Difference between revisions of "Emerge/tr"

From Funtoo
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "== Paket Veritabanını Güncelleme == '''meta-repo'yu senkronize et. Bu, yerel Portage ağacınızı en son funtoo ebuild'leriyle güncelleyecektir.''' {{console|body= ###i##...")
Line 2: Line 2:
 
Emerge, funtoo Portage paket yöneticisi için kullanıcı aracısıdır. Emerge ile paketleri kurmak, güncellemek veya kaldırmak kolaydır.
 
Emerge, funtoo Portage paket yöneticisi için kullanıcı aracısıdır. Emerge ile paketleri kurmak, güncellemek veya kaldırmak kolaydır.
  
== Update Package Database ==
+
== Paket Veritabanını Güncelleme ==
'''Sync meta-repo. This will update your local Portage tree with the latest Funtoo ebuilds.'''
+
'''meta-repo'yu senkronize et. Bu, yerel Portage ağacınızı en son funtoo ebuild'leriyle güncelleyecektir.'''
 
{{console|body=
 
{{console|body=
 
###i## ego sync
 
###i## ego sync
 
}}
 
}}
See {{package|app-admin/ego}} ([[Package:Ego|Wiki Page]]) for more information on ego. Also see the man pages: {{c|ego}}, {{c|ego-profile}}, {{c|ego-sync}} and [[Funtoo Profiles]] wiki page.
+
Ego hakkında daha fazla bilgi için bkz. {{package|app-admin/ego}} ([[Package:Ego|Wiki Sayfası]]) Ayrıca man sayfalarına bakınız: {{c|ego}}, {{c|ego-profile}}, {{c|ego-sync}} ve [[Funtoo Profilleri]] wiki sayfası.
  
 
== Search packages ==
 
== Search packages ==

Revision as of 22:33, September 14, 2019

Other languages:
English • ‎español • ‎português do Brasil • ‎Türkçe

Emerge, funtoo Portage paket yöneticisi için kullanıcı aracısıdır. Emerge ile paketleri kurmak, güncellemek veya kaldırmak kolaydır.

Paket Veritabanını Güncelleme

meta-repo'yu senkronize et. Bu, yerel Portage ağacınızı en son funtoo ebuild'leriyle güncelleyecektir.

root # ego sync

Ego hakkında daha fazla bilgi için bkz. app-admin/ego (Wiki Sayfası) Ayrıca man sayfalarına bakınız: ego, ego-profile, ego-sync ve Funtoo Profilleri wiki sayfası.

Search packages

Search packages by name.

root # emerge -s firefox
root # emerge --search firefox

Search packages by description.

root # emerge -S web browser
root # emerge --searchdesc web browser

Install packages

Install package.

root # emerge firefox

Install multiple packages.

root # emerge firefox thunderbird

Install package. Ask for confirmation before performing any changes. Show verbose output.

root # emerge -av firefox
root # emerge --ask firefox

Remove packages

Remove package.

root # emerge -C firefox
root # emerge --unmerge firefox

Remove package. Ask for confirmation before performing any changes.

root # emerge -aC firefox

Remove orphaned packages. Ask for confirmation before performing any changes.

root # emerge -a --depclean

Update packages

Update all packages.

root # emerge -uDN @world

Update all packages. Ask for confirmation before performing any changes. Show verbose output.

root # emerge -uavDN @world

When upgrading to a new version of perl, it is necessary to also run perl-cleaner afterwards:

root # emerge -auvDN @world
root # perl-cleaner --all
   Note

This requirement of running perl-cleaner will eventually go away, once all perl-related ebuilds are updated to EAPI 5. EAPI 5 is a version of the Ebuild specification that supports smart updating of perl-related bits.

Emerge options

--sync
Updates the portage tree that is located in /usr/portage by default.
--search -s
Searches for matches of the supplied string in the portage tree.
--searchdesc -S
Matches the search string against the description field as well as the package name.
--ask -a
Ask for confirmation before performing any changes.
--pretend -p
Instead of actually performing the merge, simply display what *would* have been installed if --pretend weren't used.
--unmerge -C
Removes all matching packages.
--update -u
Updates packages to the best version available, which may not always be the highest version number due to masking for testing and development.
--deep [DEPTH] -D
force emerge to consider the entire dependency tree of packages, instead of checking only the immediate dependencies of the packages.
--newuse -N
Tells emerge to include installed packages where USE flags have changed since compilation.
--depclean -c
Remove orphaned packages. Cleans the system by removing packages that are not associated with explicitly merged packages.
--autounmask-write
Automatically write package.use settings as necessary to satisfy dependencies.
--resume -r
Resumes the most recent merge list that has been aborted due to an error.
--jobs[=JOBS] -j [JOBS]
Specifies the number of packages to build simultaneously.
--load-average [LOAD]
Specifies that no new builds should be started if there are other builds running and the load average is at least LOAD (a floating-point number).

Configuration

make.conf

Emerge can be configured by editing /etc/make.conf to customize settings that are set in profiles. However, it's recommended to try to use Funtoo Profiles as much as possible to avoid having to clutter up /etc/make.conf. Also note that /etc/portage/make.conf is the same as /etc/make.conf -- they are symlinked.

   /etc/portage/make.conf - See Make.conf
# override subarch profile
CFLAGS="-march=native -O2 -pipe"
CXXFLAGS="-march=native -O2 -pipe"

MAKEOPTS="-j2"
EMERGE_DEFAULT_OPTS="--jobs 2 --load-average 2"
INPUT_DEVICES="evdev synaptics"
VIDEO_CARDS="intel i965"
LINGUAS="en en_US en_GB"
ACCEPT_LICENSE="*"

# Generally, your subarch profile and flavor/mix-ins will set these for you:
USE="mmx mmxext sse sse2 sse3 ssse3 threads alsa X gtk xcb dri opengl vaapi udev \
     svg x264 xvid gstreamer webm vpx icu bash-completion vim-pager \
     -gnome -xscreensaver -cups -fortran -deprecated -iptables -ipv6 -geoloc \
     -mta -sendmail -kmod -tiff -live -quicktime -real -gpm -themes"

Package.use

Per-package use flags can be configured in

   /etc/portage/package.use
x11-wm/dwm savedconfig
x11-drivers/ati-drivers qt4
media-sound/ncmpcpp visualizer clock taglib

package.accept_keywords

If you want to install a package that has not been tested on your architecture you need to edit

   /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
=app-misc/screenfetch-9999 **

Other Resources

For more info see the emerge man page.

user $ man emerge