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Funtoo GNU/Linux'u kurmak için, önce {{c|chroot}} komutu kullanılır. Chroot komutu yeni Funtoo GNU/Linux sistemine "geçecektir", böylece "chroot"u çalıştırdıktan sonra yürüttüğünüz komutlar yeni çıkarılan Funtoo GNU/Linux sisteminizde çalışacaktır.
 
Funtoo GNU/Linux'u kurmak için, önce {{c|chroot}} komutu kullanılır. Chroot komutu yeni Funtoo GNU/Linux sistemine "geçecektir", böylece "chroot"u çalıştırdıktan sonra yürüttüğünüz komutlar yeni çıkarılan Funtoo GNU/Linux sisteminizde çalışacaktır.
  
Before chrooting, there are a few things that need to be done to set up the chroot environment. You will need to mount {{f|/proc}}, {{f|/sys}} and {{f|/dev}} inside your new system. Use the following commands to do so:
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chroot işleminden önce chroot ortamını ayarlamak için yapılması gereken birkaç şey var. Yeni sisteminizin içine {{f|/proc}}, {{f|/sys}} ve {{f|/dev}}'i bağlamanız gerekecek. Bunu yapmak için aşağıdaki komutları kullanın:
 
{{console|body=
 
{{console|body=
 
# ##i##cd /mnt/funtoo
 
# ##i##cd /mnt/funtoo
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Now you can chroot into your new system. Use <code>env</code> before <code>chroot</code> to ensure that no environment settings from the installation media are pulled in to your new system:
 
Now you can chroot into your new system. Use <code>env</code> before <code>chroot</code> to ensure that no environment settings from the installation media are pulled in to your new system:
  
{{console|body=###i## env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM /bin/chroot . bash -l}}
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{{console|body=###i## env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM /bin/chroot . bash -l
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%chroot% }}
  
 
{{Note|For users of live CDs with 64-bit kernels installing 32-bit systems: Some software may use {{c|uname -r}} to check whether the system is 32 or 64-bit. You may want to append linux32 to the chroot command as a workaround, but it's generally not needed.}}
 
{{Note|For users of live CDs with 64-bit kernels installing 32-bit systems: Some software may use {{c|uname -r}} to check whether the system is 32 or 64-bit. You may want to append linux32 to the chroot command as a workaround, but it's generally not needed.}}
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It's also a good idea to change the default command prompt while inside the chroot. This will avoid confusion if you have to change terminals. Use this command:
 
It's also a good idea to change the default command prompt while inside the chroot. This will avoid confusion if you have to change terminals. Use this command:
{{console|body=# ##i##export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"}}
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{{console|body=%chroot% ##i##export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"}}
 
Test internet name resolution from within the chroot:
 
Test internet name resolution from within the chroot:
{{console|body=###i## ping -c 5 google.com}}
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{{console|body=%chroot% ##i##ping -c 5 google.com}}
If you can't ping, make sure {{f|/etc/resolv.conf}} doesn't contain things like {{c|127.0.x.x}} addresses, if it does, change the {{c|127.0.x.x}} entry to {{c|8.8.8.8}} -- Google's public dns address.  Make sure to replace this with your dns of choice once the system is installed.
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If you can't ping, make sure that {{f|/etc/resolv.conf}} specifies a valid IP address for a reachable nameserver in its {{c|nameserver}} setting.
  
 
Congratulations! You are now chrooted inside a Funtoo Linux system. Now it's time to get Funtoo Linux properly configured so that Funtoo Linux will start successfully, without any manual assistance, when your system is restarted.
 
Congratulations! You are now chrooted inside a Funtoo Linux system. Now it's time to get Funtoo Linux properly configured so that Funtoo Linux will start successfully, without any manual assistance, when your system is restarted.
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Latest revision as of 22:07, October 10, 2019

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Kurulum Kılavuzu: Funtoo'da Chroot

Install Guide, Chapter 9 < Prev Next >

Funtoo GNU/Linux'u kurmak için, önce chroot komutu kullanılır. Chroot komutu yeni Funtoo GNU/Linux sistemine "geçecektir", böylece "chroot"u çalıştırdıktan sonra yürüttüğünüz komutlar yeni çıkarılan Funtoo GNU/Linux sisteminizde çalışacaktır.

chroot işleminden önce chroot ortamını ayarlamak için yapılması gereken birkaç şey var. Yeni sisteminizin içine /proc, /sys ve /dev'i bağlamanız gerekecek. Bunu yapmak için aşağıdaki komutları kullanın:

root # cd /mnt/funtoo
root # mount -t proc none proc
root # mount --rbind /sys sys
root # mount --rbind /dev dev

You'll also want to copy over resolv.conf in order to have proper resolution of Internet hostnames from inside the chroot:

root # cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/funtoo/etc/

Now you can chroot into your new system. Use env before chroot to ensure that no environment settings from the installation media are pulled in to your new system:

root # env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM /bin/chroot . bash -l
chroot #
   Note

For users of live CDs with 64-bit kernels installing 32-bit systems: Some software may use uname -r to check whether the system is 32 or 64-bit. You may want to append linux32 to the chroot command as a workaround, but it's generally not needed.

   Important

If you receive the error "chroot: failed to run command `/bin/bash': Exec format error", it is most likely because you are running a 32-bit kernel and trying to execute 64-bit code. Make sure that you have selected the proper type of kernel when booting SystemRescueCD.

It's also a good idea to change the default command prompt while inside the chroot. This will avoid confusion if you have to change terminals. Use this command:

chroot # export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"

Test internet name resolution from within the chroot:

chroot # ping -c 5 google.com

If you can't ping, make sure that /etc/resolv.conf specifies a valid IP address for a reachable nameserver in its nameserver setting.

Congratulations! You are now chrooted inside a Funtoo Linux system. Now it's time to get Funtoo Linux properly configured so that Funtoo Linux will start successfully, without any manual assistance, when your system is restarted.

Install Guide, Chapter 9 < Prev Next >