Difference between pages "Funtoo 1.0 Profile/pt-br" and "Package:Debian-sources"

< Funtoo 1.0 Profile(Difference between pages)
(Origens e Benefícios)
 
(Created page with "{{Ebuild |Summary=This is the Debian kernel. This is default recommended kernel to use in http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Installation |CatPkg=sys-kernel/debian-sources |Ma...")
 
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== O que é um profile? ==
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{{Ebuild
 
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|Summary=This is the Debian kernel. This is default recommended kernel to use in http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Installation
No Gentoo e no Funtoo Linux, profiles são utilizado para definir as configurações do sistema base (base system settings), e historicamente tem um monte de potenciais inexplorados. No Funtoo Linux, eu quis tirar vantagem de alguns desses potenciais para permitir aos usuários de Funtoo Linux facilmente planejar seu sistema para vários tipos de funções. entre o novo  Funtoo profile system.
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|CatPkg=sys-kernel/debian-sources
 
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|Maintainer=Oleg,
== O Que É ==
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|Homepage=http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Kernels
 
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}}
Historicamente, usuários tem que adicionar uma tonelada de configurações ao <code>/etc/[[make.conf]]</code> para customizar seu sistema Gentoo ou Funtoo Linux, que torna a instalação do sistema operacional mais difícil do que deveria ser.
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== Introduction ==
 
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This is the Debian kernel. It is roughly equal to a kernel shipped by Debian Linux in their releases. Ebuild now support the <code>binary</code> USE flag. The aim of this ebuild is to have support for near all possible hardware and users shouldn't really dig into configs, aka "install and forget". Daniel has added a special config-extract command which can be used to list all available official Debian kernel configurations, and generate them from the Debian files included with the kernel.  
No Gentoo Linux, é possível definir somente um ''system profile''. Pense em um system profile como configurações padrão que o Portage utiliza para a construção de tudo no seu sistema.
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== Usage ==
 
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No Funtoo Linux, múltiplos profiles podem ser habilitados ao mesmo tempo. Esses incluem:
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* '''arch''' - um perfil de arquitetura (arch profile) é habilitdo, na hora da construção, e não é alterado. Isso define configurações específicas de arquitetura do CPU.
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* '''build''' - um perfil de construção (build profile) é habilitado, na hora da construção, e geralmente não é alterado. ele define o tipo de construção, tal como 'current' ou 'stable', e configurações associadas.
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* '''flavor''' - um sabor (flavor) é habilitado por sistema, e pode ser alterado pelo usuário. Isso define o uso geral do sistema, tal como 'minimal', 'core', 'workstation' ou 'desktop'
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* '''mix-in''' - zero ou mais mix-ins podem ser habilitados que habilitam configurações específicas para uma subset particular de recursos, tal como 'gnome', 'kde', 'media', 'mate', 'X', 'hardened'
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{{note|1=
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Veja  [[Flavors and Mix-ins]] para uma lista completa de todos os sabores e mix-ins disponíveis no Funtoo Linux, juntamente com descrições de o que cada um faz.}}
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=== Origens e Benefícios ===
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Esse novo sistema é realmente uma realização do original design do cascading profile que foi desenvolvido por Daniel Robbins e implementado por Seemant Kulleen como poarte do Portage. Funtoo Profiles desenvolvido para alavancar o cascading profile system existente e prover algo muito mais utilizável e sustentável para usuários e desenvolvedores também. Aqui estão alguns de seus benefícios:
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* Mais algumas configurações em <code>/etc/make.conf</code>. <code>CHOST</code> e <code>ARCH</code> não mais configure em <code>/etc/make.conf</code>.
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* Separação de interesse -- configurações de arch, build, e flavor-related são organizadas juntas.
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* Flexibilidade do usuário - qualquer número de mix-ins podem ser habilitados para beliscar configurações masks ou USE como necessitado.
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{{note|Veja [[Custom Profiles]] para informações em como estender o profile system.}}
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== Switch to the Funtoo 1.0 Profile ==
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=== Using eselect ===
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The preferred method of adding and removing profiles is to use [[eselect|eselect profile]]. This will ensure that profiles are added correctly and in the proper order. The order is imperative for things to work right.
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Type the following to view a list of available options for '''eselect profile''':
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<console>
 
<console>
###i## eselect profile help
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###i## echo "sys-kernel/debian-sources binary" >> /etc/portage/package.use
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###i## emerge debian-sources
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###i## nano -w /etc/boot.conf
 +
###i## boot-update
 
