Difference between revisions of "User:Pnoecker/Undead USB Install/undead2live"

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(move links to links section. post efi esp generation commands.)
(mv EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img uefi.img to more closely align with xorrisofs command & isolinux placement.)
Line 84: Line 84:
###i## mmd -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img ::EFI/BOOT
###i## mmd -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img ::EFI/BOOT
###i## mcopy -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi ::EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi
###i## mcopy -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi ::EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi
###i## mv EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img uefi.img

Revision as of 19:39, May 26, 2021


this is an experimental page without resolving conclusion. this is just exploration and experimentation with the goal of making live media. the grubiso drop in replacement for isolinux within this document is functional, and tested working.

make an undead usb from a stage 3 containing networkmanager, xfce4, x11-xorg, fchroot, slim, with auto login root terminals. setup slim to boot root so the entire undead key does not have a password. tidy up the undead key delete the stage3 tarball, delete the sources directory. insert auto as root's file system in /etc/fstab so it will load in both ext2 & squashfs modes. partuuid survives the dd procedure so label by that. patch and rebuild your initramfs to support loading squashfs and rebuild your initramfs. change the sources version number to reflect your installation.

root # sed '/MODULES_FS/ s/\"$/ autofs4 loop hfsplus isofs overlay squashfs\"/' -i /usr/share/genkernel/arch/$(arch)/modules_load
root # genkernel initramfs --clean --disklabel --ramdisk-modules --fullname=debian-sources-x86_64-5.10.28_p1

squashfs is read only and requires a tmpfs or overlay filesystem to run properly. the overlay fstab statement is usually implemented from the overlay upper file system.

a fstab using tmpfs statements could possibly work but most documentation points to using overlay filesystems.

root # echo "overlay / overlay rw 0 0" > /etc/fstab
root # echo "tmpfs /tmp tmpfs nosuid,nodev 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
root # echo 'tmpfs / tmpfs defaults 0 0' > /etc/fstab

on your host funtoo system emerge tools for cd mastering:

root # emerge cdrtools squashfs-tools isomaster libisoburn

mount your undead usb key, but not dev sys or any of the other stuff because were going to package it with squashfs.

root # mount /dev/funtoo2 /mnt/funtoo
root # mount /dev/funtoo1 /mnt/funtoo/boot

edit /mnt/funtoo/etc/fstab file system's from ext4 & vfat to auto so we can have it auto load squashfs.

root # mksquashfs /mnt/funtoo /mnt/filesystem.squashfs

using isomaster you can insert /mnt/filesystem.squashfs into an xubuntu live cd. virtualbox will boot it, real hardware will not. it probably needs eltorito.img or isolinux.bin setup to chainload grub or whatever. the idea is were inserting our chroot into another live cd's chroot location.

xubuntu has a casper/ directory in the iso that contains a file called filesystem.squashfs, delete their chroot, insert ours. write iso. cheat to win has drawbacks, they're using overlayfs so they're overlaying files on the filesystem somewhere so another choice of live cd to modify is probably a good idea.

maybe we can get our grub loading the squashed image with a command like this.

root # dd if=/mnt/filesystem.squashfs of=/dev/funtoo2
root # mount /dev/funtoo2 /mnt/funtoo
root # mount /dev/funtoo1 /mnt/funtoo/boot

chroot into the squashfs image to manipulate grub on the read write fat partition.

root # cd /mnt/funtoo
mount -t proc none /mnt/funtoo/proc
mount --rbind /sys /mnt/funtoo/sys
mount --rbind /dev /mnt/funtoo/dev
env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM $(which chroot) /mnt/funtoo bash -l

update boot entries so grub boots squashfs:

root # cd /boot
root # ego boot update
root # grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
  • generate mbr/bios eltorito boot image:
  • make grubiso, the isolinux drop in replacement:
root # grub-mkimage -p /boot -o tmp_core.img -O i386-pc biosdisk iso9660 multiboot normal ls cat help
root # cat /usr/lib/grub/i386-pc/cdboot.img tmp_core.img > /boot/grubiso.img
  • generate uefi eltorito alternate boot image:
root # dd if=/dev/zero of=EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img bs=512 count=2880
root # mkfs.msdos -F 12 -n 'FUNTOO' EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img
root # mmd -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img ::EFI
root # mmd -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img ::EFI/BOOT
root # mcopy -i EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi ::EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi
root # mv EFI/BOOT/efiboot.img uefi.img

exit chroot

root # exit
root # cd /mnt/funtoo

generate iso image, and make it hybrid mode so it can be read from both cd/dvd, and usb key.

root # xorrisofs -D -r -V "FUNTOO" -cache-inodes -J -l -b boot/grubiso.img -c boot/boot.cat -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -eltorito-alt-boot -e boot/uefi.img -no-emul-boot -o ../custom.iso .
root # isohybrid --uefi ../custom.iso

or use grubs framework to generate the ISO image.

root # grub-mkrescue -J -R -V "${ISO_VOLUME}" -quiet -o ../output.iso .


Test your iso booting in both bios and uefi mode in virtualbox, or qemu or vmware virtualization. Once you're satisfied that it works well under virtualization, burn it to a usb key using etcher and test booting on real hardware.

sources used

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/LiveCDCustomization#Assembling_the_file_system alternate boot image osdev guide https://github.com/syzdek/efibootiso