which has a lot of builds listed.}}
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[[Category:Subarches]]
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__NOEDITSECTION__
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=== Detailed Description ===
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</includeonly>

Latest revision as of 00:03, March 29, 2015