Минимальный установочный компакт-диск Gentoo
Минимальный установочный компакт-диск Gentoo - это загрузочный образ для компакт-диска или USB-флешки, который можно использовать для установки Funtoo Linux. Образ доступен для скачивания по адресу https://www.gentoo.org/downloads/
Advantages and Disadvantages
The advantages of the Gentoo Minimal Installation CD are:
- It's small, so it can quickly be downloaded.
- It uses GRUB 2.04 to boot UEFI (and isolinux for BIOS) which supports the most modern UEFI systems well.
- It's based on Gentoo -- always good :)
- It uses a modern kernel so should support recent hardware.
Some possible downsides for this image are:
- Since it's small, not much is included.
- You are left with
wpa-supplicantfor configuring WiFi (This is not difficult if you know how and we'll cover the steps, but is more complicated than using NetworkManager.)
Downloading the Funtoo Stage
Use the the following command to start a text-based browser once you are online:
root # cd /mnt/funtoo root # links https://build.funtoo.org
If you are using a wired connection, simply plug in and run
dhcpcd <iface_name> to grab an IP address. You should then be ready to go.
Using WiFi is a bit trickier and is covered next.
Once you have booted the LiveCD, you should be able to use WiFI as follows. First, type
ifconfig -a and ensure that your wireless interface is visible. Your wireless
interface should begin with a "w".
Next, you will want to configure
wpa_supplicant configuration so it has the
credentials to log in to your local WiFi access point. To do this, use the following command:
root # wpa_passphrase my_wifi_network my_wifi_passphrase > /etc/wpa_supplicant/example.conf
If you are connecting to an unsecured wireless access point, then please follow the
wpa_cli instructions on Arch Wiki: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/wpa_supplicant#Connecting_with_wpa_cli
my_wifi_network with the actual name of your WiFi network, using double-quotes if the network name includes spaces, and replace
my_wifi_passphrase with your literal passphrase (again using necessary quoting for spaces or special characters.)
Next, you will want to start
root # /etc/init.d/wpa_supplicant start
Once this completes,
wpa_supplicant should begin connecting to your WiFi network
automatically. You will be able to then see this by typing
Finally, you will want to run the following command, specifying the name of your wireless interface. This will start a DHCP client which will grab an IP address and configure your network so that you can use it:
root # dhcpcd wasdflk
wasdflk with the name of your wireless interface as it appears in
ifconfig. You should now be able to