Funtoo Linux Localização

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Revision as of 22:16, November 13, 2019 by Kyetoy (talk | contribs) (Created page with "Agora, esses locais precisam ser gerados: {{console|body= # ##i##locale-gen ##g##*##!g## Generating 2 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs * (1/2) Generating en_US...")
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English • ‎español • ‎polski • ‎português do Brasil • ‎Türkçe

Definindo a Linguaguem padrão

No Funtoo, existem dois arquivos de configuração responsáveis pelas suas configurações de idioma: /etc/locale.gen e /etc/env.d/00basic. O primeiro arquivo possui apenas o código de idioma en_US.UTF-8 ativado. O último é um arquivo enviado padrão, proveniente do estágio3 e responsável pelo código de idioma en_US.UTF-8 em todo o sistema. Não recomendado sua edição. As etapas a seguir o guiarão pelo processo de configuração do idioma padrão do sistema, usando o Português do Brasil como exemplo.

Primeiro você precisará editar /etc/locale.gen:

root # ## i ## nano -w /etc/locale.gen

Especifique seu código do idioma preferido com o formato de caractere que o acompanha (você geralmente desejará UTF-8):

É recomendável manter o código de idioma en_US.UTF-8 pré-configurado como substituto automático (fallback).
en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
pt_BR.UTF-8 UTF-8

Para determinar um código de idioma apropriado para seu sistema, verifique /usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED para obter a lista padrão de combinações suportadas ou verifique o / usr/share/i18n/locales/ para obter uma lista de valores válidos.

É altamente recomendável usar pelo menos um código de idioma UTF-8 (normalmente en_US.UTF-8), pois alguns aplicativos podem exigir isso.

Agora, esses locais precisam ser gerados:

root # locale-gen
 * Generating 2 locales (this might take a while) with 1 jobs
 *  (1/2) Generating en_US.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
 *  (2/2) Generating pt_BR.UTF-8 ... [ ok ]
 * Generation complete

Once done, you can apply your locale settings system-wide. First display all available options:

user $ eselect locale list
root ##b##Available targets for the LANG variable:
  [1]   C
  [2]   POSIX
  [3]   fr_CA.utf8
  [4]   en_US.utf8 *
  [ ]   (free form)

The blue star indicates the current default system locale. You can now change it according your wishes:

root # eselect locale set 3
Setting LANG to fr_CA.utf8 ...
Run ". /etc/profile" to update the variable in your shell.

Alternatively, you can set the default locale manually. This file should be created first with your prefered editor:


You can verify your actions using:

user $ eselect locale show
root ##b##LANG variable in profile:

For an immediate effect it is required to reload the environment:

root # env-update && source /etc/profile
>>> Regenerating /etc/

Congratulations! You have successfully set up your default language on Funtoo.

Portage Settings

Portage uses a special variable L10N that defines what localizations/translations get installed by default. By default, L10N is unset, which only builds the packages' default language.

It is possible to customize the setting of L10N by setting it in /etc/portage/make.conf:

   /etc/portage/make.conf (bash source code)
# Install English (United States) and Chinese (China) translations (if available)
L10N="en-US zh-CN"

The LI10N variable should use spaces between each localization name. A list of all supported languages can be found in /usr/portage/profiles/desc/l10n.desc.

Some old packages still use the deprecated LINGUAS variable. You can set it in /etc/portage/make.conf:

   /etc/portage/make.conf (bash source code)

It uses the same syntax, but uses other language codes which can be found in /usr/portage/profiles/desc/linguas.desc.

After setting the L10N and LINGUAS USE flags you may need to re-emerge some packages:

root # emerge --ask --newuse --deep --with-bdeps=y @world

Read Your Language

A newly installed Funtoo Linux does not able to read all the languages. You want to read the stuff, say, in Mozilla Firefox. You need to install fonts - A good sign that you have not installed the proper fonts is that the following characters appear as boxes with numbers inside: 日本語フォント

Check if you have your language installed (Chinese) by using the fc-list command from the media-libs/fontconfig ebuild:

root # fc-list :lang=zh

If you are lucky, the right font will be installed, and your apps will also be able to use Chinese as the default language. But in case you not have the right font installed in this way, you need to install them manually.

For Japanese:

root # emerge media-fonts/kochi-substitute

For Chinese:

root # emerge media-fonts/arphicfonts

For Korean:

root # emerge media-fonts/baekmuk-fonts

A very good alternative could be a Noto Fonts by Google, claimed to be a fonts with widest language support:

root # emerge media-fonts/noto


Funtoo Linux defaults to a US English keyboard. If you are using another type of keyboard, edit /etc/conf.d/keymaps and set keymap to your keyboard model. For example, cf for French Canadian keyboard, fr for French Azerty.

root # nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps

Input Method

ibus is an Intelligent Input Bus for Linux.

root # emerge -av ibus

You also need to install language table for ibus (Chinese)

root # emerge -av ibus-table-chinese