Difference between pages "News:CPU FLAGS X86" and "Package:Layman"

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{{News
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{{Ebuild
|Summary=CPU_FLAGS_X86 are being introduced to group together USE flags managing CPU instruction sets.
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|Summary=Tool to manage Gentoo overlays
|News Format=Short
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|CatPkg=app-portage/layman
|News Category=General
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|Homepage=http://layman.sourceforge.net/
|Author=Mgorny
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|Publication Status=Published
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|Publication Date=2015/01/31
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}}
 
}}
Hello, everyone.
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Layman is an "overlay" external repository management tool.
  
The USE flags corresponding to the instruction sets and other features specific to the x86 (including x86-64) architecture are being moved into a separate USE flag group called CPU_FLAGS_X86.
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=== Installation ===
 +
<console>###i## emerge layman</console>
 +
make.conf must source laymans overlays for emerge to pull in packages from external sources.
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<console>###i## echo "source /var/lib/layman/make.conf" >> /etc/portage/make.conf</console>
  
In order not to lose CPU-specific optimizations, users will be required to update their make.conf (and package.use) file. For example, if the following USE flags were present:
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=== Using Layman ===
 +
Fetch, and display a list of overlays:
 +
<console>###i## layman -L</console>
  
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|desc=The original make.conf flags|body=
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Add an overlay to your system:
USE="mmx mmxext sse sse2 sse3"
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<console>###i## layman -a <overlay name></console>
}}
+
  
Those flags need to be copied into:
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Delete an overlay from your system:
 +
<console>###i## layman -d <overlay name></console>
  
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|desc=The new make.conf flags|body=
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==== Masking Overlay Packages ====
CPU_FLAGS_X86="mmx mmxext sse sse2 sse3"
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Overlays have the power to override distro packages.  To avoid conflicts, mask everything in the overlay, and unmask the packages that are necessary to your system.
 +
 
 +
{{file|name=/etc/portage/package.mask|lang=|desc=mask all packages in an overlay|body=
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*/*::overlay-name
 
}}
 
}}
  
Please note that the same CPU_FLAGS_X86 variable is used both on 32-bit and 64-bit x86 (amd64) systems.
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/package.unmask|lang=|desc=unmask packages to be used|body=
 +
cat-egory/pack-age1
 +
cat-egory/pack-age2
 +
}}
  
When in doubt, you can consult the flag descriptions using one of the commonly available tools, e.g. ''equery uses'' from gentoolkit:
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==== Sync ====
  
{{console|body=
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Sync a specific overlays ebuilds:
$##i## equery uses media-video/ffmpeg
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<console>###i## layman -s <overlay name></console>
}}
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Most of the flag names match /proc/cpuinfo names, with the notable exception of SSE3 which is called 'pni' in /proc/cpuinfo (please also do not confuse it with distinct SSSE3).
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Sync all overlays:
 +
<console>###i## layman -S</console>
  
To help users enable the correct USE flags, we are providing a Python script that generates the correct value using /proc/cpuinfo. It can be found in the {{Package|app-portage/cpuinfo2cpuflags}} package:
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Sync all overlays via eix:
 
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<console>###i## eix-sync</console>
{{console|body=
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###i## emerge -1v app-portage/cpuinfo2cpuflags
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$##i## cpuinfo2cpuflags-x86
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}}
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In order to ensure safe migration and maintain compatibility with external repositories, it is recommended to preserve the old USE settings for a period of one year or until no package of interest is still using them.
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{{EbuildFooter}}
{{NewsFooter}}
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Revision as of 11:56, January 31, 2015

app-portage/layman


Source Repository:Repository:Gentoo Portage Tree

http://layman.sourceforge.net/

Summary: Tool to manage Gentoo overlays

Use Flags

bazaar
Support dev-vcs/bzr based overlays
cvs
Support dev-vcs/cvs based overlays
darcs
Support dev-vcs/darcs based overlays
g-sorcery
Support app-portage/g-sorcery based overlays
git
Support dev-vcs/git based overlays
gpg
Support app-crypt/gnupg signed overlays lists and manifests
mercurial
Support dev-vcs/mercurial based overlays
squashfs
Support mounting squashfs image overlays locally read-only
subversion
Support dev-vcs/subversion based overlays
sync-plugin-portage
Install the sys-apps/portage sync module

News

Drobbins

Perl Updates

Gentoo has bumped perl from 5.20 to 5.22. Be sure to run perl-cleaner --all after the upgrade.
2015-07-25 by Drobbins
Drobbins

ARM Rebuild

ARM systems will use new stage3's that are not compatible with earlier versions.
2015-06-27 by Drobbins
Drobbins

ABI X86 64 and 32

Funtoo Linux has new 32-bit compatibility libraries inherited from Gentoo. Learn about them here.
2015-06-18 by Drobbins
More...

Layman

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Layman is an "overlay" external repository management tool.

Installation

# emerge layman

make.conf must source laymans overlays for emerge to pull in packages from external sources.

# echo "source /var/lib/layman/make.conf" >> /etc/portage/make.conf

Using Layman

Fetch, and display a list of overlays:

# layman -L

Add an overlay to your system:

# layman -a <overlay name>

Delete an overlay from your system:

# layman -d <overlay name>

Masking Overlay Packages

Overlays have the power to override distro packages. To avoid conflicts, mask everything in the overlay, and unmask the packages that are necessary to your system.

/etc/portage/package.mask - mask all packages in an overlay
*/*::overlay-name
/etc/portage/package.unmask - unmask packages to be used
cat-egory/pack-age1
cat-egory/pack-age2

Sync

Sync a specific overlays ebuilds:

# layman -s <overlay name>

Sync all overlays:

# layman -S

Sync all overlays via eix:

# eix-sync