</console>
 
</console>
 
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{{fancyimportant|1=
For a start, let's see what the default configuration has to offer. Get an overview using the '''list''' command:
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<code>debian-sources</code> with <code>binary</code> USE flag also automatically installing a /usr/src/linux symlink pointing to debian kernel.}}
<console>
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== Advanced use ==
###i## eselect profile list
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Additional information about using <code>config-extract</code> tool and genkernel tips can be found here:
##b####g##Currently available arch profiles:
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http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Kernels
  ##b##[1]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit##!b## *
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{{EbuildFooter}}
  ##b##[2]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/pure64
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##b####g##Currently available build profiles:
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  ##b##[3]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/stable
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  ##b##[4]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current##!b## *
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  ##b##[5]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/experimental
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##b####g##Currently available flavor profiles:
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  ##b##[6]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/minimal
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  ##b##[7]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core##!b## *
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  ##b##[8]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
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  ##b##[9]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/workstation
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  ##b##[10]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/hardened
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##b####g##Currently available mix-ins profiles:
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  ##b##[11]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio
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  ##b##[12]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/cinnamon
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  ##b##[13]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras
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  ##b##[14]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
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  ##b##[15]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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  ##b##[16]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde
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  ##b##[17]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/mate
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  ##b##[18]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
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  ##b##[19]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print
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  ##b##[20]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/python3-only
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  ##b##[21]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  ##b##[22]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db
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  ##b##[23]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  ##b##[24]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  ##b##[25]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X
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  ##b##[26]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/xfce
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  ##b##[27]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/vmware-guest
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  ##b##[28]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/hardened
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</console>
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As in several other Funtoo utilities, a star ('''*''') on the right indicates an active item (your case may differ from the example above).
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In most cases you will want to set your "flavor" first. Remember that you can only set ''one'' flavor at time.
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To choose your favorite flavor use the '''set-flavor''' command including your selection. In this example, we will set the '''desktop''' flavor:
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{{note|You ''must'' use numbers to reference to the profiles you want.}}
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<console>###i## eselect profile set-flavor 8</console>
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View the result:
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<console>###i## eselect profile list
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##b####g##Currently available arch profiles:
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  ##b##[1]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit##!b## *
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  ##b##[2]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/pure64
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##b####g##Currently available build profiles:
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  ##b##[3]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/stable
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  ##b##[4]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current##!b## *
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  ##b##[5]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/experimental
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##b####g##Currently available flavor profiles:
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  ##b##[6]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/minimal
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  ##b##[7]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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  ##b##[8]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop##!b## *
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  ##b##[9]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/workstation
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  ##b##[10]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/hardened
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##b####g##Currently available mix-ins profiles:
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  ##b##[11]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio (auto)
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  ##b##[12]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/cinnamon
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  ##b##[13]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras (auto)
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  ##b##[14]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd (auto)
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  ##b##[15]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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  ##b##[16]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde
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  ##b##[17]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/mate
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  ##b##[18]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media (auto)
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  ##b##[19]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print (auto)
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  ##b##[20]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/python3-only
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  ##b##[21]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  ##b##[22]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db
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  ##b##[23]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  ##b##[24]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  ##b##[25]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X (auto)
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  ##b##[26]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/xfce
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  ##b##[27]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/vmware-guest
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  ##b##[28]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/hardened
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</console>
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As you see by the '''(auto)''' entries, the '''desktop''' flavor already pre-set some mix-ins for you.
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Now, let's head over and add some mix-ins. To add, say, the mix-ins '''gnome''' and '''kde''' we'd have to enter:
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<console>
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###i## eselect profile add 15
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###i## eselect profile add 16
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</console>
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Or, in a one-shot:
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<console>
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###i## eselect profile add 15 16
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</console>
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If we want to remove a mix-in, for example '''gnome''', simply enter:
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<console>
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###i## eselect profile remove 15
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</console>
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Verification:
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<console>###i## eselect profile list
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##b####g##Currently available arch profiles:
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  ##b##[1]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit##!b## *
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  ##b##[2]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/pure64
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##b####g##Currently available build profiles:
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  ##b##[3]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/stable
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  ##b##[4]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current##!b## *
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  ##b##[5]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/experimental
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##b####g##Currently available flavor profiles:
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  ##b##[6]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/minimal
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  ##b##[7]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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  ##b##[8]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop##!b## *
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  ##b##[9]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/workstation
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  ##b##[10]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/hardened
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##b####g##Currently available mix-ins profiles:
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  ##b##[11]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/audio (auto)
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  ##b##[12]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/cinnamon
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  ##b##[13]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/console-extras (auto)
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  ##b##[14]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd (auto)
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  ##b##[15]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/gnome
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  ##b##[16]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde *
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  ##b##[17]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/mate
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  ##b##[18]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media (auto)
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  ##b##[19]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/print (auto)
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  ##b##[20]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/python3-only
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  ##b##[21]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/rhel5-compat
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  ##b##[22]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-db
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  ##b##[23]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-mail
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  ##b##[24]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/server-web
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  ##b##[25]  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/X (auto)
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  ##b##[26]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/xfce
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  ##b##[27]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/vmware-guest
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  ##b##[28]##!b##  funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/hardened
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</console>
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No magic here, whatever you add gets put into the <code>/etc/portage/make.profile/parent</code> file by portage.
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In our case, this file contains:
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<console>
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###i## cat /etc/portage/make.profile/parent
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/kde
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</console>
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{{fancywarning|Please, do not add anything manually into <code>parent</code> file. This may result in profile breakage.}}
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== For Developers ==
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=== Define the profile sub-sets you will use ===
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So far in Funtoo we have used the exact same profiles as Gentoo thus Funtoo/2008.0 was strictly the same thing as Gentoo/2008.0 or the barely the same 10.0. This (monolithic) profile was set though a symbolic link named <code>/etc/make.profile</code> pointing on a complex directory architecture located somewhere under <code>/usr/portage/profiles</code>. This is no longer valid with the Funtoo 1.0 profiles as they are split in several smaller bricks which are then glued together via the  <code>/etc/portage/make.profile/parent</code> file (You do not need to include everything, just use the "bricks" you need). Those bricks belongs to several categories:
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# MANDATORY -- An "arch" profile which defines settings for a particular architecture. You'll want to set this to whatever arch your system is and leave it alone. '''Setting it to a different arch than your system could severely break it.'''
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# MANDATORY -- A "build" profile which should match the tree you wish to use. '''Stable''', '''Current''' (~arch), or '''Experimental''' (use it if you are brave enough and find '''current''' too stable).
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# MANDATORY -- A "flavor" profile (what was previously known as ''profiles'' is still known as such in Gentoo) which describes the kind of system you want:
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#* minimal - Be warned, minimal is exactly what it says, the minimal profile stuff you need for a usable system, nothing else. This is really for people who know what they're doing.
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#* core - This is the core profile. This is for stuff that affects both desktops and servers.
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#* desktop - Exactly what it says. If you're using a desktop, you should set this as your flavor.
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#* server - If you're running a server, you should set this as your flavor.
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# OPTIONAL -- One or more "mix-ins" profiles which describe optional add-ons. 'mix-ins' are the heart of the Funtoo 1.0 profiles. Unlike the monolithic profiles which sets a massive amount of use flags and options for you, we've split them into logical add-on profiles. For instance if you want support for gnome, you would add the gnome mix-in to your current profiles. That mix-in sets all the proper use flags and such for gnome. Same with others. Want dvd support? Add that one in. Using a rhel5 kernel which requires special versions of packages such as udev? There's a mix-in for that too. Run a mail server? web server? There's mix-ins for those also. Expect this category to grow in the future as new mix-ins are created.
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The contents of <code>/etc/portage/make.profile/parent</code> for a basic setup might look like this:
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.profile/parent|body=
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/core
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}}
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A more rounded setup for a desktop might look like this:
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{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.profile/parent|body=
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/arch/x86-64bit
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/build/current
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/flavor/desktop
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/dvd
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gentoo:funtoo/1.0/linux-gnu/mix-ins/media
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}}
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== Related ==
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* [[Flavors and Mix-ins]]
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[[Category:Funtoo features]]
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[[Category:Portage]]
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[[Category:Labs]]
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[[Category:HOWTO]]
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[[Category:Official Documentation]]
+

