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Package:Apache

4,755 bytes added, 4 years ago
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Updated the /etc/conf.d/apache2 information to reflect the changes for new PHP versions.
|Homepage=http://httpd.apache.org/
}}
apache Apache is a powerful web server. apache which serves html/css/cgi/pl out of the box, and can serve other languages/frameworks via extensions. The [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache Homepage] says this of Apache: <blockquote>The Apache HTTP Server Project is an effort to develop and maintain an open-source HTTP server for modern operating systems including UNIX and Windows NT. The goal of this project is to provide a secure, efficient and extensible server that provides HTTP services in sync with the current HTTP standards.</blockquote>
== Install ==
=== Configure USE Flags ===
Depending upon one's personal preferences, flag changes are sometimes necessary. To extend default USE flags in an Apache ebuild, compile a custom flavor. This can be achieved by Portage's <code>package.use</code>. Create a directory <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> and file called <code>/etc/portage/package.use/apache</code>, and add the USE flags you want. For example:
<console>###i## install -d /etc/portage/package.use</console>
{{file|name=/etc/portage/package.use/apache|desc= |body=
www-servers/apache ssl threads
}}
Alternatively, if one prefers a <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> flat file:
<console>###i## echo 'www-servers/apache ssl threads' >> /etc/portage/package.use</console>
=== Emerge ===
After configuring your preferred USE flags, emerge Apache:
<console>###i## emerge apache</console>
== Configuration ==
=== System ===
Many packages have apache2 use Apache2 USE flags, and require them . These USE flags are often required for an application to be supported by apacheApache. Setting a system wide apache2 use Apache2 USE flag is a good idea.
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|desc=set system wide apache2 useflag|body=
USE="apache2 ........,apache2,..."
}}
*<code>/etc/apache2/vhosts.d/*</code>
<code>conf.d </code> controls the init script, adding things to it such as -D SECURITY & -D PHP5 PHP will enable web application fire-walling & the php scripting language. <code>httpd.conf</code> controls how the server behaves, at the bottom of the file it has directives to include configuration files ending in .conf in <code>/etc/apache2/modules.d</code> and <code>/etc/apache2/vhosts.d</code> === {{package|dev-lang/php}} ======= DSO / mod_php ====To show which PHP versions are available for Apache on your system:<console>###i## eselect php list apache2 [1] php5.5 [2] php5.6 *</console> To select PHP 5.5:<console>###i## eselect php set apache2 php5.5</console> {{file|name=/etc/conf.d/apache2|lang=|desc=enable php dso module|body="... -D PHP"}} Restart Apache:<console>###i## rc-service apache2 restart</console> If php code is showing instead of processing server side, ensure you have emerged app-eselect/eselect-php with the apache2 useflag.
httpd.conf controls how the server behaves==== Php-fpm ====Apache supports php-fpm also, at this is the bottom of the file it has directives preferred method to include configuration files ending in .conf in /etc/apache2/modules.d & /etc/apache2/vhostsserve php.d
{{file|name=/etc/portage/make.conf|lang=|desc=enable proxy & fcgi modules|body=
...
APACHE2_MODULES="actions alias auth_basic auth_digest authn_alias authn_anon authn_core authn_dbm authn_file authz_core authz_dbm authz_groupfile authz_host authz_owner authz_user autoindex cache cgi cgid dav dav_fs dav_lock deflate dir env expires ext_filter file_cache filter headers include info log_config logio mime mime_magic negotiation rewrite setenvif socache_shmcb speling status unique_id unixd userdir usertrack vhost_alias proxy proxy_fcgi"
...
}}
{{file|name=/etc/portageconf.d/apache2|lang=|desc=enable proxy module|body="... -D PROXY"}} {{file|name=/makeetc/apache2/vhosts.d/00_default_vhost.conf|lang=|desc=set system wide apache2 useflagconfigure php-fpm vhosts.|body=USE="...<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName localhost Include /etc/apache2 /vhosts.d/default_vhost.include ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php(/.*)?)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/var/www/localhost/htdocs/$1 DirectoryIndex /index.php..."
}}
Do not forget to start php-fpm:
{{console|body=###i## rc-update add php-fpm default
rc}}
 
=== Enabling Security Module ===
<console>###i## emerge mod_security</console>
 
{{file|name=/etc/conf.d/apache2|lang=|desc=enable mod_security|body=
APACHE2_OPTS="... -D SECURITY"}}
 
Control this module by editing these files, and restarting Apache.
<code>/etc/apache2/modules.d/79_modsecurity.conf</code> & <code>/etc/apache2/modules.d/80_modsecurity-crs.conf</code>
== Service ==
To start apache immediatelyApache temporarily:<console>###i## rc-service apache2 start</console> To start Apache immediately, and every boot:<console>###i## rc-update add apache2 default###i## rc</console> == mod_rewrite ===== What is <code>mod_rewrite</code>? ===The [http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html Apache documentation] describes <code>mod_rewrite</code> as:  <blockquote>The mod_rewrite module uses a rule-based rewriting engine, based on a PCRE regular-expression parser, to rewrite requested URLs on the fly. By default, mod_rewrite maps a URL to a filesystem path. However, it can also be used to redirect one URL to another URL, or to invoke an internal proxy fetch.</blockquote> === Setting it up ===mod_rewrite has a reputation of being difficult to set up. mod_rewrite requires following symlinks & Order allow,deny (apache 2.2) or Require all granted (apache 2.4) is set. To test functionality of mod_rewrite we will need to make a few files.  {{fancynote|If you want to test this for web applications such as mediawiki adjust the path to <code>/var/www/localhost/htdocs/mediawiki/.htaccess</code>}} {{file|name=/var/www/localhost/htdocs/.htaccess|desc=enable the rewrite engine|body=RewriteEngine on RewriteRule ^test.html$ rewrite.html}} {{file|name=/var/www/localhost/htdocs/test.html|desc=set system wide apache2 useflag|body=rewrite is not working}} {{file|name=/var/www/localhost/htdocs/rewrite.html|desc=set system wide apache2 useflag|body=rewrite is working}}
To start apache upon bootThen point your browser to http:<console>###i## rc-update add apache2</console>/127.0.0.1/test.html. You should see that the text from rewrite.html has been loaded.
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