Difference between pages "Funtoo Linux Localization/pt-br" and "Package:OpenSSL"

< Funtoo Linux Localization(Difference between pages)
(Portage Settings)
 
 
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== Definir Idioma Padrão ==
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{{Ebuild
 
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|Summary=Full-strength general purpose cryptography library (including SSL and TLS.)
No Funtoo, há dois arquivos de configuração responsáveis suas configurações de idioma: <code>/etc/locale.gen</code> e <code>/etc/env.d/00basic</code>. O primeiro arquivo contém somente en_US.UTF-8 locale habilitado. O ultimo é um arquivo padrão embarcado que vem a partir do stage3 e responsável pelo en_US.UTF-8 locale system-wide. não recomendado editar.
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|CatPkg=dev-libs/openssl
Os passos a seguir lhe guiarão através do processo de editar o idioma padrão do sistema (default system language), utilizando o francês canadense como um exemplo.
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|Homepage=http://www.openssl.org
Primeiro você terá que editar <code>/etc/locale.gen</code>:
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<console>
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# ##i##nano -w /etc/locale.gen
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</console>
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Especifique sua localidade preferida com o formato de caracter acompanhante (Você vai preferir principalmente UTF-8):
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{{fancynote|É recomendado manter o en_US.UTF-8 locale pré-configurado com um fallback.}}
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{{file|name=/etc/locale.gen|body=
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en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
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fr_CA.UTF-8 UTF-8
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}}
 
}}
Para determinar uma localidade apropriada para o seu sistema, você deve dar uma olha em <code>/usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED</code> para a lista padrão de combinações suportadas  ou verifique o diretório <code>/usr/share/i18n/locales/</code> para uma lista de valores válidos.
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{{PageNeedsUpdates}}
{{fancywarning|Lhe é altamente aconcelhado usar ''ao menos uma'' localidade UTF-8 desde que algumas aplicações possam exigi-la.}}
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OpenSSL is a cryptography package used with {{Package|net-misc/openssh}}, web servers, and more. ftps, https, smtps, imaps, etc use SSL/TLS. SSL/TLS is used to prevent man in the middle attacks on plain text streams of data. As this is a security package it is frequently cycled from testing, & bug repairs.
 
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{{note|ssl is old, tls is new. If you have the option to run tls, run tls rather than ssl}}
Agora, essas localidades precisam ser geradas:
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<console>
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# ##i##locale-gen
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##g##*##!g## Generating 2 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs
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*  (1/2) Generating en_US.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
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*  (2/2) Generating fr_CA.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
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##g##*##!g## Generation complete
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</console>
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Uma vez feito, você pode aplicar suas configurações de localidade do system (locale settings system-wide). Primeiro exiba todas as opções disponíveis:
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<console>
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$ ##i##eselect locale list
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##b####g##Available targets for the LANG variable:
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  ##b##[1]##!b##  C
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  ##b##[2]##!b##  POSIX
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  ##b##[3]##!b##  fr_CA.utf8
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  ##b##[4]##!b##  en_US.utf8 ##bl##*
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  ##b##[ ]##!b##  (free form)
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</console>
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O asterisco azul indica a localidade atual padrão do sistema. Você pode agora alterá-lo de acordo com o que desejar:
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<console>
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# ##i##eselect locale set 3
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Setting LANG to fr_CA.utf8 ...
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Run ". /etc/profile" to update the variable in your shell.
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</console>
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Alternativamente, você pode definir a localidade padrão manualmente. Esse arquivo deve primeiro ser criado com o seu editor preferido:
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{{file|name=/etc/env.d/02locale|body=LANG="fr_CA.utf8"}}
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Você pode verificar suas ações utilizando:
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<console>
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$ ##i##eselect locale show
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##b####g##LANG variable in profile:
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  ##b##fr_CA.utf8
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</console>
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Para um efeito imediato é necessário recarregar o ambiente:
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<console>
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# ##i##env-update && source /etc/profile
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>>> Regenerating /etc/ld.so.cache...
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</console>
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Parabéns! Você definiu com sucesso seu idioma padrão no Funtoo.
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== Configurações do Portage ==
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Portage utiliza uma variável especial <code>LINGUAS</code> que define quais localizações/traduções são instaladas por padrão. Por padrão, <code>LINGUAS</code> em unset, a qual resultará em ''todas'' localizações disponíveis sendo instaladas pelo Portage.
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É possível personalizar as configurações de <code>LINGUAS</code> ao configurá-la em <code>/etc/make.conf</code>:
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<console>
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# ##i##LINGUAS="en_US zh_CN"
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</console>
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The <code>LINGUAS</code> variable should use spaces between each localization name.
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== Read Your Language ==
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A newly installed Funtoo Linux does not able to read all the languages. You want to read the stuff, say, in Mozilla Firefox. You need to install fonts - A good sign that you have not installed the proper fonts is that the following characters appear as boxes with numbers inside: 日本語フォント
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Check if you have your language installed (Chinese) by using the <tt>fc-list</tt> command from the <tt>media-libs/fontconfig</tt> ebuild:
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<console>
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# ##i##fc-list :lang=zh
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</console>
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If you are lucky, the right font will be installed, and your apps will also be able to use Chinese as the default language. But in case you not have the right font installed in this way, you need to install them manually.
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For Japanese:
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<console>
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=== Installation ===
# ##i##emerge media-fonts/kochi-substitute
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{{console|body=###i## emerge dev-libs/openssl}}
</console>
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For Chinese:
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=== Usage ===
<console>
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ssl uses several certificates with differing coverage, and use cases.  Certificates are obtained by 3rd party sites.  go-daddy, namecheap, and verisign are popular ssl certificate providers, though several others exist.
# ##i##emerge media-fonts/arphicfonts
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</console>
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For Korean:
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The general overview is buy certificate, send private files, send extra information if required, get files back, insert files into openssl configs, change program configs ports to S version of the protocol, (as in for web port 80, now listens to port 443, and i address the server as https instead of http now.) reorder the cert next year.
  