Revision as of 09:47, March 31, 2015

sys-kernel/debian-sources


Current Maintainer(s):Oleg Vinichenko
Source Repository:Repository:Funtoo Overlay

http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Kernels

Summary: This is the Debian kernel. This is default recommended kernel to use in http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Installation

Use Flags

binary
Builds and installs kernel automatically
rt
Applies the CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT patch series

News

Drobbins

IP Space Migration Continues

All Funtoo user containers in the 8.28 IP space will be moving into our new IP space (172.97) over the next few days. If you have DNS set up -- be sure to watch your container and update to the new IP! container.host.funtoo.org DNS will be updated after the move.
2015-08-27 by Drobbins
Drobbins

Funtoo Hosting IP Move

Funtoo user containers with IPs in the 72.18.x.x range will be gradually migrating to new IP addresses this week. If you have DNS entries for your containers, please be aware that your DNS will need to be updated.
2015-08-11 by Drobbins
Drobbins

New ARM Stages

New ARM Stages, built with a new toolchain, are now hitting mirrors. Existing ARM users should re-install using these stages (dated Aug 3, 2015 or later,) rather than upgrade using emerge.
2015-08-06 by Drobbins
More...

Debian-sources

Tip

We welcome improvements to this page. To edit this page, Create a Funtoo account. Then log in and then click here to edit this page. See our editing guidelines to becoming a wiki-editing pro.

Introduction

This is the Debian kernel. It is roughly equal to a kernel shipped by Debian Linux in their releases. Ebuild now support the binary USE flag. The aim of this ebuild is to have support for near all possible hardware and users shouldn't really dig into configs, aka "install and forget". Daniel has added a special config-extract command which can be used to list all available official Debian kernel configurations, and generate them from the Debian files included with the kernel.

Usage

# echo "sys-kernel/debian-sources binary" >> /etc/portage/package.use
# emerge debian-sources
# nano -w /etc/boot.conf
# boot-update
Important

debian-sources with binary USE flag also automatically installing a /usr/src/linux symlink pointing to debian kernel.

Advanced use

Additional information about using config-extract tool and genkernel tips can be found here: http://www.funtoo.org/Funtoo_Linux_Kernels