Install/GPT Partitioning/zh-cn

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安装指南:GPT 分区

Install Guide, Chapter 4 < Prev Next >

UEFI/GPT 方法

   Note

如果对使用 UEFI 启动感兴趣,并且 Funtoo LiveCD 初始启动菜单是黑白的,或者系统启动时没有启动菜单,请使用此方法。如果是淡蓝色的,这个方法将不起作用。相反,使用上一节的说明,然后跳过这一节,或者先在 UEFI 模式下重新启动 LiveCD。

   Note

你可以在 GPT 分区表中建立传统模式,但它需要一个 BIOS 启动分区,参见Talk:Install/GPT_Partitioning

创建 GPT 分区表的 gdisk 命令如下。根据需要调整大小,尽管这些默认值对大多数用户都适用。启动 gdisk

root # gdisk /dev/sda

gdisk 中,按照以下步骤操作:

创建一个新的空分区表(这将会在保存时擦除磁盘上的所有数据):

Command: o ↵
This option deletes all partitions and creates a new protective MBR.
Proceed? (Y/N): y ↵

创建分区 1 (引导)

Command: n ↵
Partition Number: 1 ↵
First sector: 
Last sector: +128M ↵
Hex Code: EF00 ↵

创建分区 2(交换):

Command: n ↵
Partition Number: 2 ↵
First sector: 
Last sector: +4G ↵
Hex Code: 8200 ↵

创建分区 3(根目录):

Command: n ↵
Partition Number: 3 ↵
First sector: 
Last sector:  (for rest of disk)
Hex Code: 

(可选)如果希望使用磁盘标签而不是 /dev/sdXX(其中 XX 是磁盘和分区编号),请这样做:

Command: c ↵
Partition Number: 1
Enter name: BOOT 
Command: c ↵
Partition Number: 2
Enter name: swap
Command: c ↵
Partition Number: 3
Enter name: ROOT

Along the way, you can type "p" and hit Enter to view your current partition table. If you make a mistake, you can type "d" to delete an existing partition that you created. When you are satisfied with your partition setup, type "w" to write your configuration to disk:

将分区表写入磁盘:

Command: w ↵
Do you want to proceed? (Y/N): Y ↵

分区表现在将被写入磁盘,gdisk 将关闭。

现在,GPT/GUID 分区已经创建,并将在 Linux 下显示为以下“块设备”:

  • /dev/sda1,将用于存放 /boot 文件系统,
  • /dev/sda2,将用于交换空间,以及
  • /dev/sda3,将存放根文件系统。
   Tip

可以通过运行命令 lsblk 来验证上面的块设备是否正确创建。

Install Guide, Chapter 4 < Prev Next >