<console>
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==== Self Signed Certificates ====
# ##i##emerge media-fonts/baekmuk-fonts
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Free:
</console>
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Self signed certificates are free, self made, quick, easy to setup, and insecure.  They are great for lab experiments, and testing out new technologies that you're not familiar with.
== Keymap ==
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Funtoo Linux defaults to a US English keyboard. If you are using another type of keyboard, edit <tt>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</tt> and set keymap to your keyboard model. For example, cf for French Canadian keyboard, fr for French Azerty.
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==== Free Certificates ====
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Free:  (with restrictions)
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You can get free certificates from places like StartSSL.com.  The free certificates from them are not recommended if you are a company or doing E-Commerce as they only validate that you own the domain, not anything beyond that. However, for personal sites, you can't beat the cost.
  
<console>
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==== Single Domain Certificates ====
# ##i##nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps
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Generally $10/yr:
</console>
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Single domain certificates are probably the cheapest ssl certificate you will find on the web.  This certificate does not cover subdomains.
== Input Method ==
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ibus is an Intelligent Input Bus for Linux.
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==== Unified Communications Certificate ====
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Generally $300/yr
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This certificate is meant for small businesses.  This type of certificate will generally cover 20-30 domains, sites, or subdomains.
  
<console>
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==== Wildcard Certificates ====
# ##i##emerge -av ibus
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Generally $300/yr
</console>
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Wildcard certificates are expensive, however they cover every subdomain name you add.
  
You also need to install language table for ibus (Chinese)
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==== Other Misc Certs ====
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*domain validated SSL Certificates
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*organization validated SSL Certificates
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*Extended Validation SSL Certificates
  
<console>
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=== Using SSL With Nginx or Tengine ===
# ##i##emerge -av ibus-table-chinese
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See this page:  [[HOWTO:WebServer_SSL]]
</console>
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[[Category:Install|Localization]]
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=== External Resources ===
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https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/OpenSSL
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{{EbuildFooter}}

Latest revision as of 05:58, July 9, 2015

dev-libs/openssl


Source Repository:Repository:Funtoo Overlay

http://www.openssl.org

Summary: Full-strength general purpose cryptography library (including SSL and TLS.)

Use Flags

bindist
Disable EC/RC5 algorithms (as they seem to be patented)
ec_nistp_64_gcc_128
Enable 64-bit optimized implementations of elliptic curves NIST-P224, NIST-P256 and NIST-P521
rfc3779
Enable support for RFC 3779 (X.509 Extensions for IP Addresses and AS Identifiers)

News

Drobbins

IP Space Migration Continues

All Funtoo user containers in the 8.28 IP space will be moving into our new IP space (172.97) over the next few days. If you have DNS set up -- be sure to watch your container and update to the new IP! container.host.funtoo.org DNS will be updated after the move.
2015-08-27 by Drobbins
Drobbins

Funtoo Hosting IP Move

Funtoo user containers with IPs in the 72.18.x.x range will be gradually migrating to new IP addresses this week. If you have DNS entries for your containers, please be aware that your DNS will need to be updated.
2015-08-11 by Drobbins
Drobbins

New ARM Stages

New ARM Stages, built with a new toolchain, are now hitting mirrors. Existing ARM users should re-install using these stages (dated Aug 3, 2015 or later,) rather than upgrade using emerge.
2015-08-06 by Drobbins
More...

OpenSSL

Tip

We welcome improvements to this page. To edit this page, Create a Funtoo account. Then log in and then click here to edit this page. See our editing guidelines to becoming a wiki-editing pro.

OpenSSL is a cryptography package used with Package:OpenSSH, web servers, and more. ftps, https, smtps, imaps, etc use SSL/TLS. SSL/TLS is used to prevent man in the middle attacks on plain text streams of data. As this is a security package it is frequently cycled from testing, & bug repairs.

Note

ssl is old, tls is new. If you have the option to run tls, run tls rather than ssl

Installation

# emerge dev-libs/openssl


Usage

ssl uses several certificates with differing coverage, and use cases. Certificates are obtained by 3rd party sites. go-daddy, namecheap, and verisign are popular ssl certificate providers, though several others exist.

The general overview is buy certificate, send private files, send extra information if required, get files back, insert files into openssl configs, change program configs ports to S version of the protocol, (as in for web port 80, now listens to port 443, and i address the server as https instead of http now.) reorder the cert next year.

Self Signed Certificates

Free: Self signed certificates are free, self made, quick, easy to setup, and insecure. They are great for lab experiments, and testing out new technologies that you're not familiar with.

Free Certificates

Free: (with restrictions) You can get free certificates from places like StartSSL.com. The free certificates from them are not recommended if you are a company or doing E-Commerce as they only validate that you own the domain, not anything beyond that. However, for personal sites, you can't beat the cost.

Single Domain Certificates

Generally $10/yr: Single domain certificates are probably the cheapest ssl certificate you will find on the web. This certificate does not cover subdomains.

Unified Communications Certificate

Generally $300/yr This certificate is meant for small businesses. This type of certificate will generally cover 20-30 domains, sites, or subdomains.

Wildcard Certificates

Generally $300/yr Wildcard certificates are expensive, however they cover every subdomain name you add.

Other Misc Certs

  • domain validated SSL Certificates
  • organization validated SSL Certificates
  • Extended Validation SSL Certificates

Using SSL With Nginx or Tengine

See this page: HOWTO:WebServer_SSL

External Resources

https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/OpenSSL