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Created page with "如果不能 ping,请确保 {{f|/etc/resolv.conf}} 在其 {{c|nameserver}} 设置中为可到达的命名服务器指定一个有效的 IP 地址。"
要安装 Funtoo Linux,首先要使用 {{c|chroot}} 命令。Chroot 命令将“切换到”新的 Funtoo Linux 系统中,所以你在运行 "chroot" 后执行的命令将在你新提取的 Funtoo Linux 系统中运行。
Before chrooting, there are a few things that need to be done to set up the 在进行 chroot environment. You will need to mount 之前,需要做一些设置 chroot 环境的工作,你需要在新系统中挂载 {{f|/proc}}, {{f|/sys}} and {{f|/dev}} inside your new system. Use the following commands to do so:。使用以下命令来完成:
{{console|body=
# ##i##cd /mnt/funtoo
}}
You'll also want to copy over 你还需要复制 {{f|resolv.conf}} in order to have proper resolution of Internet hostnames from inside the ,以便在 chroot:中正确解析互联网主机名:
{{console|body=
# ##i##cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/funtoo/etc/
}}
Now you can 现在可以 chroot into your new system. Use 到你的新系统了。在 <code>envchroot</code> before 之前使用 <code>chrootenv</code> to ensure that no environment settings from the installation media are pulled in to your new system:,以确保不会将安装介质中的环境设置拉到新系统中:
{{console|body=###i## env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM chroot . bash -l
%chroot% }}
{{Note|For users of live CDs with 对于使用 64-bit kernels installing 位 Live CD 安装 32-bit systems: Some software may use 位系统用户请注意:一些软件使用 {{c|uname -r}} to check whether the system is 来检查系统是 32 or 位或是 64-bit. You may want to append 位。你可能需要将 linux32 to the 指令附加在 chroot command as a workaround, but it's generally not needed.指令中执行来解决这个问题,但通常情况下是不需要的。}}{{Important|If you receive the error 如果你得到了 "{{c|chroot: failed to run command `/bin/bash': Exec format error}}", it is most likely because you are running a 这个错误,多数情况是尝试在 32-bit kernel and trying to execute 位内核中执行 64-bit code. Make sure that you have selected the proper type of kernel when booting your live 位指令。确保在启动临场 CD.时选择了正确的内核类型。}}
It's also a good idea to change the default command prompt while inside the chroot. This will avoid confusion if you have to change terminals. Use this command:中更改默认的命令提示符也是一个好主意。这样可以避免在你必须更换终端时出现混乱。使用这个命令:
{{console|body=%chroot% ##i##export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"}}
Test internet name resolution from within the chroot:中测试互联网名称的解析:
{{console|body=%chroot% ##i##ping -c 5 google.com}}
If you can't ping, make sure that 如果不能 ping,请确保 {{f|/etc/resolv.conf}} specifies a valid IP address for a reachable nameserver in its 在其 {{c|nameserver}} setting.设置中为可到达的命名服务器指定一个有效的 IP 地址。
可喜可贺!你现在已经 chroot 进入了一个新的 Funtoo Linux 系统中。是时候正确地配置 Funtoo Linux ,以便在没有任何手动设置的情况下,让它能正确的重启并且运行。
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