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安装指南: Chroot 到 Funtoo 中

Install Guide, Chapter 9 < Prev Next >

要安装 Funtoo Linux,首先要使用 chroot 命令。Chroot 命令将“切换到”新的 Funtoo Linux 系统中,所以你在运行 "chroot" 后执行的命令将在你新提取的 Funtoo Linux 系统中运行。

在进行 chroot 之前,需要做一些设置 chroot 环境的工作,你需要在新系统中挂载 /proc/sys/dev。使用以下命令来完成:

root # cd /mnt/funtoo
root # mount -t proc none proc
root # mount --rbind /sys sys
root # mount --rbind /dev dev

You'll also want to copy over resolv.conf in order to have proper resolution of Internet hostnames from inside the chroot:

root # cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/funtoo/etc/

Now you can chroot into your new system. Use env before chroot to ensure that no environment settings from the installation media are pulled in to your new system:

root # env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM chroot . bash -l
chroot #
   Note

For users of live CDs with 64-bit kernels installing 32-bit systems: Some software may use uname -r to check whether the system is 32 or 64-bit. You may want to append linux32 to the chroot command as a workaround, but it's generally not needed.

   Important

If you receive the error "chroot: failed to run command `/bin/bash': Exec format error", it is most likely because you are running a 32-bit kernel and trying to execute 64-bit code. Make sure that you have selected the proper type of kernel when booting your live CD.

It's also a good idea to change the default command prompt while inside the chroot. This will avoid confusion if you have to change terminals. Use this command:

chroot # export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"

Test internet name resolution from within the chroot:

chroot # ping -c 5 google.com

If you can't ping, make sure that /etc/resolv.conf specifies a valid IP address for a reachable nameserver in its nameserver setting.

可喜可贺!你现在已经 chroot 进入了一个新的 Funtoo Linux 系统中。是时候正确地配置 Funtoo Linux ,以便在没有任何手动设置的情况下,让它能正确的重启并且运行。

Install Guide, Chapter 9 < Prev Next >