|Source Repository:||Repository:Funtoo Overlay|
Summary: Full-strength general purpose cryptography library (including SSL and TLS.)
- Disable EC/RC5 algorithms (as they seem to be patented)
- Enable 64-bit optimized implementations of elliptic curves NIST-P224, NIST-P256 and NIST-P521
- Enable support for RFC 3779 (X.509 Extensions for IP Addresses and AS Identifiers)
Perl UpdatesGentoo has bumped perl from 5.20 to 5.22. Be sure to run perl-cleaner --all after the upgrade.
ARM RebuildARM systems will use new stage3's that are not compatible with earlier versions.
ABI X86 64 and 32Funtoo Linux has new 32-bit compatibility libraries inherited from Gentoo. Learn about them here.
OpenSSL is a cryptography package used with Package:OpenSSH, web servers, and more. ftps, https, smtps, imaps, etc use SSL/TLS. SSL/TLS is used to prevent man in the middle attacks on plain text streams of data. As this is a security package it is frequently cycled from testing, & bug repairs.
ssl is old, tls is new. If you have the option to run tls, run tls rather than ssl
# emerge dev-libs/openssl
ssl uses several certificates with differing coverage, and use cases. Certificates are obtained by 3rd party sites. go-daddy, namecheap, and verisign are popular ssl certificate providers, though several others exist.
The general overview is buy certificate, send private files, send extra information if required, get files back, insert files into openssl configs, change program configs ports to S version of the protocol, (as in for web port 80, now listens to port 443, and i address the server as https instead of http now.) reorder the cert next year.
Self Signed Certificates
Free: Self signed certificates are free, self made, quick, easy to setup, and insecure. They are great for lab experiments, and testing out new technologies that you're not familiar with.
Free: (with restrictions) You can get free certificates from places like StartSSL.com. The free certificates from them are not recommended if you are a company or doing E-Commerce as they only validate that you own the domain, not anything beyond that. However, for personal sites, you can't beat the cost.
Single Domain Certificates
Generally $10/yr: Single domain certificates are probably the cheapest ssl certificate you will find on the web. This certificate does not cover subdomains.
Unified Communications Certificate
Generally $300/yr This certificate is meant for small businesses. This type of certificate will generally cover 20-30 domains, sites, or subdomains.
Generally $300/yr Wildcard certificates are expensive, however they cover every subdomain name you add.
Other Misc Certs
- domain validated SSL Certificates
- organization validated SSL Certificates
- Extended Validation SSL Certificates
Using SSL With Nginx or Tengine
See this page: HOWTO:WebServer_SSL