This is a template that is used as part of the Installation instructions which covers: the chroot process. Templates are being used to allow multiple variant install guides that use most of the same re-usable parts.
Chroot into Funtoo
To install Funtoo Linux, the
chroot command is first used. The chroot command will "switch into" the new Funtoo Linux system, so the commands you execute after running "chroot" will run within your newly-extracted Funtoo Linux system.
Before chrooting, there are a few things that need to be done to set up the chroot environment. You will need to mount
/dev inside your new system. Use the following commands to do so:
# cd /mnt/funtoo # mount -t proc none proc # mount --rbind /sys sys # mount --rbind /dev dev
You'll also want to copy over
resolv.conf in order to have proper resolution of Internet hostnames from inside the chroot:
# cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/funtoo/etc/
Now you can chroot into your new system. Use
chroot to ensure that no environment settings from the installation media are pulled in to your new system:
# env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM chroot . bash -l
For users of live CDs with 64-bit kernels installing 32-bit systems: Some software may use
uname -r to check whether the system is 32 or 64-bit. You may want append linux32 to the chroot command as a workaround, but it's generally not needed.
If you receive the error "
chroot: failed to run command `/bin/bash': Exec format error", it is most likely because you are running a 32-bit kernel and trying to execute 64-bit code. Make sure that you have selected the proper type of kernel when booting SystemRescueCD.
It's also a good idea to change the default command prompt while inside the chroot. This will avoid confusion if you have to change terminals. Use this command:
# export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"
Test internet name resolution from within the chroot:
# ping -c 5 google.com
If you can't ping, make sure
/etc/resolv.conf doesn't contain things like
127.0.x.x addresses, if it does, change the
127.0.x.x entry to
18.104.22.168 -- Google's public dns address. Make sure to replace this with your dns of choice once the system is installed.
Congratulations! You are now chrooted inside a Funtoo Linux system. Now it's time to get Funtoo Linux properly configured so that Funtoo Linux will start successfully, without any manual assistance, when your system is restarted.